On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1910

  • Jan 2 Ulrich Becher, German writer and playwright, born in Berlin (d. 1990)
  • Jan 2 Srirangam Srinivasarao [Sri Sri], Telugu Poet, born in Visakhapatnam, India (d. 1983)
  • Jan 3 Thomas Stuart Willan, historian
  • Jan 4 Arthur Villeneuve, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
  • Jan 6 Wright Morris, American novelist & photographer, born in Central City, Nebraska (d. 1998)
  • Jan 7 Alain de Rothschild, French banker (Banque Rothschild), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • Jan 7 Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. 1984)
  • Jan 7 Orval Faubus, American politician, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
  • Jan 10 Alioune Diop, Senegalese writer & editor (Présence africaine), born in Senegal (d. 1980)
  • Jan 11 Dorothy Stroud, English museum curator & biographer, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1997)
  • Jan 11 Trygve Bratteli, Norwegian Prime Minister (Labour: 1971-72, 1973-76), born in Nøtterøy, Norway (d. 1984)
  • Jan 11 Sir Shane Paltridge, Australian politician (d. 1966)
  • Jan 16 David McCampbell, US Navy captain, fighter pilot, and Medal of Honor recipient (WW II, Pacific theatre, downed 34 Japanese planes), born in Bessemer, Alabama (d. 1996)
  • Jan 17 Edith Green, American politician (Rep-D-Oregon 1955-74), born in Trent, South Dakota (d. 1987)
  • Jan 17 Michael Economides, restaurateur
  • Jan 19 Willi Schmidt, German director
  • Jan 20 Abram Hill, African-American playwright & author (American Negro Theater), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1986)

Joy Adamson

Jan 20 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), born in Troppau, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)

  • Jan 20 Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1980)
  • Jan 21 Lord Cayzer, British financier/swcheeps magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 25 Harold Watkinson, British politician & businessman, born in Walton-on-Thames, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • Jan 26 Elmar Klos, Czech director (Adrift)
  • Jan 28 Verda Bryant, American author
  • Jan 29 Paul Hodder-Williams, British publisher (Hodder & Stoughton), born in Calcutta, India (d. 2007)
  • Jan 29 Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)
  • Jan 30 Chidambaram Subramaniam, Indian politician, born in Pollachi taluk (d. 2000)
  • Jan 31 Herbert Ashworth, CEO (Nationwide Building Society)
  • Feb 2 Charlotte Auerbach, German-born British geneticist and zoologist, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1994)
  • Feb 4 Uys Krige, South African playwright/novelist (Orphan of the Desert)
  • Feb 5 Martha van Och-Scholl, German/Dutch resistance fighter (WWII)
  • Feb 5 Charles Leblond, Canadian Cell Biologist (d. 2007)
  • Feb 6 Irmgard Keun, German author, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Feb 6 Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1993)
  • Feb 9 Jacques Monod, French biochemist
  • Feb 10 Dominique Pire, Belgian educator, aided WW II refugees (Nobel 1958)
  • Feb 12 Forsyth Hardy, Scottish documentary film pioneer and critic, born in Bathgate, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • Feb 12 Lee Byung Chull, Korean industrialist, founder of Samsung, born in Uiryeong County, Korean Empire (d. 1987)

William Shockley

Feb 13 William Shockley, American physicist who helped invent the transistor (1956 Nobel), who was also known for his racist eugenics views, born in London, England (d. 1989)

  • Feb 16 Michael Milne-Watson, British company executive (BUPA), born in London, England
  • Feb 20 Julian Trevelyan, English Surrealist painter/collage maker
  • Feb 21 Douglas Bader, British pilot and WWII flying ace during WWII, born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • Feb 21 Carmine Galante, Italian-born gangster (d. 1979)
  • Feb 22 Muriel Monkhouse, Red Cross worker
  • Feb 25 Millicent Fenwick, American politician (Rep-R-NJ 1975-82) (Doonesbury), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)
  • Feb 27 Peter De Vries, author (Reuben, Reuben, Prick of Noon), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 27 Clarence "Kelly" Johnson, American aircraft engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; d. 1990)
  • Mar 2 Hope Clara Chenhalls, food inspector
  • Mar 4 Tancredo Neves, Brazilian politician (Prime Minister and elected President 1985), born in São João del-Rei, Brazil (d. 1985)

