Historical Figures Born in 1890

  • Jan 1 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
  • Jan 4 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian communist politician who worked with Tito, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1957)
  • Jan 7 Henny Porten, German silent screen star (Deception), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1960)
  • Jan 8 Sandor Rado, Hungarian-American psychoanalyst, born in Kisvárda, Hungary (d. 1972)
  • Jan 9 Karel Čapek, Czech writer, playwright and critic (R.U.R.); coined the word "robot", born in Malé Svatoňovice, Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Jan 9 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist and writer (Panther Tiger & Co), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1935)
  • Jan 10 Grigory Landsberg, Soviet physicist, born in Vologda, Russia (d. 1957)
  • Jan 11 Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (one of the modernist Group of Five), born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 1954)
  • Jan 12 Mordecai Wyatt Johnson, pastor and educator, born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1976)
  • Jan 13 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1945)
  • Jan 22 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), born in Louisa, Kentucky (d. 1953)
  • Jan 26 Charles Scribner III, American book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1952)
  • Jan 28 Robert Stroud, American murderer, convict, and ornithologist dubbed "Birdman of Alcatraz", born in Seattle Washington (d. 1963)
  • Jan 31 Adolf Bach, German language professor and sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde) (d. 1972)
  • Feb 2 Jean J M de Lattre de Tassigny, French gen (Indo-China)
  • Feb 8 Claro Mayo Recto, Filipino nationalist/opponent of US colonialism
  • Feb 9 Jacobus J P Oud, Dutch architect/co-founder (Stijl)

Boris PasternakBoris Pasternak (1890-1960)

Feb 10 Russian novelist and poet (Doctor Zhivago, Nobel 1958), born in Moscow, Russia

  • Feb 10 Fanny Kaplan, failed assassin of Vladimir Lenin (d. 1918)
  • Feb 11 David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
  • Feb 11 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • Feb 14 Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist & writer, born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1956)
  • Feb 15 Robert Ley, Nazi politician. Committed suicide 1945.
  • Feb 18 Lauri SA Haarla, Finnish (stage)writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja)
  • Mar 1 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Zonnestral)
  • Mar 3 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • Mar 6 Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator/theory (Orfeo)
  • Mar 8 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)

Vyacheslav MolotovVyacheslav Molotov (1890-1986)

Mar 9 Russian politician (Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1939-49, 1953-6), born in Kukarka, Russian Empire

  • Mar 11 Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer
  • Mar 12 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • Mar 12 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • Mar 18 Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
  • Mar 24 John Rock, American obstetrician and gynecologist who co-developed the 1st birth control pill, born in Marlborough, Massachusetts (d. 1984)
  • Mar 25 Marten Baersma [MH Bottema], Friesan author (De ljochte kimen)
  • Mar 26 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer, born in Lier (d. 1919)
  • Mar 29 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • Mar 31 William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • Apr 6 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer
  • Apr 6 Anthony Fokker, Dutch aviation pioneer and an aircraft manufacturer (Eindecker monoplanes, Fokker Triplane)
  • Apr 7 Marjory Stoneman Douglas, environmentalist (1st Lady of Everglades)
  • Apr 7 Victoria Ocampo, Argentine writer and publisher (Sur magazine), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1979)
  • Apr 11 Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, born in Predappio, Romagna, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1979)
  • Apr 13 Frank Murphy, American politician and 56th United States Attorney General, born in Harbor Beach, Michigan (d. 1949)
  • Apr 19 Lou Bandy [Lodewijk Ferdinand Dieben], Dutch revue-artist (Look for the Sun), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Apr 20 Maurice Duplessis, 16th Premier of Quebec, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada (d. 1959)
  • May 2 E. E. Smith, American food engineer and sci-fi author (Triplanetary), born in Sheboygan, Wisconsin (d. 1965)
  • May 3 B. Traven, (German?) writer (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre) whose real identity is disputed (possible date)
  • May 5 Christopher Morley, American author (Kitty Foil), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1957)

