On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1888

  • Jan 1 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • Jan 8 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • Jan 15 Joseph Henabery, American director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1976)
  • Jan 16 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • Jan 23 Gilbert Ledward, English sculptor, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1960)
  • Jan 23 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jan 24 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • Jan 24 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian American author (Men Never Know, Grand Hotel), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • Feb 3 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
  • Feb 4 Paul Althaus, German theologist (The Christian Truth)
  • Feb 6 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera), born in Kovachevitsa, Bulgaria (d. 1973)
  • Feb 10 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, born in Alexandria (d. 1970)
  • Feb 13 Georgios Papandreou, Greek prefect of Lesbos/minister/premier
  • Feb 13 Heintje Davids, [Hendrika], Dutch revue star
  • Feb 17 Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
  • Feb 19 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)

  • Feb 20 Georges Bernanos, French novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
  • Feb 21 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Religious Build Up)
  • Feb 21 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (d. 1965)
  • Feb 22 Owen Brewster, American politician (d. 1961)

Person of interestJohn Foster Dulles

Feb 25 John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1959)

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • Feb 27 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
  • Mar 5 Friedrich Schnack, German journalist/writer (Rosewood)
  • Mar 7 Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
  • Mar 8 Stuart Chase, American writer and economist (The Tragedy of Waste), born in Somersworth, New Hampshire (d. 1985)
  • Mar 14 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 17 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • Mar 18 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • Mar 19 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • Mar 20 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, born in Gut Blumbergshof, Latvia (d. 1974)
  • Mar 24 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
  • Mar 29 A. M. de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak), born in Nieuw-Vossemeer, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • Mar 29 James E. Casey, American businessman and founder (United Parcel Service), born in Candelaria, Nevada (d. 1983)
  • Apr 4 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1975)
  • Apr 6 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Svarta Ballader)

  • Apr 8 Dennis Chavez, American politician (d. 1964)
  • Apr 9 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • Apr 15 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet, born in Berlin (d. 1904)
  • Apr 18 Arnold Lunn, British skier (created the modern Alpine slalom race), born in Madras, India (d. 1974)
  • Apr 23 Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and 19th Governor General of Canada, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1967)

Person of interestHarry Crerar

Apr 28 Harry Crerar, Canadian WWI and WWII general (First Canadian Army), born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1965)

Canadian WWII General Harry Crerar
Canadian WWII General
Harry Crerar
  • Apr 30 John Crowe Ransom, American poet and critic (God Without Thunder), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • May 6 Emanuel Celler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1981)
  • May 9 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director, born in Stockholm (d. 1964)
  • May 11 P A J Losecaat Vermeer, leader of Dutch High Council
  • May 11 Willis A. Lee, World War II U.S. naval admiral (d. 1945)
  • May 15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • May 23 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • May 30 James A Farley, postmaster general (1932-38)
  • Jun 5 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Melatiknoppen), born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia (d. 1951)
  • Jun 10 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse), born in Obersinn, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Jun 11 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (Sacco and Vanzetti Trial), born in Villafalletto, Italy (d. 1927)
  • Jun 12 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1920)
  • Jun 13 Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet and writer (The Book of Disquiet), born in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1935)
  • Jun 15 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota)
  • Jun 16 Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown)
  • Jun 16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • Jun 17 Heinz Guderian, German general during WWII, born in Kulm, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • Jun 22 Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • Jun 23 Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • Jun 24 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Juliana Hall, Sonsbeek Pavilion)
  • Jun 26 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), born in Zonfingen, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • Jun 27 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian, born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1960)
  • Jun 29 Joseph "Squizzy" Taylor, Australian gangster, born in Brighton, Victoria (d. 1927
  • Jul 2 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), born in Nova Pryluka, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • Jul 10 Giorgio De Chirico, Italian painter (founded the scuola metafisica art movement), born in Volos, Greece (d. 1978)
  • Jul 10 Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat), born in Kōbe, Japan (d. 1960)
  • Jul 11 Carl Schmitt, German nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • Jul 11 Lyman Bryson, Valentine Nebr, educator (UN Casebook)
  • Jul 16 Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Jul 17 Shmuel Agnon, Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • Jul 18 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, born in Soerakarta, Java (d. 1992)
  • Jul 18 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1954)
  • Jul 19 Eugène Jungers, Belgian Governor of Rwanda Urundi, born in Messancy, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Jul 22 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
  • Jul 23 Raymond Chandler, British-American mystery writer (Farewell My Lovely), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1959)
  • Jul 23 Gluyas Williams, American cartoonist (Fellows Citizen), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1982)
  • Jul 23 Milan Stojadinović, Serbian-Yugoslav political figure and 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1935-39), born in Čačak, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 1961)
  • Jul 26 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, born in Guéret, France (d. 1979)

