On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1917

  • Jan 1 Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • Jan 3 Vernon A. Walters, American diplomat and US permanent rep to the UN (1989-91), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • Jan 3 Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • Jan 4 Maurice Wohl, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 5 Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • Jan 6 Koo Chen-fu, Taiwanese businessman & diplomat, born in Taichung, Taiwan (d. 2005)
  • Jan 8 Peter Taylor, American novelist, born in Trenton, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • Jan 12 Jimmy Skinner, Canadian hockey coach, born in Selkirk, Canada (d. 2007)
  • Jan 16 Carl Karcher, founded the Carl's Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)
  • Jan 17 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso, born in Colchagua, Chile (d. 2007)
  • Jan 18 Oscar Lewenstein, British impressario, born in Hackney, London, United Kingdom (D. 1997)
  • Jan 18 Wang Yung-ching, Taiwanese businessman, born in Xindian District, Taipei, Taiwan (d. 2008)
  • Jan 21 Rohan Butler, historian
  • Jan 22 Herwig Hensen, [Flor Mielants], Flemish poet/playwright
  • Jan 23 Dusan Kostic, Serbian writer, born in Peja, Serbia (d. 1997)
  • Jan 25 Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist & Nobel laureate, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2003)

  • Jan 25 Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, born in Campo Grande, Brazil (d. 1992)
  • Jan 31 Erich Geiringer, general practitioner campaigner
  • Feb 4 Aga Yahya Khan, Pakistan military/politician
  • Feb 11 Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer

Person of interestSidney Sheldon

Feb 11 Sidney Sheldon, American novelist and playwright (Master of the Game, Bloodline, The Bachelor and the Bobby Soxer), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)

Novelist Sidney Sheldon
Novelist
Sidney Sheldon
  • Feb 11 T. Nagi Reddy, Indian revolutionary (d. 1976)
  • Feb 12 Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (d. 2006)
  • Feb 14 Herbert A Hauptman, American x-ray crystallographer (Nobel 1985), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 17 Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)
  • Feb 17 Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (d. 1965)
  • Feb 19 Carson McCullers, American novelist (Heart Is a Lonely Hunter)
  • Feb 20 Frederick Page, CEO (British Aerospace Aircraft Group)
  • Feb 21 Victor G M Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65)
  • Feb 22 Harmen van Rossum, civil servant/resistance fighter (WWII)
  • Feb 22 Jane Bowles, American writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • Feb 24 William Fairbank, physicist (superconductivity), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Feb 25 Alex Gordon, Welsh architect, born in Ayr, Scotland

Person of interestAnthony Burgess

Feb 25 [John] Anthony Burgess [Wilson], essayist and novelist (A Clockwork Orange), born in Harpurhey, Lancashire (d. 1993)

Novelist Anthony Burgess
Novelist
Anthony Burgess
  • Feb 25 Asta E R Elstak, Suriname/Dutch social worker
  • Feb 26 Robert Taft Jr, (Sen-R-Oh)

