Historical Figures Born in 1901

  • Jan 1 Christine Wttewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch politician (CDD)
  • Jan 2 Robert "Bob" Marshall, American forester, wilderness activist and co-founder of the Wilderness Society, born in NYC, New York (d. 1939)
  • Jan 3 Eric Voegelin, German American philosopher (Order & History), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1985)

Ngô Đình DiệmNgô Đình Diệm (1901-1963)

Jan 3 President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), born in Quảng Bình, French Indochina

  • Jan 4 C. L. R. James [Cyril Lionel Robert James], Trinidadian historian (The Black Jacobins), journalist, intellectual and socialist, born in Tunapuna, Trinidad (d. 1989) [1]
  • Jan 5 Henri Honoré d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter, born in Verrières-le-Buisson, France (d. 1941)
  • Jan 5 Mario Scelba, Italian politician (Prime Minister 1954-55), born in Caltagirone, Italy (d. 1991)
  • Jan 8 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), born in Ohain, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • Jan 9 Chic Young, American cartoonist (Blondie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1973)
  • Jan 11 Andries D Copier, Dutch glass manufacturer (Gildeglass)
  • Jan 11 Kwon Ki-ok, Korean pilot (d. 1988)
  • Jan 13 A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • Jan 13 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • Jan 14 Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine diplomat & statesman, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1985)
  • Jan 16 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)

Fulgencio BatistaFulgencio Batista (1901-1973)

Jan 16 Dictator and President of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59), born in Banes, Cuba

  • Jan 17 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • Jan 18 Arie Querido, Dutch social psychiatrist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Jan 18 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician, born in Sevsk, Russia (d. 1973)
  • Jan 23 Benno Stokvis, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Jan 29 Allen B. DuMont, American engineer and inventor (perfected commercial practical cathode ray tube), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1965)
  • Jan 30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • Jan 31 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, born in Slochteren (d. 1943)
  • Jan 31 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer
  • Feb 7 Bob den Doolaard [Cornelis Spoelstra], Dutch writer (Grape Pickers)
  • Feb 11 Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
  • Feb 15 Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
  • Feb 15 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • Feb 15 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
  • Feb 19 Cor[nelis RJ] Kieboom, Dutch resistance fighter and chairman (Feyenoord)
  • Feb 20 Ali Muhammad Naguib, Khartoum, president of Egypt (1952-54)
  • Feb 20 Cecil H King, Irish/British daily newspaper publisher (Daily Mirror)
  • Feb 20 Henry Eyring, Mexican/US chemist
  • Feb 20 Louis I Kahn, Estonia, architect (Bryn Mawr dormitory) [or Dec 20]
  • Feb 20 René Jules Dubos, French US microbiologist/author (Health & Disease)
  • Feb 22 Charles E Whittaker, Kansas, US Supreme Court justice (1957-62)
  • Feb 23 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
  • Feb 23 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • Feb 27 Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter

Linus PaulingLinus Pauling (1901-1994)

Feb 28 American chemist, engineer and peace activist (1954 Nobel prize for Chemistry, 1962 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Portland, Oregon

  • Feb 28 Rudolf W. Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen)
  • Mar 2 Willem Bruynzeel, Dutch timber-merchant
  • Mar 4 Charles H. Goren 'Mr Bridge', American bridge master (26 US Titles), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy-French poet (d. 1937)
  • Mar 5 Julian Przybos, Polish poet (Sruby)
  • Mar 16 Potti Sreeramulu, Indian revolutionary known as the Father of Andhra for conducting a 56 day hunger strike in support of a separate Telugu-speaking state, born in Nellore District, Madras, British India (d. 1952)

Eisaku SatōEisaku Satō (1901-1975)

Mar 17 Prime Minister of Japan (1963-72) and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1974), born in Tabuse, Yamaguchi, Japan

