On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1889

  • Jan 6 Alan M Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor), born in Kingston, Canada
  • Jan 11 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • Jan 20 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • Jan 21 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
  • Jan 23 Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
  • Jan 27 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • Jan 30 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, born in Varanasi, India (d. 1937)
  • Feb 1 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • Feb 3 Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
  • Feb 3 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • Feb 4 Walter Catlett, American actor (Climax, Front Page, Tale of 2 Cities), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1960)
  • Feb 6 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter, born in Lummen, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Feb 6 Siegfried Kracauer, German writer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Feb 7 Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • Feb 10 Howard Spring, British author/novelist/writer/critic (O Absalom)
  • Feb 17 H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire

  • Feb 18 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • Feb 19 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombian poet and novelist (Vortex)
  • Feb 21 Felix Aylmer, British actor (Anastasia, Hamlet, Iron Duke, Macbeth, St Joan), born in Corsham, Wiltshire, England (d. 1979)
  • Feb 22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • Feb 22 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • Feb 23 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • Feb 25 Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
  • Mar 1 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • Mar 4 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp, [Frits de Rover], Dutch vicar/resistance fighter
  • Mar 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • Mar 12 Philip Guedalla, English barrister & historian
  • Mar 12 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • Mar 19 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • Mar 21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, born in Vienna (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • Apr 6 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)

Person of interestArnold J. Toynbee

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 15 A. Philip Randolph, American labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union), born in Crescent City, Florida (d. 1979)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, American painter and muralist (Lonesome Road), born in Neosho, Missouri (d. 1975)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, born in Odenkirchen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher ( Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • Apr 28 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal (d. 1970)
  • Apr 28 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear admiral (Java Sea), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • May 4 Francis Spellman, American Bishop and Cardinal of Roman Catholic Church, born in Whitman, Massachusetts (d. 1967)
  • May 6 Stanley Morison, British typographer, born in Wanstead, Essex (d. 1967)
  • May 12 Otto Frank, German born father of Anne Frank who saw her diaries published, born in Frankfurt (d. 1980)
  • May 15 Bessie Hillman, founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • May 16 Joan Collette, Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • May 17 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican writer (Simpatías y diferencias) and diplomat (Higenia Cruel), born in Monterrey, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • May 18 Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (The Church on the Mountain), born Fljótsdalur, Iceland (d. 1975)
  • May 18 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
  • May 20 Margery Allingham, detective story writer
  • May 20 William Lawther, union leader
  • May 23 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

Person of interestIgor Sikorsky

May 25 Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1972)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • Jun 8 Josef Hromádka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957), born in Hodslavice, Moravia (d. 1969)
  • Jun 14 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist and paleontologist, born in Antwerp (d. 1964)
  • Jun 18 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • Jun 19 Enrico Celio, Swiss lawyer and President of Switzerland (1943), born in Ambrì, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Jun 20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)
  • Jun 23 Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Jun 25 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Jun 27 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • Jul 9 Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian hockey executive, born in Bourbonnais, Illinois (d. 1964)
  • Jul 11 Alfred E Green, Perris CA, director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)
  • Jul 13 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)

Person of interestAnte Pavelić

Jul 14 Ante Pavelić, Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, born in Bradina, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić

Person of interestErle Stanley Gardner

Jul 17 Erle Stanley Gardner, American detective writer (Perry Mason), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1970)

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner
  • Jul 29 Karl Otten, German Expressionist writer, born in Oberkrüchten (d. 1963)
  • Aug 1 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • Aug 1 Walther Gerlach, German physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect), born in Biebrich, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Aug 5 Conrad Aiken, American Pulitzer poet and writer (Ushant/Conversation), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1973)
  • Aug 6 George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 John Middleton Murry, English poet and literary critic (Between Two Worlds), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • Aug 10 Charles Darrow, American businessman who modified and popularized Monopoly game, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Aug 12 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • Aug 13 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1958)
  • Aug 19 Arthur Waley, sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese
  • Aug 23 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Aug 24 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, born in Nkamba, Congo (d. 1951)
  • Sep 6 Sarat Chandra Bose, Indian activist for independence, born in Howrah, British India (d. 1950)
  • Sep 7 Bruce Frederick Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man), born in barnstaple, England (d. 1919)

  • Sep 8 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1953)
  • Sep 13 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • Sep 16 Claude Albert Barnett, American journalist and founder (Associated Negro Press), born in Sanford, Florida (d. 1967)
  • Sep 18 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (Member of the Australian Parliament for Bourke), born in Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 19 Sarah Louise "Sadie" Delany, American author and teacher, born in Lynch's Station, Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1999)

Person of interestWalter Lippmann

Sep 23 Walter Lippmann, American journalist/political writer (Public Opinion), born in NYC, New York

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • Sep 25 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1959)
  • Sep 25 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, born in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1930)

Person of interestMartin Heidegger

Sep 26 Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Being & Time), born in Meeskirch, Germany (d. 1976)

Philosopher Martin Heidegger
Philosopher
Martin Heidegger
  • Oct 3 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • Oct 5 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • Oct 6 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Noce I Dnie)
  • Oct 8 Collett E. Woolman, American airline founder (Delta Air Service), born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 1966)
  • Oct 10 Han [Henricus Antonius] van Meegeren, Dutch painter and art forger (Vermeer), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Oct 14 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • Oct 18 Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me)
  • Oct 27 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1981)
  • Nov 1 Philip Noel-Baker, British politician and disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959), born in London (d. 1982)
  • Nov 3 Heinrich Campendonk, German painter and wood carver, born in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Nov 12 DeWitt Wallace, publisher, founded Readers Digest (1921), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota

Person of interestJawaharlal Nehru

Nov 14 Jawaharlal Nehru, 1st Prime Minister of India (1947-64) and important leader of the Indian independence movement, born in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India (d. 1964)

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Nov 16 August Croegaert, Flemish liturgist
  • Nov 16 George S. Kaufman, American playwright (This is Show Business), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1961)
  • Nov 18 Maria Realino [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao) (d. 1977)

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

Nov 20 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift), born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble

Person of interestAlexander Patch

Nov 23 Alexander Patch, American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), born in Fort Huachuca, Arizona (d. 1945)

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Nov 24 Cissy van Marxfield, [Setske Beek-de Haan], Dutch author
  • Nov 30 Edgar Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932-function of neurons), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1977)
  • Dec 8 Hervey Allen, American writer and poet (Anthony Adverse), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Dec 11 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)

Person of interestWalter Knott

Dec 11 Walter Knott, American farmer who created the Knott's Berry Farm amusement park in California and introduced the boysenberry to America, born in San Bernardino, California (d. 1981)

Farmer and Creator of Knott's Berry Farm Walter Knott
Farmer and Creator of Knott's Berry Farm
Walter Knott
  • Dec 21 Sewall Wright, American geneticist, born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • Dec 22 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanese playwright, born in Baskinta, Lebanon (d. 1988)
  • Dec 28 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • Dec 30 Georg von der Vring, German painter and writer (Soldier Suhren), born in Brake, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 1968)