On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1900

  • Jan 1 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in America, Dutch Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • Jan 1 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • Jan 3 Dorothy Arnzer, director
  • Jan 4 James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 Paula Ludwig, Austrian-German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • Jan 5 Yves Tanguy, French surrealist painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • Jan 6 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Gotha, German Empire (d. 1961)
  • Jan 9 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939), born in Brownsville, Tennessee (d. 1939)
  • Jan 15 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 16 Edith Frank, mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Jan 17 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
  • Jan 17 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), born in Covington, Kentucky (d. 1991)
  • Jan 25 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Russian-American genetist, evolutionary biologist and author (Mankind Evolving), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • Jan 25 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer, born in Hirosaki, Japan (d. 1986)
  • Jan 27 Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
  • Jan 28 Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)

  • Jan 28 Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
  • Jan 28 Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Jan 29 Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
  • Jan 31 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • Feb 2 Carroll Righter, American columnist and astrologer to the stars, born in Salem, New Jersey (d. 1988)

Person of interestAdlai Stevenson II

Feb 5 Adlai Stevenson II, American politician, US ambassador to UN (1961-65), Governor of Illinois (1949-53) and Democratic presidential candidate (1952, 56), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1965)

US Governor and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Governor and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II
  • Feb 8 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 11 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • Feb 11 Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
  • Feb 11 Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
  • Feb 19 Giorgos Seferis, writer
  • Feb 20 Graham Spry, Canadian radio pioneer, born in St Thomas, Ontario (d. 1983)
  • Feb 22 Giorgos Seferis [Georgios Seferiades], Greek poet (Nobel 1963), born in Urla, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • Feb 22 Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk), born in Cork City, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1991)
  • Feb 28 Laura Z. Hobson, American writer (Gentleman's Agreement), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1986)
  • Feb 28 Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
  • Mar 1 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • Mar 1 Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • Mar 6 John Henry Pyle Pafford, British librarian (University of London), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • Mar 7 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter

  • Mar 7 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
  • Mar 8 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • Mar 9 Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Mar 10 Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
  • Mar 15 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • Mar 19 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • Mar 21 Eugenie Leontovitch, Russian actress (Homicidal, The Rains of Ranchipur), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1993)
  • Mar 23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • Mar 29 John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1967-68), born in Chiltern, Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • Apr 6 Leo Robin, American writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, born in Les Bons Villers, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Apr 11 Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer (A gyertyák csonkig égnek), born in Kassa, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Apr 19 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), born in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), born in Franeker, Friesland (d. 1992)
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)
  • May 1 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist (Fontamara, Pane e vino), born in Pescina, Italy (d. 1978)
  • May 5 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • May 7 Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979)
  • May 12 Helene Weigel, Austrian-German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • May 13 Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • May 14 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 14 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 18 Sarah Miriam Peale, American portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)
  • May 20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle, born in Calais, France (d. 1979)

Person of interestHans Frank

May 23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • May 25 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (Né à Québec: Louis Jolliet), born in Saint-Casimir, Quebec (d. 1975)
  • May 27 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, born in Makaszy, Nesvizh, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • May 31 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • Jun 3 Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], Dutch poet (Nothing New) (d. 1968)

Person of interestDennis Gabor

Jun 5 Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1979)

Physicist and Electrical Engineer Dennis Gabor
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
Dennis Gabor
  • Jun 6 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, born in Nadvorna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Jan Engelman, Dutch poet, translator and critic (Garden of Eros), born in Utrecht, the Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jun 8 H. J. Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), born in Stadskanaal, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Jun 9 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot
  • Jun 10 Henri Bruning, Dutch poet and literary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • Jun 11 Lawrence E. Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jun 12 Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Sonna), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1955)
  • Jun 15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16 Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)

Person of interestMartin Bormann

Jun 17 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), born in Wegeleben, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • Jun 24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)