  • Mar 18 William H. Johnson, African-American artist of the Harlem Renaissance (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • Mar 19 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • Mar 21 Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • Mar 21 Richard Leslie Hill, historian
  • Mar 22 Greta Kempton, Austrian born American artist (White House artist under Truman), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1991)
  • Mar 23 Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
  • Mar 24 Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 25 Camilla Wedgwood, English anthropologist (Malekula: A Vanishing People in the New Hebrides), born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England (d. 1955)
  • Mar 27 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), born in Madgeburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • Mar 27 Satō Eisaku, Japanese Prime Minister (1964-72), (Nobel 1974), born in Tabuse, Japan (d. 1975)
  • Mar 29 Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (The Tomb in the Rainforest), born in Muo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • Mar 29 Uuno Kailas, Finnish poet, born in Heinola, Finland (d. 1933)
  • Mar 30 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1951)
  • Apr 1 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • Apr 5 Alexander Alexeieff, Russian-French painter and graphic artist, born in Kazan, Russia (d. 1982)
  • Apr 5 Chester Bowles, American ambassador and writer (Conscience of a Liberal), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • Apr 6 Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • Apr 11 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer and manufacturer (typewriter), born in Ivrea, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Apr 11 Glenway Wescott, American writer (Apartment in Athens), born in Kewaskum, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • Apr 12 Lowell Stockman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon, born in Helix, Oregon (d. 1962)
  • Apr 13 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist, born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • Apr 13 René Pleven, Prime Minister of France (1950-52), born in Rennes, France (d. 1993)
  • Apr 14 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • Apr 17 George Keyt, Sri Lankan painter, born in Ceylon (d. 1993)
  • Apr 20 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist, born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • Apr 23 E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist, born in Dalton-in-Furness, Lancashire (d. 1988)
  • Apr 29 G. O. Sayles, English historian, born in Chesterfield, England (d. 1994)

HirohitoHirohito (1901-1989)

Apr 29 124th Emperor of Japan (1926-89), born in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo

  • Apr 30 Simon Kuznets, American economist (Nobel 1971), born in Pinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • May 1 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1945)
  • May 2 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1924)
  • May 2 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)
  • May 7 Lowell T. Coggeshall, American medical scientist and US Secretary of HEW (1956-58), born in Saratoga, Indiana (d. 1987)
  • May 10 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • May 11 Mari Sandoz, Nebraska, author (Cheyenne Autumn)

Witold PileckiWitold Pilecki (1901-1948)

May 13 Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), born in Olonets, Russian Empire

  • May 14 Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)
  • May 15 Xavier Herbert, Australian author (d. 1984)
  • May 18 Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist (1955 Nobel Prize for Chemisty for work on cyclic peptide oxytocin), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • May 21 Suzanne Lilar [Verbist], France Belgian writer (Le burlador)
  • May 22 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • May 27 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), born in McFarland, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • May 30 Cornelia Otis Skinner, Chic, writer (When Our Hearts Were Young & Gay)

SukarnoSukarno (1901-1970)

Jun 6 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), born in Surabaya, Java

  • Jun 8 Lena Baker, American murderer, convicted of capital murder of her employer, Ernest Knight, born in Cuthbert, Georgia (d. 1945)
  • Jun 9 George Price, American cartoonist (The New Yorker), born in Fort Lee, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Jun 13 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), born in Antwerp (d. 1944)
  • Jun 13 Tage Erlander, Swedish politician (25th Prime Minister of Sweden 1946-69), born in Ransäter, Värmland County, Sweden (d. 1985)

Anastasia NikolaevnaAnastasia Nikolaevna (1901-1918)

Jun 18 Russian Grand Duchess, youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia

  • Jun 20 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • Jun 22 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), South African poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch, born in Wolmaransstad, Transvaal
  • Jun 23 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1962)
  • Jun 23 Mariel-Henri Jaspar, Belgian minister who unsuccessfully attempted to establish a Belgian government in London during World War II, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Jun 26 Stuart Symington, U.S. senator from Missouri (1953–76), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1988)

