On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1916

  • Jan 4 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter
  • Jan 4 Robert Parrish, director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Jan 6 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist, born in Armadale, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 7 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • Jan 9 Alain Bernardin, French impresario (Crazy Horse Saloon), born in Dijon, France (d. 1994)
  • Jan 9 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • Jan 11 Jimmy Quillen, American politician (Rep-R-TN, 1963-97), born in Scott County, Virginia (d. 2003)

P. W. Botha

Jan 12 P. W. Botha, South African politician (President of South Africa, 1984-89; Prime Minister, 1977-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

  • Jan 13 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • Jan 14 John Oliver Killens, American writer, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Jan 15 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • Jan 16 Frederick Stewart, Scottish geologist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2001)
  • Jan 18 James Crow, American geneticist & educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Johan Adolf Pengel, Surinamese politician (Prime Minister, 1963-69), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1970)
  • Jan 20 Walter Bartley, English biochemist, born in Brighton, London (d. 1994)
  • Jan 22 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • Jan 23 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • Jan 24 John Corner, British mathematician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 Marvin Creamer, American mariner, 1st recorded person to sail around the world without navigational instruments, born near Vineland, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • Jan 29 Barbara Skelton, English writer, memoirist, and socialite (mistress to King Farouk), born in Taplow, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 31 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • Jan 31 Violet Cane, statistician
  • Feb 1 Gordon Hobday, Lord Lieutenant (Nottinghamshire)
  • Feb 2 Xuân Diệu, Vietnamese poet (d. 1985)
  • Feb 3 Vivien Signy, nurse (d. 1997)
  • Feb 4 Basil Hembry, farmer/campaigner
  • Feb 4 Gavin Buchanan Ewart, English poet (Pleasures of the Flesh)
  • Feb 4 Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha, 41st master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi Sufi Order (d. 1980)
  • Feb 6 John Crank, British mathematician, born in Hindley, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • Feb 10 Edward R. Roybal, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-93), born in Pecos, New Mexico (d. 2005)
  • Feb 11 Bernice Levin Neugarten, social scientist/gerontologist
  • Feb 12 Joseph L Alioto, American politician (Mayor-San Francisco), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1998)
  • Feb 14 Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (Joi-uchi)
  • Feb 14 Marcel Bigeard, French general
  • Feb 15 Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books)
  • Feb 18 Betty Phyllis Gathergood, curator
  • Feb 18 Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal (1954- )
  • Feb 23 William Walsh, academic
  • Feb 24 Gene Mitchell, museum director
  • Feb 25 Ian Wallace, British CEO
  • Feb 25 Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (d. 1991)
  • Mar 2 Anne Vondeling, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Mar 4 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (Botteghe Oscure)
  • Mar 4 Hans Eysenck, German born British psychologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Mar 8 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • Mar 8 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)

Harold Wilson

Mar 11 Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1964-70, 1974-76), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 1995)

  • Mar 11 Ezra Jack Keats, children's literature author (d. 1983)
  • Mar 13 Lindy Boggs (née Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne), American politician (US Representative from Louisiana, 1973-97), and diplomat, born in New Roads, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • Mar 13 Jacque Fresco, American industrial designer and founder of the Venus Project, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • Mar 15 Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)
  • Mar 15 Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • Mar 16 Lloyd McBride, union president (United Steelworkers)
  • Mar 17 David Stafford-Clark, English psychiatrist, born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1999)
  • Mar 17 Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral, Fleet Air Arm pilot of the WWII
  • Mar 19 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • Mar 20 Pierre Messmer, PM (France)
  • Mar 24 Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
  • Mar 26 Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972), born in Monessen, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Mar 26 Mort Abrahams, American producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes), born in New York

Eugene McCarthy

Mar 29 Eugene McCarthy, American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, born in Watkins, Minnesota (d. 2005)

  • Mar 29 John Paul, British colonial administrator, Governor-General (Bahamas), born in Weymouth, Dorset (d. 2004)
  • Mar 31 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)
  • Apr 3 Herb Caen, American columnist (SF Chronicle), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1997)
  • Apr 4 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) and Communist politician, born in Karan, Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • Apr 5 Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician, born in Newport, Wales (d. 2010)
  • Apr 5 Bernard Baily, American comic artist (co-creator of DC Comics), born in New York (d. 1996)
  • Apr 12 Beverly Cleary, American Newberry Medal winning writer of children's and young adult fiction (Ramona series, 1955-99), born in McMinnville, Oregon (d. 2021)
  • Apr 12 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • Apr 15 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman and heir to the Bloomingdale's department store, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • Apr 17 Ryoei Saito, Japanese businessman (Daishowa Paper Manufacturing), born in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 1996)

Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Apr 17 Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1960-65, 1970-77 and 1994-2000) and 1st female head of state, born in Ratnapura, British Ceylon (d. 2000)

