Historical Figures Born in 1888

  • Jan 1 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • Jan 8 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • Jan 15 Joseph Henabery, American director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1976)
  • Jan 16 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • Jan 23 Gilbert Ledward, English sculptor, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1960)
  • Jan 23 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jan 24 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German aeronautical engineer (1st rocket-powered aircraft), born in Grunbach, Germany (d. 1958)
  • Jan 24 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian American author (Men Never Know, Grand Hotel), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • Feb 3 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
  • Feb 4 Paul Althaus, German theologist (The Christian Truth)
  • Feb 6 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera), born in Kovachevitsa, Bulgaria (d. 1973)
  • Feb 10 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, born in Alexandria (d. 1970)
  • Feb 13 Georgios Papandreou, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (1944–45, 1963, 1964–65), born in Kalentzi, Achaea, Greece (d. 1968)
  • Feb 13 Heintje Davids [Hendrika], Dutch revue star
  • Feb 17 Otto Stern, German American physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
  • Feb 19 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
  • Feb 20 Georges Bernanos, French novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
  • Feb 21 Clemence Dane [Winifred Ashton], British novelist and playwright (A Bill of Divorcement), born in Blackheath, England (d. 1965)
  • Feb 21 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Religious Build Up)
  • Feb 22 Owen Brewster, American politician (d. 1961)

John Foster DullesJohn Foster Dulles (1888-1959)

Feb 25 US Secretary of State (1953-59), born in Washington, D.C.

  • Feb 27 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist and writer (Psychosynthesis,), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1974)
  • Mar 5 Friedrich Schnack, German journalist/writer (Rosewood)
  • Mar 7 Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
  • Mar 8 Stuart Chase, American writer and economist (The Tragedy of Waste), born in Somersworth, New Hampshire (d. 1985)
  • Mar 14 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 17 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • Mar 18 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • Mar 19 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • Mar 20 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, born in Gut Blumbergshof, Latvia (d. 1974)
  • Mar 24 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse who helped POWs in Siberia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. (d. 1948)
  • Mar 29 A. M. de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak), born in Nieuw-Vossemeer, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • Mar 29 James E. Casey, American businessman and founder (United Parcel Service), born in Candelaria, Nevada (d. 1983)
  • Apr 4 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1975)
  • Apr 5 Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy officer (Captain of USS Arizona), Medal of Honor recipient, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1941)
  • Apr 6 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Svarta Ballader)
  • Apr 8 Dennis Chavez, American politician, 1st US Hispanic Senator elected to serve full term, born in Los Chavez, New Mexico Territory (d. 1964)
  • Apr 9 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • Apr 15 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet, born in Berlin (d. 1904)
  • Apr 18 Arnold Lunn, British skier (created the modern Alpine slalom race), born in Madras, India (d. 1974)
  • Apr 23 Georges Vanier, French Canadian soldier and 19th Governor General of Canada, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1967)

Harry CrerarHarry Crerar (1888-1965)

Apr 28 Canadian WWI and WWII general (First Canadian Army), born in Hamilton, Ontario

  • Apr 30 John Crowe Ransom, American poet and critic (God Without Thunder), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • May 6 Emanuel Celler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1981)
  • May 9 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director, born in Stockholm (d. 1964)
  • May 11 P A J Losecaat Vermeer, leader of Dutch High Council
  • May 13 Inge Lehmann, Danish geophysicist and seismologist, born in Østerbro, Denmark (d. 1993)
  • May 15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • May 23 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • May 30 James A Farley, postmaster general (1932-38)
  • Jun 5 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Melatiknoppen), born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia (d. 1951)
  • Jun 10 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse), born in Obersinn, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Jun 11 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (Sacco and Vanzetti Trial), born in Villafalletto, Italy (d. 1927)
  • Jun 12 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1920)
  • Jun 13 Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet and writer (The Book of Disquiet), born in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1935)
  • Jun 15 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota)
  • Jun 16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • Jun 17 Heinz Guderian, German general during WWII, born in Kulm, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • Jun 22 Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • Jun 23 Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • Jun 24 Gerrit T. Rietveld, Dutch architect (Juliana Hall, Sonsbeek Pavilion)
  • Jun 26 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), born in Zonfingen, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • Jun 27 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian, born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1960)
  • Jun 29 Joseph "Squizzy" Taylor, Australian gangster, born in Brighton, Victoria (d. 1927
  • Jul 2 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), born in Nova Pryluka, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • Jul 10 Giorgio De Chirico, Italian painter (founded the scuola metafisica art movement), born in Volos, Greece (d. 1978)
  • Jul 10 Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat), born in Kōbe, Japan (d. 1960)
  • Jul 11 Carl Schmitt, German nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • Jul 11 Lyman Bryson, Valentine Nebr, educator (UN Casebook)
  • Jul 16 Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Jul 17 Shmuel Agnon, Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • Jul 18 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, born in Soerakarta, Java (d. 1992)
  • Jul 18 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1954)
  • Jul 19 Eugène Jungers, Belgian Governor of Rwanda Urundi, born in Messancy, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Jul 22 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
  • Jul 23 Gluyas Williams, American cartoonist (Fellows Citizen), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1982)
  • Jul 23 Milan Stojadinović, Serbian-Yugoslav political figure and 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1935-39), born in Čačak, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 1961)
  • Jul 26 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, born in Guéret, France (d. 1979)