  • Feb 27 John Connally Jr, American politician, 39th Governor of Texas, and federal treasurer who was critically wounded during the assassination of Kennedy, born in Floresville, Texas (d. 1993)
  • Mar 1 Robert Lowell, American poet/pacifist (Lord Weary's Castle, Near the Ocean), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 2 David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967)
  • Mar 3 Bert van Aerschot, Flemish writer (Elevator, Women)
  • Mar 3 Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (d. 1952)
  • Mar 6 J A Mommersteeg, Dutch asst sect of Defense (KVP)
  • Mar 6 Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • Mar 8 A Marja, [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River)
  • Mar 9 Dante Fascell, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Bridgehampton, New York (d. 1998)
  • Mar 10 Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
  • Mar 11 Robert L Carter, Caryville, Florida, American civil rights activist and judge (Brown v. Board of Education, NAACP v. Alabama) (d. 2012)
  • Mar 12 Tom Normanton, British MP
  • Mar 13 Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author
  • Mar 14 Macha Louis Rosenthal, critic/poet
  • Mar 16 Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • Mar 17 Arthur Basil Cotle, medievalist
  • Mar 20 Dolf Verspoor, literary/interpreter (M Nijhoff Prize 1958)
  • Mar 20 Peter Caddy, founder (Findhorn Community)
  • Mar 21 Frank Hardy, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • Mar 22 Charles Pick, British publisher (William Heinemann), (d. 2000)
  • Mar 23 H C Allen, American historian
  • Mar 24 John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • Mar 24 Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
  • Mar 25 Nancy Barbato Sinatra, first wife and life-long friend of Frank Sinatra, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2018)
  • Mar 26 Jean Graham Hall, circuit court judge (England)
  • Mar 27 Cyrus Vance, US Secretary of State (1977-80), born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 2002)
  • Mar 27 Harry West, Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (1974-79), born in Enniskillen, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • Mar 29 Arthur Knight, CEO (Courtaulds), born in London (d. 2003)
  • Apr 4 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist and rebel (barricade uprising), born in Guyotville, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • Apr 5 Robert Bloch, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1994)
  • Apr 6 Julian Faber, CEO (Willis Faber)
  • Apr 6 Leonora Carrington, Clayton-le-Woods UK, British-Mexican Surrealist artist
  • Apr 9 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1965)
  • Apr 10 Robert B. Woodward, American organic chemist (Nobel 1965), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • Apr 11 David Westheimer, American novelist (Von Ryan's Express), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Apr 16 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Apr 17 Bill Clements, American politician, Governor of Texas (1987-91), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2011)
  • Apr 18 Frederica of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece, born in Blankenburg am Harz, Duchy of Brunswick (d. 1981)
  • Apr 21 Emanuel Vardi, Jerusalem Israel, violist, SD Symph 1978-82)
  • Apr 22 Leo Abse, Welsh politician and biographer, born in Cardiff (d. 2008)
  • Apr 22 Sidney Nolan, Australian painter and illustrator (Ned Kelly), born in Carlton, Victoria, Australia (d. 1992)
  • Apr 23 Jacob Kistemaker, Dutch nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge), born in Kolhorn, Netherlands (d. 2010)
  • Apr 28 Joop Waasdorp, Dutch writer (Naked Life), born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • Apr 28 Robert Anderson, American writer (Tea & Sympathy, I Never Sang for My Father), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2009)
  • May 1 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Khislavichi, Russia (d. 2001)
  • May 3 Kiro Gligorov, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (1991-99), born in Štip, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 2012)
  • May 7 William Geoffrey Biddle, English bomb disposal expert, born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1997)
  • May 11 Hon Montague Woodhouse, Greek resistance organiser
  • May 13 Paul Osmond, British senior civil servant
  • May 13 Wilhelmus C Wijen, [Broeder Pius], social worker (Curacao)
  • May 14 Herta Ryder, literary agent
  • May 18 Charles Wintour, English journalist (The Evening Standard), born in Dorset, England (d. 1999)
  • May 20 Richard Cobb, British historian, born in Frinton-on-Sea (d. 1996)
  • May 20 Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer (d. 1967)
  • May 20 Bergur Sigurbjörnsson, Icelandic politician (d. 2005)

  • May 21 Heather Swift, local councillor
  • May 21 Ronald John Bilsland Colville, businessman
  • May 22 Jean-Louis Curtis [Albert Laffitte], French novelist (The Forests of the Night), born in Orthez, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France (d. 1995)
  • May 23 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • May 24 Derek Hodgson, British high court judge, born in Whitefield, Manchester (d. 2002)
  • May 24 Alan Campbell, Baron Campbell of Alloway, British judge (d. 2013)
  • May 24 Theodore Hesburgh, president (University of Notre Dame), born in Syracuse, New York (d. 2015)
  • May 24 Florence Knoll Bassett, American furniture designer (Knoll), born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • May 28 Barry Commoner, biologist (Science & Survival), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • May 28 Gerald Cash, Governor-General of the Bahamas, born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2003)

Person of interestJohn F. Kennedy

May 29 John F. Kennedy, 35th US President (1961-1963) and Senator (D-Mass), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jun 1 William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)
  • Jun 4 Allen Greenwood, British aeronautical engineer and aerospace executive, born in 38 Court Yard, Eltham, London (d. 2009)
  • Jun 4 Howard Metzenbaum, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • Jun 5 Carel van Dillen, resistance fighter
  • Jun 6 Kirk Kerkorian, American CEO and "father of the mega-resort" (MGM, UA), born in Fresno, California (d. 2015)
  • Jun 7 Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (Bean Eaters, Annie Allen, Pulitzer 1950), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 2000)
  • Jun 8 Byron White, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1962-93), born in Fort Collins, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • Jun 9 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), (d. 2012)
  • Jun 10 William Barr, rector (Exeter College, Oxford)
  • Jun 11 James Bostock, English wood engraver and artist, born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 2006)
  • Jun 11 Joseph B Wirthlin, American businessmen, religious leader, member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2008)
  • Jun 14 Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician (number theory), born in Langesund, Norway (d. 1917)
  • Jun 15 Lillian Bassman, American photographer and painter (Harper's Bazaar), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 16 Katharine Graham, American newspaper publisher (Washington Post), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 16 Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)
  • Jun 16 Irving Penn, American photographer
  • Jun 18 Arthur Tremblay, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Jun 19 Joshua Nkomo, Zimbabwan minister (ZAPUA)
  • Jun 20 Ash Brownridge, American conservationist (National Wildlife Federation), creator of Ranger Rick, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2015)

  • Jun 26 Wille Hamilton, British MP, born in Houghton-le-Spring, England (d. 2000)
  • Jun 27 Ron Hayward, English politician, General Secretary of the Labour Party, born in Chipping Sodbury, Oxfordshire (d. 1996)
  • Jun 30 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, born in Ingelmunster, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • Jul 2 Pierre H. Dubois, Dutch literary and critic, born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • Jul 4 Manolete [Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez], Spanish bullfighter, born in Córdoba, Andalucia, Spain (d. 1947)
  • Jul 7 Lawrence F O'Brien, (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
  • Jul 7 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadoran politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • Jul 12 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (Christina's World), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)

