On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1907

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 200 of 256

  • Jan 2 Edward Albert Radice, economist
  • Jan 5 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), born in Spodnja Polskava, Slovenia (d. 1992)
  • Jan 5 Willi Soukop, sculptor and member of Royal Academy of Arts, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Jan 6 David Fleay, Australian naturalist, born in Ballarat, Victoria (d. 1993)
  • Jan 7 Nicanor Zabaleta, Spanish harpist, born in San Sebastián, Spain (d. 1993)
  • Jan 11 Pierre Mendès-France, French Premier (1954-55) (d. 1982)
  • Jan 11 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Jewish American rabbi and theologian (d. 1972), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • Jan 12 Sergei Korolev, Soviet rocket engineer & spacecraft designer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Jan 13 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse who tried save Izieu children from Nazis), born in Warsaw (d. 1996)
  • Jan 14 Derek Richter, British neuroscientist (learning & memory), born in bath, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • Jan 14 Sophie Redmond, Suriname's 1st female physician, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1955)
  • Jan 14 Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1985)
  • Jan 16 Phillip Humphrey Vellacott, classicist
  • Jan 16 Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)
  • Jan 20 Roy Welensky, Northern Rhodesian politician, born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 1991)
  • Jan 22 Douglas Corrigan, American pilot, born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1995)

  • Jan 23 Hediki Yukawa, Japanese physicist (Nobel 1949), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1981)
  • Jan 24 Alfonse Vranckx, Belgian lawyer/politician
  • Jan 24 Maurice Couve de Murville, France premier (1968-69)
  • Jan 26 Hans Selye, Austrian-Canadian endocrinologist, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • Feb 1 Alan Strode Campbell Ross, professor (coined the terms U & non-U)
  • Feb 1 John Canaday, art critic (Metropolitan Museum of Art Portfolios)
  • Feb 2 Bernardas Brazdzionis, Lithuania, poet/editor/critic
  • Feb 3 James A. Michener, American author (Tales of the South Pacific, Hawaii), born in Doylestown, Pennsylvania (d. 1997)
  • Feb 5 Jan Klaasesz, Dutch governor Suriname (1949-56)
  • Feb 5 Norton Simon, American industrialist (Hunts Foods, Norton Simon Museum), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1993)
  • Feb 5 Pierre E J Pflimlin, premier France
  • Feb 7 Arthur George Bottomley, politician
  • Feb 7 Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)
  • Feb 10 Grace Hamilton, 1st African American member of Georgia state legislature
  • Feb 12 Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)
  • Feb 17 Charles B Timmer, Dutch translator/writer (Russia Black on White)
  • Feb 18 Harm van Riel, Dutch politician (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • Feb 20 Owain Jenkins, company director
  • Feb 21 Wystan Hugh Auden, American poet (Age of Anxiety-Pulitzer 1948)
  • Feb 23 Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman
  • Feb 25 Mary Coyle Chase, playwright (Harvey-Pulitzer Prize)
  • Feb 25 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), born in Eğridere, Gümülcine, Ottoman Empire (d. 1948)
  • Feb 28 Milton Caniff, Hillsboro Ohio, Dutch cartoonist (Terry & Pirates)
  • Mar 2 Jheri [Robert] Redding, American hairdresser and businessman (created the Jheri curl and hair conditioner), born in Rantoul, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • Mar 3 Aar van de Werfhorst, [Pieter G Jansen], Dutch writer

