Birthdays in History in 1885

  • Jan 2 Johannes Ringers, Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • Jan 5 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (d. 1940)
  • Jan 8 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria (d. 1945)
  • Jan 8 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11 Alice Paul, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), born in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey (d. 1977)

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Jan 13 Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
  • Jan 15 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • Jan 15 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • Jan 16 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
  • Jan 16 Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • Jan 17 E Ball-Hennings, writer
  • Jan 17 Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
  • Jan 21 Umberto Nobile, Italian general
  • Jan 25 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poets and children's writers (d. 1942)
  • Jan 27 Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • Jan 30 John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero
  • Feb 1 Camille Chautemps, premier France
  • Feb 2 Aldo Palazzeschi, [Giurlani], Italian writer (I cavalli bianchi)
  • Feb 4 Cairine Ray Wilson, 1st female Canadian senator (appointed), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Feb 7 Sinclair Lewis, novelist/social critic (Main Street, Nobel 1930)
  • Feb 7 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota (d. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 13 Bess Truman, US First Lady (1945-52), born in Independence, Missouri (d. 1982)

US First Lady Bess Truman
US First Lady
Bess Truman
  • Feb 14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 24 Chester Nimitz, American admiral who commanded the US Pacific fleet in World War II, born in Fredericksburg, Texas (d. 1966)

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Feb 24 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
  • Feb 24 Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Polish novelist/satirist (Black Wings)
  • Feb 24 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
  • Feb 25 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • Feb 26 Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • Mar 4 Willem H Winkel, Dutch physician/founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • Mar 10 Hans Luther, politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • Mar 12 Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, Flemish architect/urban developer
  • Mar 14 Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • Mar 20 Eugen Herrigel, German philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • Mar 20 Hendrik A de Fish, [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist
  • Mar 22 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi (d. 1969)
  • Mar 25 Veit Valentin, German/US historian (Deutsche Revolution)
  • Mar 26 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer
  • Mar 31 Jules Pascin, [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/US painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 1 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • Apr 3 Harry St John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer
  • Apr 3 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1954)
  • Apr 13 Pieter S Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer/premier in London (1940-45)
  • Apr 13 Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)
  • Apr 15 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • Apr 17 Karen Blixen-Finecke, [pen name Isak Dinesen], Danish writer (Out of Africa)
  • Apr 29 Egon E Kisch, Czech writer/journalist (Rasende Reporter)
  • May 2 Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (d. 1966)
  • May 5 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State)
  • May 10 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, (d. 1970)
  • May 18 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, president of Brazil (1945-50)

  • May 21 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, wife of Prince William of Wied (d. 1936)
  • May 22 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian politician (d. 1924)
  • May 24 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist (d. 1948).
  • May 29 Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity)
  • May 31 Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazis escape trial (d. 1963)
  • Jun 5 Georges Mandel, [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, born in Chatou, Yvelines (d. 1944)
  • Jun 8 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (d. 1957)
  • Jun 20 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
  • Jun 22 Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • Jun 26 Anna M F van Wageningen-Salomons, author (Girl Student) [or 9/26]
  • Jun 26 Billy Jenkins, [Erich Rosenthal], Magdeburg
  • Jun 28 Berthold Viertel, writer
  • Jun 29 Virginia Pope, (NY Times)
  • Jul 5 Andre Lhote, French painter/art historian (Traité du paysage)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Jul 8 Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands
  • Jul 8 Emil Bloch, German philosopher
  • Jul 11 Roger de la Fresnaye, French sculptor/painter
  • Jul 14 King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • Jul 20 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian/critic
  • Jul 21 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Jul 25 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Caranchos de la Florida), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • Jul 26 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), born in Elbeuf, France (d. 1967)
  • Aug 1 George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • Aug 6 Jozef M E Meeus, Belgian director H-Heart union
  • Aug 12 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • Aug 15 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 1968)
  • Aug 17 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German anarchists/feminist (Wife & society)
  • Aug 17 Kurt Hiller, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1972)
  • Aug 18 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (Henry Handel Richardson: A Study), born in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 19 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)
  • Aug 20 Dino Campana, Italian poet (Canti orfici)
  • Aug 23 Henry Thomas Tizard, English chemist and inventor, born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1959)
  • Aug 26 Jules Romains, French novelist/playwright/poet (Men of Good Will)
  • Aug 28 Vance Palmer, Australian author, born in Bundaberg, Australia (d. 1959)
  • Aug 31 DuBose Heyward, American novelist (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1940)
  • Sep 4 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal (d. 1971)
  • Sep 5 John Raedecker, Dutch sculptor (National monument on the Dam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 Franz Theodor Csokor, Austrian author (Writings on the Wall), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1969)
  • Sep 10 Berthold Altaner, German church historian (Patrologie)
  • Sep 10 Carl Clinton Van Doren, US literary (9th Wave)
  • Sep 10 Johannes de Jong, cardinal/archbishop of Utrecht (Handbook)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 11 D. H. Lawrence, English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 1930)

  • Sep 11 Eratstus Flaval Beadle, publisher (Beadle's Dime Novels)
  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian geometer (d. 1962)
  • Sep 16 Karen Horney, German/US, neo-freudian psychoanalyst
  • Sep 22 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (d. 1940)
  • Sep 22 Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1951)
  • Sep 26 Anna M F "Annie" Wageningen-Salomons, author (Girl Student) [or 6/26]
  • Sep 27 Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician (d. 1965)
  • Oct 1 Louis Untermeyer, American poet/critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 2 Ruth Bryan Rohde, American (Rep), minister to Denmark
  • Oct 3 Langley Collyer, hoarder (d. 1947)
  • Oct 3 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • Oct 4 Henricus Wijdefield, Dutch architect (Peace Palace)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 7 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen (d. 1962)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • Oct 10 Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)
  • Oct 11 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1970)
  • Oct 19 Charles E. Merrill, American investment banker (Merrill Lynch), born in Green Cove Springs, Florida (d. 1956)
  • Oct 21 Jan Altink, Dutch painter/co-founder (Ploeg)
  • Oct 23 Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem)
  • Oct 27 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter, born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1948)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 30 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Cantos), born in Hailey, Idaho (d. 1972)

  • Nov 2 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • Nov 5 Will Durant, American author/historian (Story of Civilization)
  • Nov 6 Emiel Poetou, Flemish sculptor
  • Nov 8 Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)
  • Nov 8 Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)
  • Nov 9 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Nov 9 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 11 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Nov 14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Michael Gonzi, Maltese archbishop (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Henry de Man, Belgian sociologist/chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • Nov 26 Heinrich Brüning, German politician (d. 1970)
  • Nov 30 Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)
  • Dec 2 George Minot, American physician, worked on anemia (Nobel 1934)
  • Dec 3 Marchien Zwitsers, farmer in Lutten
  • Dec 5 Dirk H W Filarski, Dutch painter/lithographer (Bergense School)
  • Dec 6 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (The General)
  • Dec 19 F S Flint, translator/poet (imagist movement), born in London, England
  • Dec 23 Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • Dec 31 Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)