Birthdays in History in 1896

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Dziga Vertiv, [Denis A Kaufman], Russian director (Sjagai, Soviet!)
  • Jan 2 Sir Lawrence Wackett, Australian aircraft engineer (d. 1982)
  • Jan 4 Everett Dirksen, American politician (Sen-R-Ill) (d. 1969)
  • Jan 5 Hendrik Algra, Dutch teacher, journalist, historian, and politician (ARP)
  • Jan 6 Abram N Pritzker, US businessman (Hyatt Hotels, McCall's magazine)
  • Jan 6 Freerk Siemon Wolters, notary/resistance fighter
  • Jan 8 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
  • Jan 8 Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
  • Jan 12 David Wechsler, American psychologist (d. 1981)
  • Jan 14 John dos Passos, novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel)
  • Jan 18 Hans H Holm, Norwegian poet (Jonsoknatt)
  • Jan 18 C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer (d. 1967)
  • Jan 23 Charlotte A E M W, grand duchess of Luxembourg (1919-64)
  • Jan 25 John Moores, British gambling magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 31 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
  • Feb 1 Anastasio Somoza García [Tacho], General, dictator and President of Nicaragua (1937-56), born in San Marcos, Nicaragua (d. 1956)

  • Feb 2 Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
  • Feb 3 Johannes Urzidil, writer
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Glauser, writer
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Hund, German physicist (d. 1997)
  • Feb 7 Harold Hoffman, (Gov-NJ), born in South Amboy, New Jersey
  • Feb 7 Jacob Paludan, Danish pharmacist/writer (Jorgen Stein)
  • Feb 14 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), born in Yorkshire, England (d. 1950)

Person of interestAndré Breton

Feb 18 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France (d. 1966)

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • Feb 20 Henri de Lubac sj, French theologist/anti-fascist
  • Feb 21 Sylvain Poons, Dutch cabaret performer (Blue Jackets)
  • Feb 22 Paul Van Ostaijen, Flemish poet/writer/critic (Occupied City)
  • Feb 24 Richard Thorpe, American director (Jailhouse Rock), born in Hutchinson, Kansas (d. 1991)
  • Feb 25 John Little McClellan, Sheridan Arkansas, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Ark)
  • Feb 26 Andrei A Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
  • Feb 28 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1965)
  • Feb 29 Omer C F L Tulippe, Belgian geographer
  • Feb 29 Morarji Desai, Indian politician and activist, 4th Prime Minister of India (1977-79), born in Bhadeli, British India (d. 1995)
  • Feb 29 Stanley Swash, CEO (Woolworths)
  • Feb 29 William W Wellman, director (Star is Born), born in Brookline, Massachusetts
  • Mar 1 Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)
  • Mar 8 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (1951-56), born in Renfrew, Ontario (d. 1975)
  • Mar 10 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)
  • Mar 13 Dorothy Aldis, American children's writer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)
  • Mar 20 Hal Walker, director (I Married Joan), born in Ottumwa, Iowa
  • Mar 22 Giulia D De Albertis, writer