  • Apr 22 Yvette Lundy, French resistance fighter during WWII, born in Oger, France (d. 2019)
  • Apr 24 Stanley Kauffmann, American playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Apr 26 Morris West, Australian novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman), born in St Kilda, Victoria (d. 1999)
  • Apr 26 Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer (Magnum), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1954)
  • Apr 28 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian auto-designer (Lamborghini), born in Cento, Ferrara (d. 1993)
  • Apr 30 Claude Shannon, American mathematician and information theorist (A Mathematical Theory of Communication), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 2001)
  • May 3 Henry B. González, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Texas (1961-99), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2000)
  • May 3 Pierre Emmanuel [Noël Mathieu], French poet (Sodome), born in Gan, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France (d. 1984)
  • May 4 Jane Jacobs, American-Canadian author and urbanologist (The Death and Life of Great American Cities), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • May 5 Zail Singh, Indian politician (7th President of India 1982-87), born in Sandhwan, British India (d. 1994)
  • May 8 João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and FIFA President 1974-98, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2016)
  • May 8 Swami Chinmayananda, Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)
  • May 9 Cyril Bowles, bishop of Derby
  • May 11 Camilo Jose Cela, Spanish writer (Nobel Prize 1989), born in Padrón, La Coruña (d. 2002)
  • May 14 Marco Zanuso, Italian architect
  • May 16 Ephraim Katzir, biophysicist and President of Israel (1973-78), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 2009)
  • May 16 Irene Ighodaro, Sierra Leonean doctor and social reformer, born in Freetown, Sierra Leone (d. 1995)
  • May 17 Cornelis A Eman, Aruban politician
  • May 17 John Hinde, photographer/circus promoter
  • May 20 John McIntyre, theologian
  • May 20 Owen Chadwick, English historian, priest and university chancellor, born in London, England (d. 2015)
  • May 20 Alexei Petrovich Maresiev, Russian flying ace (d. 2001)

Harold Robbins

May 21 Harold Robbins, American author (Moneychangers, Carpetbaggers, Betsy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)

  • May 21 Leonard Manasseh, British architect (Rutherford School), born in Singapore (d. 2017)
  • May 23 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • May 24 Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and Governor (New South Wales), born in Manly, New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • May 25 Lou van Rees, Dutch impresario, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • May 26 Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch political prisoner and journalist (The Walls Came Tumbling Down) (d. 1972)
  • May 27 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • May 28 Gerald McArthur, British Scotland Yard detective who caught the Great Train Robbers (d. 1996)
  • May 28 Walker Percy, writer (Adventures of a Bad Catholic), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 30 Joseph W Kennedy, American chemist (Manhattan Project; 1 of 4 discoverers of plutonium), and educator, born in Nacogdoches, Texas (d. 1957)
  • May 31 Bert Haanstra, Dutch director (Fanfare), born in Holten, Netherlands
  • Jun 4 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (co-winner Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1998), and educator, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • Jun 5 Jack Sutherland, Scottish journalist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)

Francis Crick

Jun 8 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure, with James Watson (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1962), born in Northampton, England (d. 2004) [1] [2]

  • Jun 9 Robert McNamara, American United States Secretary of Defense (1961-68), played major role in US escalation in Vietnam, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2009)
  • Jun 15 Marshall Field IV, publisher/editor (Chic Daily News, Sunday Times)
  • Jun 17 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • Jun 20 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • Jun 20 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada (d. 1973)
  • Jun 21 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 25 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 27 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jun 29 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, born in Chryston, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jul 2 Barry Gray [Bernard Yaroslaw], American radio personality and interviewer (started call-in radio), born in Red Lion, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • Jul 2 Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII, born in Konradswaldau, German Empire (d. 1982)
  • Jul 4 Tokyo Rose [Iva Toguri D'Aquino], American-born Japanese propagandist (WWII), born in Los Angeles (d. 2006)
  • Jul 4 Fernand Leduc, Canadian abstract expressionist painter (Les Automatistes), and teacher, born in Viauville, Montreal, Quebec (d. 2014)
  • Jul 6 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1970)
  • Jul 7 Luc Peire, Flemish painter and graphic artist

Edward Heath

Jul 9 Edward Heath, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1970-74), born in Broadstairs, England (d. 2005)

  • Jul 11 Gough Whitlam, Australian politician (Prime Minister, 1972-1975), born in Kew, Melbourne (d. 2014)

Lyudmila Pavlichenko

Jul 12 Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Soviet sniper during World War II known as 'Lady Death' - the most successful female sniper in history with 309 confirmed kills, born in Bila Tserkva, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

