Birthdays in History in April 1889

  • Apr 6 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

Person of interestArnold J. Toynbee

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 15 Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Austrialian pro womans/aborigine rights fighter
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher ( Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • Apr 28 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal (d. 1970)
  • Apr 28 Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral