Historical Figures Born in 1892

Manuel RoxasManuel Roxas (1892-1948)

Jan 1 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines

  • Jan 9 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • Jan 10 Dumas Malone, American historian (Jefferson & His Time), born in Coldwater, Mississippi (d. 1986)
  • Jan 12 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 14 Martin Niemöller, German theologian who supported, then opposed the Nazi regime, famous for his widely quoted poem "First they came ...", born in Lippstadt, Germany (d. 1984)
  • Jan 15 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • Jan 18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon, born in Kręcko, Poland (d. 1956)
  • Jan 19 Ólafur Thors, Icelandic Prime Minister (5 times between 1942-63), born in Borgarnes, Iceland (d. 1964)
  • Jan 22 Marcel Dassault [Bloch], French airplane engineer and manufacturer, born in Paris, France (d. 1986)

Bessie ColemanBessie Coleman (1892-1926)

Jan 26 American aviator and 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold a pilot license, born in Atlanta, Texas [1]

  • Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian Minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1957)
  • Feb 4 Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
  • Feb 4 E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
  • Feb 4 Ugo Betti, Italian playwright
  • Feb 5 George Saiko, Austrian writer, born in Seestadtl, Bohemia (d. 1962)
  • Feb 6 William Parry Murphy, American physician & Nobel laureate, born in Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • Feb 8 Fritz Todt, German construction engineer, Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions Reichs minister and Head of the Organization Todt, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1942)
  • Feb 9 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
  • Feb 13 Robert Houghwout Jackson, 84th Supreme Court justice (1941-54)
  • Feb 14 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander & politician, born in Kotor, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • Feb 15 James Forrestal, American banker/minister of Navy
  • Feb 17 Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
  • Feb 18 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • Feb 22 David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)
  • Feb 22 Edna St Vincent Millay, American poet, dramatist and feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • Feb 29 Augusta Savage (née Fells), African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate, born in Green Cove Springs, Florida (d. 1962) [1]
  • Mar 1 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • Mar 8 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader and Prime Minister (1952-53), born in Ada, Serbia (d. 1971)
  • Mar 9 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox), born in Brighton, East Sussex (d. 1981)
  • Mar 9 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • Mar 9 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), born in Knole House, Kent (d. 1962)
  • Mar 10 Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • Mar 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)
  • Mar 13 Janet Flanner, American journalist (New Yorker), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1978)
  • Mar 14 Olive Parsons, British co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
  • Mar 15 James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • Mar 16 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • Mar 18 Robert P.T. Coffin, American poet ("Strange Holiness", Pulitzer Prize, 1936), writer, and editor (Yankee Magazine), born in Brunswick, Maine (d. 1955)
  • Mar 19 James Van Fleet, American US Army General (served during WWI, WWII, and Korean War), born in Fort Lee, New Jersey (d. 1992)
  • Mar 19 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • Mar 27 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • Mar 28 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Mar 28 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • Mar 29 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • Mar 30 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • Mar 30 Erwin Panofsky, German-American art historian
  • Mar 30 Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 31 Stanislav Wladyslaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major/commandant

Donald Wills DouglasDonald Wills Douglas (1892-1981)

Apr 6 American aircraft industrialist (McDonnell Douglas) and aviation pioneer (Douglas DC-3), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Apr 8 Richard Neutra, Austrian American modernist architect (Kaufmann Desert House), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1970)
  • Apr 10 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (classified human into races), born in Jeseritz, Germany (d. 1965)
  • Apr 13 Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (d. 1984)

Robert Watson-WattRobert Watson-Watt (1892-1973)

Apr 13 Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland

  • Apr 14 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1957)
  • Apr 15 Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author (The Hiding Place) and Holocaust survivor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Apr 15 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot, born in Düren, Rhine Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1975)
  • Apr 17 Jean Haesaert, Flemish lawyer and sociologist, born in Lokeren, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Apr 22 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist, born in Darlington Heights, Virginia (d. 1965)
  • Apr 23 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer, born in Tessenderlo, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Apr 23 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • Apr 28 Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), born in NYC, New York

The Red BaronThe Red Baron (1892-1918)

May 2 German World War I Fighter Ace, born in Wrocław, Poland

  • May 3 George Paget Thomson, English physicist who demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1975) [1]

Archibald MacLeishArchibald MacLeish (1892-1982)

May 7 American poet (Conquistador) and playwright (J.B.), born in Glencoe, Illinois

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito (1892-1980)

May 7 Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), born in Kumrovec, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

  • May 9 Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, born in Villa Pianore, Tuscany, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1989)
  • May 12 Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • May 16 Coenraad B van Haeringen, linguist/etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)
  • May 19 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Povestj Zjizni) [OS]
  • May 21 John Peale Bishop, American poet (This Side of Paradise), born in Charles Town, West Virginia (d. 1944)
  • May 29 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal), born in Sala Capriasca, Switzerland (d. 1938)
  • May 30 Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
  • May 31 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, born in Geisenfeld, Germany (d. 1934)
  • May 31 Konstatin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1968) [NS]
  • May 31 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • Jun 1 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • Jun 5 Alexander Loudon, Dutch diplomat (Ambassador to Washington)
  • Jun 6 Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (Duncan Toys Company), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1971)
  • Jun 11 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, born in London, England (d. 1953)
  • Jun 12 Djuna Barnes, American author (Nightwood), born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York (d. 1982)
  • Jun 12 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jun 20 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971)