Willie SuttonWillie Sutton (1901-1980)

Jun 30 American bank robber, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Jul 1 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, English philanthropist (Prisoners' Wives Service), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jul 5 Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1992)
  • Jul 8 Donald Harden, Anglo-Irish archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • Jul 9 Barbara Cartland, English romance author (Camfield #69), born in Edgbaston, Birmingham, England (d. 2000)
  • Jul 13 Tillie Ehrlich Lewin, leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • Jul 15 Pyke F C Koch, Dutch surrealistic painter (Dolores' Breakfast)
  • Jul 17 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938)
  • Jul 20 Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist
  • Jul 25 Walter Breedveld, Dutch writer (Een ship vergaat), born in Den Bosch, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Jul 31 Jean Dubuffet, French painter and sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1985)
  • Jul 31 Renié [Conley], American Academy Award-winning costume designer (Cleopatra; Kitty Foyle), born in Republic, Washington (d. 1992)
  • Aug 3 Stefan Wyszyński, Polish Cardinal, born in Zuzela, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1981)
  • Aug 8 Ernest Lawrence, American nuclear scientist and inventor (Cyclotron - Nobel 1939), born in Canton, South Dakota (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 James Pitman, British educator and spelling reformer (Alphabets and Reading: The Initial Teaching Alphabet) (d. 1985)
  • Aug 15 Arias Arnulfo, 3 time president of Panama (1940-41, 49-51, 68), born in Penonomé, Coclé, Panama (d. 1988)
  • Aug 15 Hans Lorbeer, German writer and politician, born in Lutherstadt, Wittenberg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Aug 15 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1975)

Salvatore QuasimodoSalvatore Quasimodo (1901-1968)

Aug 20 Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy

  • Aug 23 Cecil Rolph Hewitt, English journalist and policeman, born in London (d. 1994)
  • Aug 23 John Sherman Cooper, American politician and U.S. Ambassador to East Germany, born in Somerset, Kentucky (d. 1991)
  • Aug 26 Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • Aug 26 Jan de Quay, Dutch minister of war and premier (KVP, 1959-63)
  • Aug 26 Maxwell D. Taylor, American general (commander of WWII 101 Airborne Division) US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1962-64), born in Keytesville, Missouri (d. 1987)
  • Aug 28 Cees Kelk, Dutch writer (Dance of Young Feet), born in Amsterdam (d. 1981)
  • Aug 30 John Gunther, American author and host (John Gunther's High Road), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1970)
  • Aug 30 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1981)
  • Sep 2 Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)
  • Sep 4 Paul Osborn, American playwright (Mornings at 7), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1988)

William LyonsWilliam Lyons (1901-1985)

Sep 4 British industrialist and automobile manufacturer (Jaguar cars), born in Blackpool, Lancashire

  • Sep 6 John Erik Jonsson, American businessman and Mayor of Dallas, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • Sep 8 Hendrik Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister (1958-66) who was assassinated in 1966, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Sep 15 Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 17 Francis Chichester, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England (d. 1972)
  • Sep 22 Charles Huggins, American-Canadian physician and cancer researcher (1966 Nobel Prize), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1997)
  • Sep 22 Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Russian woman who was the 2nd wife of Joseph Stalin, born in Baku, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • Sep 23 Adriaan Pitlo, Dutch lawyer, born in Antwerp (d. 1987)
  • Sep 23 Jaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984)
  • Sep 28 Kurt Otto Friedrichs, German-American mathematician, and educator (Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences), born in Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire (d. 1982)

Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi (1901-1954)

Sep 29 Italian-American nuclear physicist, gone fission, fermium (Nobel Prize 1938), born in Rome, Italy

