On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1895

Person of interestJ. Edgar Hoover

Jan 1 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jan 2 Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish statesman (Red Cross, UN)
  • Jan 4 Lourens G M Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter
  • Jan 4 Leroy Grumman, American industrialist (d. 1982)
  • Jan 5 Jeannette Piccard, American high-altitude balloonist & Episcopal priest, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • Jan 7 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist, born in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne (d. 1990)
  • Jan 7 Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS, born in Launceston, Tasmania (d. 1974)
  • Jan 13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • Jan 14 George Richard Samways, English children's writer, born in Hampshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 15 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • Jan 16 Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • Jan 21 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
  • Jan 24 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
  • Jan 24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • Jan 29 Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)
  • Feb 3 Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, politician (APRA-Peru) [or Feb 22]

  • Feb 4 Annie [Anna HM] Romein-Verschoor, Dutch historian (Erflaters)
  • Feb 4 [Johann Baptist] Hanns Albin Rauter, German SS and Police leader in the occupied Netherlands, born in Klagenfurt, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1949)
  • Feb 9 Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)
  • Feb 14 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher & sociologist (Studies in prejudice), born in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Feb 18 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII)
  • Feb 20 Freida Geiken, autobiographer (National Historic Taping)
  • Feb 21 Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • Feb 22 Victor RaulHaya de la Torre, founder (Peruvian Aprista Party)
  • Mar 3 Matthew B Ridgway, US gen (WW II/China/Nicaragua/Korea/NATO)
  • Mar 3 Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (1st winner of the Nobel prize in economics-1969), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Mar 4 Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator (d. 1953)
  • Mar 5 Fritz Usinger, German writer (Eternal Struggle)
  • Mar 12 William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • Mar 14 Frans Ganshof, Belgian historian
  • Mar 20 Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (d. 1981)
  • Mar 23 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (d. 2001)
  • Mar 25 Siegfried Handloser, German physician (d. 1954)
  • Mar 28 Spencer W. Kimball, American 12th President of the Latter-day Saints (1973-1985), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1985)
  • Mar 28 Christian Herter, American Republican politician, 59th Governor of Massachusetts (1953-57) and US Secretary of State (1959-61), born in Paris, France (d. 1966)
  • Mar 29 Ernst Jünger, German author and entomologist (Storm of Steel), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1998)