Momofuku Ando

Mar 5 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, born in Wu Baifu, Chiayi County, Taiwan (d. 2007)

  • Mar 8 Bernard Benjamin, British health statistician, actuary and demographer, born in London (d. 2002)
  • Mar 9 Ed Hoornik, Dutch writer and poet (Survivor), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Mar 11 Robert H G Havemann, German chemist
  • Mar 12 Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
  • Mar 12 Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
  • Mar 12 Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
  • Mar 15 An Rutgers van der Loeff-Basenau, children book writer (Skating Race)
  • Mar 16 Andrew Miller-Jones, British TV pioneer (Picture Page, Dressing Up), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Mar 16 Martijn Lijnema, boer/resistance fighter (WWII)

Bayard Rustin

Mar 17 Bayard Rustin, American civil rights leader (March on Washington organizer, Social Democrats USA), born in West Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)

  • Mar 18 Chiang Ching-huo, son of Chinese president Chiang Kai-shek/President (1978-88)
  • Mar 19 Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut
  • Mar 19 Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • Mar 21 Nick Castle, American choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1968)
  • Mar 21 M S Khan, Bangladeshi intellectual (d. 1978)
  • Mar 22 Nicholas Monsarrat, English novelist (The Cruel Sea), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1979)
  • Mar 27 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, born in Jinhua, Zhejiang province (d. 1996)
  • Mar 28 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark, Wife of King Frederik IX, ruler of Denmark (1947-72), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • Mar 28 Frederick Baldwin Adams Jr., American librarian and director of the Pierpont Morgan Library, born in Greenwich, Connecticut (d. 2001)
  • Mar 30 Józef Marcinkiewicz, Polish mathematician, born in Cimoszka, Poland (d. 1940)
  • Apr 2 Irene Mayer Selznick, American socialite and theatrical producer (Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • Apr 2 Joeri German, Russian writer
  • Apr 2 Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer, born in Cabano, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • Apr 6 Desmond Dreyer, British admiral
  • Apr 9 Abraham Ribicoff, American politician, U.S. Senator from Connecticut, born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 1998)
  • Apr 10 David Gilroy Bevan, British politician (d. 1996)
  • Apr 10 Paul Sweezy, American Marxist economist and editor (Monthly Review), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • Apr 11 António de Spínola, Portuguese general and conservative President of Portugal (1974), born in Estremoz, Portugal (d. 1996)
  • Apr 11 Henry William Collins, English artist, born in Colchester, Essex (d. 1994)
  • Apr 12 Jürgen Rausch, German philosopher and author (End of the Playboys), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1995)
  • Apr 15 Ralph Grey, Baron Grey of Naunton, Governor of Northern Ireland (1968-73), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1999)
  • Apr 18 Jamie Whitten, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi), born in Cascilla, Mississippi (d. 1995)
  • Apr 19 Andrew Gilchrist, British ambassador (Ireland, Indonesia, Iceland), born in Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1993)
  • Apr 20 Robert F. Wagner Jr., Mayor of New York City (Democrat: 1954-65), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Apr 22 Eric Scowen, English physician and Professor of Medicine (University of London, 1961-75), born in West Ham, London (d. 2001)
  • Apr 22 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (algebraic topology), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1971)
  • Apr 26 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • Apr 28 Sam Merwin, Jr., American mystery fiction writer, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • May 2 Alexander Bonnyman Jr., U.S. Marine Corps officer, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1943)
  • May 5 William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WWII)
  • May 6 Antoon Breyne, Belgian journalist, born in Ypres, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • May 9 Barbara Woodhouse, dog training expert
  • May 10 Margot Turner, matron-in-chief (Army Nursing Service)
  • May 12 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British biochemist who developed protein crystallography to study molecular structure, including that of vitamin B12 (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1964), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1994) [1]
  • May 12 Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (d. 1996)
  • May 16 Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (d. 1975)
  • May 18 Arthur van Schendel, Dutch art historian, and museum director (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, 1959-75) born Ede, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • May 23 Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
  • May 23 Hugh Casson CH, architect
  • May 23 Margaret Wise Brown, American author (d. 1952)
  • May 26 Adolfo López Mateos, 48th President of Mexico, born in Atizapán de Zaragoza, State of Mexico, Mexico (d. 1969)
  • May 26 Laurance Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank) and philanthropist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • May 27 Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)
  • May 28 Stuart Piggott, British archaeologist best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex, born in Petersfield, Hampshire (d. 1996)
  • May 31 Francis Avery Jones, British gastro-enterologist
  • Jun 3 Wilfred Thesiger, English explorer and travel writer (Arabian Sands), born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (d. 2003)
  • Jun 4 Christopher Cockerell, English inventor (Hovercraft), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1999)
  • Jun 4 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, born in Frenda, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • Jun 7 Bradford Washburn, American explorer and cartographer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2007)
  • Jun 7 Marion Post Wolcott, American photographer during the Great Depression, born in Montclair, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [NS=June 21]
  • Jun 8 John W. Campbell, American sci-fi writer (Moon is Hell), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1971)
  • Jun 8 Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer, born in Paris (d. 2003)