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl (1890-1946)

May 10 German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), born in Würzburg, German Empire

  • May 15 Katherine Anne Porter, American novelist (Ship of Fools)

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh (1890-1969)

May 19 Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina

  • May 23 Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
  • May 26 Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudes/portraits), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1972)
  • May 29 Martin Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan author (Gamperaliya - The Uprooted/Changing Village), born in Koggala, British Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) (d. 1976)
  • Jun 6 Dorothy Heyward, American playwright (Porgy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • Jun 10 Paul Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer and author
  • Jun 12 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist, born in Tulln an der Donau, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1918)
  • Jun 15 Georg Wüst, Posen, German Oceanographer who provided the first complete understanding of the temperature, salinity and deep-current structure of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Jun 21 Frank Sherman Land, founder of the Order of DeMolay, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1959)
  • Jun 25 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • Jul 2 Earl Roy Curry, American religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1980)
  • Jul 5 Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian and editor of Harper's Magazine, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1954)
  • Jul 8 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer, born in Aachen (d. 1940)
  • Jul 11 Arthur W Tedder of Glenguin, British air marshal (WWII)
  • Jul 11 Georg Annenkov, Russian/French painter
  • Jul 14 Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin], Russian French sculptor (Destroyed City), born in Vitsebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • Jul 18 Charles Erwin Wilson, American engineer (President and CEO of General Motors) and politician (United States Secretary of Defense 1953-57), born in Minerva, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • Jul 18 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (the shortest-serving prime minister in Australia's history-8 days), born in Mitchell, Queensland, Australia (d. 1983)
  • Jul 20 George II, King of Greece (1922-1924, and 1935-1947), born in Tatoi, Greece (d. 1947)

Rose Fitzgerald KennedyRose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1890-1995)

Jul 22 American matriarch, mother of JFK, RFK & Ted, born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Jul 26 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1942)
  • Aug 4 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1953)
  • Aug 5 Naum Gabo [Pevsner], Russian-American sculptor (Stillife Flower), born in Bryans, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • Aug 9 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist and philosopher, born in Alajärvi, Finland (d. 1958)
  • Aug 10 Angus L. MacDonald, Canadian politician (d. 1954)
  • Aug 11 Erich Wichman, Dutch fascist painter/sculptor
  • Aug 13 [Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe, African American advocate in Virginia, born in Warwick, County, Virginia (d. 1974)
  • Aug 15 Elizabeth Bolden, American Supercentenarian (oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death), born in Somerville, Tennessee (d. 2006)
  • Aug 15 Elvin M. Jellinek, American Physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 17 Harry Hopkins, US politician, Secretary of Commerce under FDR (Loan & Lease law), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 1946)
  • Aug 17 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator (d. 1920)
  • Aug 18 Walther Funk, German economist and Nazi politician, born in Danzkehmen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • Aug 19 Yves Alix, French painter and graphic artist, born in Fontainebleau, France (d. 1969)
  • Aug 20 H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1937)
  • Aug 22 Floyd Henri Allport, American psychologist and sociologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1979)
  • Aug 24 Jean Rhys [Ella Gwendolyn Rees Williams], British writer (Voyage in the Dark), born in Roseau, Dominica (d. 1979)
  • Aug 27 Man Ray, American artist and photographer (Dada), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)

Colonel SandersColonel Sanders (1890-1980)

Sep 9 American founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, born in Henryville, Indiana

  • Sep 10 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Agatha ChristieAgatha Christie (1890-1976)

Sep 15 English crime writer (Murder on the Orient Express, Mousetrap), born in Torquay, Devon

  • Sep 15 Claude McKaye, Jamaican-American author (Songs of Jamaica, Banjo), born in Clarendon Parish, Jamaica (d. 1948)
  • Sep 17 Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator famous for his WWII sign-on "There's good news tonight", born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)
  • Sep 20 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, born in Saratov, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)
  • Sep 22 Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician and philosopher, born in Sonvilier, Switzerland (d. 1975)

