On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1912

Kim Philby

Jan 1 Kim Philby, British spy and Soviet mole who was a member of the "Cambridge Five", born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 1988)

  • Jan 1 Victor Reuther, American labor leader, born in Wheeling, West Virginia
  • Jan 1 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
  • Jan 3 Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • Jan 3 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • Jan 5 Frank Pace Jr., US Secretary of Army (1950-53), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1988)
  • Jan 6 Jacques Cesar Ellul, French philosopher & sociologist, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1994)
  • Jan 7 Charles Addams, American artist and cartoonist (New Yorker, The Addams Family) known for darkly humorous and macabre characters, born in Westfield, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • Jan 9 Ralph Tubbs, British architect, born in Hadley Wood, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 10 Maria Mandel, Camp leader at Auschwitz, born in Münzkirchen, Austria (d. 1948)
  • Jan 11 Roger Lewis, aviation exec (Lockheed, Curtiss Wright, Pan Am)
  • Jan 12 Charles Moeller, Belgian theologist (Humanism et saintete), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Jan 15 Michel Debré, French politician, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • Jan 16 Franz Tumler, Austrian author/novelist (Cloak, Aufruf)
  • Jan 18 William Sansom, English writer (Loving Eye), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1976)
  • Jan 19 Jean G H "Sjeng" Tans, Dutch soc dem chairman (1965-69)
  • Jan 19 Leonid V Kantorovich, economist (Nobel), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Jan 21 Konrad Bloch, German biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • Jan 25 Lucius E. Burch Jr., American attorney, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • Jan 26 Cora Baird, American puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 27 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2009)
  • Jan 27 E. R. Braithwaite, diplomat and writer (To Sir with Love), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2016)

Jackson Pollock

Jan 28 Jackson Pollock, American expressionist painter (Lavender Mist), born in Cody, Wyoming (d. 1956)

  • Jan 28 William "Bill" Henson, English diplomat (Prague 1939)
  • Jan 29 Jaap Balk, Dutch journalist (AH, Onder de Keizerskroon)
  • Jan 30 Barbara Tuchman, American historian & author (Pulitzer, Guns of August), born in New York (d. 1989)
  • Jan 30 Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1984)
  • Feb 2 Millvina Dean, British civil servant who was the last living survivor of the RMS Titanic and also the youngest aboard, born in Branscombe, Devon, England (d. 2009)
  • Feb 3 Jacques Soustelle, French minister of information
  • Feb 4 Ola Skjåk Bræk, Norwegian politician (d. 1999)
  • Feb 4 Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, archbishop of Quebec (d. 2006)
  • Feb 6 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Feb 7 Russell Drysdale, Australian Artist {d. 1981}
  • Feb 9 Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist
  • Feb 10 Lord Orr-Ewing [Charles Ian], great-grandson of Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing, Bt
  • Feb 11 Roy Fuller, Failsworth, Lancashire, English poet/novelist (Lost Season)
  • Feb 12 R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
  • Feb 14 Edmund George Love, American historian & author (A Small Bequest)=
  • Feb 14 Juan Pujol Garcia [Garbo/Arabel], Spanish British/German double agent
  • Feb 14 Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist
  • Feb 14 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
  • Feb 15 George Mikes, Hungarian British writer (How to Be an Alien)
  • Feb 16 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
  • Feb 16 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch author
  • Feb 17 Alice "Andre" Norton, American sci-fi author (The Time Traders, The Zero Stone), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2005)
  • Feb 19 Adolf Rudnicki [Aron Hirschhorn], Polish writer (Niekochana), born in Żabno, Galicia (now Poland) (d. 1990)
  • Feb 19 Peter Francis du Sautoy, British publisher (Faber & Faber) (d. 1995)
  • Feb 20 Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
  • Feb 27 Lawrence Durrell, Indian-British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India (d. 1990)
  • Feb 27 Kusumagraj, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • Feb 28 Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Mar 1 Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, archbishop of Toronto (d. 2003)
  • Mar 4 Afro [Basaldella], Italian painter
  • Mar 4 Carl Marzani, Italian-born American leftwing political activist, publisher and documentarian, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1994)
  • Mar 6 Madge Adam, astronomer
  • Mar 8 Preston Smith, 40th Governor of Texas, born in Williamson County, Texas (d. 2003)
  • Mar 11 Robert Clifford Latham, pepys Scholar
  • Mar 12 James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
  • Mar 12 Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
  • Mar 12 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • Mar 13 James Friell, Scottish political cartoonist (Daily Worker), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • Mar 15 Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot
  • Mar 15 Louis Paul Boon, Flemish writer (Kapellekensbaan)
  • Mar 16 (Thelma Catherine) "Pat" Nixon [née Ryan], American First Lady (1969-74), born in Ely, Nevada (d. 1993)
  • Mar 19 Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot
  • Mar 22 Henri Rousselot, French admiral (submarine commander during WWII), born in Lorraine, France (d. 1994)
  • Mar 22 Lord Alport [Cuthbert Alport], politician, cabinet minister, and life peer
  • Mar 22 Agnes Martin, Canadian-American abstract painter, born in Macklin, Saskatchewan (d. 2004)