Person of interestVladimir Zworykin

Jul 29 Vladimir K. Zworykin, Russian-American inventor (development of television, cathode ray tube), born in Murom, Russian Empire (d. 1982)

  • Jul 30 Raden Soetomo, Indonesian freedom fighter, born in Ngepeh, Nganjuk, Indonesia (d. 1938)
  • Aug 4 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader, born in Surat, India (d. 1965)
  • Aug 9 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th" plotter, born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Aug 12 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • Aug 13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

Aug 14 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird

Person of interestT. E. Lawrence

Aug 16 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Aug 31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (La Obra de Trajano), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1928)
  • Sep 1 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • Sep 4 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1943)

  • Sep 5 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and leader, Second President of India (1962-67), born in Thiruttani, British India (d. 1975)

Person of interestJoseph P. Kennedy

Sep 6 Joseph P. Kennedy, American diplomat, father of JFK, RFK & Teddy, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1969)

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Sep 8 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1970)
  • Sep 19 James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist, born in Sea Bright, New Jersey (d. 1971)
  • Sep 23 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semitic theologist (Die Oden Salomons)

Person of interestT. S. Eliot

Sep 26 T. S. Eliot, American poet (The Waste Land), dramatist and critic (Nobel Prize 1948), born in St Louis Missouri, (d. 1965)

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • Sep 26 J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist, born in Live Oak County, Texas (d. 1964)
  • Sep 28 Herman McNeile, soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), born in Cornwall, England
  • Oct 6 Li Ta-chao, co-founder with Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)
  • Oct 6 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • Oct 7 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • Oct 9 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)

Person of interestKatherine Mansfield

Oct 14 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • Oct 15 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)
  • Oct 16 Eugene O'Neill, American dramatist (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 16 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • Oct 23 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Oct 25 François Pauwels, Dutch writer and attorney, born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)

Person of interestRichard E. Byrd

Oct 25 Richard E. Byrd, American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1957)

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • Oct 25 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden (d. 1943)
  • Oct 26 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros), born in Helsinki (d. 1925)
  • Oct 26 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Oct 31 George Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (Flying the Arctic), born in Hallett, Australia (d. 1958)
  • Oct 31 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1944)
  • Nov 7 Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist (Nobel Prize 1930 for light scattering), born in Tiruchirappalli, India (d. 1970)
  • Nov 9 Jean Monnet, French political economist and diplomat, born in Cognac, France (d. 1979)
  • Nov 10 Andrej Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder, born in Pustomazovo, Russia (d. 1972)
  • Nov 11 Abul Kalam Azad, 1st Minister of Education in the Indian government, born in Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1958)
  • Nov 16 Clinton Golden, Penn, founder (United Steelworkers of America)
  • Nov 16 Henri Bosco, French author and poet (Gogol), born in Avignon, France (d. 1976)

  • Nov 22 Tarzan of the Apes date of birth, according to author Edgar Rice Burroughs
  • Nov 24 Dale Carnegie, author (How to Win Friends & Influence People)
  • Nov 24 Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist (d. 1972)
  • Nov 26 Franz Jung, German writer and political activist, born in Nysa (d. 1963)
  • Nov 29 Joe Slater, Australian Rules footballer (d. 1917)
  • Dec 4 Aleksandar I, King of Yugoslavia (1921-34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • Dec 7 Hamilton Fish III, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Garrison, New York (d. 1991)
  • Dec 7 Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish writer (House of Children), born in Londonderry, Ireland (d. 1957)
  • Dec 7 Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st President of American Newspaper Guild
  • Dec 8 Fiske Kimball, American architect and art historian, born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • Dec 9 Mabel Stark, American tiger trainer "crazy Mabel", born in Tennessee or Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • Dec 15 Artturi Leinonen, Finnish journalist and writer (Kati), born in Ylihärmä, Finland (d. 1963)
  • Dec 15 Maxwell Anderson, American dramatist (Winter Set, High Tor), born in Atlantic, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)
  • Dec 16 Alphonse Juin, French marshal
  • Dec 16 Alexander I, king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1921–29) and of Yugoslavia (1929–34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • Dec 18 Robert Moses, power broker (built Long Island & NYC parks & roads)
  • Dec 22 J. Arthur Rank, English industrialist, born in Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • Dec 23 Friedrich Wolf, German writer and diplomat, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1953)
  • Dec 29 Joseph Beran, Czech Roman Catholic prelate, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1969)