Birthdays in History in 1892

Person of interestManuel Roxas

Jan 1 Manuel Roxas, 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines (d. 1948)

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 2 Lura Anson, Nebraska, entertainer
  • Jan 9 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • Jan 10 Dumas Malone, Miss, historian (Jefferson & His Time)
  • Jan 12 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 14 Martin Niemöller, clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler
  • Jan 15 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • Jan 18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)
  • Jan 19 Ólafur Thors, Icelandic Prime Minister (5 times between 1942-63), born in Borgarnes, Iceland (d. 1964)
  • Jan 22 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1957)
  • Feb 4 Ugo Betti, Italian playwright
  • Feb 4 Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
  • Feb 4 E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
  • Feb 5 George Saiko, Austrian writer, born in Seestadtl, Bohemia (d. 1962)
  • Feb 6 William Parry Murphy, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • Feb 8 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt)
  • Feb 9 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
  • Feb 13 Robert Houghwout Jackson, 84th Supreme Court justice (1941-54)
  • Feb 14 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician, born in Kotor, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • Feb 15 James Forrestal, American banker/minister of Navy
  • Feb 17 Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
  • Feb 18 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • Feb 22 David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)
  • Feb 22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • Feb 29 Augusta Savage (Fells), Green Cove Springs Florida, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate
  • Mar 1 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • Mar 8 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader and Prime Minister (1952-53), born in Ada, Serbia (d. 1971)
  • Mar 9 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox), born in Brighton, East Sussex (d. 1981)
  • Mar 9 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Adel und Untergang), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1945)
  • Mar 9 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), born in Knole House, Kent (d. 1962)
  • Mar 10 Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • Mar 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)
  • Mar 13 Janet Flanner, American journalist (New Yorker), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1978)
  • Mar 14 Olive Netta Parsons, co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
  • Mar 15 James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • Mar 16 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • Mar 17 Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian Engineer (d. 1984)
  • Mar 18 Robert P Tristram Coffin, poet/reporter (WWII)
  • Mar 19 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • Mar 19 James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • Mar 27 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • Mar 28 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Mar 28 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • Mar 29 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • Mar 30 Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian
  • Mar 30 Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 30 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • Mar 31 Stanislav Wladyslaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major/commandant
  • Apr 6 Donald Wills Douglas, American aircraft pioneer (McConnell Douglas)
  • Apr 8 Richard Neutra, American architect (d. 1970)

  • Apr 10 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (classified human into races), born in Jeseritz, Germany (d. 1965)
  • Apr 13 Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF
  • Apr 13 Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)
  • Apr 13 Sir Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (d. 1984)
  • Apr 14 Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian
  • Apr 15 Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • Apr 15 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)
  • Apr 17 Jean Haesaert, Flemish lawyer and sociologist, born in Lokeren, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Apr 22 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • Apr 23 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer, born in Tessenderlo, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Apr 23 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • Apr 27 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • Apr 28 Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestThe Red Baron

May 2 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • May 3 George Paget Thomson, English pysicist, demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937), born in Cambridge (d. 1943)
  • May 7 Archibald MacLeish, American lawyer and poet (Conquistador), born in Glencoe, Illinois (d. 1982)
  • May 7 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), born in Kumrovec, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (d. 1980)
  • May 9 Zita, empress (Austria)/Queen (Hungary)
  • May 12 Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • May 16 Coenraad B van Haeringen, linguist/etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)
  • May 19 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Povestj Zjizni) [OS]
  • May 21 John Peale Bishop, US poet (This Side of Paradise)
  • May 29 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal)
  • May 30 Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
  • May 31 Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-Reich organization leader
  • May 31 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj) [NS]
  • May 31 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • May 31 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • Jun 1 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • Jun 5 Alexander Loudon, diplomat (Washington)
  • Jun 6 Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (Duncan Toys Company), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1971)
  • Jun 11 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, born in London, England (d. 1953)
  • Jun 12 Djuna Barnes, American author (Nightwood), born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York (d. 1982)
  • Jun 20 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)

Person of interestReinhold Niebuhr

Jun 21 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri (d. 1971)

Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • Jun 22 Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Jun 22 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • Jun 26 Pearl S. Buck, American author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938), born in Hillsboro, West Virginia (d. 1973)
  • Jun 27 Paul Colin, French poster designer, born in Nancy, France (d. 1985)
  • Jun 28 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
  • Jun 30 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
  • Jul 1 James M Cain, novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Jul 6 Baron Willy Coppens de Houthulst, Belgian WW I pilot
  • Jul 8 Richard Aldington, writer
  • Jul 8 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • Jul 12 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), born in Drohobych, Austrian Galicia (d. 1942)
  • Jul 15 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • Jul 15 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), born in Tallahassee, Florida, (d. 1929)
  • Jul 21 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jul 21 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1892)
  • Jul 22 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal

Person of interestHaile Selassie

Jul 23 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • Jul 29 Ernst van Raalte, Dutch journalist (Seen, heard... wrote), born in Rotterdam, South Holland (d. 1975)
  • Jul 31 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (1940-50), born in Lefaivre, Canada (d. 1959)
  • Aug 1 Constant Burniaux, Belgian writer (The Abandoned) and art historian (Temps Inquiets), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Aug 2 Jack L Warner [Jacob Warner], Canadian-American film executive and president of the Warner Bros. Studios, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1978)
  • Aug 2 John Kieran, American columnist and author (Natural History of NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • Aug 11 Hugh MacDiarmid (Christopher Murray Grieve), Scotland, poet (Scots Unbound)
  • Aug 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general
  • Aug 11 Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
  • Aug 15 Louis de Broglie, French physicist (Nobel 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • Aug 16 Harold Foster, Canadian-American cartoonist (Prince Valian), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1982)
  • Aug 16 Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (Felix the Cat), born in Union City, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • Sep 1 Leverett Saltonstall, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • Sep 6 Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 1965)
  • Sep 10 Arthur H Compton, US physicist (X-rays)
  • Sep 11 Pinto Colvig, American animation voice actor (Goofy, Pluto), born in Jacksonville, Oregon (d. 1967)
  • Sep 12 Alfred A Knopf, American publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • Sep 15 Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • Sep 24 Adélard Godbout, premier of Québec (d. 1956)
  • Sep 28 Edmond Thieffry, Belgian WW I pilot/air pioneer
  • Oct 4 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor killed by Nazis
  • Oct 4 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist (d. 1934)
  • Oct 5 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (d. 1969)
  • Oct 7 Dwain Esper, director (d. 1982)
  • Oct 9 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), born in Dolac, Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1975)
  • Oct 9 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), born in Moscow (d. 1941)
  • Oct 10 Earle Dickson, American inventor (Band-Aid), born in Grandview, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • Oct 14 Sumner Welles, US undersecretary/diplomat (Good neighbor policy)
  • Oct 17 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • Oct 24 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter
  • Oct 27 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), born in Quebrangulo, Brazil (d. 1953)
  • Oct 27 Victor E. van Vriesland, Dutch poet (Mirror of Dutch Poetry), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • Oct 28 Eduard J Dijksterhuis, Dutch mathematician/historian (Fall & Throw)
  • Oct 28 Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Night Watch)
  • Oct 31 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, American Zen teacher (1st Zen Institute of America), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Nov 5 J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)
  • Nov 6 John Alcock, English pilot (1st non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean), born in Stretford, England (d. 1919)
  • Nov 6 Harold Ross, American magazine editor and co-founded The New Yorker, born in Aspen, Colorado (d. 1951)
  • Nov 16 Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (d. 1978)
  • Nov 19 Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (d. 1970)
  • Nov 20 James B Collip, Canadian biochemist/physiologist (insulin)
  • Nov 23 Erté, French artist (d. 1990)

Person of interestFrancisco Franco

Dec 4 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Dec 5 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)
  • Dec 6 F Osbert S Sitwell, poet/writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England
  • Dec 7 Stuart Davis, American modernist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • Dec 8 Herbert "Bert" Hinkler, Australian aviator who made first solo flight from England to Australia (1928), born in Bundaberg, Queensland (d. 1933)
  • Dec 12 Herman Potočnik aka Hermann Noordung, Slovenian rocket engineer (d. 1929)
  • Dec 13 Brand Dirck Ochse, filmer/co-founder (Polygoon)

Person of interestJ. Paul Getty

Dec 15 J. Paul Getty, American oil magnate and billionaire (Getty Oil), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1976)

Industrialist J. Paul Getty
Industrialist
J. Paul Getty
  • Dec 16 A "Shon Nene" Morales, Antillean/Neth very old lady
  • Dec 21 Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet (d. 1980)
  • Dec 25 Rebecca West, [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London
  • Dec 27 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (d. 1917)