Historical Figures Born in 1906

  • Jan 3 Aleksey Stachanov, Russian model miner, born in Lugovaya, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • Jan 3 Roman Brandstaetter, Polish poet, playwright and journalist, born in Tarnów, Poland (d. 1987)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • Jan 6 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • Jan 6 Jaap Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jan 8 Jan A.H.J.S. Bruins Slot, Dutch co-founder and editor (illegal) (d. 1972)

Albert HofmannAlbert Hofmann (1906-2008)

Jan 11 Swiss chemist who first synthesized and ingested LSD, born in Baden, Switzerland

  • Jan 11 Robert Nesbitt, English theatre impresario (Royal Variety Show), born in London, England (d. 1995)

Zhou YouguangZhou Youguang (1906-2017)

Jan 13 Chinese economist and linguist known as the "father of pinyin", born in Changchow, Kiangsu, Qing Empire

  • Jan 15 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)
  • Jan 16 Clement Greenberg, American art critic (Art & Culture), born in New York City (d. 1994)
  • Jan 18 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours), born in Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Jan 21 Fred Fehl, Austrian-American photographer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 21 John Putz, British journalist (Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • Jan 22 Robert E. Howard, American pulp fiction author (Conan the Barbarian), born in Peaster, Texas (d. 1936)
  • Jan 22 Willa Brown, American air pioneer (NAAA) and civil rights activist (1st African American woman to hold a pilot's license), born in Glasgow, Kentucky (d. 1992)
  • Jan 24 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • Jan 28 Harry van Kruiningen, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Kruiningen, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Feb 3 George Adamson [Baba ya Simba - "Father of Lions"], British conservationist (Born Free), born in Etawah, India (d. 1989)
  • Feb 4 Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer (discovered Pluto), born in Streator, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • Feb 4 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German pastor, theologist and anti-Nazi dissident (Confessing Church), born in Breslau, Silesia, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Feb 7 Henry P'u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo
  • Feb 7 Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • Feb 8 Chester F. Carlson, American inventor (photocopy), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1968)
  • Feb 8 Henry Roth, American writer (Call it Sleep), born in Tysmenitz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Feb 9 André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)
  • Feb 10 Henry Phelps Brown, British historian and economist, born in Calne (d. 1994)
  • Feb 10 Walraven (Wally) van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis
  • Feb 11 Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal (WWII, Suez Canal) (d. 1992)
  • Feb 13 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • Feb 15 Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
  • Feb 17 Galo Plaza Lasso, President of Ecuador (1948-52), head of OAS (1968-75)
  • Feb 18 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • Feb 24 Alexis Curvers, Belgian author (Tempo di Roma, Bourg-le-Rond)
  • Feb 25 Domingo Ortega, Spanish bullfighter
  • Feb 25 Howard Zahniser, Father of Wilderness Act
  • Feb 26 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, born in Athens (d. 1994)
  • Feb 27 H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)

Bugsy SiegelBugsy Siegel (1906-1947)

Feb 28 American gangster who created casinos in Las Vegas, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Mar 3 Artur Lundkvist, Swedish writer/Swedish Academy (Agadir)
  • Mar 3 Krishnarao Shiva Shelvankar, journalist/diplomat
  • Mar 4 Charles Rudolph Walgreen Jr., American businessman (President of Walgreens), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • Mar 4 Georges Ronsse, Belgian road cyclist (UCI Road World C'ship 1928, 29), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • Mar 4 Meindert DeJong American author (d. 1991)
  • Mar 11 Zino Davidoff, Ukrainian businessman, born in Novhorod-Siversky, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • Mar 16 Francisco Ayala, Spanish writer, born in Granada, Spain (d. 2009)
  • Mar 17 Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], German actress (Gloria, Gold, Metropolis), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Mar 18 Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)

Adolf EichmannAdolf Eichmann (1906-1962)

Mar 19 German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), born in Solingen, German Empire

  • Mar 20 Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC's 1st Jewish mayor
  • Mar 20 Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
  • Mar 21 Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman
  • Mar 21 John D. Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil)

A. J. P. TaylorA. J. P. Taylor (1906-1990)

Mar 25 English historian (The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848–1918, Origins of the Second World War), born in Southport, England