Person of interestBen Enwonwu

Jul 14 Ben Enwonwu, Nigerian painter (Portrait of Tutu), born in Onitsha, Nigeria (d. 1994)

Artist Ben Enwonwu
Artist
Ben Enwonwu
  • Jul 15 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • Jul 19 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Jul 19 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • Jul 22 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Jul 23 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, born in Isle of Man (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • Jul 24 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, born in England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 27 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 27 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • Jul 27 Isabelle Kelley, American social worker credited with instigating the US Federal Food Stamp Program, born in Ellington, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics), born in Leeds, England (d. 2011)
  • Aug 11 Dik Browne, cartoonist (Hi & Lois, Hagar the Horrible)
  • Aug 12 Douglas Gunsekera, banker
  • Aug 15 Jack Lynch, Irish politician, fourth Taoiseach, born in Shandon, Cork, Ireland (d. 1999)
  • Aug 15 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman catholic priest who was murdered, born in Ciudad Barrios, El Salvador (d. 1980)
  • Aug 17 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • Aug 18 Casper Weinberger, US Secretary of Defense (1981-87)
  • Aug 26 William French Smith, Attorney General (1981-85)

Person of interestJack Kirby

Aug 28 Jack Kirby, American cartoonist (X-Men, Spider-Man, Hulk, Capt America), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby

  • Aug 30 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, (d. 2015)
  • Sep 2 Cleveland Amory, Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV Guide)
  • Sep 3 Peter Winter, naval commander (d. 1996)
  • Sep 4 Henry Ford II, American businessman and grandson of Henry Ford, (President of Ford Motor Company, 1945-79), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • Sep 6 Philipp von Boeselager, German Wehrmacht officer, failed assassin of Adolf Hitler, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 2008)
  • Sep 7 Jacob Lawrence, African-American artist (Sanitarium), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2000)
  • Sep 7 John Cornforth, Australian-British chemist (Nobel Prize 1975), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2013)
  • Sep 10 Franfo Fortini [Franco Lattes], Italian poet, born in Florence (d. 1994)
  • Sep 10 Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat

Person of interestFerdinand Marcos

Sep 11 Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (1965-86), born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines (d. 1989)

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • Sep 11 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • Sep 12 Seamas NacNeill, Classical physicist and piper, born in Glasgow (d. 1996)
  • Sep 12 Pierre Sévigny, Canadian military officer and politician, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 2004)
  • Sep 18 Gerrit Borgers, Dutch literary, born in Brummen, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Sep 21 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), born in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England (d. 1968)
  • Sep 24 William Putnam Bundy, American attorney and intelligence expert (9th Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • Sep 26 Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician (Social Credit Party of Canada), born in Amos, Canada (d. 1976)
  • Sep 27 Louis Auchincloss, Lawrence NY, lawyer/novelist (Watchfires)
  • Sep 30 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • Sep 30 Yuri "Petrovich" Lyubimov, USSR, director (Taganka)
  • Oct 1 René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)
  • Oct 2 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)

Person of interestFannie Lou Hamer

Oct 6 Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), born in Montgomery County, Mississippi (d. 1977)

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer
  • Oct 8 Walter Lord, American author (A Night to Remember), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2002)
  • Oct 13 Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 15 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr, American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • Oct 17 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
  • Oct 20 Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles
  • Oct 20 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France

  • Oct 26 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)
  • Oct 27 Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer, anti-apartheid politician and co-founder (African National Congress), born in Nkantolo, Bizana, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • Oct 27 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough, born in West Derby, Liverpool (d. 2007)
  • Oct 30 Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal, born in Molokovo, Tver, Russian Republic (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2016)
  • Nov 1 Clarence E. Miller, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1967-93), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Nov 1 Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American visual artist and co-founder of DuSable Museum of African American History, born in St. Rose, Louisiana (d. 2010)
  • Nov 1 Zenna Henderson, American sci-fi author (Anything Box), born in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1983)
  • Nov 5 Jacob Everaers, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Tholen, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Nov 5 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviator, born in Challans, Vendée, France (d. 2000)
  • Nov 5 Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian 4th Chief Minister of Haryana (1975-77), born in Bhiwani, Punjab, British India (d. 2007)
  • Nov 6 Edgar Whitcomb, American politician and Governor of Indiana (1969-73), born in Hayden, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • Nov 11 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), born in Corcoran, California (d. 1983)
  • Nov 12 Joseph Coors, CEO (Adolph Coors Co Brewery)
  • Nov 15 Gerardus H de Bold, bishop of Breda (1962-67)

Person of interestIndira Gandhi

Nov 19 Indira Gandhi, 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), born in Allahabad India (d. 1984)

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • Nov 20 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • Nov 21 Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1986)
  • Nov 22 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France

About 1917

Chinese Zodiac: Dragon (Jan 1 - Jan 22), Snake (Jan 23 - Dec 31)