Jun 21 American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri

  • Jun 22 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • Jun 22 Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Jun 26 Pearl S. Buck, American author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938), born in Hillsboro, West Virginia (d. 1973)
  • Jun 27 Paul Colin, French poster designer, born in Nancy, France (d. 1985)
  • Jun 28 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
  • Jun 30 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader, born in Duisburg-Ruhrort, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 1 James M. Cain, American novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1977)
  • Jul 6 Willy Coppens, Belgian WW I fighter ace, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Jul 8 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • Jul 8 Richard Aldington, English writer and editor (The Egotist), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 1962)
  • Jul 12 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), born in Drohobych, Austrian Galicia (d. 1942)
  • Jul 15 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), born in Tallahassee, Florida, (d. 1929)
  • Jul 15 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • Jul 21 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jul 21 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Jul 22 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal

Haile SelassieHaile Selassie (1892-1975)

Jul 23 Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire

  • Jul 24 Alice Ball, African American chemist (developed treatment for leprosy), born in Seattle Washington (d. 1916)
  • Jul 29 Ernst van Raalte, Dutch journalist (Seen, heard... wrote), born in Rotterdam, South Holland (d. 1975)
  • Jul 31 Joseph Charbonneau, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (1940-50), born in Lefaivre, Canada (d. 1959)
  • Aug 1 Constant Burniaux, Belgian writer (The Abandoned) and art historian (Temps Inquiets), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Aug 2 Jack L Warner [Jacob Warner], Canadian-American film executive and president of the Warner Bros. Studios, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1978)
  • Aug 2 John Kieran, American columnist and author (Natural History of NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • Aug 11 Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
  • Aug 11 Hugh MacDiarmid (Christopher Murray Grieve), Scotland, poet (Scots Unbound)
  • Aug 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general
  • Aug 15 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize for Physics, 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • Aug 16 Harold Foster, Canadian-American cartoonist (Prince Valian), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1982)
  • Aug 16 Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (Felix the Cat), born in Union City, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • Sep 1 Leverett Saltonstall, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • Sep 6 Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 1965)
  • Sep 10 Arthur Compton, US physicist (1927 Nobel Prize for Physics for Compton Effect), born in Wooster, Ohio (d. 1962)
  • Sep 12 Alfred A Knopf, American publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • Sep 15 Silpa Bhirasri [Corrado Feroci], Italian-Thai sculptor, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1962)
  • Sep 24 Adélard Godbout, Canadian politician (15th Premier of Québec), born in Saint-Éloi, Quebec, Canada (d. 1956)
  • Sep 28 Edmond Thieffry, Belgian WW I pilot/air pioneer

Elmer RiceElmer Rice (1892-1967)

Sep 28 American playwright (Pulitzer-Street Scene) and novelist, born in NYC, New York

  • Oct 4 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor killed by Nazis, born in Texingtal, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Oct 4 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1934)
  • Oct 5 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist and director (U.S. National Museum), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • Oct 9 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), born in Dolac, Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1975)
  • Oct 9 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), born in Moscow (d. 1941)
  • Oct 10 Earle Dickson, American inventor (Band-Aid), born in Grandview, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • Oct 14 Sumner Welles, American diplomat (Good neighbor policy), born in New York (d. 1961)
  • Oct 17 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • Oct 24 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, born in Chur, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • Oct 27 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), born in Quebrangulo, Brazil (d. 1953)
  • Oct 27 Victor E. van Vriesland, Dutch poet (Mirror of Dutch Poetry), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • Oct 28 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • Oct 28 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Night Watch), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1953)
  • Oct 31 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, American Zen teacher (1st Zen Institute of America), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Nov 5 J. B. S. Haldane, British-Indian geneticist (primordial soup theory), born in Oxford, England (d. 1964)
  • Nov 6 Harold Ross, American magazine editor and co-founder of The New Yorker, born in Aspen, Colorado (d. 1951)
  • Nov 6 John Alcock, English pilot (1st non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean), born in Stretford, England (d. 1919)
  • Nov 16 Guo Moruo, Chinese scholar and writer, born in Leshan, Sichuan, China (d. 1978)
  • Nov 19 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, born in Rowen, Wales (d. 1970)
  • Nov 20 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), born in Belleville, Ontario (d. 1965)
  • Nov 23 Erté [Romain de Tirtoff], Russian-French artist and designer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1990)

Francisco FrancoFrancisco Franco (1892-1975)

Dec 4 Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain

  • Dec 6 Osbert Sitwell, English poet, writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • Dec 7 Stuart Davis, American modernist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • Dec 8 Herbert "Bert" Hinkler, Australian aviator who made first solo flight from England to Australia (1928), born in Bundaberg, Queensland (d. 1933)
  • Dec 12 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket engineer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)

J. Paul GettyJ. Paul Getty (1892-1976)

Dec 15 American oil magnate and billionaire (Getty Oil), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

  • Dec 19 Gerald Nye, American politician and Republican US Senator from North Dakota (1925-1945), born in Hortonville, Wisconsin (d. 1971)
  • Dec 21 Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet & writer, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1980)
  • Dec 25 Rebecca West [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London (d. 1983)
  • Dec 27 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian Royal Flying Corps WWI flying ace, born in Brussels, Ontario (d. 1917)