  • Mar 25 John Howard Pyle, American politician (Gov-R-Az, 1951-55), born in Sheridan, Wyoming, (d. 1987)
  • Mar 26 Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • Apr 3 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College), born in Berwick-upon-Tweed (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • Apr 6 Virginia Hall [Goillot], American spy with British Special Operations during WWII (1940-1966), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1982)
  • Apr 8 Charles J. B. Jonckheere, Flemish poet and writer (Mirror of the Sea)

Faisal of Saudi ArabiaFaisal of Saudi Arabia (1906-1975)

Apr 9 King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

  • Apr 9 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), born in Kensington, London (d. 1963)
  • Apr 9 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter and author (Op Art), born in Pécs, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Apr 10 Kathleen Major, British historian and principal (St Hilda's College, England), born in Lincolnshire (d. 2001)
  • Apr 11 Dalia "Dale" Messick, American cartoonist (Brenda Starr, Reporter), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2005)

Samuel BeckettSamuel Beckett (1906-1989)

Apr 13 Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland

  • Apr 16 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist (d. 1994)
  • Apr 16 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 17 Sidney Garfield, American physician and pioneer of health maintenance organizations (Kaiser Permanente), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1984)
  • Apr 18 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Apr 21 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • Apr 22 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Swedish prince second in line to the Swedish throne, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1947)

William JoyceWilliam Joyce (1906-1946)

Apr 24 American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Apr 25 Sally Salminen, Finnish writer (Katrina), born in Vårdö, Finland (d. 1976)
  • Apr 25 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • Apr 27 Mark Alexander Abrams, English market researcher, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1994)
  • Apr 27 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • Apr 28 Bart [Bartholomeus Jan] Bok, Dutch-American astronomer (Milky Way), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Apr 28 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), born in Brünn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
  • Apr 28 Pierre Boileau, French novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France (d. 1989)
  • Apr 28 Tony "Big Tuna" Accardo, American mobster (St Valentine's Day) and boss of the Chicago Outfit, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • May 1 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician, born in Halle an der Saale, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1983)
  • May 2 Philippe Halsman, American portrait photographer, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1979)
  • May 6 André Weil, French mathematician (foundational work in number theory and algebraic geometry), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • May 6 Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (La Llamarada), born in Moca, Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • May 9 Eleanor Estes, author (Ginger Pye, Moffats)
  • May 11 Jacqueline Cochran, US pilot and 1st woman to break the sound barrier, born in Muscogee, Florida (d. 1980)
  • May 12 Maurice Ewing, US pioneering geologist and geophysicist, born in Lockney, Texas (d. 1974)
  • May 13 Thomas Mitchell, British architect and engineer, (d. 1996)
  • May 14 Hastings Kamuzu Banda, president of Malawi (1964-94)
  • May 16 Alfred Pellan, French Canadian painter (d. 1988)
  • May 16 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuela, writer/minister (Lanzas Coloradas)
  • May 16 Margret Rey, author and illustrator (d. 1996)
  • May 16 Nicholas Beriozoff, ballet master
  • May 17 Eric Mensforth, British pioneer in the development of the helicopter in Britain, born in Stretford, Manchester (d. 2000)
  • May 20 Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
  • May 24 John Mayo, director-general (Help the Aged)
  • May 27 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1992)

T. H. WhiteT. H. White (1906-1964)

May 29 English novelist (England Have My Bones) and author of the King Arthur novels,, born in Bombay, British India

  • May 30 Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
  • Jun 5 John Kemp, 1st Viscount Rochdale, British soldier and businessman (d. 1993)
  • Jun 6 Max August Zorn, German mathematician (lemma of Zorn), born in Krefeld, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1993)
  • Jun 12 Sandro Penna, Italian poet, born in Perugia, Italy (d. 1977)
  • Jun 13 Bruno de Finetti, Italian probabilist statistician and actuary, born in Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
  • Jun 15 Léon Degrelle, Belgian Walloon Rexist Party leader, and Nazi collaborator, born in Bouillon, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • Jun 15 Louis RJ Ridder van Rappard, Dutch mayor (Zoelen)
  • Jun 17 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, born in Walthamstow, Essex (d. 1990)
  • Jun 19 Ernst Chain, German-British chemist and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1945 - for his work on penicillin), born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1979)
  • Jun 19 Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)