  • Mar 22 He Long, Chinese marshal (d. 1969)
  • Mar 24 Gianna Manzini, writer
  • Apr 3 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary writer and leader (Young Frisian Movement), born in Boksum, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • Apr 4 Robert Sherwood, American dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Idiot's Delight), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1955)
  • Apr 4 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), born in Moinești, Romania (d. 1963)
  • Apr 11 Léo-Paul Desrosiers, Quebec novelist (Les Engagés du Grand Portage), born in Berthier, Canada (d. 1967)
  • Apr 15 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • Apr 18 C Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse)
  • Apr 20 Wop May, Canadian aviator, flying ace in the WWI, born in Carberry, Manitoba (d. 1952)
  • Apr 21 Henry M de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte)
  • Apr 23 Margaret Kennedy, English novelist (The Constant Nymph), born in Hyde Park Gate, London (d. 1967)
  • Apr 26 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • Apr 27 Wallace Hume Carothers, American chemist and inventor (nylon), born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1937)
  • Apr 29 Walter Mehring, writer
  • Apr 30 Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)
  • Apr 30 Anandamayi Ma [Nirmala Sundari], Indian spiritual leader, born in Kheora, British India (now Bangladesh)
  • May 1 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (d. 1947)
  • May 1 Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)
  • May 1 J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
  • May 2 Helen of Greece and Denmark, Queen Mother of Romania, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1982)
  • May 3 Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (101 Dalmatians), born in Whitefield, Lancashire, England (d. 1990)
  • May 3 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, born in Wald, Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • May 7 Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician (topology), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1982)
  • May 11 Philippo de Pisis, Italian painter
  • May 17 Hannah Tillich, writer
  • May 18 Walter Fitzgerald, Keyhan Devonport England
  • May 19 Michael Balcon, producer/father of Jill Balcon, born in Birmingham, England
  • May 23 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
  • May 25 Jan N Bakhuizen van den Brink, theologist/church historian
  • May 29 George L Funke, botanist (Flower Physiology)
  • Jun 6 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1940)
  • Jun 6 R. C. Sherriff, English playwright (Journey's End), born in Hampton Wick, Middlesex, England (d. 1975)
  • Jun 6 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, born in Clapton, London (d. 2009)
  • Jun 7 Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist and physicist (Nobel 1966), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • Jun 7 Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary (1953-56), born in Kaposvár, Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Jun 7 Douglas Campbell, American aviator and World War I flying ace, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1990)
  • Jun 8 Samuel Gonard, Swiss lawyer and chairman (International Red Cross), born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1975)
  • Jun 9 Catherine Filene Shouse, philanthropist (Wolf Trap Institute)
  • Jun 16 Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer (Peugeot)
  • Jun 16 William Fitzgerald Jenkins, author (Time Tunnel, Land of Giants)
  • Jun 16 Murray Leinster, American author (d. 1976)
  • Jun 18 Philip Barry, American dramatist (Philadelphia Story)

Person of interestWallis Simpson

Jun 19 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, born in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • Jun 21 Charles B. Momsen, American inventor, born in Flushing, New York (d. 1967)
  • Jun 22 Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea)
  • Jun 27 Franciscus J. Feron, vicaris-general of Roermond (d. 1958)
  • Jul 2 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist (d. 1965)
  • Jul 4 Mao Dun [Shen Dehong], Chinese writer (Midnight), born in Tongxiang, China (d. 1981)
  • Jul 6 Thomas W McKnew, president (National Geographic Society)
  • Jul 10 Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1981)
  • Jul 13 Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • Jul 14 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • Jul 16 Maurits Dekker, Dutch writer (Merkteken), born in Amsterdam (d. 1962)
  • Jul 16 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), born in Oslo (d. 1968)
  • Jul 16 Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German human biologist and Nazi physician, born in Wildeck, German Empire (d. 1969)
  • Jul 19 A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (Citadel, Shining Victory), born in Cardross (d. 1981)
  • Jul 24 Hermann Kasack, German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom), born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Jul 25 Richard Gale, English general and airborne commander (Normandy), born in Wandsworth, London (d. 1982)
  • Jul 27 Henri Longchambon, French politician, born in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1969)
  • Aug 8 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, writer (Yearling), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 9 Jean Piaget, Swiss pioneer developmental psychologist and zoologist, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Aug 9 Leonide Massine, choreographer (Diaghilev Ballet Russe 1914-20)
  • Aug 9 Erich Hückel, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • Aug 15 Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1985)
  • Aug 16 (or the 17th) Tina Modotti, Italian artist and activist, born in Udine, Italy (d. 1940)
  • Aug 17 Henry P de Vries, Dutch painter/poet (Laws of the Americas)
  • Aug 17 Leslie Groves, American military engineer (d. 1970)
  • Aug 21 Raymond Herreman, Belgian poet, journalist and writer (Jericho's Rose), born in Menen, Belgium (d. 1971)
  • Aug 22 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, born in Lacota, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • Aug 26 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)