  • Mar 3 Joy Finzi, [Joyce A Black], British painter
  • Mar 4 Eleanor "Sis" Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • Mar 8 Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (1980-85), born in Sérrai, Ottoman Empire (d. 1998)
  • Mar 11 Eleni Gatzoyiannis, heroine (saved her kids)
  • Mar 11 Helmuth J von Moltke, German politician (July 20th plot)
  • Mar 11 Margaret Herbison, British minister (Labour)
  • Mar 12 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
  • Mar 12 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • Mar 13 Mircea Eliade, Romanian religious historian (Le Yoga) and author, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1986) [O.S. 02-28]
  • Mar 13 Albert Hughes Williams, teacher and historian (d. 1996)
  • Mar 13 Maria Pia de Braganca, Portuguese journalist and writer who claimed to be the bastard daughter of King Carlos I of Portugal, born in Lisbon (d. 1995)
  • Mar 13 Charles Brink, German-born British classical scholar (Horace), born in Berlin (d. 1994)
  • Mar 17 Jan M J van Houtte, premier Belgium (1952-54)
  • Mar 19 Nakagawa Soen, Formosa, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)
  • Mar 22 James Gavin, US 82nd Airborne Division General (Sicily/Normandy), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • Mar 22 Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun (d. 2005)
  • Mar 23 Daniel Bovet, Swiss pharmacologist (Nobel 1957)
  • Mar 23 Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, politician
  • Mar 24 Janet Harmon Bragg, US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender)
  • Mar 24 Lauris Norstad, US gen (NATO commander)/CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass)
  • Mar 24 Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya, writer
  • Mar 24 Paul Sauvé, Quebec politician (d. 1960)
  • Mar 28 Irving Paul Lazar, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • Mar 30 Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (d. 1994)
  • Apr 3 Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography), born in Chrzanów, Poland (d. 1967)
  • Apr 4 Nathan M. Pusey, American educator, 24th president of Harvard University (1953-71), born in Council Bluffs, Iowa (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Jan Zeldenrust, Dutch pathologist and anatomist, born in Gronigen, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • Apr 8 Maurice Stacey, chemist
  • Apr 11 Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor, born in Llanymynech, Powys (d. 2001)
  • Apr 12 Felix de Weldon, Austrian-American sculptor (Marine Corps War Memorial), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 2003)
  • Apr 13 Harold Stassen, American politician (25th Governor of Minnesota) and perennial presidential candidate, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • Apr 14 François Duvalier "Papa Doc", Dictator of Haiti (1957-71), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 1971)
  • Apr 14 Otto Frans Antoine Hubert van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden), born in Pannerden, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Apr 15 Nikolaas Tinbergen, Dutch-British biologist and zoologist (Nobel 1973), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • Apr 16 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, born in Steyr, Austria (d. 1947)
  • Apr 16 Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • Apr 18 Stephen Longstreet, American writer (All or Nothing), born in New York (d. 2002)
  • Apr 22 Ivan Yefremov, Russian paleontologist (originator of the concept of taphonomy) and author (Andromeda Nebula), born in Vyritsa, Saint Petersburg Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1972)
  • Apr 23 Lee Miller, American photographer (War correspondent for Vogue in WWII), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1977)
  • Apr 26 Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (The Girl with the Red Hair), born in Veenwouden, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • Apr 29 Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-American director (From Here to Eternity, Julia), born in Rzeszów, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • May 1 Oliver Hill, American civil rights attorney (Presidential Medal of Freedom 1999), born in Richmond, Virgnia (d. 2007)
  • May 2 Pinky Lee, American children's show host (Pinky Lee Show), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1993)
  • May 3 Earl Wilson, American journalist and columnist (Midnight Earl), born in Rockford, Ohio (d. 2005)
  • May 4 Lincoln Kirstein, American writer and impresario, born in Rochester, New York (d. 1996)
  • May 5 Kenneth Muir, English scholar, born in London (d. 1996)
  • May 9 Baldur von Schirach, German writer/nazi politician (Frame)
  • May 9 Kathryn Kuhlman, famed evangelist (d. 1976)
  • May 11 Rose Ausländer, German poet (d. 1988)
  • May 12 Leslie Charteris, English/US detective writer (Enter the Saint)
  • May 13 Austin Whitaker, schoolmaster classical scholar/archivist
  • May 13 Daphne du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Parasites)
  • May 13 Laurence Kirwan, archaeologist
  • May 14 Dick Bentley, entertainer
  • May 14 Mohammed Ayub Khan, general/premier/president (Pakistan)
  • May 14 Hans von der Groeben, German diplomat (d. 2005)
  • May 14 Johnny Moss, American poker player (d. 1995)
  • May 15 Phillip Piratin, communist
  • May 15 Sukhdev Thapar, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
  • May 17 Charles Cawley, British chief scientist and Minister of Power (1959-67) (d. 2000)
  • May 18 Robley Evans, American nuclear physicist, born in University Place, Nebraska (d. 1996)
  • May 18 Carl Mydans, American photographer (d. 2004)

Person of interestHergé

May 22 Hergé [Georges Prosper Remi], Belgian comic book creator (The Adventures of Tintin), born in Etterbeek, Belgium (d. 1983)

Cartoonist Hergé
Cartoonist
Hergé
  • May 23 Kenneth Allen, engineer
  • May 23 Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant
  • May 25 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), born in Wakema, Myaungmya District, British Burma (d. 1995)
  • May 26 Jean Bernard, French physician and haematologist, born in Paris (d. 2006)

Person of interestRachel Carson

May 27 Rachel Carson, American marine biologist, conservationist and writer (Silent Spring), born in Springdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)