Anne Morrow LindberghAnne Morrow Lindbergh (1906-2001)

Jun 22 American author and aviator (Gift from the Sea), born in Englewood, New Jersey

  • Jun 23 Wolfgang Koeppen, German author (Death in Rome), born in Greifswald, Pomerania (d. 1996)
  • Jun 26 Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia), born in Dhrönchen (d. 1970)
  • Jun 26 Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer, born in Sebring, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • Jun 27 Catherine Cookson, English novelist (Bannaman Legacy), born in Jarrow, Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • Jun 27 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), born in Maesteg, Wales (d. 1967)
  • Jun 28 Maria Goeppert-Mayer, American-German atomic physicist (Nobel 1963), born in Kattowitz, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • Jun 28 Nancy Mayhew Youngman, English painter and educationalist, born in Maidstone, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 29 Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (youngest ever Soviet general of the army), born in Uman, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • Jun 30 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), born in Kathmandu, Nepal (d. 1955)

Estée LauderEstée Lauder (1906-2004)

Jul 1 American entrepreneur (Estée Lauder cosmetics), born in Corona, Queens, New York City

  • Jul 2 Hans Bethe, German-American quantum physicist (Nobel 1967), born in Strassburg, Germany (d. 2005)
  • Jul 3 F. Gwendolen Rees, Welsh zoologist and parasitologist, born in Abercynon, Wales (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • Jul 4 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, American chemist and meteorologist (cloud seeding), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1993)
  • Jul 7 Harry Von Zell, sidekick (George Burns Show)
  • Jul 7 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
  • Jul 8 Philip Johnson, Cortalyou architect, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 9 Beene Dubbelboer, Dutch writer (Secret Resistance), born in Tweede Exloërmond, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • Jul 11 Herbert Wehner, German communist/anti-communist politician (SPD)
  • Jul 14 Tom Carvel, Greek born American ice cream mogul (Carvels), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1990)
  • Jul 15 Edmund Davies, British lord of appeal
  • Jul 18 Clifford Odets, American dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • Jul 18 S. I. Hayakawa, U.S. senator from California (1977–83) and educator (Language in Action), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1992)
  • Jul 19 Wim van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in Griendtsveen, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Jul 23 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), born in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India (d. 1931)
  • Jul 23 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1975), born in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)
  • Jul 23 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1980)
  • Jul 26 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Jul 27 Herbert Jasper, Canadian physiologist and neurologist, born in La Grande, Oregon (d. 1999)
  • Jul 27 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and political activist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 2000)
  • Aug 1 William Hayter, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-57), born in Oxford, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Albert Goodwin, English historian, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 3 Leonhard Huizinga, Dutch journalist and writer (Adriaan & Olivier), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Aug 4 Marie-Jose von Saksen-Coburg, Belgian Princess (last Queen of Italy), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 2001)
  • Aug 5 Francis Walder [Francois Waldburger], Belgian author, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Aug 5 Wassely Leontief, Russian American economist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Aug 8 Andre Demedts, Flemish writer (Rainfall of the Days)
  • Aug 16 Franz Josef II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1938-89), born in Schloss Frauenthal, Deutschlandsberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Aug 17 Hazel Bishop, American chemist and cosmetics manufacturer, born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1998)
  • Aug 17 Marcello Caetano, last Portuguese prime minister of the Estado Novo regime (1968-1974), born in Graça, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • Aug 21 Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet, French advertising magnate and Founder of Publicis Groupe, born in Enghien-les-Bains, France (d. 1996)
  • Aug 25 Eugen Gerstenmaier, German politician (CDU), born in Kirchheim unter Teck, Germany (d. 1986)
  • Aug 25 Mollie Panter-Downes, British writer and columnist (The Shoreless Sea), born in London (d. 1997)

Albert SabinAlbert Sabin (1906-1993)

Aug 26 Polish American physician who invented the oral polio vaccine, born in Bialystok, Russian Empire