Vladimir ZworykinVladimir Zworykin (1888-1982)

Jul 29 Russian-American inventor (development of television, cathode ray tube), born in Murom, Russian Empire

  • Jul 30 Raden Soetomo, Indonesian freedom fighter, born in Ngepeh, Nganjuk, Indonesia (d. 1938)
  • Aug 4 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader, born in Surat, India (d. 1965)
  • Aug 9 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th" plotter, born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Aug 12 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • Aug 13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird (1888-1946)

Aug 13 Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland

T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence (1888-1935)

Aug 16 British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales

  • Aug 22 Du Yuesheng, Chinese mob boss, born in Gaoqiao, Shanghai (d. 1951)
  • Aug 31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (La Obra de Trajano), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1928)
  • Sep 1 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • Sep 4 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1943)
  • Sep 5 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and leader, Second President of India (1962-67), born in Thiruttani, British India (d. 1975)

Joseph P. KennedyJoseph P. Kennedy (1888-1969)

Sep 6 American businessman, diplomat and father of JFK, RFK and Teddy, born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Sep 8 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1970)

W. O. BentleyW. O. Bentley (1888-1971)

Sep 16 English engineer and motoring pioneer who founded Bentley Motors Limited, born in London

  • Sep 17 Michiyo Tsujimura, Japanese agricultural scientist and biochemist (components of green tea), born in Saitama Prefecture, Japan (d. 1969)
  • Sep 19 James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist, born in Sea Bright, New Jersey (d. 1971)
  • Sep 23 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semitic theologist (Die Oden Salomons)
  • Sep 26 J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist, born in Live Oak County, Texas (d. 1964)

T. S. EliotT. S. Eliot (1888-1965)

Sep 26 American poet (The Waste Land), dramatist and critic (Nobel Prize 1948), born in St Louis Missouri,

  • Sep 28 Herman McNeile, English soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), born in Cornwall, England
  • Oct 6 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • Oct 7 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • Oct 9 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)

Katherine MansfieldKatherine Mansfield (1888-1923)

Oct 14 New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand

  • Oct 15 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)

Eugene O'NeillEugene O'Neill (1888-1953)

Oct 16 American playwright (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York

  • Oct 16 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • Oct 23 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Québec (d. 1961)
  • Oct 25 François Pauwels, Dutch writer and attorney, born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Oct 25 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden (d. 1943)

Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd (1888-1957)

Oct 25 American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia

  • Oct 26 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Oct 26 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros), born in Helsinki (d. 1925)
  • Oct 31 George Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (Flying the Arctic), born in Hallett, Australia (d. 1958)
  • Oct 31 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1944)

C.V. RamanC.V. Raman (1888-1970)

Nov 7 Indian physicist (Nobel Prize 1930 for light scattering), born in Tiruchirappalli, India

  • Nov 9 Jean Monnet, French political economist and diplomat, born in Cognac, France (d. 1979)
  • Nov 10 Andrej Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder, born in Pustomazovo, Russia (d. 1972)
  • Nov 11 Abul Kalam Azad, 1st Minister of Education in the Indian government, born in Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1958)
  • Nov 16 Clinton Golden, American labor leader (founder of the United Steelworkers of America), born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1961)
  • Nov 16 Henri Bosco, French author and poet (Gogol), born in Avignon, France (d. 1976)
  • Nov 22 Tarzan of the Apes, Fictional character from the famous novel of the same name by author Edgar Rice Burroughs
  • Nov 24 Dale Carnegie, American writer and public speaker (How to Win Friends & Influence People), born in Maryville, Missouri (d. 1955)
  • Nov 24 Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist (d. 1972)
  • Nov 26 Franz Jung, German writer and political activist, born in Nysa (d. 1963)
  • Dec 4 Aleksandar I, King of Yugoslavia (1921-34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • Dec 7 Hamilton Fish III, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Garrison, New York (d. 1991)
  • Dec 7 Heywood Broun, American journalist (1st President of American Newspaper Guild) born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1939)
  • Dec 7 Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish writer (House of Children), born in Londonderry, Ireland (d. 1957)
  • Dec 8 Fiske Kimball, American architect and art historian, born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • Dec 9 Mabel Stark, American tiger trainer "crazy Mabel", born in Tennessee or Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • Dec 15 Artturi Leinonen, Finnish journalist and writer (Kati), born in Ylihärmä, Finland (d. 1963)

Maxwell AndersonMaxwell Anderson (1888-1959)

Dec 15 American dramatist (Winter Set, High Tor), born in Atlantic, Pennsylvania

  • Dec 16 Alexander I, king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1921–29) and of Yugoslavia (1929–34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • Dec 16 Alphonse Juin, French general and Marshal, born in Bône, French Algeria (d. 1967)
  • Dec 18 Robert Moses, American Parks official (oversaw rebuilding of Long Island & NYC parks & roads), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1981)
  • Dec 22 J. Arthur Rank, English industrialist, born in Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • Dec 23 Friedrich Wolf, German writer and diplomat, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1953)
  • Dec 29 Joseph Beran, Czech Roman Catholic prelate, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1969)