Birthdays in History in 1914

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 200 of 263

  • Jan 1 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and British Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • Jan 4 Mohammed Sahir, shah (Afghanistan)
  • Jan 5 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (d. 1955)
  • Jan 10 Claude Gallimard, French publisher
  • Jan 10 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
  • Jan 11 Dorothy Jeakins, costume designer
  • Jan 12 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1996)
  • Jan 14 Thomas J. Watson Jr., American businessman and politician (President of IBM, 1952-1971, US Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1979-1981), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1993)
  • Jan 15 Lord Dacre of Glanton, British historian
  • Jan 15 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (The Last Days of Hitler), born in Glanton, England (d. 2003)
  • Jan 16 Roger Aubert, Belgian church historian (Le Pontificat de Pie IX)
  • Jan 17 Anacleto Angelini, Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
  • Jan 18 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne
  • Jan 26 Kaye Webb, English writer/publisher (Puffin Club)
  • Jan 26 Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)

  • Jan 27 Anna Larina, revolutionary
  • Jan 30 Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman
  • Jan 31 Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith
  • Jan 31 Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
  • Feb 2 Eric Kierans, Canadian politician and economist (d. 2004)
  • Feb 3 Cornelis "Kees" Andrea, Dutch painter, graphic artist and carpet designer
  • Feb 3 Felix Kelly, New Zealand-born British artist, born in Auckland (d. 1994)

Person of interestGeorge Nissen

Feb 3 George Nissen, American inventor (created the trampoline), born in Blairstown, Iowa (d. 2010)

Inventor and Gymnast George Nissen
Inventor and Gymnast
George Nissen
  • Feb 4 Alfred Andersch, German writer (Red Head)
  • Feb 5 Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, British biophysicist (Nobel 1963), born in Banbury (d. 1998)
  • Feb 5 William S Burroughs, novelist (Naked Lunch), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 7 David Ignatow, US poet (Tread the Dark, Rescue the Dead)
  • Feb 7 Jacques Mornard, [Ramon Mercader], murderer (Trotsky)
  • Feb 7 Ralph Whitlock, English writer, born in Pitton (d. 1995)
  • Feb 9 Max Manus, resistance fighter
  • Feb 10 Larry Adler, Balt, hamonicist (Harmonicats) (blacklisted performer)
  • Feb 11 French Duynstee, Dutch constitutional lawyer
  • Feb 11 Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder, court judge of Amsterdam
  • Feb 12 Nello Celio, Swiss politician, born in Quinto, Switzerland (d. 1995)
  • Feb 12 Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference", born in Rome, Italy (d. 1999)
  • Feb 13 Earl Cadogan, British large landowner (Military Cross)
  • Feb 14 Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp
  • Feb 15 R W Woods, bishop (Worcester)
  • Feb 15 Hale Boggs, American politician (d. 1972)
  • Feb 16 J Tobin, British anaesthetist

  • Feb 17 Albert Westerlinck, [Jose J M Aerts], Flemish literary
  • Feb 17 Per-Jakez Helias, writer/teacher
  • Feb 20 Marion Kettlewell, British director (WRNS)
  • Feb 20 Willem J H Baart, Dutch vicar (Cuentanan di Nanzi)
  • Feb 21 Hermanus P "Piet" Mulder, Dutch journalist (Parool/VARA)
  • Feb 22 Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • Feb 23 Margaret Farrer, CEO (Central Midwives Board)
  • Feb 24 David Langdon, cartoonist/illustrator
  • Feb 24 Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (d. 2005)
  • Mar 1 Archibald J Gumede, South African ANC member/chairman (UDF)
  • Mar 1 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast), born in Oklahoma City (d. 1994)
  • Mar 4 Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • Mar 4 Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)
  • Mar 5 Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992)
  • Mar 7 Morton DaCosta, director (Island of Love, Music Man), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 8 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Mar 8 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • Mar 13 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, born in Cardiff (d. 1995)
  • Mar 13 Edward O'Hare, American naval aviator of the U.S. Navy, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1943)
  • Mar 13 W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (Who Has Seen the Wind?), born in Weyburn, Canada (d. 1998)
  • Mar 14 Henry Ralph Carr, soldier
  • Mar 15 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • Mar 18 James Pack, naval officer museum curator
  • Mar 19 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)

Person of interestJiang Qing

Mar 19 Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China (d. 1991)

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • Mar 20 William Baddeley, rector (St James's Piccadilly)
  • Mar 21 Herman Siles Zuazo, politician
  • Mar 22 Lord Stokes [Donald Stokes], Plymouth, Devon, English industrialist
  • Mar 22 Masao Maruyama, social scientist
  • Mar 25 Marthe Robert, essayist/translator
  • Mar 25 Norman E Borlaug, US agriculture scientist (Nobel 1970)
  • Mar 26 Ian McGeoch, Vice-Admiral

