Historical Figures Born in 1885

  • Jan 5 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-born British poet, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1940)
  • Jan 8 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)

John CurtinJohn Curtin (1885-1945)

Jan 8 Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria

Alice PaulAlice Paul (1885-1977)

Jan 11 American suffragist (National Woman's Party), born in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey

  • Jan 13 Alfred Fuller, Canadian-American businessman ('Fuller Brush Man'), born in Welsford, Canada (d. 1973)
  • Jan 15 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer, born in Jiujiang, China (d. 1915)
  • Jan 15 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician, born in Wolfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • Jan 16 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, Polish politician (President of Poland in-exile 1939-47), born in Kutaisi, Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • Jan 16 Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • Jan 17 Emmy Hennings-Ball [Emma Cordsen], German poet and performer, born in Flensburg, German Empire (d. 1948)
  • Jan 17 Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader (d. 1952)
  • Jan 21 Umberto Nobile, Italian aviator and polar explorer (designed and flew 1st airship across the polar air cap), born in Lauro, Italy (d. 1978)
  • Jan 25 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poet & children's writers, born in Nankan, Japan (d. 1942)
  • Jan 27 Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • Jan 30 John Henry Towers, American naval aviator, born in Rome, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • Feb 1 Camille Chautemps, premier France
  • Feb 2 Aldo Palazzeschi [Giurlani], Italian writer (I cavalli bianchi)
  • Feb 4 Cairine Ray Wilson, 1st female Canadian senator (appointed), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Feb 7 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer and social critic (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota (d. 1951)

Bess TrumanBess Truman (1885-1982)

Feb 13 US First Lady (1945-52), born in Independence, Missouri

  • Feb 14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)

Chester NimitzChester Nimitz (1885-1966)

Feb 24 American admiral who commanded the US Pacific fleet in World War II, born in Fredericksburg, Texas

  • Feb 24 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
  • Feb 24 Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Polish novelist/satirist (Black Wings)
  • Feb 24 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
  • Feb 25 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • Feb 26 Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • Mar 4 Willem H Winkel, Dutch physician/founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • Mar 10 Hans Luther, German politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • Mar 12 Raphaël Verwilghen, Belgian architect, and urban planner, born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • Mar 14 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, born in Chamalières, France (d. 1918)
  • Mar 20 Eugen Herrigel, German philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • Mar 20 Hendrik A de Fish [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist
  • Mar 22 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi (d. 1969)
  • Mar 25 Veit Valentin, German/American historian (Deutsche Revolution)
  • Mar 26 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, born in Kirkstall, Leeds (d. 1955)
  • Mar 31 Jules Pascin [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/American painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 1 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • Apr 3 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • Apr 3 St John Philby, British explorer and Arabist, born in Badulla, British Ceylon (d. 1960)
  • Apr 12 R. D. Banerji, Indian archaeologist and historian (discovered ancient Indus city of Mohenjo-daro), born in Berhampore, British India (d. 1930) [1]
  • Apr 12 Robert Delaunay, French artist, born in Paris, France (d. 1941)
  • Apr 13 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • Apr 13 Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer and Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1940-45), born in Goënga, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Apr 15 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general during the Second Polish Republic, born in Kraków, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Apr 17 Isak Dinesen [Karen Blixen-Finecke], Danish baroness and writer (Out of Africa), born in Rungsted, Zealand, Denmark (d. 1962)
  • Apr 29 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Rasende Reporter), born in Prague (d. 1948)
  • May 2 Hedda Hopper [Elda Furry], American gossip columnist, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • May 5 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State) (d. 1951)
  • May 10 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, (d. 1970)
  • May 18 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, Brazilian leader, President of Brazil (1945-50), born in Cuiabá, Brazil (d. 1974)
  • May 21 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, wife of Prince William of Wied (d. 1936)
  • May 22 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist Party leader, born in Fratta Polesine, Italy (d. 1924)
  • May 22 Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral during World War II, born in Kitsuki, Ōita, Japan (d. 1957)
  • May 24 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, born in Turton, Lancashire (d. 1948).
  • May 29 Erwin Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity), born in Biebrich, Germany (d. 1964)
  • May 31 Alois Hudal, Austrian bishop who helped Nazi war criminals escape trial, born in Graz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1963)
  • Jun 5 Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, born in Chatou, Yvelines (d. 1944)
  • Jun 8 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, born in Preetz, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • Jun 20 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish Indologist and scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1927)
  • Jun 26 Anna Maria Franciska van Wageningen-Salomons, Dutch author (Girl Student), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Jun 29 Virginia Pope, American fashion editor (New York Times), born in Chicago (d. 1978)
  • Jul 5 André Lhote, French painter and art historian (Traité du paysage), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1962)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (WWII), born in Essen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Jul 8 Emil Bloch, German Marxist philosopher, born in Ludwigshafen, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Jul 8 Hugo Boss, German fashion designer (Hugo Boss), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1948)
  • Jul 11 Roger de la Fresnaye, French sculptor/painter
  • Jul 14 Sisavang Vong, King of Laos (1904-59), born in Luang Phrabang (d. 1959)
  • Jul 20 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian/critic
  • Jul 21 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Jul 25 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Caranchos de la Florida), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • Jul 26 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), born in Elbeuf, France (d. 1967)
  • Aug 1 George de Hevesy, Hungarian radiochemist (Nobel 1943), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1966)
  • Aug 6 Jozef M E Meeus, Belgian director H-Heart union
  • Aug 12 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • Aug 13 C. Howard Crane, American architect (Fox Theatres; Detroit Olympia Stadium; Detroit Opera House; LeVeque Tower (Columbus, Ohio); Earls Court Exhibition Centre (London, England)), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1952)
  • Aug 15 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 1968)
  • Aug 17 Clara [G Meijer-] Wichmann, German anarchist and feminist (Wife & society), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1922)
  • Aug 17 Kurt Hiller, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1972)
  • Aug 18 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (Henry Handel Richardson: A Study), born in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 19 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)
  • Aug 20 Dino Campana, Italian poet (Canti orfici), born in Marradi, Italy (d. 1932)
  • Aug 23 Henry Thomas Tizard, English chemist and inventor, born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1959)
  • Aug 26 Jules Romains, French novelist, playwright and poet (Men of Good Will), born in Saint-Julien-Chapteuil, France (d. 1972)
  • Aug 28 Vance Palmer, Australian author, born in Bundaberg, Australia (d. 1959)
  • Aug 31 DuBose Heyward, American novelist (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1940)
  • Sep 4 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, born in Giugnola, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Sep 5 John Raedecker, Dutch sculptor (National monument on the Dam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 Franz Theodor Csokor, Austrian author (Writings on the Wall), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1969)
  • Sep 10 Berthold Altaner, German Catholic church historian (Patrologie), and educator, born in St. Annaberg, Silesia (now Góra Świętej Anny, Poland (d. 1964)
  • Sep 10 Carl Van Doren, American literary critic and biographer ("Benjamin Franklin" - Pulitzer Prize, 1939), born in Hope, Illinois (d. 1950)
  • Sep 10 Johannes de Jong, Dutch clergyman (Roman Catholic as Archbishop of Utrecht, 1936-55), born in Nes, Ameland, Netherlands (d. 1955)

