Historical Figures Born in 1889

  • Jan 6 Alan Mara Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor), born in Kingston, Canada (d. 1971)
  • Jan 11 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • Jan 20 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • Jan 21 Pitirim Sorokin, Russian-American sociologist (Social mobility), born in Turya, Russia (d. 1968)
  • Jan 23 Prosper Arents, Belgium librarian and bibliographer (reconstructed Peter Paul Rubens library) (d. 1984)
  • Jan 27 Balthasar van der Pol, Dutch physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol), born in Utrecht , Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Jan 30 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, born in Varanasi, India (d. 1937)
  • Feb 1 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • Feb 3 Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
  • Feb 3 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • Feb 4 Walter Catlett, American actor (Climax, Front Page, Tale of 2 Cities), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1960)
  • Feb 6 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter, born in Lummen, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Feb 6 Siegfried Kracauer, German writer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Feb 7 Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • Feb 10 Howard Spring, British author/novelist/writer/critic (O Absalom)
  • Feb 17 H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil tycoon (East Texas Oil Field), born near Ramsey, Illinois (d. 1974)
  • Feb 18 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • Feb 19 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombian poet and novelist (Vortex)
  • Feb 21 Felix Aylmer, British actor (Anastasia, Hamlet, Iron Duke, Macbeth, St Joan), born in Corsham, Wiltshire, England (d. 1979)
  • Feb 22 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • Feb 22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • Feb 23 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • Feb 25 Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
  • Mar 1 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • Mar 4 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp [Frits de Rover], Dutch vicar/resistance fighter
  • Mar 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • Mar 12 Philip Guedalla, English barrister & historian
  • Mar 12 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • Mar 19 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • Mar 21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, born in Vienna (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)

Gabriela MistralGabriela Mistral (1889-1957)

Apr 7 Chilean poet (Nobel Prize for Literature, 1945), educator, and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile

  • Apr 13 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)

Arnold J. ToynbeeArnold J. Toynbee (1889-1975)

Apr 14 English historian (A Study of History), born in London

  • Apr 15 A. Philip Randolph, American labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union), born in Crescent City, Florida (d. 1979)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, American painter and muralist (Lonesome Road), born in Neosho, Missouri (d. 1975)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler (1889-1945)

Apr 20 Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary

  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, born in Odenkirchen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • Apr 24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)

António de Oliveira SalazarAntónio de Oliveira Salazar (1889-1970)

Apr 28 Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal

  • Apr 28 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear admiral (Java Sea), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • May 4 Francis Spellman, American Bishop and Cardinal of Roman Catholic Church, born in Whitman, Massachusetts (d. 1967)
  • May 6 Stanley Morison, British typographer, born in Wanstead, Essex (d. 1967)
  • May 12 Otto Frank, German born father of Anne Frank who saw her diaries published, born in Frankfurt (d. 1980)
  • May 15 Bessie Abramowitz Hillman, Russian-American labor leader and founder of Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, born in Linoveh, Russia (d. 1970)
  • May 16 Joan Collette, Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • May 17 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican writer (Simpatías y diferencias) and diplomat (Higenia Cruel), born in Monterrey, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • May 18 Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (The Church on the Mountain), born in Fljótsdalur, Iceland (d. 1975)
  • May 18 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (leaded gasoline), born in Beaver Fall, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • May 20 Margery Allingham, detective story writer
  • May 20 William Lawther, union leader
  • May 23 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

Igor SikorskyIgor Sikorsky (1889-1972)

May 25 Russian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, born in Kyiv, Ukraine

  • Jun 8 Josef Hromádka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957), born in Hodslavice, Moravia (d. 1969)
  • Jun 14 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist and paleontologist, born in Antwerp (d. 1964)
  • Jun 18 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • Jun 19 Enrico Celio, Swiss lawyer and President of Switzerland (1943), born in Ambrì, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Jun 20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)
  • Jun 23 Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Jun 25 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Jun 27 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • Jul 9 Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian hockey executive, born in Bourbonnais, Illinois (d. 1964)
  • Jul 11 Alfred E Green, Perris CA, director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)
  • Jul 13 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)

Ante PavelićAnte Pavelić (1889-1959)

Jul 14 Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, born in Bradina, Austria-Hungary