Person of interestWilliam Westmoreland

Mar 26 William Westmoreland, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1964-68), born in Saxon, South Carolina (d. 2005)

  • Mar 26 Toru Kumon, Japanese educator (d. 1995)
  • Mar 28 Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (Closely Observed Trains), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • Mar 28 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • Mar 28 Dick Norris, Australian entomologist, born in Geraldton, Western Australia (d. 2003)
  • Mar 29 Chapman Pincher, British journalist and author (about secret service), born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 2014)
  • Mar 31 Octavio Paz, Mexican writer/diplomat (Salamandra, Topoemas)
  • Apr 4 Gustave Camus, Belgian painter, born in Châtelet, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • Apr 4 John Beith, British diplomat, ambasador to Israel and Belgium (d. 2000)
  • Apr 4 Marguerite Duras, French novelist and playwright (Sea Wall), born in Saigon, French IndoChina (d. 1996)
  • Apr 7 Sydney Thompson, rock climber
  • Apr 9 Richard Young, CEO (Boosey & Hawkes)
  • Apr 12 Armen Alchian, American economist and professor (University of California), born in Fresno, California (d. 2013)
  • Apr 17 George Davis, American art director (20th Century Fox), born in Kokomo, Indiana (d. 1984)
  • Apr 18 Henk Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PSP)
  • Apr 19 Andrew Wilkinson, pediatrician
  • Apr 22 Charles Hubert Sisson, author/poet (Christopher Homm)
  • Apr 22 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • Apr 22 Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland's Glory)
  • Apr 22 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
  • Apr 23 Andrew Martin, British Army Officer (Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire from 1965 to 1989) (d. 1993)
  • Apr 23 Mitsu Suzuki, teacher of tea ceremony at SF Zen Center
  • Apr 25 Claude Mauriac, French writer (Le Temps immobile), born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • Apr 25 Marcos Pérez Jiménez, President of Venezuela (1953-58), born in Michelena, Venezuela (d. 2001)
  • Apr 25 Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (Raintree County), born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • Apr 26 Bernard Malamud, American novelist (Fixer, Natural, Pulitizer 1967)
  • Apr 26 H. L. Gold, American sci-fi writer and editor, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Apr 26 James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)
  • Apr 27 Albert Soboult, French historian, born in Ammi Moussa, French Algeria (d. 1982)
  • May 4 Abd al-Karīm Qāsim, Prime Minister of Iraq (1958-63), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 1963)
  • May 4 Emmanuel Roblès, Algerian-French novelist and playwright (Lesson Hauteurs), born in Oran, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • May 7 Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (d. 1996)
  • May 8 Lord Murton, of Lindisfrarne, deputy chairman (Comm House of Lords)
  • May 8 Romain Gary, Polish writer (d. 1980)
  • May 9 Josef Muller-Brockmann, graphic designer/writer
  • May 9 Theodore Kheel, labor negotiator (Fair Employment Practices)
  • May 10 Lord Smith, British surgeon
  • May 11 Haroun Tazieff, French volcanologist (d. 1998)

  • May 12 Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet/writer
  • May 12 Dan Daniel, politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), born in Chatham, Virginia (d. 1988)
  • May 15 Jack Pepys, immunologist
  • May 16 Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author
  • May 18 Anthony Fell, British MP
  • May 18 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria/Italian bass (Boris Godunov)
  • May 18 Pierre A Balmain, French fashion designer (1940's "New Look")
  • May 19 Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
  • May 19 Go Seigen, Japanese Go player
  • May 20 Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (d. 1995)
  • May 22 Vance Packard, Granville Summit Pa, author (Hidden Persuaders)
  • May 23 Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
  • May 23 Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
  • May 23 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • May 24 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • May 27 Lord Erroll of Hale, British minister
  • May 27 Rose Stainton, CEO (British Airways)
  • May 28 W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British WWII flying ace, born in Madras, British India (d. 1996)

Person of interestTenzing Norgay

May 29 Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan climber who was the 1st to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1953 with Edmund Hillary (exact date of birth unknown, but he celebrated on the 29th), born in either northeastern Nepal or Tibet (d. 1986)

