Birthdays in History in 1893

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)
  • Jan 3 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
  • Jan 4 Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)
  • Jan 5 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician (d. unknown)
  • Jan 5 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (Autobiography of a Yogi), born in Gorakhpur, India (d. 1952)
  • Jan 10 Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)

Person of interestHermann Goering

Jan 12 Hermann Goering, Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Jan 12 Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • Jan 13 Clarke Ashton Smith, American sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
  • Jan 13 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • Jan 15 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • Jan 20 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
  • Jan 23 Frank Carlson, (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks)
  • Jan 26 Bessie Coleman, 1st African American airplane pilot
  • Jan 26 Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)

  • Jan 31 Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
  • Feb 2 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, born in Székesfehérvár, Hungary (d. 1974)
  • Feb 3 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

Person of interestRaymond Dart

Feb 4 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1995)

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • Feb 5 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)
  • Feb 6 Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, President of UN General Assembly (1962-63)
  • Feb 8 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • Feb 11 Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
  • Feb 12 Marcel G J Minnaert, Dutch astronomer
  • Feb 12 Omar Bradley, General of Army WW II (GI General)
  • Feb 13 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • Feb 14 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1965)
  • Feb 15 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
  • Feb 16 Ivor Armstrong Richards, England, literary critic [OS]
  • Feb 19 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Scrittori d'Oggi)
  • Feb 20 Russel Crouse, journalist/novelist/playwright (Life with Father)
  • Feb 20 Elizabeth Holloway Marston, American psychologist (d. 1993)
  • Feb 26 Ivor A "I A" Richards, English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning) [NS]
  • Feb 27 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • Mar 1 Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • Mar 3 Beatrice Wood, potter/artist/author
  • Mar 5 Emmett J Culligan, founder of water treatment organization
  • Mar 6 Kathleen Smoothy, housewife (last link to Siege of SIdney Street)
  • Mar 7 Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
  • Mar 9 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian painter and decorator, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1960)

  • Mar 18 Wilfred Owen, England, anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Dearmer, poet
  • Mar 23 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • Mar 25 Edward Hart, (Rep-D-NJ)/1st chairman of Com on Un-American Activities
  • Mar 26 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and founder of the Communist Party of Italy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1964)
  • Mar 27 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Mar 28 Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (20th Century Fox), born in Skourohorion, Greece (d. 1971)
  • Mar 29 Dora Carrington, British Bloomsbury artist, born in Hereford, Herefordshire (d. 1932)
  • Apr 3 Princess Maud of Fife, Countess of Southesk, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond-upon-Thames (d. 1945)
  • Apr 7 Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
  • Apr 8 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Sereniteit)
  • Apr 11 Dean Acheson, American statesman and U.S. Secretary of State (1949-53), born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1971)
  • Apr 11 Johannes Theodoor Thijsse, Dutch director of Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • Apr 20 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, born in Boskovice (d. 1929)
  • Apr 20 Edna Parker, American supercentenarian, the oldest person in the world following the death of Yone Minagawa of Japan on August 13, 2007, born in Morgan County, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • Apr 20 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • Apr 23 Frank Borzage, American director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1962)
  • Apr 27 Norman Bel Geddes, American theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End), born in Adrian, Michigan (d. 1958)
  • Apr 27 Draža Mihailović, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, born in Ivanjica, Serbia (d. 1946)
  • Apr 29 Elisaveta Bagrjana, [Beltsheva], Bulgaria, poet
  • Apr 29 Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)

Person of interestJoachim von Ribbentrop

Apr 30 Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, born in Wesel, Rhine Province, German Empire (d. 1946)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • May 3 Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor, born in Abasha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • May 9 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist, writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman) (d. 1947)
  • May 14 Louis Verneuil, French playwright (d. 1952)
  • May 15 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • May 16 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance (1925-30)
  • May 17 Frederick McKinley Jones, American inventor (developments in refrigeration), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • May 23 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • May 24 W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)
  • May 27 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)
  • Jun 4 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania, born in Piteşti, Romania (d. 1939)
  • Jun 4 Daan Boens, Flemish poet (Man who sold his Wife)
  • Jun 13 Dorothy Leigh Sayers, English novelist (9 Taylors)
  • Jun 15 Jacob HA van Coeverden, boer/edelman
  • Jun 19 Adriaan F Dussenbroek, Dutch family dr/co-founder (Union National Arubano)
  • Jun 29 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet and resistance fighter, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Jun 29 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Indian scientist and applied statistician (Mahalanobis distance), whose birthdate is celebrated annually in India as "National Statistics Day", born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1972)
  • Jun 30 Harold/Joseph Laski, English economist/Labour leader (1945-..)
  • Jun 30 Walter Ulbricht, president German DR
  • Jul 1 Walter Francis White, Atlanta Georgia
  • Jul 2 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
  • Jul 7 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • Jul 8 Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
  • Jul 14 John G Strijdom, premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
  • Jul 14 Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • Jul 19 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), born in Baghdati, Soviet Georgia (d. 1930) [OS=7/7]
  • Jul 20 Alexander, King of Greece (1917-20), born at Tatoi Palace, Greece (d. 1920)
  • Jul 20 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
  • Jul 21 Hans Fallada [Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen], German writer, born in Greifswald (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 1990)
  • Jul 30 Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation, born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (now Pakistan) (d. 1967)
  • Aug 6 Guthrie McClintic, Broadway producer/dir (Winterset), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Aug 6 Wright Patman, American politician (d. 1976)
  • Aug 10 Viscount Dunrossil, Scotland, Gov Gen of Australia (1959-61)
  • Aug 10 Voranc Prezikov, [Lovro Kuhar], Slovenian author (Samorastniki)