  • Jul 14 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)
  • Jul 15 George Maduro, Dutch Antillian resistance fighter (Willemsorde/Madurodam), born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1945)
  • Jul 16 Harold Locke, archdeacon of Loughborough
  • Jul 18 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jul 18 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor, born in Leeds, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 19 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 2012)
  • Jul 21 Kirby Laing, English Construction head (John Laing & Son), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2009)
  • Jul 22 Hipolito Ocalia, Curacao landscape painter, born in Curaçao (d. 1984)
  • Jul 23 Ronald Ridout, English school textbook author (English Today), born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 John D. MacDonald, American novelist (Deep Blue Goodbye), born in Sharon, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)
  • Jul 25 Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1989)
  • Jul 27 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, born in Harar, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Jul 30 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Jul 31 Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer, born in Ambari Azamgarh Uttar Pradesh, India (d. 1986)
  • Aug 1 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Aug 2 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), born in Bormla, Malta (d. 2012)
  • Aug 15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 21 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 24 Anita V Figueredo, American physician and humanitarian, born in Costa Rica (d. 2010)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Robbins, American pediatrician and bacteriologist (Nobel 1954), born in Auburn, Alabama (d. 2003)
  • Aug 25 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator and flying ace of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, born in Saga District, Japan (d. 2000)
  • Aug 26 Allan Merson, English historian and communist, born in Monkseaton, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 26 Virginia Hill, American organized crime figure (girlfriend of Bugsy Siegel), born in Lipscomb, Alabama (d. 1966)
  • Aug 28 C. Wright Mills, American sociologist and writer (The Power Elite), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1962)
  • Aug 28 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, American sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • Aug 30 John Thoday, British geneticist, born in Chinley, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • Aug 30 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)
  • Sep 1 Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner
  • Sep 4 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet) (d. 1988)
  • Sep 5 Frank Yerby, American novelist (The Foxes of Harrow), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1991)

Roald Dahl

Sep 13 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

  • Sep 14 Eric Bentley, British-American critic and writer (In Search of Theater), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England
  • Sep 16 Don Ryder, Baron Ryder of Eaton Hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House), born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2003)
  • Sep 16 Willem Noordhoek, Dutch photographer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Sep 16 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader, born in Saint Peter, Barbados (d. 1999)
  • Sep 16 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Sep 17 Mary Stewart, British sci-fi author (Crystal Cave), born in Sunderland, England (d. 2014)
  • Sep 17 Ove Abildgaard, Danish poet (Uglegylp), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 1990)
  • Sep 17 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (electronics) who invented the over-the-horizon radar that could detect objects thousands of miles away and peer around the Earth's curvature, born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • Sep 17 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician (Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (President), 1974-84; Prime Minister, 1952-74; General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party, 1940-54), born in Davst sum, Uvs aimag, Outer Mongolia (d. 1991)
  • Sep 18 John Jacob Rhodes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Council Grove, Kansas (d. 2003)
  • Sep 18 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited (d. 1989)
  • Sep 21 Jagernath Lachmon, Surinamese politician, born in Nickerie, Suriname (d. 2001)
  • Sep 21 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (French Minister of Culture), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2003)

Aldo Moro

Sep 23 Aldo Moro, Italian Prime Minister (1963-68 and 1974-76), born in Maglie, Italy (d. 1978)

  • Sep 24 John Lapsley, British air marshal, born in India (d. 1995)
  • Sep 25 Jessica Anderson, Australian novelist (Tirra Lirra By The River; The Impersonators), born in Gayndah, Queensland, Australia (d. 2010)
  • Sep 27 Samuel S. Stratton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1990)
  • Sep 27 Frank Handlen, American artist
  • Sep 28 Lord Cockfield, Horsham, United Kingdom, British politician (European Commissioner)
  • Sep 29 Carl Ronald Giles, English cartoonist (Giles), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 1 Tibor Reich, textile designer
  • Oct 3 María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, Spanish marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 2005)

James Herriot

Oct 3 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], English veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham (d. 1995)

  • Oct 4 Owen Tudor Williams, civil engineer
  • Oct 5 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • Oct 7 Walt W Rostow, American economist (Politics & Stages of Growth), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 8 Spark Matsunaga, United States Senator from Hawaii (1977-90), born in Kukuiula, Hawaii (d. 1990)
  • Oct 14 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • Oct 16 George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
  • Oct 18 Peter Shepherd, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • Oct 19 Toby Rowland, theatrical manager
  • Oct 22 Michael F Howard, British Major-General (Gold Stick to the Queen)
  • Oct 27 Kazimierz Brandys, Polish essayist and writer, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2000)
  • Oct 28 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, born in Inverness (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • Nov 4 Ruth Handler [née Mosko], American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • Nov 4 John Basilone, US Marine (Medal of Honor at the Battle for Henderson Field), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1945)
  • Nov 8 Peter Weiss, German author and playwright (Marat/Sade), born in Nowawes, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1982)

About 1916

Chinese Zodiac: Rabbit (Jan 1 - Feb 2), Dragon (Feb 3 - Dec 31)