Historical Figures Born in 1887

  • Jan 1 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral and head of German military intelligence (executed for opposing Hitler), born in Aplerbeck, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Jan 3 August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • Jan 3 Helen Parkhurst, American educator (The Dalton Plan), born in Durand, Wisconsin (d. 1973)
  • Jan 10 Robinson Jeffers, American poet & playwright (Tamar & Other Poems, Medea), born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania (d. 1962)
  • Jan 11 Aldo Leopold, American conservationist, professor and co-founder of the Wilderness Society, born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1949)
  • Jan 13 George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • Jan 17 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
  • Jan 19 Alexander Woollcott, American critic and short story writer (The Man Who Came to Dinner), born in Phalanx, New Jersey (d. 1943)
  • Jan 22 Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • Jan 25 Diego Valeri, Italian author & poet (Le Gaie Tristezze), born in Piove di Sacco, Italy (d. 1976)
  • Jan 26 Arnout Colnot, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • Jan 26 Enrique Ecker, Curacao-American bacteriologist (Rees-Ecker method for platelet counting), born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1966)
  • Jan 26 Marc Mitscher, American naval commander (WWII - Task Force 58 in the Pacific), born in Hillsboro, Wisconsin (d. 1947)
  • Jan 27 Carl Blegen, American archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1971)
  • Feb 1 Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • Feb 1 Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect
  • Feb 3 Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (Autumn of the Lonely)
  • Feb 3 Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • Feb 3 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Tramonto del grande attore)
  • Feb 6 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne, born in Neuss, Germany (d. 1978)
  • Feb 9 Vital Celen, Flemish writer (Puppy Love)
  • Feb 10 [Fran J] Vital Celen, Flemish literary/author [or Feb 9]
  • Feb 11 John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
  • Feb 15 H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
  • Feb 20 Hesketh Pearson, England, biographer/playwright (Writ for Libel)

Vincent MasseyVincent Massey (1887-1967)

Feb 20 Canadian diplomat and 1st Canadian-born Governor General of Canada (1952-59), born in Toronto, Ontario

  • Feb 22 Mary Ellen Chase, educator/author (Windswept, 1959 Sarah Hale Award)
  • Feb 24 Mary Ellen Chase, US linguistic/author (White Gate)
  • Feb 26 Benegal Narsing Rau, Indian lawyer and civil servant, President of UN Security Council (1950), helped draft India's constitution, born in Mangalore, India (d. 1953)
  • Feb 26 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • Feb 27 James D Innes, English painter
  • Feb 28 William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor (Spirit of the Dance), born in Jurbarkas, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • Mar 9 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist, born in Redło, Goleniów County, Poland (d. 1976)
  • Mar 10 Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese martial artist and Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
  • Mar 14 George Creten, Belgian sculptor and painter, born in Saint-Gilles, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • Mar 14 Sylvia Beach, American publisher and bookseller (Shakespeare and Company), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1962)
  • Mar 15 Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • Mar 17 Ben Sajet, Dutch physician/politician
  • Mar 21 Edwin Scharff, German "entartet" painter/sculptor
  • Mar 23 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • Mar 23 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • Mar 23 Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-American union leader (Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union; Congress of Industrial Organizations), born in Žagarė, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1946)
  • Mar 30 Albert P Termote, Flemish/Dutch sculptor (Charles the Great)
  • Apr 1 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • Apr 4 William Cumming Rose, American biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1985)
  • Apr 5 Hedwig Kohn, Jewish physics pioneer, born in Breslau, Province of Silesia (Poland) (d. 1964)
  • Apr 10 Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1971)
  • Apr 13 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association, born in Gladstone, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, born in Kensington, London (d. 1931)
  • May 1 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1983)
  • May 5 Geoffrey Fisher, Baron Fisher of Lambeth, Archbishop of Canterbury (1945-61), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 1972)
  • May 5 Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy officer (Captain of USS West Virginia), WWI veteran, and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Vernon, Utah Territory (d. 1941)
  • May 7 Henri Pourrat, French writer (Gaspard of the Montagnes), born in Ambert, France (d. 1959)
  • May 9 Jules Van de Leene, Belgian painter, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1962)
  • May 10 (Jacobus) "J.C." Bloem, Dutch poet (Sintels - Embers), born in 1887, Oudshoorn, South Holland, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • May 16 Jakob van Hoddis [Hans Davidsohn], German Jewish poet (d. 1942?)
  • May 18 Ernst Wiechert, German writer (The Simple Life), born in Kleinort, East Prussia (d. 1950)
  • May 23 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • May 24 Edward "Mick" Mannock, British WWI flying ace (Victoria Cross), born in British Isles (d. 1918)
  • May 25 Padre Pio, Roman Catholic saint, born in Pietrelcina, Benevento, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1968)
  • May 27 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends) (d. 1918)
  • May 27 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), born in Berlin (d. 1942)
  • May 30 Alexander Archipenko, Ukrainian-American sculptor and lithographer, born in Kyiv, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • May 31 Saint-John Perse [Alexis Leger], French diplomat and poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1960), born in Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe (d. 1975)
  • Jun 5 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • Jun 7 William Walraven, Dutch journalist and writer (Indian Daily) (d. 1943)
  • Jun 13 Bruno Frank, German-born writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1945)
  • Jun 20 Floyd Collins, American cave owner and caver (died in Sand Cave rescue), born in Logan County, Kentucky (d. 1925) [1]
  • Jun 20 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), born in Hanover (d. 1948)
  • Jun 21 Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist, born in Kingston, Ontario, Canada (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant, Antarctic explorer, and dog handler (Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic expedition), born in Streatham, Surrey, England (d. 1912)
  • Jun 22 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • Jun 23 Ernst Rowohlt, German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)
  • Jun 26 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, born in London (d. 1961)
  • Jul 2 Marcel Tabuteau, French-American oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54), born in Compiègne, Oise, France (d. 1966)
  • Jul 6 Marc Chagall [Moise Shagal], Jewish Belarusan-French modernist painter and stained glass artist (La Mariée; I and the Village), born in Liozna, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1985)
  • Jul 7 Dirk Koster, literary (New Noises)
  • Jul 9 Samuel Eliot Morison, American historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1976)
  • Jul 15 Wharton Esherick, American artist and sculptor who worked primarily in wood, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1970)