Marine Biologist and Writer Rachel Carson
Marine Biologist and Writer
Rachel Carson
  • May 28 F. G. Emmison, British archivist and historian, born in Bedford, England (d. 1995)
  • May 28 Patrick Browne, British Lord justice of appeal, born in Cambridge (d. 1996)

  • May 29 Desmond Shawe-Taylor, British critic and writer (co-author of The Record Guide), born in Dublin (d. 1995)
  • May 30 Elly Beinhorn, German pilot (d. 2007)
  • May 30 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (d. 2008)
  • May 31 Valston Hancock, British air marshal
  • Jun 1 Sir Frank Whittle, English RAF engineer air officer and inventor of the turbojet engine, born in Coventry, England (d. 1996)
  • Jun 2 Dorothy West, American journalist/author (Living is Easy)
  • Jun 4 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 1944)
  • Jun 4 Patience Strong [Winifred Emma May], English poet and journalist, born in Catford, London (d. 1990)
  • Jun 5 Rolf Bongs, German writer, born in Dusseldolf (d. 1981)
  • Jun 5 Rudolf Peierls, German-British physicist (atomic bomb), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1995)
  • Jun 10 Fairfield Porter, American painter, born in Winnetka, Illinois (d. 1975)
  • Jun 11 Anton Hildebrand, Dutch children's book writer (Man in the Moon), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Jun 11 Paul Mellon, American philanthropist (Washington National Gallery of Art), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • Jun 14 René Char, French poet and painter, born in L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue, France (d. 1988)
  • Jun 14 Nicolas Bentley, British writer and illustrator, born in London (d. 1978)
  • Jun 16 John Hadfield, author/publisher (Love on a Branch Line)
  • Jun 17 Charles Eames, American designer and architect, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1978)
  • Jun 18 Froelich Rainey, Wisc, quiz moderator (What in the World)
  • Jun 19 Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)
  • Jun 19 George de Mestral, Swiss engineer (invented Velcro), born in Colombier, Switzerland (d. 1990)
  • Jun 23 Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (d. 2008)
  • Jun 24 Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)
  • Jun 25 J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • Jun 28 Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer (La civilisation du phoque), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1995)
  • Jun 29 Paul O'Dwyer, Irish-American politician and President of City Council (D-NYC), born in Bohola, County Mayo, Ireland (d. 1998)
  • Jun 30 Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian nationalist and military leader, born in Krakovets, Galicia, Austria–Hungary (d. 1950)
  • Jul 2 Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist and painter, born in Bandung, Indonesia (d. 1981)
  • Jul 3 Arthur Steel, Dutch architect (Group '32)

Person of interestFrida Kahlo

Jul 6 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter who explored questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender and race in Mexican society, born in Coyoacán, Mexico City (d. 1954)

Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo
  • Jul 7 Helene Johnson, American Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Jul 7 Robert A[nson] Heinlein, American sci-fi author (4 Hugos, Red Planet)
  • Jul 8 George W Romney, (Gov-R-Mich)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73)
  • Jul 15 Paterson Fraser, British air marshal

Person of interestOrville Redenbacher

Jul 16 Orville Redenbacher, American popcorn magnate (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet Popcorn), born in Brazil, Indiana (d. 1995)

Businessman Orville Redenbacher
Businessman
Orville Redenbacher
  • Jul 23 Elspeth Huxley, English author (The Flame Trees of Thika and The Mottled Lizard), born in London (d. 1997)
  • Jul 27 Denis Rickett, British civil servant and private secretary to Clement Attlee, born in Hawthorns, Overton Road, Sutton, Surrey (d. 1997)
  • Jul 28 Earl Tupper, American-born Costa Rican inventor and businessman (Tupperware), born in Berlin, New Hampshire (d. 1983)
  • Jul 29 Melvin Belli, American lawyer known as "The King of Torts" and "Melvin Bellicose", born in Sonora, California (d. 1996)
  • Aug 2 Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (Pictorial Review, Good Housekeeping), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1984)
  • Aug 3 Ernesto Geisel, 29th President of Brazil (1974-79), born in Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1996)