Erle Stanley GardnerErle Stanley Gardner (1889-1970)

Jul 17 American detective writer (Perry Mason), born in Malden, Massachusetts

  • Jul 29 Karl Otten, German Expressionist writer, born in Oberkrüchten (d. 1963)
  • Aug 1 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • Aug 1 Walther Gerlach, German physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect), born in Biebrich, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Aug 5 Conrad Aiken, American Pulitzer poet and writer (Ushant/Conversation), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1973)
  • Aug 6 George Kenney, American Air Force General (Commander of South West Pacific Area, 1942-45), born in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 John Middleton Murry, English poet and literary critic (Between Two Worlds), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • Aug 10 Charles Darrow, American businessman who modified and popularized Monopoly game, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Aug 12 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • Aug 13 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1958)
  • Aug 19 Arthur Waley, English sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese, born in Tunbridge Wells, England (d. 1966)
  • Aug 23 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Aug 24 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, born in Nkamba, Congo (d. 1951)
  • Sep 6 Sarat Chandra Bose, Indian activist for independence, born in Howrah, British India (d. 1950)
  • Sep 7 Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer and founder (KLM), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • Sep 7 Bruce Frederick Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man), born in barnstaple, England (d. 1919)
  • Sep 8 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1953)
  • Sep 13 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • Sep 16 Claude Albert Barnett, American journalist and founder (Associated Negro Press), born in Sanford, Florida (d. 1967)
  • Sep 18 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (Member of the Australian Parliament for Bourke), born in Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 19 Sarah Louise "Sadie" Delany, American author and teacher, born in Lynch's Station, Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1999)

Walter LippmannWalter Lippmann (1889-1974)

Sep 23 American journalist and political writer (Public Opinion), born in NYC, New York

  • Sep 25 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, born in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • Sep 25 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1959)

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger (1889-1976)

Sep 26 German philosopher (Being & Time), born in Meeskirch, Germany

  • Oct 3 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • Oct 5 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • Oct 6 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Noce I Dnie)
  • Oct 8 Collett E. Woolman, American airline founder (Delta Air Service), born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 1966)
  • Oct 10 Han [Henricus Antonius] van Meegeren, Dutch painter and art forger (Vermeer), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Oct 14 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • Oct 18 Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me)
  • Oct 24 Earl Morris, American archaeologist (Aztec Ruins National Monument), born in Chama, New Mexico (d. 1956) [1]
  • Oct 27 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1981)
  • Oct 29 Li Dazhao [Ta-chao], Chinese intellectual, revolutionary and co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party with Chen Duxiu, born in Laoting, Zhili Province (now Hebei), Qing dynasty of China (d. 1927)
  • Nov 1 Philip Noel-Baker, British politician and disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959), born in London (d. 1982)
  • Nov 3 Heinrich Campendonk, German painter and wood carver, born in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Nov 12 DeWitt Wallace, American publisher who founded Readers Digest, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1981)

Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)

Nov 14 1st Prime Minister of India (1947-64) and important leader of the Indian independence movement, born in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India

  • Nov 16 George S. Kaufman, American playwright (This is Show Business), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1961)
  • Nov 18 Maria Realino [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao) (d. 1977)

Edwin HubbleEdwin Hubble (1889-1953)

Nov 20 American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift), born in Marshfield, Missouri

Alexander PatchAlexander Patch (1889-1945)

Nov 23 American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona

  • Nov 24 Cissy van Marxfield [Setske Beek-de Haan], Dutch author of children's books, born in Oranjewoud, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Nov 30 Edgar Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932-function of neurons), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1977)
  • Dec 8 Hervey Allen, American writer and poet (Anthony Adverse), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Dec 11 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)

Walter KnottWalter Knott (1889-1981)

Dec 11 American farmer who created the Knott's Berry Farm amusement park in California and introduced the boysenberry to America, born in San Bernardino, California

  • Dec 21 Sewall Wright, American geneticist, born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • Dec 22 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanese playwright, born in Baskinta, Lebanon (d. 1988)
  • Dec 28 F. W. Murnau German film director (Nosferatu, The Last Laugh), born in Bielefeld, Germany (d. 1931)
  • Dec 30 Georg von der Vring, German painter and writer (Soldier Suhren), born in Brake, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 1968)