Vidkun QuislingVidkun Quisling (1887-1945)

Jul 18 Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), born in Fyresdal, Norway

  • Jul 20 Willem H Drucker, Dutch lawyer
  • Jul 22 Gustav Hertz, German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)

Marcel DuchampMarcel Duchamp (1887-1968)

Jul 28 French sculptor and painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in Blainville-Crevon, France

  • Jul 30 Felix Andries Vening Meinesz, Dutch geophysicist (gravity), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Jul 31 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1969)

Rupert BrookeRupert Brooke (1887-1915)

Aug 3 British WW I poet (Lithuania, The Soldier), born in Rugby, England

  • Aug 7 Jan HA Eman, Aruban politician
  • Aug 8 J C Heldring, Dutch businessman
  • Aug 9 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)

Aug 12 Austrian physicist and Nobel Laureate (wave mechanics), born in Vienna, Austria

  • Aug 13 Julius Freed [Fried], American namesake and co-founder of Orange Julius fast food chain, born in Montana (d. 1952)
  • Aug 17 Charles I, last emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)

Marcus GarveyMarcus Garvey (1887-1940)

Aug 17 Jamaican-born black nationalist who began the back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans, born in Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica

  • Aug 18 Nico J. Polak, Dutch economist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Aug 30 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Aug 31 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian-British chemist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1958)
  • Sep 1 Blaise Cendrars [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet/writer
  • Sep 1 Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar
  • Sep 7 Edith Sitwell, English poet and author (Wheels), born in Scarborough, North Yorkshire (d. 1964)
  • Sep 8 George, Crown Prince of Serbia, eldest son of King Peter I, born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1972)
  • Sep 9 Alf Landon, American politician, Governor of Kansas (1933-37) and Republican Presidential nominee in 1936, born in West Middlesex, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • Sep 10 Giovanni Gronchi, Italian politician, President of Italy (1955-62), born in Pontedera, Italy (d. 1978)
  • Sep 13 Leopold Ružička, Croatian-Swiss chemist (Nobel 1939), born in Vukovar, Croatia (d. 1976)
  • Sep 14 Karl Taylor Compton, American physicist and 9th President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, born in Wooster, Ohio (d. 1954)
  • Sep 15 Carlos Dávila, President of Government Junta of Chile (1932), born in Los Ángeles, Chile (d. 1955)
  • Sep 16 (Hans) "Jean" Arp, German-French sculptor, artist and poet, born in Strassburg, Alsace-Lorraine, German Empire (now Strasbourg, France) (d. 1966)
  • Sep 26 Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (bouncing bomb), born in Ripley, Derbyshire, England (d. 1979)
  • Sep 26 Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (Built in Jerusalem’s Wall: A Book in praise of Jerusalem), born in Wareham, Dorset, England (d. 1958)
  • Oct 4 Francis Bull, Norwegian writer (Norsk literature historian), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1974)
  • Oct 5 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter, born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • Oct 5 René Cassin, French jurist and judge (Nobel Peace Prize 1968), born in Bayonne, Basque Country, France (d. 1976)