  • Aug 7 Albert Kotin, American abstract painter (d. 1980)
  • Aug 12 James Herbert Lloyd Morrell, bishop
  • Aug 12 Miguel Torga [Adolfo Correia da Rocha], Portuguese writer (O Quarto Dia da Criação do Mundo), born in São Martinho de Anta, Portugal (d. 1995)
  • Aug 13 Basil Spence, British architect, born in Bombay, India (d. 1976)
  • Aug 15 Paul Vincze, Jewish-Hungarian designer of coins and medal, born in Galgagyörk, Hungary (d. 1994)
  • Aug 17 Roger Peyrefitte, French writer (Special Friendships), born in Castres, Tarn (d. 2000)
  • Aug 19 Thruston B. Morton, American republican politician (Sen-Ky, 1957-69), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1982)
  • Aug 20 Stanley Devon, British photographer (British press photographer of the year 1948, 50) (d. 1995)
  • Aug 21 Roy K. Marshall, American astronomer and TV scientist (Nature of Things)
  • Aug 22 Colin Buchanan, British town planner (Traffic in Towns), born in Simla, India (d. 2001)
  • Aug 22 Cyril Astley Clarke, British physician and geneticist, born in Leicester, England (d. 2000)
  • Aug 25 Desmond Flower, English publisher, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Aug 29 Joseph Wechsberg, Jewish-Czech writer (Looking For a Bluebird), born in Ostrava, Moravia, Czechoslovakia (d. 1983)
  • Aug 30 John Mauchly, American physicist who with J. Presper Eckert, designed the first general purpose electronic digital computer (ENIAC), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Aug 31 Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-75), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2007)

Person of interestRamon Magsaysay

Aug 31 Ramon Magsaysay, 7th President of the Philippines (US Legion of Merit-1952), born in Iba, Zambales, Philippines (d. 1957)

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • Aug 31 William Shawn, American magazine editor (New Yorker, 1952-87), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • Aug 31 Altiero Spinelli, Italian citizen and advocate of European federalism, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1986)
  • Sep 1 Joaquin Balaguer, president Dominican Republic
  • Sep 1 Walter P. Reuther, American labor leader and President of the UAW & CIO, born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 3 Andrew Brewin, Canadian lawyer and MP for Greenwood, born in Brighton, England (d. 1983)
  • Sep 3 Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist and natural science writer (The Unexpected Universe), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1977)
  • Sep 4 Leo Castelli, Italian-American art dealer, born in Trieste, Austrian Littoral, Austria-Hungary (d. 1999)
  • Sep 4 Maurice Ashley, historian and editor (The Listener) (d. 1994)
  • Sep 6 Elizabeth Ferrars, British crime writer, born in Yangon, Myanmar (d. 1995)
  • Sep 6 Johnny Kelly, American marathon runner (Berlin 1936, Boston 1935..1991), born in Medford, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • Sep 9 Leon Edel, American biographer (Henry James: A Biography 1953–1972 - Pulitzer 1963), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1997)
  • Sep 10 Alva R. Fitch, American army officer (d. 1989)
  • Sep 12 Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • Sep 13 Victor Reinganum, English artist and illustrator, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Sep 14 A. Cecil Snyder, American lawyer and Chief Justice of Puerto Rico, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1959)
  • Sep 17 Desmond Heap, British lawyer and authority on British planning law, born in Burnley, Lancashire (d. 1998)
  • Sep 17 Warren E. Burger, 15th Supreme Court chief justice (1969-86), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1995)
  • Sep 18 Edwin M. McMillan, American physicist and discoverer of plutonium (Nobel 1951), born in Redondo Beach, California (d. 1991)
  • Sep 19 Lewis F. Powell Jr., American Supreme Court justice (1972-87), born in Suffolk, Virginia (d. 1998)
  • Sep 21 Helen Foster Snow, American journalist (reported from China in the 1930s), born in Cedar City, Utah (d. 1997)
  • Sep 23 Dominique Aury, French novelist (d. 1998)
  • Sep 23 Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • Sep 23 Herbert Kappler, German head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1978)
  • Sep 26 Anthony Blunt, British art historian and spy for USSR, born in Bournemouth, Hampshire, England (d. 1983)

Person of interestBhagat Singh

Sep 27 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, born in Jaranwala Tehsil, Punjab (d. 1931)

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Sep 28 John Prickett, teacher/ecumenist
  • Sep 28 Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (d. 1931)
  • Oct 2 Alexander Robertus Todd, British organic chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • Oct 7 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
  • Oct 9 Jacques Tati, French director (Traffic, Playtime), born in La Pecq, France (d. 1982)
  • Oct 9 Quintin Hogg, British politician, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, born in London (d. 2001)
  • Oct 15 John Dearden, American cardinal (1969-88) and archbishop of Detroit, born in Valley Falls, Rhode Island (d. 1988)
  • Oct 15 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1980)