D. H. LawrenceD. H. Lawrence (1885-1930)

Sep 11 English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire

  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian integral geometer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1962)
  • Sep 16 Karen Horney, German-American neo-freudian psychoanalyst, born in Blankenese, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1952)
  • Sep 22 Ben Chifley, Australian politician and the 16th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1945-49), born in Bathurst, Colony of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1951)
  • Sep 22 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (Skogskyrkogården), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • Sep 27 Harry Blackstone Sr., American magician, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1965)
  • Oct 1 Louis Untermeyer, American poet and critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Oct 2 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • Oct 3 Langley Collyer, American hoarder, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1947)
  • Oct 3 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist, born in Stockton, California (d. 1970)
  • Oct 4 Henricus Wijdefield, Dutch architect (Peace Palace)

Niels BohrNiels Bohr (1885-1962)

Oct 7 Danish physicist who expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Oct 10 Walter Anderson, German folklorist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • Oct 11 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1933)
  • Oct 11 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1970)
  • Oct 15 Dirk Filarski, Dutch painter and lithographer (Bergense School), born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • Oct 19 Charles E. Merrill, American investment banker (Merrill Lynch), born in Green Cove Springs, Florida (d. 1956)
  • Oct 21 Jan Altink, Dutch painter/co-founder (Ploeg)
  • Oct 23 Lawren Harris, Canadian landscape painter, born in Brantford, Ontario (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem), born in Zichem, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Oct 27 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter, born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1948)

Ezra PoundEzra Pound (1885-1972)

Oct 30 American poet (The Cantos), critic and fascist collaborator in Italy during World War II, born in Hailey, Idaho

  • Nov 2 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)

Will DurantWill Durant (1885-1981)

Nov 5 American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts

  • Nov 6 Emiel Poetou, Flemish sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Nov 6 Martin O'Meara, Irish-born Australian WWI soldier and Victoria Cross honoree, born in Terryglass, Republic of Ireland (d. 1935)
  • Nov 8 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Nov 8 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Nov 8 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya", born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • Nov 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Nov 9 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Nov 9 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)

George S. PattonGeorge S. Patton (1885-1945)

Nov 11 American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California

  • Nov 14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Mikiel Gonzi, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Malta (1944-76), born in Vittoriosa, Birgu, Malta (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Henri de Man, Belgian sociologist and politician (chairman Belgian Workers Party), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1953)
  • Nov 26 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), born in Münster, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1970)

Albert KesselringAlbert Kesselring (1885-1960)

Nov 30 German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire

  • Dec 2 George Minot, American physician (Nobel 1934 - introduction of a raw-liver diet in the treatment of pernicious anemia), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • Dec 6 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (The General), born in Elbląg, Poland (d. 1950)
  • Dec 19 F. S. Flint, English translator and poet (imagist movement), born in London, England (d. 1960)
  • Dec 23 Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • Dec 31 Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein, born in Province of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)