Friedrich PaulusFriedrich Paulus (1890-1957)

Sep 23 German field marshal who commanded the 6th Army at Stalingrad and was the highest-ranking German officer to surrender, born in Guxhagen, Germany

  • Sep 24 A. P. Herbert, English journalist and writer (Punch, Helen), born in Ashtead, Surrey, England (d. 1971)
  • Oct 5 Kasimir Edschmid, German writer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Oct 8 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • Oct 9 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), born in South-West Oxford, Canada (d. 1944)
  • Oct 13 Conrad Richter, American writer (Light in the Forest), born in Tremont, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)

Dwight D. EisenhowerDwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969)

Oct 14 34th US President (Republican: 1953-61) and World War II general, born in Denison, Texas

  • Oct 16 Maria Goretti, Italian saint (d. 1902)

Michael CollinsMichael Collins (1890-1922)

Oct 16 Irish revolutionary leader and leading figure in the struggle for Irish independence in the early 20th century, born in Clonakilty, Ireland

  • Oct 16 Paul Strand, American photographer (Native Land-1942), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 18 [Agathe] Henriette [M de Beaufort], Dutch author (Rembrandt)
  • Oct 21 Gerrit Engelke, German writer/poet (Love Letters)
  • Oct 24 Main Rousseau Bocher, American uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • Oct 29 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)
  • Nov 2 Moa Martinson, Swedish writer (My Mother Gets Married), born in Vårdnäs, Linköping (d. 1964)
  • Nov 3 Eustáquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest and missionary in Brazil, born in Aarle-Rixtel, North Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • Nov 4 Klabund [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Bracke, Borgia), born in Crossen, Germany (d. 1928)
  • Nov 5 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter, born in Okrouhlice near Německý Brod, Bohemia (d. 1977)
  • Nov 15 Richmal Crompton, British author (d. 1969)

Elpidio QuirinoElpidio Quirino (1890-1956)

Nov 16 6th President of the Philippines (1949-53), born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, Philippines

  • Nov 16 George Seldes, American investigative journalist, born in Alliance Colony, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Nov 17 Jack Cusack, American pro football pioneer (Canton Bulldogs), born in Canton, Ohio (d. 1973)

Charles de GaulleCharles de Gaulle (1890-1970)

Nov 22 French army general and President of France (1958-69), born in Lille, France

  • Nov 22 Jean-Jacques Gailliard, Belgian painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1976)
  • Nov 23 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet (Poems from the Trenches) and artist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1918)
  • Dec 5 David Bomberg, English painter, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1957)

Dion FortuneDion Fortune (1890-1946)

Dec 6 British occultist and author (Psychic Self-Defence, The Mystical Qabalah), born in Llandudno, Wales

  • Dec 6 Rudolf Schlichter, German artist and writer, born in Calw, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Dec 6 Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (known as the founding father of modern physics research in Japan), born in Satoshō, Okayama (d. 1951)

Marc ConnellyMarc Connelly (1890-1980)

Dec 13 American playwright (One Minute Please), born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania

  • Dec 18 Edwin Howard Armstrong, American radio pioneer inventor (FM), born in NYC, New York (d. 1954)
  • Dec 19 Klaas Schilder, Dutch theologist and vicar (Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (liberated)), born in Kampen, Netherlands (d. 1952))
  • Dec 21 Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist and Nobel laureate, born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • Dec 22 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain, born in Droylsden, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • Dec 22 Mark Tobey, American abstract painter (Broadway Norm), born in Centerville, Wisconsin (d. 1976)
  • Dec 25 Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts (Believe it or Not), born in Santa Rosa, California (d. 1949)
  • Dec 26 Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (d. 1992)
  • Dec 30 Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, President of Mexico (d. 1973)