Wernher von Braun

Mar 23 Wernher von Braun, German-American rocket scientist (Germany - V1 and V2, US -Saturn V, NASA), and Disney space consultant, born in Wirsitz, Kingdom of Prussia (now Wyrzysk, Poland) (d. 1977)

Dorothy Height

Mar 24 Dorothy Height, American civil rights and women's rights activist (National Council of Negro Women), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2010)

  • Mar 28 A. Bertram Chandler, Anglo-Australian mariner and sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space), born in Aldershot, England (d. 1984)
  • Mar 28 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, born in Moscow (d. 1943)
  • Mar 29 Hanna Reitsch, German aviator and test pilot, born in Hirschberg, Silesia (d. 1979)
  • Mar 30 (Andrew) Rodger Waterson, Scottish zoologist, specializing in malacology (mollusks) and entomology (insects), born in Ollaberry, Shetland, Scotland
  • Mar 31 Wilhelmus Berkelmans, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Apr 3 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch economist and general manager (FAO) (d. 1992)
  • Apr 3 Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands), born in Huizum, Netherlands (d. 1969)
  • Apr 7 John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman
  • Apr 9 Wilson Charles Geoffrey Baldwin, hero, born in Tendring, Essex (d. 1994)
  • Apr 9 Lew Kopelew, Russian author, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Apr 10 Roy Hofheinz, American judge and engineer (Houston Astrodome), born in Beaumont, Texas (d. 1982)
  • Apr 12 Harold Maguire, British air marshal, born in Kilkishen, Ireland (d. 2001)
  • Apr 13 Roy Winsor, American producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • Apr 14 Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), born in Gentilly, Val-de-Marne, France (d. 1994)

Kim Il-sung

Apr 15 Kim Il-sung, Founder, dictator and Supreme Leader of North-Korea (1948-94), born in Mangyongdae, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)

