Historical Figures Born in 1899

  • Jan 2 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/Secretary-General of NATO (1957-61)
  • Jan 8 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1956-59), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1959)
  • Jan 12 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948), born in Olten, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Jan 14 Fritz Bayerlein, German general (WWI, Poland, Libya, St-Lo), born in German Empire (d. 1970)

Al CaponeAl Capone (1899-1947)

Jan 17 American gangster (Chicago bootlegging), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Jan 17 Nevil Shute [Norway], English-Australian novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England (d. 1960)
  • Jan 17 Robert Maynard Hutchins, American educator/civil libertarian
  • Jan 17 Roel [Martinus F] Houwink, Dutch literary (1 Man Without Character)
  • Jan 20 Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese engineer, born in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (d. 1990)
  • Jan 22 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/American historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • Jan 23 Joseph Nathan Kane, American non-fiction writer & journalist (Famous Firsts), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • Jan 26 Wyllis Cooper, American TV narrator (Volume One), born in Pekin, Illinois (d. 1955)
  • Jan 28 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 30 Max Theiler, South African-American virologist who developed vaccine for Yellow Fever (Nobel Prize 1951), born in Pretoria (d. 1972)
  • Feb 3 João Café Filho, Brazilian president (d. 1970)
  • Feb 3 Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
  • Feb 7 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
  • Feb 14 John Herman Randall Jr., American philosopher (Western Man), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • Feb 18 Arthur Bryant, English historian (King Charles II)
  • Feb 19 Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
  • Feb 20 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and heir (Pan Am Airways), born in Roslyn, New York (d. 1992)
  • Feb 22 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
  • Feb 23 Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
  • Feb 24 Jacob Presser, Dutch historian/writer (Down-fall)
  • Feb 25 Leo J Weisgerber, German linguist
  • Feb 26 Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
  • Feb 27 Charles Best, American-Canadian medical scientist and co-discoverer of insulin, born in West Pembroke, Maine (d. 1978)
  • Mar 1 Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (d. 1972)
  • Mar 2 Pattie Maie Menzies, Australian dame
  • Mar 3 Alfred M Gruenther, American commanding general (NATO, 1953-56)
  • Mar 3 Yuri Olesha, Russian writer, born in Jelisawetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • Mar 8 Elmer Keith, American firearms enthusiast and author (Guns & Ammo), born in Missouri (d. 1984)
  • Mar 8 Eric Linklater, British novelist and poet (Blue Swallows), born in Penarth, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1974)
  • Mar 10 Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany's oldest man. (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 Frederick IX [Christian FFMKWG], King of Denmark (1947-72)
  • Mar 13 Jan Lechoń [Leszek Józef Serafinowicz], Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (d. 1956)
  • Mar 13 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1980)
  • Mar 14 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
  • Mar 25 Bella Spewack, Hungarian playwright (Kiss Me Kate)
  • Mar 25 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Race of Men)
  • Mar 26 James B. Connant, American chemist, President of Harvard and diplomat, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • Mar 28 Harold B. Lee, American religious leader, Head of Latter-day Saints, born in Clifton, Idaho (d. 1973)

Lavrentiy BeriaLavrentiy Beria (1899-1953)

Mar 29 Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, born in Merkheuli, Russian Empire

  • Mar 30 Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • Apr 1 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • Apr 1 Lida Durdikova, Czech children's author (Children with extinguished eyes) and publisher (Père Castor), born in Prague (d. 1955)
  • Apr 5 William Hornby Steer, Conservative Party politician and barrister (d. 1993)
  • Apr 9 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1980)

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian (1899-1975)

Apr 11 African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, born in Montgomery, Alabama

  • Apr 13 Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game inventor (Scrabble), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1993)
  • Apr 13 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Apr 16 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist, born in Bergaliszki (d. 1988)
  • Apr 17 Vincent Wigglesworth, British entomologist (Metamorphosis hormones), born in Kirkham, Lancashire, England (d. 1994)

