Historical Figures Born in 1886

  • Jan 2 Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • Jan 2 Moyshe Leyb Halpern, Galican-American Yiddish poet (In New-York), born in Zlotshev, Galicia (d. 1932)
  • Jan 3 John Gould Fletcher, American poet (Epic of Arkansas), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1950)
  • Jan 8 Noble Drew Ali [Timothy Drew], American prophet (Moorish Science Temple), born in North Carolina (d. 1929)
  • Jan 10 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg 'the mad Baron', Baltic-German baron and anti-communist Russian general, born in Graz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • Jan 14 Hugh Lofting, English writer and illustrator (Dr. Doolittle), born in Maidenhead, England (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Glenn Luther Martin, American pioneering aviator (founded what became Lockheed Martin)), born in Macksburg, Iowa (d. 1955)
  • Jan 17 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (The Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England (d. 1926)
  • Jan 18 Antoine Pevsner, Russian-born French sculptor (Constructivist style), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Jan 18 Peter Alma, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Medan, Indonesia (d. 1969)
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs (d. 1940)
  • Jan 28 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 28 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • Jan 31 Alfonso López Pumarejo, 16th President of Colombia (Liberal: 1934-38 and 1942-46) and statesman (President of UN security council 1948), born in Honda, Colombia (d. 1959)
  • Feb 2 Kurt Baschwitz, German/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Du und)
  • Feb 14 Theodor Werner, German painter, born in Jettenburg, Germany (d. 1969)
  • Feb 16 Van Wyck Brooks, American literary historian and writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • Feb 20 Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
  • Feb 22 Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti
  • Feb 23 Ventura García Calderón, Peruvian diplomat and author, born in Paris, France (d. 1959)
  • Feb 27 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • Feb 28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • Feb 28 Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • Mar 1 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • Mar 3 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • Mar 5 Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • Mar 8 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host and zoo director (Artis), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)
  • Mar 8 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), born in South Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1972)
  • Mar 17 Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 Kurt Koffka, German Gestalt psychologist
  • Mar 18 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
  • Mar 24 Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 24 Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • Mar 25 Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 26 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • Mar 27 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (November Group), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1969)
  • Mar 27 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • Mar 30 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Polish logician/mathematician
  • Apr 6 Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)
  • Apr 8 Margaret Ayer Barnes, American playwright and writer (Years of Grace), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Apr 14 Edward C. Tolman, American psychologist (behaviorism), born in West Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1959)
  • Apr 14 Ernst Robert Curtius, German literature historian, born in Thann, Haut-Rhin (d. 1956)
  • Apr 15 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet, born in Kronshtadt, Russia (d. 1921)
  • Apr 16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • Apr 24 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, born in Erfurt (d. 1975)
  • Apr 26 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (Oh My Mother Tongue!), born in Quşlawıç, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • Apr 28 Erich Salomon, German photographer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1944)
  • May 2 Gottfried Benn, German poet and essayist, born in Mansfelf, Germany (d. 1956)
  • May 9 Francis Biddle, 58th United States Attorney General (1941-45), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • May 10 Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • May 10 Karl Barth, Basel Switzerland, theologian/author (Action in Waiting)
  • May 10 Olaf Stapleton, British religious sci-fi writer (Star Maker)
  • May 12 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter (d. 1964)

Alfonso XIIIAlfonso XIII (1886-1941)

May 17 King of Spain (1886-1931), born in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain

  • May 25 Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, born in Blantyre, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • May 25 Rash Behari Bose, Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India, born in Bengal, India (d. 1945)
  • May 28 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-American mobster, born in Cianciana, Sicily, Italy (d. 1954)
  • May 30 Randolph Bourne, American writer (Education and Living), born in Bloomfield, New Jersey (d. 1918)
  • Jun 6 Paul Dudley White, American heart specialist, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • Jun 7 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1972)
  • Jun 10 Emile van Dievoet, Flemish lawyer, born in Sint-Katherina-Lombeek, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • Jun 11 David Barnard Steinman, American civil engineer and bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • Jun 18 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)

George MalloryGeorge Mallory (1886-1924)

Jun 18 English mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, England

  • Jun 24 George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • Jun 25 Henry "Hap" Arnold, American commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII), born in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania (d. 1950)
  • Jun 29 James Van Der Zee, African-American photographer, born in Lenox, Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • Jun 29 Juliane Gabriels, Flemish physician (Artus Quellin) (d. 1958)
  • Jun 29 Robert Schuman, Luxembourg-born French statesman and Prime Minister of France (1947-48), born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1963)
  • Jul 3 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1969)
  • Jul 5 Felix Timmermans, Flemish painter and illustrator (Pallieter), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • Jul 5 Willem Drees, Dutch statesman of the Labour Party (PvdA) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands, born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • Jul 10 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • Jul 11 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • Jul 23 Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator (first nonstop airplane crossing of the Atlantic with John W. Alcock), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • Jul 23 Jan Poortenaar, Dutch painter, etcher and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1958)
  • Jul 23 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) and diplomat, born in La Coruña, Spain (d.
  • Jul 23 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (Thermodynamik), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1976)
  • Jul 24 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Snow Dusting), born in Nihonbashi, Tokyo (d. 1965)
  • Jul 27 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • Jul 31 Constant Permeke, Flemish painter and statues artist (Sow), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Jul 31 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1931)
  • Aug 1 Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher and founder (System Keesing), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Aug 2 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, born in Baddeck, Nova Scotia (d. 1961)

