On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1909

  • Jan 1 Barry Goldwater, (Sen-R-Az, 1953-65, 69- )/Presidential candidate (R) 1964)
  • Jan 1 Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)
  • Jan 2 Rene Etiemble, French literature historian (Parlez-vous Franglais)
  • Jan 5 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, bibliophile
  • Jan 5 Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (Regular Expressions), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • Jan 6 Joop Moesman, Dutch surrealist painter (Rumor), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • Jan 7 Thalassa Cruso, English-American gardening expert (The Mike Douglas Show; The Tonight Show), born in London (d. 1997)
  • Jan 8 Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
  • Jan 13 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
  • Jan 15 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1939)
  • Jan 22 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)

U Thant

Jan 22 U Thant, Burma, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Burma, British India (d. 1974)

  • Jan 22 Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
  • Jan 29 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 1997)
  • Jan 30 Saul David Alinsky, American radical writer (John L Lewis), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1972)
  • Jan 31 Foley Newns, British colonial administrator
  • Jan 31 Miron Grindea, literary editor
  • Feb 1 Douglas Hall, Governor (Somaliland Protectorate)
  • Feb 3 M Vasalis [Margaretha Droogleever Fortuyn-Leenmans], poet (Phoenix)
  • Feb 3 Simone Weil, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WWII), born in Paris, France
  • Feb 4 Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
  • Feb 7 Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
  • Feb 9 Dean Rusk, US Secretary of State (1961-69), born in Cherokee County, Georgia (d. 1994)
  • Feb 9 John Eustace Theodore Brancker, Barbadian lawyer, civil rights activist and parliamentarian (d. 1996)
  • Feb 10 George Douglass Milne, British peer, soldier and artist, born at Lichfield (d. 2005)
  • Feb 11 Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)
  • Feb 14 A. Moses Klein, Canadian poet (Hath Not a Jew...), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Feb 15 Harold Beeley, British diplomat
  • Feb 15 Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
  • Feb 16 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (McDonalds), born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1998)
  • Feb 18 Wallace Stegner, novelist/critic (Pulitzer-1971-Angle of Repose)
  • Feb 21 Hans Erni, Swiss painter and sculptor, born in Lucerne, Switzerland (d. 2015)
  • Feb 21 Helen Octavia Dickens, American physician and gynaecologist (1st black women admitted to US College of Surgeons), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • Feb 22 Roderick Barclay, diplomat
  • Feb 24 August Derleth, American writer (Judge Peck Mysteries) and editor, born in Sauk City, Wisconsin (d. 1971)
  • Feb 24 Max Black, Dutch/British/American philosopher (analytical philosophy)
  • Feb 24 Michael Francis Morris Lindsay, orientalist
  • Feb 25 Edgar Pangborn, American sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy)
  • Feb 25 John Evan "Jasper" Weston-Davies [pen name Berkley Mather], English writer, born in Gloucester (d. 1996)
  • Feb 25 Geoffrey Dummer, electronics engineer, first to build integrated circuit / microchip, born in Hull England (d. 2002)
  • Feb 26 Fanny Cradock, English TV Chef and food critic, born in Leytonstone, England (d. 1994)
  • Feb 26 King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  • Feb 28 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), born in London (d. 1995)
  • Mar 1 Robert Selby Taylor, bishop
  • Mar 2 Jan Fabricius, Dutch playwright
  • Mar 3 Jay Morris Arena, inventor/pediatrician
  • Mar 3 Kenton Kilmer, American writer, born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Mar 4 Harry B. Helmsley, American billionaire real estate developer (purchased Empire State Building, 1961), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 5 Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47)
  • Mar 6 Obafemi Awolowo, Nigerian statesman and nationalist, born in Ikenne, British Nigeria (d. 1987)
  • Mar 7 Greta Schoon, German poet, born in Spetzerfehn (d. 1991)
  • Mar 7 Leo Malet, French crime novelist (Nestor Burma novels), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1996)
  • Mar 8 Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • Mar 9 Derk Bodde, American sinologist and historian of China, born in Marshfield, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • Mar 10 Gerard Croiset, Dutch parapsychologist, born in Laren, Netherlands
  • Mar 13 Gilbert Inglefield, British architect and Mayor of London (1967-68) (d. 1991)
  • Mar 14 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (Margin)
  • Mar 17 Patrick Reilly, British diplomat, born in Ootacamund, India
  • Mar 18 Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
  • Mar 22 Gabrielle Roy, French Canadian author (The Tin Flute, Street of Riches), born in St. Boniface, Manitoba (d. 1973)