Vladimir NabokovVladimir Nabokov (1899-1977)

Apr 22 Russian-American novelist (Lolita, Ada), born in St Petersburg, Russia

  • Apr 23 Minoru Shirota, Japanese microbiologist and fouder of the Yakult Honsha beverage company, born in Tatsuoka, Nagano (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (algebraic geometry), born in Kobrin, Russian Empire (d. 1986)
  • May 2 George Hamilton Combs, American politician and TV and radio commentator (Through the Curtain), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • May 8 Jan F. van Hall, Dutch sculptor/resistance fighter
  • May 8 [Friedrich] August von Hayek, Aust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)
  • May 11 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (d. 1963)
  • May 12 Indra Devi, Latvian Yoga Instructor (d. 2002)
  • May 14 Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (d. 1993)
  • May 15 Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)
  • May 20 Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (d. 1969)
  • May 20 John M Harlan, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 24 Henri Michaux, Belgian-born French poet and writer (Miserable Miracle), born in Namur, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • May 26 Antonio J. Barrette, French Canadian politician, premier of Quebec, born in Joliette, Quebec, Canada (d. 1968)
  • May 26 Otto E. Neugebauer, Austrian-American mathematician and historian, born in Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary (d. 1990)

Pieter MentenPieter Menten (1899-1987)

May 26 Dutch war criminal, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands

  • May 31 Ilse Lagner, German antiwar writer, born in Breslau (d. 1987)
  • May 31 Leonid Leonov, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1994)
  • Jun 1 Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
  • Jun 2 Eric Jan Hanussen [Hermann Steinschneider], Austrian astrologist, clairvoyant, illusionist, and speaking tutor to Hitler, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1933)
  • Jun 2 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), born in Limapuluh Koto, Dutch East Indies (d. 1949)
  • Jun 3 Georg von Bekesy, Hungarian-American physician and physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physioloy or Medicine 1961 for work on the inner ear), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1972)
  • Jun 4 Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect (New Gourna Village), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1989)
  • Jun 7 Elizabeth Bowen, Anglo-Irish novelist (The Death of the Heart, Encounters), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1973)

Noel WienNoel Wien (1899-1977)

Jun 8 American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), born in Lake Nebagamon, Wisconsin

  • Jun 10 Raoul Salan, French Army general and leader of OAS; Secret Army Organization (Algeria), born in Roquecourbe, France (d. 1984)
  • Jun 11 Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese novelist (Thousand Cranes) and Nobel laureate (1968), born in Osaka (d. 1972)
  • Jun 16 Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (Doubleday)
  • Jun 18 James Ralph Darling, English Australian teacher and head of the Australian Broadcasting Commission, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 19 George Călinescu, Romanian literature (Enigma Otilei), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1965)
  • Jun 20 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, born in Béziers, France (d. 1943)
  • Jun 22 Michal Kalecki, Polish economist, born in Łódź, Russian Poland (d. 1970)
  • Jun 22 Richard Gurley Drew, American inventor (created masking tape and cellophane at 3M), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1980)
  • Jun 24 Bruce Marshall, Scottish writer (Father Malachy's Miracle), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1987)
  • Jun 26 Maria Nikolaevna, 3rd daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • Jun 27 Juan Trippe, American airline pioneer and entrepreneur (Pan Am founder), born in Sea Bright, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • Jun 30 František Tomášek, 34th Archbishop of Prague and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in Bohemia, born in Studénka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)
  • Jul 1 Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr, fictional character "Indiana Jones"
  • Jul 1 Konstantinos Tsatsos, Greek politician and 2nd President of Greece (1975-1980), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1987)
  • Jul 3 Ludwig Guttmann, German-British neurologist, founder of the Stoke Mandeville Games (now the Paralympics), born in Tost, Prussia, German Empire (now Toszek, Poland) (d. 1980)
  • Jul 5 Anna Arnold Hedgeman, African-American social activist (NYC cabinet), born in Marshalltown, Iowa (d. 1990)
  • Jul 5 Marcel Achard, French playwright (Jean de la Lune), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1974)
  • Jul 8 David E. Lilienthal, American attorney and government administrator (Tennessee Valley Authority, 1933-46; Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-50), born in Morton, Illinois (d. 1981)