Person of interestHarlow Curtice

Aug 15 Harlow Curtice, President of General Motors (1953-8), born in Petrieville, Michigan (d. 1962)

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice
  • Aug 15 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer, born in Pukekohe, New Zealand (d. 1950)

Person of interestDorothy Parker

Aug 22 Dorothy Parker, American short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1967)

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • Aug 25 Henry Trendley Dean, American dental researcher, born in East St. Louis, Illinois (d. 1962)
  • Aug 30 Huey Long, American politician (40th Governor of Louisiana), born in Winnfield, Louisiana (d. 1935)
  • Aug 31 Lily Laskine, French harpist, born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • Sep 1 Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japans/US painter/etcher/lithographer
  • Sep 4 Henry Schultz, American economist (econometrics), born in Sharkawshchyna, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • Sep 6 Claire Chennault, American military leader, born in Commerce, Texas (d. 1958)
  • Sep 7 Leslie Hore-Belisha, British politician (Minister of Transport), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1957)
  • Sep 10 Maria de Jesus, Portuguese supercentenarian
  • Sep 16 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937)
  • Sep 17 Abel J Herzberg, Russ/Dutch writer (Persecution of Jews)
  • Sep 18 William March, American writer (Company K), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1954)

  • Sep 20 Hans Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1972)
  • Sep 27 Joannes Cornelissen, Dutch historian (Hooft & Tacitus)
  • Sep 28 Marie V Felix, prince of Luxemburg/Bourbon-Parma
  • Sep 30 Lansdale Sasscer, American politician (d. 1964)
  • Oct 1 Faith Baldwin, American author (They Who Love), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1978)
  • Oct 1 Ip Man, Chinese martial artist, and a master teacher of Wing Chun, born in Foshan, Guangdong, Qing China (d. 1972)
  • Oct 8 Orovida Camille Pissarro, British painter and etcher, born in Epping, England (d. 1968)
  • Oct 9 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, born in São Paulo (d. 1947)
  • Oct 10 August Balthazar, Belgian politician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Oct 12 Velvalee Dickinson, American spy, convicted of espionage against the United States on behalf of Japan during World War II, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1980)
  • Oct 15 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1953)
  • Oct 17 Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist , born in Berlin, Germany
  • Oct 18 Roy Del Ruth, DE, director (About Face, Babe Ruth Story, Star Show)
  • Oct 18 Sidney Holland, Prime Minister of New Zealand (National: 1949-57), born in Greendale, New Zealand (d. 1961)
  • Oct 18 Georges Ohsawa, Japanese founder of Macrobiotics (d. 1966)
  • Oct 23 Ernest Julius Öpik, Kunda, Estonian Astronomer and Astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos
  • Oct 26 Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian poet (Seobe), born in Csongrád, Austria-Hungary (d. 1977)
  • Oct 28 Christopher K Ingold, English chemist
  • Oct 28 Otto E Huiswoud, [Frank Billings], editor-in-chief (Negro Worker)
  • Oct 30 Charles Atlas, [Angelo Siciliano], American bodybuilder
  • Oct 30 Jan M Romein, Dutch historian (Low Countries at Sea)
  • Oct 30 Roland Freisler, German Nazi politician (d. 1945)
  • Nov 2 Battista Farina, Italian automobile designer and founder of Pininfarina company, born in Cortanze, Italy (d. 1966)
  • Nov 5 Raymond Loewy, US industrial designer
  • Nov 8 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
  • Nov 10 John P. Marquand, American writer (The Late George Apley), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1960)
  • Nov 11 Alceu Amoroso Lima, Brazilian author
  • Nov 13 Edward A Doisy Sr, American bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943), born in Hume, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • Nov 14 Carlo E Gadda, Italian engineer/writer (Madonna dei filosofi)
  • Nov 14 Evert S J Kruythoff, Ned Antillean author (conservation flora)
  • Nov 14 Carlo Emilio Gadda, Italian writer, born in Milan (d. 1973)
  • Nov 16 Cornelis J van der Klauw, Dutch biologist/zoologist
  • Nov 22 M Kaganovitsj Kogan, people's commissioner for Stalin
  • Nov 22 Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (d. 1969)
  • Nov 24 Charles F. Hurley, 54th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Dec 1 Ernst Toller, German playwright, President of Bavarian Soviet Republic (1919), born in Samotschin (d. 1939)
  • Dec 2 Julius Bissier, German painter
  • Dec 17 Erwin Piscator, German stage director (Der Stellvertreter)

Person of interestMao Zedong

Dec 26 Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), born in Shaoshan, Hunan (d. 1976)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Dec 31 Max Lamberty, Flemish sociologist/author (Flemish Resurrection)