  • Apr 16 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Apr 16 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • Apr 17 Isador Caplan, British lawyer and Aldeburgh Festival pioneer, born in Blackpool, England (d. 1995)
  • Apr 19 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951), born in Ishpeming, Michigan (d. 1999)
  • Apr 19 William Murray, British teacher and educationalist, born in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland (d. 1995)
  • Apr 20 Ed Jones, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee, born in Yorkville, Tennessee (d. 1999)
  • Apr 20 Frederick Craig Riddle, British violist, born in Liverpool (d. 1995)
  • Apr 20 Soewarsih Djojopoespito, Indonesian writer (Toe the Line), born in Bogor, Indonesia (d. 1977)
  • Apr 21 Eve Arnold, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 25 Gladys Presley, mother of Elvis, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 A. E. van Vogt, Canadian sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn), born in Gretna, Manitoba, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Apr 27 Franz Weyergans, Belgian writer and translator (Les Gens Heureux), born in Seraing, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 27 Frederick R. Weisman, philanthropist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • Apr 28 Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WWII), born in Amiens, France (d. 1995)
  • Apr 29 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • Apr 29 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), born in Dublin (d. 1994)
  • Apr 30 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81) and Minister of Defense (1977-79), born in Madrid (d. 1995)
  • May 1 Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander, born in Heidau, Neisse, Province of Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1998)
  • May 2 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate (Bild Zeitung), born in Altona, Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1985)
  • May 2 Marten Toonder, Dutch comic writer and cartoonist (Tom Puss), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • May 3 Eleanore "May" Sarton, Belgian-American writer (Land of Silence), born in Wondelgem, Belgium (d. 1995)
  • May 5 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, born in Wales (d. 1995)
  • May 6 B. Roest Crollius, Dutch painter and writer (Chronicle Sins of Youth), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • May 6 Hugh Martell, British Vice Admiral, born in Penzance, Cornwall, England (d. 1998)
  • May 7 Paul Brenneker, Neth/Antillian photographer and folklorist, born in Venlo, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • May 8 George Woodcock, Canadian writer of political biography and history (Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • May 8 Gertrud Fussenegger [Dorn], Austrian writer (Mohrenlegende)
  • May 9 Per Imerslund, "The aryan idol" (d. 1943)
  • May 10 Edward Gardner, British barrister and Conservative Party politician (British Nationality Act 1981), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 2001)
  • May 12 Archibald Cox, U.S. Solicitor General (d. 2004)
  • May 13 Judah Nadich, American rabbi (d. 2007)
  • May 14 Marguerite Fawdry, museum curator
  • May 15 Alexis Kagame, Rwandan philosopher, historian, poet and Tutsi intellectual and cultural leader, born in Kiyanza, Rwanda, German East Africa (d. 1981)
  • May 16 Studs Terkel, American author/host (Stud's Place, Working), born in NYC, New York
  • May 17 Archibald Cox, American lawyer and special prosecutor (Watergate), born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 2004)
  • May 18 Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer
  • May 20 Joseph Proce, 3rd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • May 21 John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (d. 1986)
  • May 23 David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
  • May 23 Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
  • May 25 Princess Deokhye of Korea, last princess of the Korean Empire, born in Changdeok Palace, Keijo, Japanese Korea (d. 1989)
  • May 26 Janos Kádár, 46th Prime Minister of Hungary 5th Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary (1956-58), born in Fiume, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • May 27 John Cheever, American writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1982)
  • May 28 Leslie Monson, British High Commissioner to Zambia
  • May 28 Patrick White, Australian novelist and playwright (Happy Valley, Nobel Prize for Literature 1973), born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • May 28 Herman Johannes, Indonesian scientist and politician (d. 1992)
  • May 29 Jan Hanlo, Dutch poet (Go to the Mosque), born in Bandung, Dutch East Indies (d. 1969)
  • May 29 Lucie Aubrac [Bernard], history teacher and French resistance member, born in Paris, France (d. 2007)
  • May 30 Alexander Langsdorf, physicist
  • May 30 Joseph Stein, American dramatist and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • May 30 Julian Gustave Symons, writer
  • May 31 Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson, American politician (Sen-D-Wash), born in Everett, Washington (d. 1983)
  • May 31 Martin Schwarzschild, American astronomer (evolution)
  • May 31 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American experimental physicist (conducted the Wu experiment), born in Liuhe, China (d. 1997)
  • Jun 3 Richard D'Aeth, British educationist (Hughes Hall Cambridge), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2008)
  • Jun 3 William Douglas-Home, British playwright (Now .. Barabbas), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1992)
  • Jun 4 Robert Jacobsen, Danish sculptor (great iron sculptures), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1993)
  • Jun 5 Dean Amadon, American ornithologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2003)
  • Jun 8 Ian Morrow, British company director, best known for saving Rolls Royce (d. 2006)
  • Jun 8 Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)
  • Jun 10 Leslie Brown, British Bishop (St Edmundsbury & Ipswich)
  • Jun 10 William Gordon Harris, British civil engineer, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2005)
  • Jun 10 Jean Lesage, Canadian politician (19th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • Jun 11 William Baziotes, American painter (abstract expressionist), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • Jun 11 Mary Lavin, Irish author (Tales from Bective Bridge), born in East Walpole, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • Jun 13 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (Regards et jeux dans l'espace), born in Sainte-Catherine de Fossanbault, Canada (d. 1943)
  • Jun 14 E. Cuyler Hammond, American epidemiologist (first to link smoking with lung cancer), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1986)