E. B. WhiteE. B. White (1899-1985)

Jul 11 American writer (New Yorker: Stuart Little; Charlotte's Web), born in Mount Vernon, New York

  • Jul 15 Seán Lemass, Irish leader (d. 1971)
  • Jul 16 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • Jul 18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), born in Edam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Jul 19 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1986)

Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway (1899-1961)

Jul 21 American author (The Old Man and the Sea, Nobel 1954), born in Oak Park, Illinois

  • Jul 21 Hart Crane, American poet (The Bridge), born in Garrettsville, Ohio (d. 1932)
  • Jul 22 Sobhuza II, Paramount Chief and Ngwenyama of Swaziland (1899-1982) who holds the record for the longest reign of any monarch in recorded history, born in Zombodze, Swaziland (d. 1982)
  • Jul 23 Gustav Heinemann, President of West Germany (1969-74), born in Schwelm, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1976)
  • Jul 26 Carel C. van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art), born in Amsterdam (d. 1963)
  • Jul 26 Danton Walker, American columnist (Broadway Spotlight), born in Mariette, Georgia (d. 1960)
  • Jul 30 Harry Moorman, Dutch vice-admiral (KVP), born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Aug 2 George Malcolm Thomson, British journalist, born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Aug 4 Ezra Taft Benson, 13th President of Latter-day Saints and US Secretary of Agriculture, born in Whitney, Idaho (d. 1994)
  • Aug 9 Armand Salacrou, French playwright, born in Rouen, France (d. 1989)
  • Aug 9 P.L. [Pamela Lyndon] Travers, Australian British writer (Mary Poppins), born in Maryborough, Australia (d. 1996)
  • Aug 12 Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)
  • Aug 19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • Aug 20 Hanns Lilje, German Lutheran bishop and antifascist (Church und Welt), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Aug 24 Johan Fabricius, Dutch novelist (Island of Demons) and adventurer, born in Bandung, Java, Indonesia (d. 1981)

Jorge Luis BorgesJorge Luis Borges (1899-1986)

Aug 24 Argentine short-story writer of fiction (Ficciones, El Aleph, The Book of Sand), essayist and poet, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • Aug 24 Ruth Schaumann, German painter, writer and sculptor (Rose, Black King), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Aug 26 Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1991)
  • Aug 27 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • Aug 29 Lyman Lemnitzer, United States Army Marine Corps general (WWII), born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1988)
  • Aug 31 Paul E Garber, American founder/1st curator of National Air & Space Museum, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 1992)
  • Sep 3 Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for tissue grafting), born in Traralgon, Victoria (d. 1985)
  • Sep 6 Billy Rose [William Samuel Rosenberg], American theatrical producer (Diamond Horse Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • Sep 7 Leendert Antonie Donker, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA), born in Almkerk, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Sep 9 Brassaï [Gyula Halász], Hungarian-French artist, born in Brassó, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
  • Sep 12 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect and painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • Sep 13 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist and writer, born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • Sep 13 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), born in Huși, Vaslui County, Romania (d. 1938)
  • Sep 15 Milton S. Eisenhower, American University President (Pennsylvania State) and brother of Dwight, born in Abilene, Kansas (d. 1985)
  • Sep 20 Elliott Nugent, American director (And So They Were Married), born in Dover, Ohio (d. 1980)
  • Sep 20 Leo Strauss, German-American political philosopher, born in Kirchhain, Hesse-Nassau, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • Sep 21 Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army, born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1986)
  • Sep 21 Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), born in Antwerp (d. 1962)
  • Sep 23 Louise Nevelson, sculptor (Sky Cathedral), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Sep 24 William Dobell, Australian portrait artist, born in Cooks Hill, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 29 Billy Butlin, South African-British holiday camp promoter (Butlins), born in Cape Town, Cape Colony (d. 1980)
  • Sep 29 Lásló Jósef Bíró, Hungarian inventor (ballpoint pen), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1985)
  • Sep 30 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • Oct 1 Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
  • Oct 5 George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Oct 8 Milner Gray, British graphic designer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Oct 8 Pandit Rambharos Gangaram Panday, Suriname religious leader, co-founder of the VHP (d. 1991)
  • Oct 9 Bruce Catton, American historian and writer (Civil War), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1978)