Clyde Barrow

Mar 24 Clyde Barrow, American bank robber (of Bonnie & Clyde fame), born in Ellis County, Texas (d. 1934)

  • Mar 27 Golo Mann, German-American historian (Antisemitism), born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • Mar 28 Nelson Algren, American novelist (Man with the Golden Arm), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1981)
  • Mar 29 Yvonne Waegemans, Flemish writer (Gnome Patjoepelke)
  • Mar 31 Pieter Jongeling, Dutch author (under Piet Prins) and politician
  • Mar 31 Robert Brasillach, French author/nazi collaborator
  • Apr 6 William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)
  • Apr 7 Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978)
  • Apr 8 William James Millar Mackenzie, Scottish political scientist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 9 Domenico Enrici, Roman Catholic Curia Archbishop, born in Cervasca, Italy (d. 1997)
  • Apr 13 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • Apr 13 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, wildlife conservationist, born in Nairobi (d. 1996)
  • Apr 13 Stanislaw Ulam, Polish mathematician, born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
  • Apr 16 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian, born in Denderbelle (d. 1967)
  • Apr 17 Alain Poher, French politician and President of the European Parliament (1966-69), born in Ablon-sur-Seine, France (d. 1996)
  • Apr 17 Humphrey Sims Moore, British pacifist and journalist (founder of Peace News), born in Samoa (d. 1995)
  • Apr 21 Rollo May, American psychologist (Love & Will), born in Ada, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Apr 22 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist (Nobel 1986), born in Turin, Italy (d. 2012)
  • Apr 22 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (History of the Greeks), born in Fucecchio, Italy (d. 2001)
  • Apr 23 Thomas Padmore, British senior civil servant, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 24 Bernhard Grzimek, German zoologist (West Germany), born in Neisse, Prussian Silesia, German Empire (d. 1987)
  • Apr 27 Muriel C. Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place), born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1993)
  • Apr 29 Daniel Mayer, French journalist and resistance fighter, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • Apr 30 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands (1948-80), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Apr 30 F. E. McWilliam [Frederick Edward], Northern-Irish surrealist sculptor (Four Seasons Group), born in Banbridge, County Down (d. 1992)
  • May 1 Ethel Jane Cain, British telephonist and original UK Speaking Clock voice, born in England (d. 1996)
  • May 1 Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, born in Monemvasia (d. 1990)
  • May 4 Jeroom Verten [Jozef Frans Vermetten], Flemish playwright, born in Berchem, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • May 5 Miklós Radnóti, Hungarian poet (Clouded Sky), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)

Edwin Land

May 7 Edwin Land, American inventor of instant photography and co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation, born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1991)

