On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1886

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Moyshe Leyb Halpern, Galican/American poet (In New-York)
  • Jan 2 Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • Jan 3 John G Fletcher, American poet (Epic of Arkansas)
  • Jan 8 Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], prophet (Moorish Science Temple), born in North Carolina
  • Jan 14 Hugh Lofting, English writer and illustrator (Dr. Doolittle), born in Maidenhead, England (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
  • Jan 17 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (The Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England (d. 1926)
  • Jan 18 Antoine Pevsner, French sculptor
  • Jan 18 Peter Alma, Dutch painter and graphic artist
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Finance/Economy
  • Jan 28 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • Jan 28 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 31 Alfonso López Pumarejo, 16th President of Colombia (Liberal: 1934-38 and 1942-46) and statesman (President of UN security council 1948), born in Honda, Colombia (d. 1959)
  • Feb 2 Kurt Baschwitz, German/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Du und)
  • Feb 14 Theodor Werner, German painter, born in Jettenburg, Germany (d. 1969)
  • Feb 16 Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)

  • Feb 20 Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
  • Feb 22 Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti
  • Feb 23 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • Feb 27 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • Feb 28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • Feb 28 Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • Mar 1 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • Mar 3 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • Mar 5 Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • Mar 8 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host and zoo director (Artis), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)
  • Mar 8 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), born in South Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1972)
  • Mar 17 Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 Kurt Koffka, German Gestalt psychologist
  • Mar 18 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
  • Mar 24 Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 24 Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • Mar 25 Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 26 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • Mar 27 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (November Group), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1969)
  • Mar 27 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • Mar 30 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Polish logician/mathematician
  • Apr 6 Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)
  • Apr 8 Margaret Ayer Barnes, American playwright and writer (Years of Grace), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Apr 14 Edward C. Tolman, American psychologist (behaviorism), born in West Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1959)
  • Apr 14 Ernst Robert Curtius, German literature historian, born in Thann, Haut-Rhin (d. 1956)

  • Apr 15 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet, born in Kronshtadt, Russia (d. 1921)
  • Apr 16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • Apr 24 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, born in Erfurt (d. 1975)
  • Apr 26 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (Oh My Mother Tongue!), born in Quşlawıç, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • Apr 28 Erich Salomon, German photographer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1944)
  • May 2 Gottfried Benn, German poet and essayist, born in Mansfelf, Germany (d. 1956)
  • May 9 Francis Biddle, 58th United States Attorney General (1941-45), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • May 10 Karl Barth, Basel Switzerland, theologian/author (Action in Waiting)
  • May 10 Olaf Stapleton, British religious sci-fi writer (Star Maker)
  • May 10 Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • May 12 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter
  • May 17 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), born in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1941)
  • May 25 Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, born in Blantyre, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • May 25 Rash Behari Bose, Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India, born in Bengal, India (d. 1945)
  • May 28 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-American mobster, born in Cianciana, Sicily, Italy (d. 1954)
  • May 30 Randolph Bourne, American writer (Education and Living), born in Bloomfield, New Jersey (d. 1918)
  • Jun 6 Paul Dudley White, American heart specialist, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • Jun 7 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1972)
  • Jun 10 Emile van Dievoet, Flemish lawyer, born in Sint-Katherina-Lombeek, Belgium (d. 1987)
  • Jun 11 David Barnard Steinman, American civil engineer and bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)

Person of interestGeorge Mallory

Jun 18 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, England (d. 1924)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • Jun 18 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
  • Jun 24 George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • Jun 25 Henry "Hap" Arnold, American commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII), born in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania (d. 1950)
  • Jun 29 James Van Der Zee, African-American photographer, born in Lenox, Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • Jun 29 Juliane Gabriels, Flemish physician (Artus Quellin) (d. 1958)
  • Jun 29 Robert Schuman, Luxembourg-born French statesman and Prime Minister of France (1947-48), born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1963)
  • Jul 3 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1969)
  • Jul 5 Felix Timmermans, Flemish painter and illustrator (Pallieter), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • Jul 5 Willem Drees, Dutch statesman of the Labour Party (PvdA) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands, born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • Jul 10 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • Jul 11 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • Jul 23 Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator (first nonstop airplane crossing of the Atlantic with John W. Alcock), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • Jul 23 Jan Poortenaar, Dutch painter, etcher and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1958)
  • Jul 23 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) and diplomat, born in La Coruña, Spain (d.
  • Jul 23 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (Thermodynamik), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1976)
  • Jul 24 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Snow Dusting), born in Nihonbashi, Tokyo (d. 1965)
  • Jul 27 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • Jul 31 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1931)
  • Jul 31 Constant Permeke, Flemish painter and statues artist (Sow), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Aug 1 Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher and founder (System Keesing), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Aug 2 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, born in Baddeck, Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • Aug 7 Louis Hazeltine, inventor (neutrodyne circuit, making radio possible)
  • Aug 10 Hilda Doolittle, poet/prominent member of imagist movement
  • Aug 12 Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)
  • Aug 13 Jacobus Hendrik Pierneef, South African painter, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • Aug 20 Paul Tillich, German-American theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung), born in Starzeddel, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1965)
  • Aug 24 William Francis Gibbs, American naval architect, designed Liberty ships, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)