Miguel Ángel AsturiasMiguel Ángel Asturias (1899-1974)

Oct 19 Guatemalan novelist (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), journalist and poet, born in Guatemala City

  • Oct 20 Evelyn Brent, American actress (Panama Lady, Last Command), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1975)
  • Oct 20 Marnix Gijsen [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer (Grote God Pan)
  • Oct 24 Ferhat Abbas, Algerian politician and President of the National Constituent Assembly of Algeria (1962-63), born in Taher, Algeria (d. 1985)
  • Oct 30 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch SS officer and founder (NSNAP), born in Banyumas Regency, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1953)
  • Nov 2 Edgar du Perron, Dutch author and poet (Land of Origin), born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • Nov 3 Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist, born in Birzula, Russian Empire (d. 1986)
  • Nov 13 Iskandar Ali Mirza, Bengali-Pakistani general and 1st President of Pakistan (1956-58), born in Murshidabad, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1969)
  • Nov 13 Martin Bodmer, Swiss Bibliophile and scholar (Bodmer Papyri), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1971)
  • Nov 15 Avdy Andresson, Estonian statesman (d. 1990)
  • Nov 16 Mary Margaret McBride, American radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC), born in Paris, Missouri (d. 1976)
  • Nov 17 Roger Vitrac, French poet and dramatist (Coup of Trafalgar), born in Pinsac, France (d. 1952)
  • Nov 18 Howard Thurman, African-American theologian and author (Deep River, Deep is the Hunger), born in Daytona Beach, Florida (d. 1981)
  • Nov 19 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • Nov 19 Allen Tate, American poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1979)
  • Nov 23 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • Nov 24 Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (d. 1966)
  • Nov 25 W. R. Burnett, American author (Little Caesar), born in Springfield, Ohio (d. 1982)
  • Nov 26 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, born in Kamenz, Saxony, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Nov 29 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • Dec 1 Robert W. Welch Jr., American businessman who founded the conservative John Birch Society, born in Chowan County, North Carolina (d. 1985)
  • Dec 3 Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (1960-64), born in Takehara, Hiroshima, Japan (d. 1965)
  • Dec 4 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, Frisian farmer and writer, born in Poppenwier, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Dec 8 Sarah Williamson, American missionary in Liberia, born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1986)
  • Dec 9 Jean de Brunhoff, French children's book author (Babar the Elephant), born in Paris (d. 1937)
  • Dec 9 Léonie Adams, American poetess (Those not elected), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • Dec 11 Vera von der Heydt, German psychoanalyst, born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • Dec 13 Harold Guinzburg, American publisher (founder of Literary Guild), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • Dec 16 Harold Walter Bailey, British philologist (Khotanese, Sanskrit scholar who spoke 50 languages), born in Devizes, England (d. 1996
  • Dec 20 John Sparkman, American politician (Sen-D-Alabama 1946-79, Rep-D-Alabama 1937-46), born in Hartselle, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • Dec 25 Raphael Soyer, Russian-born american artist (Depression Scenes in NYC), born in Borisoglebsk, Tambov (d. 1987)
  • Dec 29 Nie Rongzhen, People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff, born in Chongqing, China (d. 1992)
  • Dec 30 Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (d. 2001)