  • May 10 Harold Collison, British trade unionist (agriculture workers), born in London (d. 1995)
  • May 11 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne (d. 1993)
  • May 16 Charles Wislon, principal (Glasgow University)
  • May 17 Edward Playfair, British senior civil servant, born in London (d. 1999)
  • May 19 Nicholas Winton, English Humanitarian ('British Schindler' - saved 600 children from Nazis), born in London (d. 2015)
  • May 20 Edward Moss Hutchinson, educationalist
  • May 21 Guy de Rothschild, French banker (Rothschild Frères), born in Paris, France (d. 2007)
  • May 21 François-Albert Angers, Quebec economist (d. 2003)
  • May 23 Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
  • May 24 Guillermo Díaz-Plaja, Spanish literary and poet (Lorca), born in Manresa, Barcelona (d. 1984)
  • May 24 Louis Fornberg, writer (d. 1957)
  • May 24 Wilbur Mills, American congressmen (Democrat-AZ: 1939-77), famous for his involvement in a sex scandal with Fanne Foxe, born in Kensett, Arkansas (d. 1992)
  • May 25 Alfred Kubel, German politician, born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1999)
  • May 28 John Schepens [Jean Baudoux], Flemish journalist and writer (Polyfoto)
  • May 29 Neil R. Jones, American sci-fi author (Space War, Twin Worlds), born in Fulton, New York (d. 1988)
  • May 31 Jan Lewando, British director (Marks & Spencer)
  • Jun 1 Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
  • Jun 4 William M. Batten, American businessman and CEO (NY Stock Exchange 1976-84), born in Parkersburg, West Virginia (d. 1999)
  • Jun 6 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, born in Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Jun 7 Peter W. Rodino, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey (1949-89), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • Jun 8 William Odling, major-general
  • Jun 9 Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, Spanish philosopher, born in Avila, Spain (d. 1996)
  • Jun 16 Archie Carr, American ecologist and zoologist (conservation of sea turtles), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • Jun 17 Elmer L. Andersen, 30th Governor of Minnesota (1961-63), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • Jun 19 Osamu Dazai, Japan, novelist (Tsugaru, No Longer Human)
  • Jun 22 Michael "Mike" Todd [Avrom Goldbogen], American producer (Around the World in 80 Days) and 3rd husband of Elizabeth Taylor, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1958)
  • Jun 23 Li Xiannian, President of the People's Republic of China (1983-88), born in Hong'an, Hubei, China (d. 1992)
  • Jun 24 William Penney, British physicist (developed Britain's 1st atom bomb), born in Gibraltar (d. 1991)
  • Jun 26 Colonel Tom Parker [Andreas Cornelis van Kuijk], Dutch-born talent manager (Elvis Presley), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • Jun 26 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer (d. 1995)
  • Jun 26 Nicholas Polunin, British botanist and environmentalist, born in Checkendon, Oxfordshire (d. 1997)
  • Jun 28 Eric Ambler, suspense writer (Epitaph for a Spy), born in London, England
  • Jun 28 French van Immerseel, Belgian graphic artist, born in Borsbeek, Antwerp
  • Jun 30 Juan Bosch, 43rd President of the Dominican Republic (1962-63) and writer, born in La Vega, Dominican Republic (d. 2001)
  • Jul 1 Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguayan novelist (La vida breve), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1994)
  • Jul 1 Madge Evans, American TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • Jul 2 Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times), born in Ratzeburg, Germany (d. 1989)
  • Jul 3 Earl Butz, 18th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1971-76), born in Albion, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • Jul 3 Lucy Kroll, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jul 3 Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping magnate (Those Fabulous Greeks), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1996)
  • Jul 4 Lynette Roberts, British poet, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1995)
  • Jul 4 Madeleine Barot, French activist and theologian, born in Châteauroux, France (d. 1995)
  • Jul 5 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [NS 7/18]
  • Jul 8 Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist (Holy Devil)
  • Jul 10 Donald William Sinclair, co–proprietor of the Gleneagles Hotel and the inspiration for the character Basil Fawlty in Fawlty Towers (d. 1981)
  • Jul 11 Jacques Clemens, Dutch Catholic priest, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • Jul 12 Seymour Berry, 2nd Viscount Camrose, British Conservative Lower house leader (1941-45), born in Surrey, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 12 Fritz Leonhardt, German structural engineer, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Jul 13 Souphanouvong, President of Laos (1975-87), born in Louangphrabang, Laos (d. 1995)
  • Jul 16 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, British Canon of Windsor and moral theologian (d. 1996)
  • Jul 17 Hardy Amies, royal dressmaker (Queen Elizabeth II), born in London, England
  • Jul 18 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [OS 7/5]
  • Jul 18 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) and Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • Jul 20 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (d. 1969)
  • Jul 21 Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, English Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 24 John William Finn, American US Navy sailor, awarded the 1st Medal of Honor of WWII for his actions during the attack on Pearl Harbor, born in Compton, California (d. 2010)
  • Jul 26 Peter Thorneycroft, British politician, born in Dunston, Staffordshire (d. 1994)
  • Jul 28 Malcolm Lowry, English novelist (Under the Volcano), born in New Brighton, England (d. 1957)
  • Jul 30 C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian (Pursuit of Progress), born in Barnard Castle, County Durham, England (d. 1993)
  • Aug 1 Nigel Henderson, British Royal Navy admiral (d. 1993)
  • Aug 2 Lord Benson [Henry Alexander], British accountant (Coopers & Lybrand), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1995)
  • Aug 4 Roberto Burle Marx, Brazilian landscape gardener, born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 1994)
  • Aug 4 Saunders Mac Lane, American mathematician (co-founded category theory), born in Taftville, Connecticut (d. 2005)
  • Aug 9 John Baur, American museum director and author (American Paintings in 19th Century), born in Woodbridge, Connecticut (d. 1987)
  • Aug 9 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1944)
  • Aug 10 George Crockett Jr., American attorney (founded 1st racially integrated law firm) and politician (Rep-D-MI, 1980-91), born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1997)
  • Aug 10 Julio A Abraham, president (Democratic Party Bonaire)
  • Aug 10 Mohammed V ibn Yusuf, King of Morocco (1953, 1955-61)
  • Aug 11 Hugo Buchthal, art historian
  • Aug 11 Jean Lancaster, director (WRNS)
  • Aug 12 Maurice Heath, air marshal
  • Aug 12 Richard Bare, American director
  • Aug 15 Raymond O'Malley, English teacher " the most cantankerous teacher of English in modern times" and writer (One-House Farm) (d. 1996)
  • Aug 19 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes and Diamonds), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1983)
  • Aug 21 C. Dillon Douglas, US Secretary of Treasury (1961-65), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 2003)
  • Aug 21 Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1992)
  • Aug 22 Stojan Daskalov, Bulgarian writer (A Farm), born in Liljac, Vraca, Bulgaria (d. 1985)
  • Aug 26 Frank Gasparro, US chief engraver (1965-81), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 27 Sidney R. Yates, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • Aug 29 Roy Reuther, American labor leader, born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1968)
  • Aug 30 Barry Appleby, British cartoonist (The Gambols), born in Birmingham (d. 1996)
  • Aug 31 Marie-Louise Grog-Carven, French fashion designer (Ma Griffe perfume), born in Châtellerault, Poitou-Charentes (d. 2015)
  • Sep 1 E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (d. 1957)

