Historical Figures Born in 1900

  • Jan 1 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • Jan 1 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in America, Dutch Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • Jan 4 James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 Paula Ludwig, Austrian-German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • Jan 5 Yves Tanguy, French surrealist painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • Jan 6 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Gotha, German Empire (d. 1961)
  • Jan 9 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939), born in Brownsville, Tennessee (d. 1939)
  • Jan 15 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 16 Edith Frank, mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Jan 17 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), born in Covington, Kentucky (d. 1991)
  • Jan 17 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, Portuguese patron of the arts, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1996)
  • Jan 25 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Russian-American genetist, evolutionary biologist and author (Mankind Evolving), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • Jan 25 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer, born in Hirosaki, Japan (d. 1986)
  • Jan 27 Hyman G. Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy, at 63 years the longest serving US naval officer), born in Maków Mazowiecki, Congress Poland (d. 1986)
  • Jan 28 A. A. M. Stols, Dutch publisher (History of Ecuador), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • Jan 28 Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Jan 28 Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange), born in Pidvolochysk, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1996)
  • Jan 29 Willem Hussem, Dutch painter and poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • Jan 31 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • Feb 2 Carroll Righter, American columnist and astrologer to the stars, born in Salem, New Jersey (d. 1988)

Adlai Stevenson IIAdlai Stevenson II (1900-1965)

Feb 5 American politician (US Ambassador to UN, 1961-65; Governor of Illinois, 1949-53; Democratic presidential candidate, 1952 & 1956), born in Los Angeles, California

  • Feb 8 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 9 Ann Axtell Morris, American archaeologist (American Southwest and Mexico), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1945)
  • Feb 11 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • Feb 11 Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
  • Feb 11 Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
  • Feb 19 Giorgos Seferis [Giōrgios Stylianou Seferiadēs], Greek writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1963) and diplomat, born in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • Feb 20 Graham Spry, Canadian radio pioneer, born in St Thomas, Ontario (d. 1983)
  • Feb 22 Giorgos Seferis [Georgios Seferiades], Greek poet (Nobel 1963), born in Urla, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • Feb 22 Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk), born in Cork City, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1991)
  • Feb 28 Laura Z. Hobson, American writer (Gentleman's Agreement), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1986)
  • Feb 28 Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
  • Mar 1 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • Mar 1 Yorgos Seferis [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • Mar 6 John Henry Pyle Pafford, British librarian (University of London), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • Mar 7 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
  • Mar 7 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
  • Mar 8 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • Mar 9 Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Mar 15 George Fox, American US Army chaplain and Methodist minister (The Four Chaplains), born in Lewistown, Pennsylvania (d. 1943) [1]
  • Mar 15 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • Mar 19 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • Mar 21 Eugenie Leontovitch, Russian actress (Homicidal, The Rains of Ranchipur), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1993)
  • Mar 23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • Mar 29 John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1967-68), born in Chiltern, Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, born in Les Bons Villers, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Apr 11 Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer (A gyertyák csonkig égnek), born in Kassa, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Apr 19 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), born in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Heinrich Müller, German Nazi, Director of the Gestapo (1939-45) and most senior Nazi official never captured or confirmed to have died, born in Munich, German Empire (d. ?)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), born in Franeker, Friesland (d. 1992)
  • Apr 28 Kenneth Horne, British writer and playwright (Fools Rush In; The Coming-Out Party), born in Westminster, London, England (d. 1975)
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)
  • May 1 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist (Fontamara, Pane e vino), born in Pescina, Italy (d. 1978)

Archibald McIndoeArchibald McIndoe (1900-1960)

May 4 New Zealand plastic surgeon pioneer who rehabilitated badly burned Royal Air Force crew during WWII, born in Dunedin, New Zealand [1]

  • May 5 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • May 7 Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979) [1]
  • May 12 Helene Weigel, Austrian-German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • May 13 Jos Panhuysen, Dutch author (Pornographer) (d. 1986)
  • May 14 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 14 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 18 Sarah Miriam Peale, American portrait painter (General Lafayette, 1825), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • May 20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22 Yvonne de Gaulle (née Vendroux), wife of Charles de Gaulle, born in Calais, France (d. 1979)

Hans FrankHans Frank (1900-1946)

May 23 German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire

  • May 25 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (Né à Québec: Louis Jolliet), born in Saint-Casimir, Quebec (d. 1975)
  • May 27 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, born in Makaszy, Nesvizh, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • May 31 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • Jun 3 Gerard den Brabander [Jan G Jofriet], Dutch poet (Nothing New) (d. 1968)

Dennis GaborDennis Gabor (1900-1979)

Jun 5 Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), born in Budapest, Hungary

  • Jun 6 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, born in Nadvorna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Jan Engelman, Dutch poet, translator and critic (Garden of Eros), born in Utrecht, the Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jun 8 H. J. Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), born in Stadskanaal, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Jun 9 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer and pilot, born in Astène, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Jun 10 Henri Bruning, Dutch poet and literary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • Jun 11 Lawrence E. Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jun 12 Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Sonna), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1955)
  • Jun 15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16 Jan van Tilburg, Dutch politician and governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)