Person of interestLord Mountbatten

Jun 25 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England (d. 1979)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • Jun 26 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Jun 27 Otto Passman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana (1947-77), born in Franklinton, Washington Parish Louisiana (d. 1988)
  • Jun 28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • Jun 29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), born in Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • Jul 5 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands, born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Jul 7 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • Jul 12 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • Jul 13 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald [née Sayre], American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1948)
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist (Return to Ithaca), Nobel Prize (1974), born in Svartbjörnsbyn (d. 1976)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, American pollster (Roper Poll), born in Hebron, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • Aug 3 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

Person of interestJohn T. Scopes

Aug 3 John T. Scopes, American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), born in Paducah, Kentucky (d. 1970)

Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution John T. Scopes
Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution
John T. Scopes
  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Person of interestQueen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

Aug 4 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)

  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1964)

Person of interestVijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Aug 18 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • Aug 30 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (Lutheran World Relief), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, born Carrara, Italy (d. 1943)
  • Sep 1 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
  • Sep 3 Urho Kekkonen, 8th President of Finland (1956-81), born in Pielavesi, Finland (d. 1986)
  • Sep 4 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Sep 6 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • Sep 6 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician, born in New Brunswick, Canada (d. 1979)
  • Sep 7 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • Sep 8 Claude Pepper, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-89), born in Dudleyville, Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1989)
  • Sep 9 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • Sep 11 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, born in Royston, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • Sep 15 Larry Kent, CA, director (High Stakes)
  • Sep 17 J. Willard Marriott, American entrepreneur and hotelier (founder of Marriott Corporation), born in Marriott Settlement, Utah (d. 1985)
  • Sep 20 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazilian military leader and 26th President of Brazil (1964-67), born in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • Sep 24 Ham Fisher, American comic strip writer and cartoonist (Joe Palooka), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • Sep 29 Miguel Alemán Valdés, Mexican attorney and President of Mexico (1946-52), born in Sayula, Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Sep 30 Otto Roesch, paleontologist

Person of interestCoco the Clown

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Person of interestThomas Wolfe

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler

  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, Russian-British architect and designer, born in Grozny, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • Oct 22 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • Nov 4 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • Nov 5 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 1972)

Person of interestMargaret Mitchell

Nov 8 Margaret Mitchell, American author (Gone With the Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1949)

  • Nov 8 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology, born in Küsnacht, Switzerland (d. 1988)
  • Nov 11 Hugh Scott, American lawyer and politician (Senate Minority Leader 1969-77), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • Nov 14 Clara Fasano, sculptor
  • Nov 18 Constantin Alajalov, Armenian-American artist (Ditters & Jitters), born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia (d. 1987)
  • Nov 18 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1982)
  • Nov 19 Anna Seghers [Netty Reiling], German author (The 7th Cross), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1983)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • Nov 20 Chester Gould, American cartoonist (Dick Tracy), born in Pawnee, Oklahoma (d. 1985)
  • Nov 22 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and writer (The White Lanes of Summer), born in Capel Bangor, Dyfed, Wales (d. 1980)
  • Nov 25 Rudolf Höss, German commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, born in Baden-Baden, German Empire (d. 1947)
  • Nov 30 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • Dec 3 Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist (Nobel 1938-work on carotenoids and vitamins), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • Dec 3 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide, born in Zermatt, Valais (d. 2004)
  • Dec 8 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War), born in Jinnu, Lujiang, Chaohu, Anhui, Qing dynasty (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Dec 15 Francesco Messina, Italian sculptor, born in Linguaglossa, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Dec 16 Victor S Pritchett, literary critic/author (Myth Makers)
  • Dec 17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician, born in Aynho, United Kingdom (d. 1998)
  • Dec 21 Oda Schaefer, German writer & journalist (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only), born in Wilmersdorf, Berlin
  • Dec 21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • Dec 23 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • Dec 24 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician (Premier of Newfoundland), born in (d. 1991)

About 1900

Chinese Zodiac: Rat (Jan 31 - Dec 31)