On This Day

Birthdays in History in April 1894

  • Apr 2 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, born in Appingedam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Apr 2 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air), born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1937)
  • Apr 6 Gertrude Baines, American supercentenarian who was the oldest person in the world and the last person known to be born in 1894, born in Shellman, Georgia (d. 2009)
  • Apr 7 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • Apr 10 Ben Nicholson, English painter and sculptor (Circle), born in Denham, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1982)
  • Apr 10 Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator, born in Pilani, Rajputana, India (d. 1983)
  • Apr 12 Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 12th President of Portugal (1951-58), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1964)

Nikita Khrushchev

Apr 15 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

  • Apr 20 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)

Rudolf Hess

Apr 26 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

  • Apr 27 George Petty, American pin-up artist, born in Abbeville, Louisiana (d. 1975)