Person of interestTarsila do Amaral

Sep 1 Tarsila do Amaral, Brazilian modernist artist, born in Capivari, Brazil (d. 1973)

  • Sep 4 Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army, born in Clapton, England (d. 1967)
  • Sep 8 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), born in Matfield, Kent, England (d. 1967)
  • Sep 10 Hilda Doolittle, American poetess (imagisten)
  • Sep 13 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • Sep 14 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • Sep 20 Charles Williams, British poet and writer, born in London (d. 1945)
  • Sep 21 Teiichi Igarashi, Japanese mountaineer who climbed Mt Fuji at age 99
  • Oct 1 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1954)
  • Oct 2 Pierre Balledux, Dutch stage manager and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • Oct 3 Henri Alain-Fournier, French novelist (Le Grand Meaulnes), born in La Chapelle-d'Angillon, Cher, France (d. 1914)
  • Oct 7 Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
  • Oct 16 Armin T Wegner, writer

Person of interestDavid Ben-Gurion

Oct 16 David Ben-Gurion, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 1955), born in Płonsk, Poland (d. 1973)

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • Oct 22 Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
  • Oct 24 Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1914)
  • Oct 26 Mark Aldanov,, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), born in Kiev (d. 1957)
  • Oct 28 Grigory K Ordzhonikidze, [Sergo], Russian revolutionary politician
  • Oct 30 Zoe Akins, American playwright (d. 1958)
  • Nov 1 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment)
  • Nov 2 Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician, born in Ramrail, Tipperah, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1971)
  • Nov 9 S. O. Davies, Welsh Labour Party politician and trade union official, born in Abercwmboi, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1972)

  • Nov 12 Rad Kortenhorst, Dutch politician (KVP)
  • Nov 12 Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • Nov 15 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)
  • Nov 17 Crane Wilbur, American director and writer (Bat, Canon City, Yellow Cargo), born in Athens, New York (d. 1973)
  • Nov 19 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent)
  • Nov 20 Karl von Frisch, zoologist/bee expert (Nobel 1973)
  • Nov 21 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat/author (Good Behaviour)
  • Nov 24 Georges Vandertongerloo, Flemish artist (L'art et Son Avenir)
  • Nov 24 Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher (d. 1973)
  • Nov 27 Tsugouharu T Foujita, Japans/French painter
  • Dec 1 Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (Fugitives & Constants)
  • Dec 1 Rex Stout, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels), born in Noblesville, Indiana (d. 1975)
  • Dec 1 Willem E Crown, Antillian writer
  • Dec 1 Zhu De, Chinese general and politician (commander-in-chief of Eighth Route Army), born in Yilong Country, Qing Dynasty (d. 1976)
  • Dec 3 Manne Siegbahn, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
  • Dec 5 Pieter Oud, Dutch politician and Mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52), born in Purmerend, Netherlands (d. 1968)

Person of interestJoyce Kilmer

Dec 6 Joyce Kilmer, American poet (Trees), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1918)

Person of interestDiego Rivera

Dec 8 Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (En el Arsenal) and wife of Frida Kahlo, born in Guanajuato, México (d. 1957)

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera

Person of interestClarence Birdseye

Dec 9 Clarence Birdseye, American inventor and founder of the modern frozen food industry (Birdseye), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1956)

  • Dec 13 Lambertus Johannes van Apeldoorn, Dutch lawyer (martial law), born in IJlst, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • Dec 21 Hermann A. J. Kees, German Egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology)
  • Dec 23 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Message from the Madhouse)