Birthdays in History in 1889

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Alan M Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor)
  • Jan 11 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • Jan 20 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • Jan 21 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
  • Jan 23 Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
  • Jan 27 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • Jan 30 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, born in Varanasi, India (d. 1937)
  • Feb 1 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • Feb 3 Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
  • Feb 3 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • Feb 4 Walter Catlett, American actor (Climax, Front Page, Tale of 2 Cities), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1960)
  • Feb 6 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter
  • Feb 6 Siegfried Kracauer, writer
  • Feb 7 Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • Feb 10 Howard Spring, British author/novelist/writer/critic (O Absalom)
  • Feb 17 H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire

  • Feb 18 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • Feb 19 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombian poet and novelist (Vortex)
  • Feb 21 Felix Aylmer, British actor (Anastasia, Hamlet, Iron Duke, Macbeth, St Joan), born in Corsham, Wiltshire, England (d. 1979)
  • Feb 22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • Feb 22 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • Feb 23 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • Feb 25 Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
  • Mar 1 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • Mar 4 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp, [Frits de Rover], Dutch vicar/resistance fighter
  • Mar 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • Mar 12 Philip Guedalla, historian
  • Mar 12 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • Mar 19 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • Mar 21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, born in Vienna (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • Apr 6 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

Person of interestArnold J. Toynbee

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 15 Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Austrialian pro womans/aborigine rights fighter
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher ( Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • Apr 28 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal (d. 1970)
  • Apr 28 Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral
  • May 1 John Evans, England Test batsman (author 'The Escaping Club'), born in Newtown, Hampshire (d. 1960)
  • May 4 Francis Spellman, American Bishop and Cardinal of Roman Catholic Church, born in Whitman, Massachusetts (d. 1967)
  • May 6 Arthur Morison, typographer
  • May 12 Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank
  • May 15 Bessie Hillman, founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • May 16 Joan Collette, Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • May 17 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat (Higenia Cruel)
  • May 18 Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (The Church on the Mountain), born Fljótsdalur, Iceland (d. 1975)
  • May 18 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
  • May 20 Margery Allingham, detective story writer
  • May 20 William Lawther, union leader
  • May 23 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

Person of interestIgor Sikorsky

May 25 Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1972)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • Jun 8 Josef Hromádka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957), born in Hodslavice, Moravia (d. 1969)
  • Jun 14 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist/palaeontologist
  • Jun 18 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • Jun 19 Enrico Celio, president (Switzerland)
  • Jun 20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)
  • Jun 23 Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Jun 25 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Jun 27 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • Jul 9 Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian hockey executive, born in Bourbonnais, Illinois (d. 1964)
  • Jul 11 Alfred E Green, Perris CA, director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)
  • Jul 13 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)

Person of interestAnte Pavelić

Jul 14 Ante Pavelić, Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, born in Bradina, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić

Person of interestErle Stanley Gardner

Jul 17 Erle Stanley Gardner, American detective writer (Perry Mason), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1970)

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner
  • Jul 29 Karl Otten, German Expressionist writer, born in Oberkrüchten (d. 1963)
  • Aug 1 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • Aug 1 Walther Gerlach, German physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect), born in Biebrich, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Aug 5 Conrad P Aiken, American Pulitzer poet/writer (Ushant/Conversation)
  • Aug 6 George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 John Middleton Murry, English poet and literary critic (Between Two Worlds), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • Aug 10 Charles Darrow, Inventor (d. 1967)
  • Aug 12 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • Aug 13 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (d. 1958)
  • Aug 19 Arthur Waley, sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese
  • Aug 23 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Aug 24 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, born in Nkamba, Congo (d. 1951)
  • Sep 6 Sarat Chandra Bose, Indian activist for independence, born in Howrah, British India (d. 1950)
  • Sep 7 Bruce Frederick Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man), born in barnstaple, England (d. 1919)
  • Sep 8 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1953)
  • Sep 13 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • Sep 16 Claude A Barnett, founder (Associated Negro Press)
  • Sep 18 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (Member of the Australian Parliament for Bourke), born in Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 19 Sarah Louise "Sadie" Delany, American author and teacher, born in Lynch's Station, Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1999)

Person of interestWalter Lippmann

Sep 23 Walter Lippmann, American journalist/political writer (Public Opinion), born in NYC, New York

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • Sep 25 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1959)
  • Sep 25 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, born in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • Sep 26 Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Being & Time), born in Meeskirch, Germany (d. 1976)
  • Oct 3 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • Oct 5 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • Oct 6 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Noce I Dnie)
  • Oct 8 Collett E. Woolman, American airline founder (Delta Air Service), born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 1966)
  • Oct 10 Han [Henricus Antonius] van Meegeren, Dutch painter and art forger (Vermeer), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Oct 14 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • Oct 18 Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me)
  • Oct 27 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1981)
  • Nov 1 Philip John Noel-Baker, statesman/disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959)
  • Nov 3 Heinrich Campendonk, German painter/wood carver/glazer
  • Nov 12 DeWitt Wallace, publisher, founded Readers Digest (1921), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota

Person of interestJawaharlal Nehru

Nov 14 Jawaharlal Nehru, 1st Prime Minister of India (1947-64) and important leader of the Indian independence movement, born in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India (d. 1964)

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Nov 16 August Croegaert, Flemish liturgist
  • Nov 16 George S Kaufman, playwright (This is Show Business), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 18 Maria Realino, [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao)

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

Nov 20 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift), born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Nov 24 Cissy van Marxfield, [Setske Beek-de Haan], Dutch author
  • Nov 30 Edgar D Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932)
  • Dec 8 W Hervey Allen, US writer/poet (Anthony Adverse)
  • Dec 11 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)
  • Dec 11 Walter Knott, American farmer (d. 1981)
  • Dec 21 Sewall Wright, American biologist (d. 1988)
  • Dec 22 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanon, playwright
  • Dec 28 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • Dec 30 Georg von der Vring, German painter and writer (Soldier Suhren), born in Brake, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 1968)