  • Aug 28 John Betjeman, poet (Mount Zion) and English Poet Laureate (1972-1984), born in London (d. 1984)
  • Aug 30 Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, British historian, born in London (d. 2002)
  • Aug 31 Vivienne Byerley, English theater press agent, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Sep 4 Han G. Hoekstra, Dutch poet (Ongerijmde life), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • Sep 5 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli), born in Odessa, Ukraine [NS=Sept 18]
  • Sep 6 Alexander Bodon, Hungarian-Dutch architect (RAI, Dollywood), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1993)
  • Sep 6 John Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1978)
  • Sep 8 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, born in Alexeyevka, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • Sep 11 Roye England, creator and founder President of the Pendon Museum of Miniature Landscape and Transport, born in Perth, Australia (d. 1995)
  • Sep 16 Jack Churchill, British Army commando, born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1996)
  • Sep 17 Edgar Wayburn, American environmentalist awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom 1999, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 2010)
  • Sep 17 J. R. [Junius Richard] Jayawardene, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (1978-89) and 7th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1977-78), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1996)
  • Sep 18 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli), born in Odessa, Ukraine [OS=Sept 5]
  • Sep 21 Henry Beachell, American plant breeder, born in Waverly, Nebraska (d. 2006)
  • Sep 22 Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (commonly known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald"), born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 Phyllis Hartnoll, English writer and editor, born in Lyme Regis, England (d. 1997)
  • Sep 25 Madeleine Bourdouxhe, Belgian writer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1996)
  • Sep 25 Phyllis Pearsall, British painter and writer (A to Z Map Company), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Sep 27 Jim Thompson, American author (The Killer Inside Me), born in Anadarko, Oklahoma (d. 1977)
  • Sep 27 William Empson, English poet and critic (Milton's God), born in Hawdon, Yorkshire, England (d. 1984)
  • Oct 1 John Lorne Campbell, Scottish folklorist, born in Argyll, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Oct 2 John Humphreys Whitfield, British scholar of Italian language & literature, born in Wednesbury, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 4 Johannes Post, Dutch farmer and resistance fighter (passage fight), born in Hollandscheveld, Drente, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Oct 5 Leopold Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, born in Oberndorf, Austria (d. 1994)
  • Oct 7 James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68)
  • Oct 9 John Dalrymple, 13th earl of Stair, Lord-Lieutenant of Wigtownshire (1961-83)

Léopold Sédar SenghorLéopold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001)

Oct 9 Senegalese poet and 1st President of Senegal (1960-80), born in Joal-Fadiouth, Senegal

R.K. NarayanR.K. Narayan (1906-2001)

Oct 10 Indian novelist (Malguidi Days), born in Madras

  • Oct 11 Charles H Revson, American cosmetic magnate (Revlon), born in Somerville, Massachusetts (d. 1974)
  • Oct 12 Eddie Myers, British WWII soldier and engineer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1997)

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt (1906-1975)

Oct 14 German-American political theorist and historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), born in Hanover, Germany

  • Oct 14 Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in Mahmoudiyah, Beheira, Egypt (d. 1949)
  • Oct 15 Hiram Fong, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Hawaii), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2004)
  • Oct 16 Dino Buzzati, Italian writer (The Tartar Steppe), born in San Pellegrino, Belluno, (d. 1972)
  • Oct 18 James Brooks, US mural painter (Acquisition of Long Island)
  • Oct 21 Lillian Asplund, last American Titanic survivor (d. 2006)
  • Oct 22 Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (One in White, Darkness at Noon)
  • Oct 24 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1968)
  • Oct 24 Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, Austrian painter, born in Vienna (d. 1996)
  • Oct 27 Earle Cabell, American politician, 48th Mayor of Dallas (1961-64), born in Dallas County, Texas (d. 1975)
  • Oct 29 Fredric Brown, American sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1972)
  • Oct 30 Alexander Gode, German-American linguist, born in Bremen, Imperial Germany (d. 1970)
  • Oct 31 Jo Vis, resistance fighter (Yad Vashem-distinction)
  • Nov 2 Bengt Edlén, Swedish Astrophysicist who specialized in spectroscopy and discovered the source of unidentified emission lines in solar spectrum, born in Gusum, Sweden (d. 2003)
  • Nov 2 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer, poet and Christian mystic, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)

About 1906

Chinese Zodiac: Snake (Feb 4, 1905 - Jan 24, 1906),
Horse (Jan 25, 1906 - Feb 12, 1907)