Eduard Wirths

Sep 4 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician (Auschwitz), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1945)

  • Sep 11 William Natcher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky 1953-94), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1994)
  • Sep 12 Donald MacDonald, Canadian politician and former president of the Canadian Labour Congress (1967-74), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1986)
  • Sep 12 Lawrence Brooks, American US Army soldier, 1940-45 (91st Engineer Battalion - New Guinea, The Philippines), and longest-living American World War II veteran, born in Norwood, Louisiana (d. 2022)
  • Sep 14 Peter Scott, British naturalist & explorer, born in London (d. 1989)

Jean Batten

Sep 15 Jean Batten, New Zealand aviator (first-ever solo flight from England to New Zealand in 1936), born in Rotorua, New Zealand (d. 1982)

  • Sep 15 C. N. Annadurai, Indian politician and 1st Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, born in Kancheepuram, Madras, British India (d. 1969)
  • Sep 16 John Megaw, British Lord Justice of Appeal, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • Sep 16 Fernand Lodewick, literature historian (d. 1995)
  • Sep 17 Elizabeth Wilkinson, professor German University College London
  • Sep 17 Kenneth Darling, British Army Commander-in-chief Allied Forces, born in Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1998)
  • Sep 19 Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (Porsche AG), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)

Kwame Nkrumah

Sep 21 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), born in Nkroful, Gold Coast (Ghana) (d. 1972)

  • Sep 22 David Riesman, US sociologist (Lonely Crowd)
  • Sep 23 Marianne Straub, weaver
  • Sep 23 Susan Travers, English-French Foreign Legion soldier, born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • Sep 24 Gerard Ciołek, Polish architect, born in Wyżnica, Austria-Hungary (d. 1966)
  • Sep 25 Florizel Glasspole, 3rd Governor-General of Jamaica (1973-91), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2000)
  • Sep 26 Helen Giuliani, Mother of Rudy Giulani (107th Mayor of New York City), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • Sep 28 Al Capp [Alfred Gerald Caplin], cartoonist (Li'l Abner), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Sep 28 Stephen Spender, poet [or Feb 28]
  • Oct 1 Samuel Yorty, (Mayor-LA), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • Oct 4 James B. Pritchard, American theologist and archaeologist, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1997)
  • Oct 7 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • Oct 7 Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
  • Oct 10 Luc van Brabant, Flemish writer and erotic poet, born in Lokoren, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Oct 13 Herblock [Herbert Lawrence Block], American cartoonist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)

About 1909

Chinese Zodiac: Monkey (Jan 1 - Jan 21), Rooster (Jan 22 - Dec 31)