Jacques Cousteau

Jun 11 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanic explorer (Calypso), born in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France (d. 1997)

  • Jun 12 Bill Naughton [William John Francis Naughton], English playwright (Alfie), born in Ballyhaunis, Ireland (d. 1992)
  • Jun 13 Mary Whitehouse, English social activist who opposed social liberalism and the mainstream British media, born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 13 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Spanish writer associated with the Generation of '36 movement, born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1999)
  • Jun 16 Richard Barrer, New Zealand-born chemist (father of zeolite chemistry) (d. 1996)
  • Jun 17 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 2003)
  • Jun 19 Frederick Harry Baines, painter
  • Jun 21 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [OS=June 8]

Jean Anouilh

Jun 23 Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (Antigone, The Lark), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1987)

  • Jun 23 Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1995-2008), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2008)
  • Jun 26 Charles Spry, Australian soldier and security chief, born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1994)
  • Jul 2 H. G. Adler, German writer (The Journey), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • Jul 3 Bernard Burrows, British diplomat (d. 2002)
  • Jul 4 Francis D. Foley, US Rear Admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1999)
  • Jul 5 Robert K. Meston, American sociologist (functionalism), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Jul 8 Govan Mbeki, South African leader (ANC/SACP)
  • Jul 11 John Francis Boyd, journalist
  • Jul 20 Cicely Veronica Wedgwood, British historian (William the Silent)
  • Jul 22 Edith Abbo, daughter of Mien Wenneker/Dutch Prince Henry
  • Jul 24 Edward Ford, courtier in the Royal Household of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II (d. 2006)
  • Jul 24 Harry Horner, Austro-Hungarian-born American stage and film designer (The Heiress), born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1994)
  • Jul 27 Julien Gracq [Louis Poirier], French writer (Andre Breton), born in Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 2007)
  • Jul 28 Bill Goodwin, announcer (Jolson Story, Burns & Allen), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 28 Clive Caldwell, Australian fighter pilot who shot down 28.5 aircraft during WWII, born in Lewisham, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Jul 29 Harry Boyne, Scottish political journalist, born in Inverness (d. 1997)
  • Jul 30 Edgar de Evia, Mexican-American photographer, born in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico (d. 2003)
  • Aug 1 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist who covered the Spanish Civil War, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1937)
  • Aug 2 Lawrence Josset, British engraver, born in Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Lou Zara, American writer (Stump the Authors), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • Aug 4 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2011)
  • Aug 5 Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist/author (A Country), (d. 1996)
  • Aug 6 Charles Crichton, British director (Battle of Sexes)
  • Aug 6 William J Law, sailor
  • Aug 7 Clark Poling, American US Army chaplain and Protestant minister (The Four Chaplains), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1943) [1]
  • Aug 8 Francisco Brochado Da Rocha, Prime Minister of Brazil (1962)
  • Aug 9 Robert van Gulik, Dutch diplomat and writer (Judge Dee), born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • Aug 10 Angus Campbell, American psychologist (Elections & Political Order)
  • Aug 12 Baroness Phillips, pres/general secretary (National Association of Women)
  • Aug 12 Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • Aug 15 Josef Klaus, Austrian conservative politician (Minister of Finance, 1961-63; Chancellor, 1966-70), born in Kötschach-Mauthen, Austria (d. 2001)
  • Aug 15 Leslie Coffelt, American White House Police officer, killed in the line of duty during an assassination attempt on Harry Truman, born in Oranda, Virginia (d. 1950) [1]
  • Aug 17 Johan Manusama, Moluccan politician, born in Banjarmasin, Indonesia (d. 1995)
  • Aug 18 Charles Wegg-Prosser, solicitor
  • Aug 19 Quentin Bell, English art historian (established Charleston Trust), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 20 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), born in Kirkkonummi, Finland (d. 1961)
  • Aug 25 J. B. Charles [Willem H. Nagel], Dutch criminologist and writer, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Aug 25 Dorothea Tanning, American artist (Nachtmusik, 1943, Night Shadow, 1945), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 2012)