Le CorbusierLe Corbusier (1887-1965)

Oct 6 Swiss French architect, city planner and artist (Urbanisme), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds

  • Oct 6 MartinLuis Guzman, Mexican novelist (Eagle & the Serpent)
  • Oct 10 Rie Cramer, Dutch writer and illustrator, born in Sukabumi, Dutch East Indies (d. 1977)
  • Oct 12 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • Oct 13 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (President of the First Slovak Republic), born in Bytča, Slovakia (d. 1947)
  • Oct 22 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • Oct 24 Victoria von Battenberg, Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso XIII, born in Balmoral Castle, Scotland (d. 1969)
  • Oct 25 Emma "Grandma" Gatewood, American ultra-light hiking pioneer and 1st woman to hike the Appalachian Trail alone, born in Mercerville, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • Oct 30 Georg Heym, German writer, born in Hirschberg, Lower Silesia (d. 1912)

Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek (1887-1975)

Oct 31 Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), born in Xikou, Zhejiang, China

  • Nov 1 L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, born in Stretford, England (d. 1976)
  • Nov 3 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • Nov 5 Oscar Bossaert, Belgian industrialist and chocolate manufacturer (Victoria), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Nov 10 Arnold Zweig, German antifascist and author (Erziehung vor Verdun), born in Glogau, Silesia, Germany (d. 1968)

Georgia O’KeeffeGeorgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)

Nov 15 American sculptor and painter (Cow's Skull, Flowers), born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin

  • Nov 15 Hitoshi Ashida, Japanese politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1948), born in Fukuchiyama, Japan (d. 1959)
  • Nov 15 Marianne Moore, American poet (Pulitzer 1951, Collected Poems), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • Nov 15 René Maran, French author (Batouala, 1st black writer to win Prix Goncourt), born in Martinique (d. 1960)
  • Nov 16 Philip H. Frohman, American architect (Washington National Cathedral), born in NYC, New York (d. 1972)

Bernard MontgomeryBernard Montgomery (1887-1976)

Nov 17 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London

  • Nov 19 James B. Sumner, American chemist (Nobel 1946 - discovered that enzymes can be crystallized), born in Canton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • Nov 23 Henry Moseley, English physicist (relationship between atomic number and charge of the atomic nucleus), born in Weymouth, England (d. 1915)
  • Nov 24 Erich von Manstein, German military commander (d. 1973)
  • Nov 25 Nikolai Vavilov, Soviet botanist and geneticist (identified the centers of origin of cultivated plants), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • Nov 26 Ernest de Silva, Sri Lankan business magnate and philanthropist, born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1957)
  • Nov 28 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), born in Munich (d. 1934)
  • Dec 3 Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, Japanese imperial prince and 30th Prime Minister of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1990)
  • Dec 13 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • Dec 13 George Pólya, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
  • Dec 15 Pieter Geyl, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch Tribe), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Dec 17 Hermine Reuss, Empress of Germany and Duchess of Bohemia (d. 1947)
  • Dec 17 Josef Lada, Czech painter (d. 1957)
  • Dec 22 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), born in Erode, British India (d. 1920)
  • Dec 25 Conrad Hilton, American hotel mogul (Hilton Hotels, world's 1st international hotel chain), born in san Antonio, New Mexico (d. 1979)
  • Dec 26 Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army officer (d. 1966)