Enoch Powell

Jun 16 Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member infamous for his "Rivers of Blood" speech, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1998)

  • Jun 16 John Peel, British politician (C), (d. 2004)
  • Jun 17 Wessel Couzijn, Dutch sculptor and cartoonist (Auschwitz-monument), born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • Jun 20 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), born in London (d. 2004)
  • Jun 21 Mary McCarthy, American novelist (Group), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1989)
  • Jun 22 Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)

Alan Turing

Jun 23 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), born in London (d. 1954)

  • Jun 24 Norman Cousins, American editor (Saturday Review) and peace activist, born in West Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • Jun 24 Selwyn Powell, British magazine editor (The Geographical Magazine; Night & Day), born in England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 25 Virginia Lacy Jones, American librarian and presidential advisor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1984)
  • Jun 25 William T. Cahill, American politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (1970-74), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • Jun 28 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 29 John Toland, American political writer (Rising Sun, Pulitzer 1971), born in La Crosse, Wisconsin (d. 2004)
  • Jun 29 Émile Peynaud, French oenologist, born in Madiran, Gers, France (d. 2004)
  • Jun 30 Madhaviah Krishnan, Indian naturalist and wildlife photographer, born in Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India (d. 1996)
  • Jun 30 Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Jul 1 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal and President of Iraq (1968-79), born in Tikrit, Ottoman Empire (d. 1982)
  • Jul 1 David Brower, American environmentalist and president (Sierra Club), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2000)
  • Jul 1 Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (Vogue magazine) and manager (Lord & Taylor), born in El Reno, Canadian County, Oklahoma (d. 1989)
  • Jul 3 Edward Jones, Northern Irish lord justice of appeals (d. 1993)
  • Jul 6 Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and author (Seven Years in Tibet), born in Hüttenberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 2006)
  • Jul 10 Francis Showering, English brewer, born in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 12 Brodrick Haldane, Scottish photographer, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • Jul 14 Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • Jul 18 Harry Levin, American literary scholar, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • Jul 18 Henry Louis Miller, American Rear Admiral (WW II-Pacific), born in Fairbanks, Alaska (d. 1993)
  • Jul 19 Norman Carr, British conservationist working in Central and Southern Africa, born in Chinde, Portuguese East Africa (d. 1997)
  • Jul 20 Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member
  • Jul 20 John Dacie, hematologist
  • Jul 20 Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found newspaper (The Typhoon)
  • Jul 20 George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (d. 1970)
  • Jul 27 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)

Milton Friedman

Jul 31 Milton Friedman, American economist (Nobel Prize Economics 1976), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)

  • Aug 1 Bryan Keith-Lucas, British political scientist, born in Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Masaya Hanai, Japanese businessman (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Bela Szigeti, Hungarian theoretical physicist, born in Budapest (d. 1996)
  • Aug 2 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and UN statistician, born in Križ, Moslavania, Croatia (d. 2001)
  • Aug 4 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in WW II (saved 10,000s of Jews), born in Lidingö Municipality, Sweden (d. 1947)
  • Aug 4 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, born in Volyn, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • Aug 5 Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • Aug 8 Daniel Mann [Chugerman], American stage and screen director (The Rose Tattoo; The Teahouse Of The August Moon; Butterfield 8), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 10 Izaak Samkalden, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA)/mayor of Amsterdam
  • Aug 10 Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (O Pais do Carnaval)
  • Aug 11 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • Aug 13 Metten Koornstra, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Aug 13 Salvador Luria, Italian-American microbiologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 1969 genetic structure of viruses), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1991)
  • Aug 14 Eva Strittmatter, German writer (Tinko), born in Spremberg, Niederlausitz, Germany (d. 1930)

About 1912

Chinese Zodiac: Rat (Jan 1 - Feb 5), Pig (Jan 30 - Dec 31)