Inez MilhollandInez Milholland (1886-1916)

Aug 6 American suffragist (National Woman's Party), labor lawyer and socialist, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Aug 7 Louis Hazeltine, inventor (neutrodyne circuit, making radio possible)
  • Aug 12 Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)
  • Aug 13 Jacobus Hendrik Pierneef, South African painter, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • Aug 20 Paul Tillich, German-American theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung), born in Starzeddel, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1965)
  • Aug 24 William Francis Gibbs, American naval architect, designed Liberty ships, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)

Tarsila do AmaralTarsila do Amaral (1886-1973)

Sep 1 Brazilian modernist artist, born in Capivari, Brazil

  • Sep 4 Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army, born in Clapton, England (d. 1967)
  • Sep 8 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), born in Matfield, Kent, England (d. 1967)
  • Sep 10 Hilda Doolittle, American poetess (Imagist movement), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1961)
  • Sep 13 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • Sep 14 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • Sep 20 Charles Williams, British poet and writer, born in London (d. 1945)
  • Sep 21 Teiichi Igarashi, Japanese mountaineer who climbed Mt Fuji at age 99
  • Sep 24 Edward Bach, British bacteriologist, homeopathic doctor (Bach flower remedies), born in Moseley, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)
  • Oct 1 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1954)
  • Oct 2 Pierre Balledux, Dutch stage manager and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • Oct 3 Henri Alain-Fournier, French novelist (Le Grand Meaulnes), born in La Chapelle-d'Angillon, Cher, France (d. 1914)
  • Oct 7 Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
  • Oct 16 Armin T Wegner, writer

David Ben-GurionDavid Ben-Gurion (1886-1973)

Oct 16 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 1955-63), born in Płonsk, Poland

  • Oct 22 Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1914)
  • Oct 26 Mark Aldanov,, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), born in Kiev (d. 1957)
  • Oct 28 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, born in Ghoresha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • Oct 30 Zoe Akins, American playwright (Pulitzer Prize for Drama 1935), born in Humansville, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • Nov 1 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • Nov 2 Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician, born in Ramrail, Tipperah, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1971)
  • Nov 2 Gheorge Tatarescu, Romanian politician (Prime Minister, 1933-37 and 1939-40; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1945-48), born in Târgu Jiu, Romania (d. 1957)
  • Nov 9 S. O. Davies, Welsh Labour Party politician and trade union official, born in Abercwmboi, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1972)
  • Nov 12 Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • Nov 12 Rad Kortenhorst, Dutch politician (KVP) (d. 1963)
  • Nov 15 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)
  • Nov 17 Crane Wilbur, American director and writer (Bat, Canon City, Yellow Cargo), born in Athens, New York (d. 1973)
  • Nov 19 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • Nov 20 Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and bee expert (Nobel 1973), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1982)
  • Nov 21 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behaviour), born in Tehran, Persian Empire (d. 1968)
  • Nov 24 Georges Vandertongerloo, Belgium sculptor and painter (De Stijl Group, L'art et Son Avenir), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1965)
  • Nov 24 Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher (d. 1973)
  • Nov 27 Tsugouharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker, born in Tokyo (d. 1968)
  • Dec 1 Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (Fugitives & Constants), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • Dec 1 Rex Stout, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels), born in Noblesville, Indiana (d. 1975)
  • Dec 1 Zhu De, Chinese general and politician (commander-in-chief of Eighth Route Army), born in Yilong Country, Qing Dynasty (d. 1976)
  • Dec 3 Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist (Nobel 1924-discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy), born in Örebro, Sweden (d. 1978)
  • Dec 5 Pieter Oud, Dutch politician and Mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52), born in Purmerend, Netherlands (d. 1968)

Joyce KilmerJoyce Kilmer (1886-1918)

Dec 6 American poet (Trees), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey

Diego RiveraDiego Rivera (1886-1957)

Dec 8 Mexican painter (En el Arsenal) and husband of Frida Kahlo, born in Guanajuato, México

Clarence BirdseyeClarence Birdseye (1886-1956)

Dec 9 American inventor and founder of the modern frozen food industry (Birdseye), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Dec 13 Lambertus Johannes van Apeldoorn, Dutch lawyer (martial law), born in IJlst, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • Dec 21 Hermann A. J. Kees, German egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Dec 23 Albert Ehrenstein, Austrian writer and poet (Message from the Madhouse), born in Ottakring, Vienna (d. 1950)