Mountaineer and Explorer Tenzing Norgay
Mountaineer and Explorer
Tenzing Norgay
  • Jun 3 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist
  • Jun 3 Ronald George "Tim" Woodman, British WWII pilot, born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • Jun 4 Willy-August Linnemann, Danish writer/journalist
  • Jun 5 Beatrice de Cardi, British archaeologist, born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jun 8 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, born in Garnsdorf (d. 1967)
  • Jun 10 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist
  • Jun 11 Hendrikus Berkhof, Dutch theologist (Church & Emperor), born in Appeltern, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Jun 11 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, born in Northampton, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 14 Winifred Milius Lubell, New York, American illustrator and writer (The Outer Lands) (d. 2012)
  • Jun 15 Cees [Cornelis A B] Bantzinger, Dutch cartoonist/illustrator
  • Jun 15 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), born in Râmnicu Sărat, Buzău County, Romania (d. 1999)

Person of interestYuri Andropov

Jun 15 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire (d. 1984)

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
  • Jun 15 Hilda Terry, American Cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • Jun 16 Stewart Griffith, secretary (MCC)
  • Jun 17 John R Hersey, author (Hiroshima, Bell for Adano, Wall)
  • Jun 19 Alan Cranston, American politician (Sen-D-CA, 1969-1993), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2000)
  • Jun 19 Morgan Morgan-Giles, British Naval officer and politician (d. 2013)
  • Jun 19 Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003)
  • Jun 21 William Vickrey, Canadian economist (Nobel 1996), born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Jun 22 Lilo Hardel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1999)
  • Jun 24 Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008)

  • Jun 26 Laurie Lee, English poet and author (I Can't Stay Long), born in Slad, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • Jun 27 Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament (1948-87)), born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Jun 27 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (co-founding the Inland Waterways Association), born in London (d. 1981)
  • Jun 28 Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
  • Jun 29 Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician, born in Chalandri, Athens, Greece (d. 1976)
  • Jun 29 Ellen Kuzwayo, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman"), born in Thaba-Nchu, Orange Free State (d. 2006)
  • Jun 30 Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16th President of Portugal (d. 2001)
  • Jul 2 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer, born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1997)
  • Jul 5 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, born in Amsterdam d. 1976)
  • Jul 8 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • Jul 9 Willi Stoph, German politician (Prime Minister of German Democratic Republic 1964-73), born in Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Jul 10 Joe Shuster, Canadian-American cartoonist (co-creator of Superman), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • Jul 15 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • Jul 17 James Purdy, Hicksville, Ohio, writer (The House of the Solitary Maggot), (disputed birthdate, 1923), (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • Jul 18 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Jul 23 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil), born in Kirkcaldy, Fife (d. 2004)
  • Jul 24 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, born in Colchester, England (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman (Honest Ed's) and philanthropist, born in Colonial Beach, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Kenneth Bancroft Clark, American civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto) and first black president of the American Psychological Association, born in Panama Canal Zone (d. 2005)
  • Jul 24 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)
  • Jul 29 Abram Games, graphic artist
  • Jul 29 Dovie Hudson, community activist in rural Mississippi
  • Jul 31 Jose Ignacio Domecq, Spanish wine maker, born in Jerez, Spain (d. 1997)
  • Jul 31 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • Aug 3 Rik Slabbinck, Flemish painter, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • Aug 6 Susan Cowdy, ornithologist
  • Aug 8 Arthur Holt, politician
  • Aug 8 Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1948)
  • Aug 9 Gordon Cullen, English architect (Townscape), born in Calverley (d. 1994)
  • Aug 9 Tove Jansson, Finnish author (Moomins) (d. 2001)
  • Aug 11 José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
  • Aug 12 [Hendrik] Jan Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist (Parool)
  • Aug 12 Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • Aug 14 Sydney Wooderson, miler (world record 1937)
  • Aug 15 Peter Nicholson Gunn, Australian writer (The Churches of Rome), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1995)
  • Aug 17 Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr, son of FDR/(Rep-D-NY, 1949-55)
  • Aug 21 Dallas Pratt, American collector (The American Museum in Britain), born in Islip, New York (d. 1994)
  • Aug 26 Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (Blow-Up, Underground Game), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • Aug 27 Catherine Marshall, American editor and writer, born in Johnson City, Tennessee (d. 1983)
  • Sep 3 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (17th Governor of Washington) and chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1994)
  • Sep 4 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Sep 5 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist (Defense of Violeta Parra), born in San Fabián de Alico, Chile (d. 2018)
  • Sep 7 Billy Hughes, British educationist and Labour Party politician, born in Swindon, England (d. 1995)
  • Sep 7 Ian Ball, newspaper photographer, born in Dhariwal, India (d. 1995)
  • Sep 7 James Van Allen, American physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts), born in Mount Pleasant, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • Sep 8 Dimitrios I, patriarch (primus interparis orthodox Christians)
  • Sep 8 Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello's neighbor (Hillary)