  • Sep 29 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • Oct 2 Charles Stark "Doc" Draper, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines, born in Windsor, Missouri (d. 1987)
  • Oct 2 Christopher Clarkson, British test pilot, born in Dunsfold, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • Oct 2 Roy Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • Oct 4 [Robert] Carroll Nye, American actor (Gone With The Wind), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1974)
  • Oct 5 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam (WWII), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1971)
  • Oct 7 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), born in Luang Phrabang, Laos (d. 1984)
  • Oct 10 Alberto Giacometti, Swiss-French painter and sculptor, born in Borgonovo, Stampa, Graubünden, Switzerland (d. 1966)
  • Oct 13 Benjamin Merkelbach, Dutch architect and city builder of Amsterdam, born in Amsterdam (d. 1961)
  • Oct 14 Willem A. Wagenaar, Dutch journalist and writer (Shanghai) (d. 1968)
  • Oct 15 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats), born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Oct 15 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolf Hitler & Konrad Adenauer and director of Deutsche Bank (1938-45), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1994)
  • Oct 15 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, English soldier, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 19 Arleigh A Burke, Colo, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross)
  • Oct 21 Gerhard von Rad, German old testament scholar (Deuteronomium)
  • Oct 28 Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (The Three Children (Near Clonmel)), born in Dublin (d. 1979)

André MalrauxAndré Malraux (1901-1976)

Nov 3 French novelist and art historian (La Condition Humaine), born in Paris, France

  • Nov 3 Leopold III [Filip von Saksen-Coburg], King of the Belgians (from 1934, abdicated 1951), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Nov 4 Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (discovery of the site of an ancient port city on the island of Thera, in the southern Aegean Sea), born in Lixoúrion, Cephalonia, Greece (d. 1974)
  • Nov 4 Yi Bangja, Crown Prince Euimin of Korea (1926-70), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1989)
  • Nov 8 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), born in Bârlad, Romania (d. 1965)
  • Nov 9 John Norrie McArthur, British malariologist and microscopist who invented a handheld field microscope (d. 1996) [1]
  • Nov 11 F. Van Wyck Mason, American historian and author (Three Harbours), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • Nov 17 Walter Hallstein, West German politician (CDU) (Hallstein doctrine, 1st President of the EU 1958-67)), born in Mainz, German Empire (d. 1982)

George GallupGeorge Gallup (1901-1984)

Nov 18 American survey sampling pioneer and inventor of the Gallup poll, born in Jefferson, Iowa

  • Nov 24 Andre Victor Tchelistcheff "the dean of American winemaking", Russian-born American winemaker (Beaulieu wines, Napa Valley) born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1994) [1]
  • Nov 25 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948)
  • Nov 26 Philip Idenburg, Dutch statistician, born in Hillegersberg, Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Dec 5 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist and psychologist, born in Aurum, Nevada (d. 1980)

Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

Dec 5 German physicist who discovered the uncertainty principle (Nobel 1932), born in Würzburg, Germany

  • Dec 7 Tony Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944)) (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Jean Mermoz, French pilot, born in Aubenton, Aisne, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 9 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian writer (A Child of Our Time), born in Sušak, Rijeka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Dec 10 Franz Fischer, German Gestapo official and war criminal (one of the Breda 4, last ex-Nazi held in Dutch prison) (d. 1989)
  • Dec 14 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64), born in Tatoi Palace, Athens, Kingdom of Greece (d. 1964)

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead (1901-1978)

Dec 16 American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa, Thoughts & Female), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Dec 19 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist and novelist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1963)
  • Dec 20 Louis Kahn, American architect (Salk Institute), born in Pärnu, Estonia (d. 1974) [or Feb 20]
  • Dec 20 Robert J. Van de Graaff, American engineer & physicist (Mobility of Gaseous Ions), born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • Dec 21 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer, born in Portugalete, Spain (d. 1982)
  • Dec 25 Alice, English princess and Duchess of Gloucester, aunt of Elizabeth II, born in London, England (d. 2004)

About 1901

Chinese Zodiac: Rat (Jan 31, 1900 - Feb 18, 1901),
Ox (Feb 19, 1901 - Feb 7, 1902)