Birthdays in History in 1885

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Johannes Ringers, Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • Jan 5 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (d. 1940)
  • Jan 8 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria (d. 1945)
  • Jan 8 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)

Person of interestAlice Paul

Jan 11 Alice Paul, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), born in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey (d. 1977)

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Jan 13 Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
  • Jan 15 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • Jan 15 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • Jan 16 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
  • Jan 16 Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • Jan 17 E Ball-Hennings, writer
  • Jan 17 Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
  • Jan 21 Umberto Nobile, Italian general
  • Jan 25 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poets and children's writers (d. 1942)
  • Jan 27 Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • Jan 30 John Henry Towers, American naval aviator, born in Rome, Georgia (d. 1955)

  • Feb 1 Camille Chautemps, premier France
  • Feb 2 Aldo Palazzeschi, [Giurlani], Italian writer (I cavalli bianchi)
  • Feb 4 Cairine Ray Wilson, 1st female Canadian senator (appointed), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Feb 7 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer and social critic (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota (d. 1951)

Person of interestBess Truman

Feb 13 Bess Truman, US First Lady (1945-52), born in Independence, Missouri (d. 1982)

US First Lady Bess Truman
US First Lady
Bess Truman
  • Feb 14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)

Person of interestChester Nimitz

Feb 24 Chester Nimitz, American admiral who commanded the US Pacific fleet in World War II, born in Fredericksburg, Texas (d. 1966)

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Feb 24 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
  • Feb 24 Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Polish novelist/satirist (Black Wings)
  • Feb 24 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
  • Feb 25 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • Feb 26 Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • Mar 4 Willem H Winkel, Dutch physician/founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • Mar 10 Hans Luther, politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • Mar 12 Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, Flemish architect/urban developer
  • Mar 14 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, born in Chamalières, France (d. 1918)
  • Mar 20 Eugen Herrigel, German philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • Mar 20 Hendrik A de Fish, [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist
  • Mar 22 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi (d. 1969)
  • Mar 25 Veit Valentin, German/US historian (Deutsche Revolution)
  • Mar 26 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, born in Kirkstall, Leeds (d. 1955)
  • Mar 31 Jules Pascin, [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/US painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 1 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • Apr 3 St John Philby, British explorer and Arabist, born in Badulla, British Ceylon (d. 1960)
  • Apr 3 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1954)

  • Apr 13 Pieter S Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer/premier in London (1940-45)
  • Apr 13 Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)
  • Apr 15 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • Apr 17 Isak Dinesen [Karen Blixen-Finecke], Danish baroness and writer (Out of Africa), born in Rungsted, Zealand, Denmark (d. 1962)
  • Apr 29 Egon E Kisch, Czech writer/journalist (Rasende Reporter)
  • May 2 Hedda Hopper [Elda Furry], American gossip columnist, born in Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • May 5 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State)
  • May 10 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, (d. 1970)
  • May 18 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, president of Brazil (1945-50)
  • May 21 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, wife of Prince William of Wied (d. 1936)
  • May 22 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian politician (d. 1924)
  • May 22 Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral during World War II, born in Kitsuki, Ōita, Japan (d. 1957
  • May 24 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, born in Turton, Lancashire (d. 1948).
  • May 29 Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity)
  • May 31 Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazis escape trial (d. 1963)
  • Jun 5 Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, born in Chatou, Yvelines (d. 1944)
  • Jun 8 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, born in Preetz, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • Jun 20 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
  • Jun 26 Anna Maria Franciska van Wageningen-Salomons, Dutch author (Girl Student), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Jun 29 Virginia Pope, American fashion editor (New York Times), born in Chicago (d. 1978)
  • Jul 5 André Lhote, French painter and art historian (Traité du paysage), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1962)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Jul 8 Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands
  • Jul 8 Emil Bloch, German philosopher
  • Jul 11 Roger de la Fresnaye, French sculptor/painter
  • Jul 14 King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • Jul 20 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian/critic
  • Jul 21 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Jul 25 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Caranchos de la Florida), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • Jul 26 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), born in Elbeuf, France (d. 1967)
  • Aug 1 George de Hevesy, Hungarian radiochemist (Nobel 1943), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1966)
  • Aug 6 Jozef M E Meeus, Belgian director H-Heart union
  • Aug 12 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • Aug 15 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 1968)
  • Aug 17 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German anarchists/feminist (Wife & society)
  • Aug 17 Kurt Hiller, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1972)
  • Aug 18 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (Henry Handel Richardson: A Study), born in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 19 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)
  • Aug 20 Dino Campana, Italian poet (Canti orfici), born in Marradi, Italy (d. 1932)
  • Aug 23 Henry Thomas Tizard, English chemist and inventor, born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1959)
  • Aug 26 Jules Romains, French novelist/playwright/poet (Men of Good Will)
  • Aug 28 Vance Palmer, Australian author, born in Bundaberg, Australia (d. 1959)
  • Aug 31 DuBose Heyward, American novelist (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1940)
  • Sep 4 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, born in Giugnola, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Sep 5 John Raedecker, Dutch sculptor (National monument on the Dam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 Franz Theodor Csokor, Austrian author (Writings on the Wall), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1969)
  • Sep 10 Berthold Altaner, German church historian (Patrologie)
  • Sep 10 Carl Clinton Van Doren, US literary (9th Wave)
  • Sep 10 Johannes de Jong, cardinal/archbishop of Utrecht (Handbook)

Person of interestD. H. Lawrence

Sep 11 D. H. Lawrence, English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 1930)

  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian integral geometer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1962)
  • Sep 16 Karen Horney, German/US, neo-freudian psychoanalyst
  • Sep 22 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (d. 1940)
  • Sep 22 Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1951)
  • Sep 27 Harry Blackstone Sr., American magician, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1965)
  • Oct 1 Louis Untermeyer, American poet and critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Oct 2 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • Oct 3 Langley Collyer, American hoarder, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1947)
  • Oct 3 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist, born in Stockton, California (d. 1970)
  • Oct 4 Henricus Wijdefield, Dutch architect (Peace Palace)

Person of interestNiels Bohr

Oct 7 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1962)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • Oct 10 Walter Anderson, German folklorist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • Oct 11 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1970)
  • Oct 19 Charles E. Merrill, American investment banker (Merrill Lynch), born in Green Cove Springs, Florida (d. 1956)
  • Oct 21 Jan Altink, Dutch painter/co-founder (Ploeg)
  • Oct 23 Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem), born in Zichem, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Oct 27 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter, born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1948)

Person of interestEzra Pound

Oct 30 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Cantos), born in Hailey, Idaho (d. 1972)


  • Nov 2 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)

Person of interestWill Durant

Nov 5 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1981)

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant
  • Nov 6 Emiel Poetou, Flemish sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Nov 8 Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)
  • Nov 8 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya," born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)
  • Nov 9 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Nov 9 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)

Person of interestGeorge S. Patton

Nov 11 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Nov 14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Michael Gonzi, Maltese archbishop (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Henry de Man, Belgian sociologist/chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • Nov 26 Heinrich Brüning, German politician (d. 1970)
  • Nov 30 Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

Nov 30 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
  • Dec 2 George Minot, American physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)
  • Dec 3 Marchien Zwitsers, farmer in Lutten
  • Dec 5 Dirk H W Filarski, Dutch painter/lithographer (Bergense School)
  • Dec 6 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (The General)
  • Dec 19 F S Flint, translator/poet (imagist movement), born in London, England
  • Dec 23 Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • Dec 31 Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)