Mother Teresa

Aug 26 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

  • Aug 28 Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch-American economist (Nobel 1975), born in 's-Graveland, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • Aug 29 Georges Loinger, French resistance fighter (WWII), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • Sep 2 Alma Heflin, American commercial airplane test pilot and child psychologist, born in Winona, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • Sep 6 Frank Fidler, English artist, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Sep 14 Gaston Defferre, French Socialist politician, born in Marsillargues, France (d. 1986)
  • Sep 14 Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon, born in Katakolo, Greece (d. 2003)
  • Sep 14 Yi Sang, Korean author and poet (Dying Words, Wings, Child’s Bone), born in Jongro, Seoul (d. 1937)
  • Sep 15 George D. Kilpatrick, Canadian-British bible scholar
  • Sep 15 Richard Baerlein, British racing writer (d. 1911)
  • Sep 16 Erich Kempka, German chauffeur to Adolf Hitler, born in Oberhausen, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Sep 17 Vernon Thompson, thoracic surgeon
  • Sep 18 Hendrik Cornelis, Belgian colonial civil servant and Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, born in Oudenaarde, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • Sep 23 Elliot Roosevelt, son of FDR/writer (Murder in the Oval Office)
  • Sep 24 Cao Yu, Huaju writer (Peking Man), born in Tianjin, China (d. 1996)
  • Sep 24 Leon MacLaren, British philosopher and founder of the LSE, born in Glasgow (d. 1994)
  • Sep 27 Giles Playfair, English writer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1996)
  • Sep 28 Diosdado Macapagal, President of the Philippines (1961-65)
  • Oct 1 Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
  • Oct 1 José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)

Bonnie Parker

Oct 1 Bonnie Parker, American outlaw of Bonnie and Clyde fame, born in Rowena, Texas (d. 1934)

  • Oct 6 Barbara Castle, British politician (d. 2002)
  • Oct 7 Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • Oct 8 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party, born in Cherry Township, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • Oct 9 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (1974-80), born in Highgate, London (d. 2000)
  • Oct 10 Price Daniel, American politician (38th Governor of Texas), born in Dayton, Texas (d. 1988)
  • Oct 11 Francis James Claude Piggott, soldier, born in Tokyo (d. 1996)
  • Oct 11 Joseph Alsop, American political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President), born in Avon, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • Oct 12 Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 14 Jozef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels (d. 1986)
  • Oct 19 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, India, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983)
  • Oct 25 William Higinbotham, American physicist (member of team who developed first nuclear bomb), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • Oct 26 John Krol, American former archbishop of Philadelphia (1961-88), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • Oct 27 Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne and Guinness brewing heir, born in Mandatory Palestine (d. 1992)
  • Oct 29 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), born in London (d. 1989)
  • Oct 30 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), born in Orihuela, Spain (d. 1942)
  • Nov 2 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician and leader of Egypt's Wafd Party (d. 1999)
  • Nov 11 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, born in Pidvolochysk, Galicia (d. 1996)

Raemer Schreiber

Nov 11 Raemer Schreiber, American physicist (Manhattan Project) who helped develop the first atomic bomb during World War II and prepared the Fat Man bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki, born in McMinnville, Oregon (d. 1998)

  • Nov 13 William Bradford Huie, American writer and publisher, born in Hartselle, Alabama (d. 1986)

About 1910

Chinese Zodiac: Rooster (Jan 1 - Feb 9), Dog (Feb 10 - Dec 31)