  • Mar 30 Jean Giono, French writer (World Chant)
  • Mar 31 John Jay McCloy, US lawyer and banker (Secretary of War 1941-45, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank)
  • Mar 31 Vardis Fisher, American author (Darkness & Deep), born in Annis, Idaho (d. 1968)
  • Apr 7 Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer
  • Apr 13 Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Ingham, Queensland, Australia (d. 1973)
  • Apr 15 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Gente in Aspromonte), born in San Luca, Italy (d. 1956)
  • Apr 16 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • Apr 19 Anton Pieck, Dutch illustrator (Efteling, Kaatsheuvel), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Apr 23 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand detective writer and producer, born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal/people's commissioner
  • Apr 30 Philippe Panneton, Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (Trente arpents), born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • May 2 Alfred Kurella, German author and functionary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in East Germany, born in Brieg, Silesia (d. 1975)
  • May 2 Peggy Bacon, American author and illustrator (Off With Their Heads), born in Ridgefield, Connecticut (d. 1987)
  • May 3 Ernst Kantorowicz, German-American historian (Laudes regiae), born in Posen, Prussia (d. 1963)
  • May 3 Cornelius Van Til, Dutch philosopher and Christian apologist, Grootegast, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • May 6 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (leading supporter of Nazism in Hungary), born in Szentgyörgy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1946)
  • May 6 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (The Man Who Counted), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1974)
  • May 8 Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)
  • May 8 Fulton J Sheen, America bishop (Life is Worth Living), born in El Paso, Illinois
  • May 8 Jose Gomez, [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter
  • May 8 James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
  • May 9 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Dogmatic Aeon), born in Lámkerék, Szeben County, Austria-Hungary (d. 1961)
  • May 11 Jan Parandowski, writer
  • May 12 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Songs of Life), born in Madanapalle, India (d. 1986)
  • May 15 Charles Lamont, director (Abbott & Costello Go to Mars), born in San Francisco, California
  • May 15 William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (d. 1941)
  • May 20 Reginald J "R" Mitchell, English aviation manufacturer (Spitfire)
  • May 24 Samuel I Newhouse Sr., American businessman and publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour), born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • May 26 Dorothea Lange, American documentary photographer, born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1965)
  • Jun 3 Kavalam Madhava Panikkar, Indian statesman and diplomat (Asia & Western Dominance), born in Travancore, British India (d. 1963)
  • Jun 4 Dino Conte Grandi, Italian Fascist politician and delegate to league of nations (1925-32), born in Mordano, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Jun 10 Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian writer (Worlds in Collision), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Jun 11 Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of USSR (1955-58), born in Gorky, Russia (d. 1975
  • Jun 12 Eugénie Brazier, French chef who was the 1st woman to earn 3 Michelin stars (1933), and the 1st person earn 3 Michelin stars for 2 restaurants, born in La Tranclière, Ain, France (d. 1977)
  • Jun 14 Louis Finkelstein, American historian and theologist (Pharizees), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1991)
  • Jun 18 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian
  • Jun 26 Jankel Adler, Polish painter and printmaker, born in Tuszyn, Łódź, Poland (d. 1949)
  • Jul 4 Massimo Campigli, Italian painter and illustrator, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1971)
  • Jul 8 Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
  • Jul 10 Maarten Pleun Vrij, Dutch lawyer and criminologist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Jul 10 Nahum Goldmann, Israeli-Zionist leader (Zionist World Organization), born in Wisznewo, Lithuania (d. 1982)
  • Jul 11 Dolly Wilde, English socialite (d. 1941)
  • Jul 12 R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and inventor (geodesic dome), born in Milton, Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • Jul 14 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)

Person of interestGeorge "Machine Gun" Kelly

Jul 18 George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], American gangster, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1954)

  • Jul 19 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, born in Yixing, China (d. 1953)
  • Jul 20 László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1946)
  • Jul 22 James Arthur Calata, African National Congress (ANC) leader and Anglican clergyman, born in Debe Nek, King Williamstown, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • Jul 24 Robert Graves, English writer and poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • Jul 26 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, born in Bartley Green, Northfield, Birmingham (d. 1922)
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays, African-American educator (Morehouse, Howard University) and civil rights leader, born in Ninety Six, South Carolina (d. 1984)
  • Aug 10 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1958)
  • Aug 16 Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (Belle du Seigneur), born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1981)
  • Aug 19 Arnoldt Bronnen, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • Aug 22 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician, born in Pierreville, Quebec (d. 1966)

  • Aug 24 Richard Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston (1944-70), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1970)
  • Sep 10 Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian Telugu writer (Ramayana Kalpa Vrukshamu, Veyipadagalu), born in Nandamuru, Madras state, British India (d. 1976)
  • Sep 15 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)

Person of interestJohn Diefenbaker

Sep 18 John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1957-63), born in Neustadt, Ontario (d. 1979)

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • Sep 18 Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese supercentenarian who dies of old age at 113, born in Miyakonojo, Miyazaki, Japan (d. 2009)
  • Sep 21 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet, born in Konstantinovo, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • Sep 22 Babette Deutsch, American poet (Animal vegetable mineral)
  • Sep 23 Miron Merzhanov, Soviet architect (d. 1975)
  • Sep 24 André F. Cournand, French physician and physiologist (Nobel 1956), born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • Sep 26 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, born in Detmold, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Sep 28 Charles Petrie, historian, born in Liverpool, England
  • Sep 28 Wallace K Harrison, US architect (UN, Lincoln Center), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • Sep 29 Joseph Banks Rhine, Penn, parapsychologist (Extra-Sensory Perception)
  • Sep 29 Louise Granville, Australian entertainer, born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Sep 29 Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (d. 1970)
  • Oct 1 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), born in Karnal, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • Oct 2 Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Oct 2 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Oct 4 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, born in Baku, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • Oct 4 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, born in Konstantinovo, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • Oct 5 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1961)
  • Oct 6 Caroline Gordon, Kentucky, writer (Green Centuries)
  • Oct 8 Jeanne Gabrielle Willing, Dutch author (Sinner & the Girl), born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)