  • Aug 31 Félix-Antoine Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1982)
  • Sep 1 A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian guru, founder of International Society for Krishna Consciousness, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1977)
  • Sep 6 Mario Praz, Italian literary critic and scholar (La carne, la morte, e il diavolo), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1982)
  • Sep 10 Ye Ting, Chinese military leader (d. 1946)
  • Sep 10 Robert Taschereau, Canadian judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Sep 12 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Il Libro Dell'Alpe), born in Broglio, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • Sep 20 Fjodor Panfjorov, Russian author (Volga), born in Pavlovka, Russia (d. 1960) [NS=Oct 2]

Person of interestF. Scott Fitzgerald

Sep 24 F. Scott Fitzgerald, American author (Great Gatsby, Zelda), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1940)

  • Sep 25 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • Sep 25 Sandro Pertini, 7th President of Italy (1978-85), born in Rome (d. 1990)
  • Sep 27 Sam Ervin, American politician (U.S. Senator from North Carolina) and Watergate committee chairman, born in Morganton, North Carolina (d. 1985)
  • Oct 3 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1987)

Person of interestElijah Muhammad

Oct 7 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • Oct 11 Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1982)
  • Oct 12 Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1981)
  • Oct 15 Melville Cooper, English TV panelist (I Got a Secret), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Edmond van Dooren, Flemish painter
  • Oct 22 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
  • Oct 23 André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)
  • Oct 27 Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • Oct 30 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet (d. 1928)
  • Nov 1 Edmund Blunden, English poet/critic (Undertones of War)
  • Nov 4 Carlos P. Garcia, 8th President of the Philippines (d. 1971)
  • Nov 7 Herbert O'Connor, 51st Governor of Maryland and TV narrator (Crime Syndicate), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1960)
  • Nov 7 Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist, born in Quebec, Montreal (d. 1975)
  • Nov 12 Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
  • Nov 13 Nobusuke Kishi, Prime Minister of Japan (1957-60), born in Yamaguchi, Japan (d. 1987)
  • Nov 14 Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (1953-61), born in Boone, Iowa (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • Nov 16 Joan Lindsay, Australian author (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • Nov 20 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (d. 1977)
  • Nov 22 Nikolai S Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak) [OS]
  • Nov 23 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)

Person of interestCharles "Lucky" Luciano

Nov 24 Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Italian-American gangster of the New York mafia, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1962)

  • Nov 27 Giovanni B Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio)
  • Nov 28 Dawn Powell, American writer (d. 1965)
  • Nov 29 Philip L Carret, Lynn Mass, CEO (Pioneer Fund)

Person of interestGeorgy Zhukov

Dec 1 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga (d. 1974)

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • Dec 3 John Urzidil, Austria/US writer (Die erbeuteten Frauen)
  • Dec 4 Nikolai S Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak) [NS]
  • Dec 5 (Lady Huxley) Juliette Baillot, author
  • Dec 5 Willem F M Lampe, Dutch ambassador of the Dutch Antilles

Person of interestJimmy Doolittle

Dec 14 James Doolittle, USAF General who conducted the raid on Tokyo in 1942, born in Alameda, California (d. 1993)

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Dec 15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, US bio-chemist
  • Dec 15 George B Cressey, US geographer (Asia's Lands & Peoples)
  • Dec 15 Paul R Citroen, Dutch sculptor
  • Dec 15 Betty Smith, American author (d. 1972)
  • Dec 19 John Seldon Whale, theologian
  • Dec 21 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business
  • Dec 21 Constantine Rokossovski, Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland
  • Dec 22 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Dec 23 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (Der Leopard)
  • Dec 27 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright
  • Dec 27 Ewan Calague, economist/statistician (Social Security Board)
  • Dec 27 Louis Bromfield, Mansfield Ohio, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)
  • Dec 29 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter/muralist (Lib of Chile)