Martin BormannMartin Bormann (1900-1945)

Jun 17 German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), born in Wegeleben, Germany

  • Jun 24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)

Lord MountbattenLord Mountbatten (1900-1979)

Jun 25 British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England

  • Jun 26 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Jun 27 Otto Passman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana (1947-77), born in Franklinton, Washington Parish Louisiana (d. 1988)
  • Jun 28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • Jun 29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), born in Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • Jul 5 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands, born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Jul 7 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • Jul 12 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • Jul 19 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald [née Sayre], American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1948)
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist (Return to Ithaca; Nobel Prize for Literature, 1974), born in Svartbjörnsbyn, Sweden (d. 1976)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, American pollster (Roper Poll), born in Hebron, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • Aug 3 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize, 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

John T. ScopesJohn T. Scopes (1900-1970)

Aug 3 American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), born in Paducah, Kentucky

  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Queen Elizabeth, the Queen MotherQueen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (1900-2002)

Aug 4 British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England

  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist focusing on the Lower Mississippi Valley, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1994)
  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1964)

Vijaya Lakshmi PanditVijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1900-1990)

Aug 18 Indian diplomat and politician who was the 1st woman to hold a cabinet post in India, born in Allahabad, India

  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 25 Hans Krebs, German-British doctor and research biochemist specializing in metabolic reactions (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1953), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1981) [1]
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (rocket engines and gas turbines), born in Wedel, Germany (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • Aug 30 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (Lutheran World Relief), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1943)
  • Sep 1 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
  • Sep 3 Urho Kekkonen, 8th President of Finland (1956-81), born in Pielavesi, Finland (d. 1986)
  • Sep 4 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Sep 6 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • Sep 6 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician, born in New Brunswick, Canada (d. 1979)
  • Sep 7 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • Sep 8 Claude Pepper, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-89), born in Dudleyville, Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1989)
  • Sep 9 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • Sep 11 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, born in Royston, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • Sep 17 J. Willard Marriott, American entrepreneur and hotelier (founder of Marriott Corporation), born in Marriott Settlement, Utah (d. 1985)
  • Sep 20 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazilian military leader and 26th President of Brazil (1964-67), born in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 22 William Spratling, American silversmith who worked in Mexico, born in Sonyea, New York (d. 1967)
  • Sep 23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • Sep 24 Ham Fisher, American comic strip writer and cartoonist (Joe Palooka), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • Sep 29 Miguel Alemán Valdés, Mexican attorney and President of Mexico (1946-52), born in Sayula, Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)

Thomas WolfeThomas Wolfe (1900-1938)

Oct 3 American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina

Heinrich HimmlerHeinrich Himmler (1900-1945)

Oct 7 German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany

  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect (Shute House), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, Russian-British architect and designer, born in Grozny, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, American politician (Senator-(R&D)-Oregon 1945-69), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1974)
  • Oct 22 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • Nov 4 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • Nov 5 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 1972)
  • Nov 8 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology, born in Küsnacht, Switzerland (d. 1988)

Margaret MitchellMargaret Mitchell (1900-1949)

Nov 8 American author (Gone With The Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia

  • Nov 11 Hugh Scott, American lawyer and politician (Senate Minority Leader 1969-77), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • Nov 14 Clara Fasano, Italian-American sculptor, born in Castellaneta, Italy (d. 1990)
  • Nov 18 Constantin Alajalov, Armenian-American illustrator (The New Yorker; Saturday Evening Post; Dithers & Jitters), and painter, born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia (d. 1987)
  • Nov 18 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1982)
  • Nov 19 Anna Seghers [Netty Reiling], German author (The 7th Cross), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1983)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • Nov 20 Chester Gould, American cartoonist (Dick Tracy), born in Pawnee, Oklahoma (d. 1985)
  • Nov 22 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and writer (The White Lanes of Summer), born in Capel Bangor, Dyfed, Wales (d. 1980)
  • Nov 25 Rudolf Höss, German commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, born in Baden-Baden, German Empire (d. 1947)
  • Nov 30 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literary figure and art historian (d. 1971)
  • Dec 3 Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist (Nobel 1938-work on carotenoids and vitamins), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • Dec 3 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide, born in Zermatt, Valais (d. 2004)
  • Dec 8 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War), born in Jinnu, Lujiang, Chaohu, Anhui, Qing dynasty (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Dec 12 Mária Telkes, Hungarian-American biophysicist ('the Sun Queen' who invented solar energy technologies), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995) [1]
  • Dec 15 Francesco Messina, Italian sculptor, born in Linguaglossa, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Dec 16 V. S. Pritchett, British literary critic and writer (Myth Makers), born in Suffolk (d. 1996)
  • Dec 17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician, born in Aynho, United Kingdom (d. 1998)
  • Dec 21 Oda Schaefer, German writer & journalist (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only), born in Wilmersdorf, Berlin (d. 1988)
  • Dec 21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • Dec 23 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • Dec 24 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician (Premier of Newfoundland), born in (d. 1991)

About 1900

Chinese Zodiac: Rat (Jan 31, 1900 - Feb 18, 1901)