Person of interestJuan Perón

Oct 8 Juan Perón, Argentine military officer and President of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1974)

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Oct 8 Zog I, King of Albania (1928-39), born in Burgajet Castle, Ottoman Empire (d. 1961)
  • Oct 9 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • Oct 10 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), born in Barzdorf, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Oct 13 Kurt Schumacher, German political chairman (SPD), born in Kulm, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Oct 15 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), born in Lautenburg, Germany (now in Poland) (d. 1952)
  • Oct 17 Doris Humphrey, dancer (Dances of Women), born in Oak Park, Illinois

  • Oct 18 Raymond Brulez, Flemish author (Appearance at Kallista)
  • Oct 19 Louis Mumford, cultural historian/city planner/writer
  • Oct 19 Frank Durbin, last American veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d. 1999)
  • Oct 21 Alexander d'Arbeloff, entrepreneur
  • Oct 25 Levi Eshkol, [Sjkolnik], Israeli PM (MWP) (1963-69), born in Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • Oct 30 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), born in Lagow, Brandenburg (d. 1964)
  • Oct 30 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician (Nobel 1956 - development of cardiac catheterization and the characterisation of a number of cardiac diseases), born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • Oct 31 B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian and publicist (The Rommel Papers), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • Nov 7 Jacob Kaplan, French Grand Rabbi (1955-81), born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • Nov 8 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, born in Ayvalık, Turkey (d. 1965)
  • Nov 10 John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft designer (Northrop Air), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • Nov 11 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, born in Frankfort, Ohio (d. 1955)
  • Nov 14 Walter Freeman, American physician (d. 1972)
  • Nov 15 Antoni Słonimski, Polish writer (d. 1976)
  • Nov 16 Eduard Bagritsky, Russian-Soviet poet and journalist (South-West), born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Nov 16 Michael Arlen [Dikran Kouyoumdjian], British author and scriptwriter (An American Verdict), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1956)
  • Nov 17 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher, born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • Nov 17 Gregorio López y Fuentes, Mexican author (d. 1966)
  • Nov 19 Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American fashion photographer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1989)
  • Nov 25 Anastas Mikoyan, Armenian revolutionary and member of Supreme Soviet, born in Sanahin, Yelizavetpol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1978)
  • Nov 25 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), born in Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria Hungary (d. 1979)
  • Nov 25 Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer ("...And Ladies of the Club"), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1986)
  • Nov 26 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), born in Örebro, Sweden (d. 1965)
  • Nov 26 Bill Wilson, American co-founder (alcoholics anonymous), born in East Dorset, Vermont (d. 1971)
  • Nov 29 Busby Berkeley, choreographer, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 29 William V S Tubman, (Whig), 17th Liberian president (1943-70)
  • Dec 1 Henry Williamson, English author (d. 1977)
  • Dec 2 Klaas Voskuil, Dutch journalist, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1975)
  • Dec 3 Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • Dec 4 Fritiof Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag), born in Vollsjö, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • Dec 4 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher, born in Tanghe County, Henan, Qing Dynasty (d. 1990)
  • Dec 5 Elbert Frank Cox, African-American mathematician (first African-American to receive PhD in Mathematics), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • Dec 14 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)

Person of interestGeorge VI

Dec 14 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Dec 16 Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia
  • Dec 19 Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre)
  • Dec 19 Maurice Roelants, Flemish novelist and poet (Komen en gaan, Prayer for a Good End), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • Dec 20 Susanne Langer, American philosopher & educator (Philosophy in a New Key), born in Manhattan, New York City
  • Dec 24 E. Roland Harriman, American financier, born in NYC, New York (d. 1978)
  • Dec 30 August De Boodt, Belgian politician