Historical Figures Born in 1919

J. D. SalingerJ. D. Salinger (1919-2010)

Jan 1 American novelist (The Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York

  • Jan 4 Al "Jazbo" Collins, American DJ (Tonight! America After Dark), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 4 Havelock Henry Trevor Hudson, underwriter (Lloyd's of London)
  • Jan 14 Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician & statesman (Prime Minister, 1989–1992), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2013)
  • Jan 23 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 Nora Beloff, English journalist & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1997)
  • Jan 27 H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
  • Jan 29 Norman Frederick Simpson, British playwright (One Way Pendulum), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • Jan 30 Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet, born in Lyskovo, Russia (d. 1979)
  • Jan 31 Robert Lowry, Baron Lowry. Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland and a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.
  • Feb 4 Frank van Klingeren, Dutch architect (De Meerpaal, Dronten)
  • Feb 5 Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (1981-89, 1993-96), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA (d. 1996)
  • Feb 6 Louis Heren, English foreign correspondent & writer (China's Three Thousand Years), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • Feb 23 Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
  • Feb 24 Alan Hugh Iliffe, psychologist
  • Feb 24 Henry Kitchener, British peer, 3rd and last Earl of Khartoum (d. 2011)
  • Feb 25 F de Jong Edz, Dutch historian
  • Feb 25 Karl H. Pribram, Austrian neuroscientist
  • Mar 6 Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • Mar 7 Jocelyn Hambro, British financier (Hambros Bank), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Mar 7 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Jakarta), born in Padang, Dutch East Indies (d. 2004)
  • Mar 13 Faye Glenn Abdellah, American pioneer in nursing research and US government official (health services), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • Mar 14 Max Shulman, American novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), born in St Paul, Minnesota (d. 1988)
  • Mar 19 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist
  • Mar 23 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • Mar 23 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
  • Mar 24 John J. Duncan Sr., American politician (Rep-R-TN, 1965-1988), born in Huntsville, Tennessee (d. 1988)
  • Mar 24 Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), born in Bronxville, New York (d. 2021) [1]
  • Mar 24 Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005
  • Mar 27 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Mar 30 McGeorge Bundy, American national security adviser (JFK), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Apr 1 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • Apr 2 Antoon Hubben, Dutch Mayor of Maasbree and trade union leader, born in Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Apr 3 Duke of Grafton, 11th Duke of Grafton, born in Cape Town (d. 2011)
  • Apr 5 Douglas Henley, British auditor-general, born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2003)
  • Apr 5 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), born in Gisbourne (d. 2015)
  • Apr 8 Ian Smith, Rhodesian farmer, fighter pilot, and politician (Prime Minister of Rhodesia, 1964-79), born in Selukwe, Rhodesia (d. 2007)
  • Apr 9 J. Presper Eckert, Jr., American engineer and co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Apr 11 Hugh Carey, American politician and attorney (Gov-D-NY), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2011)
  • Apr 11 Sir Raymond Carr, English historian and warden (St Antony's College Oxford), born in Bath, Somerset
  • Apr 12 Lady Ricketts, CEO (National Association of Citizens' Advice Bureaux)
  • Apr 12 Maurice Girodias, French publisher and founder (Olympia Press), born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • Apr 13 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist who opposed prayer in school and was murdered in 1995, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Roland Gaucher, French journalist, born in Paris (d. 2007)
  • Apr 15 Clive Beadon, British RAF Wing Commander and pilot (WWII), born in Conoor near Poona, India (d. 1996)
  • Apr 15 Meriol Trevor, English novelist and biographer (Civil Prisoners), born in London (d. 2000)
  • Apr 16 Merce Cunningham, American choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus), born in Centralia, Washington (d. 2009)
  • Apr 16 Tom Willmore, English geometer, born in Gillingham, England (d. 2005)
  • Apr 17 Gilles Lamontagne, Canadian politician, 24th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (1984-90), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2016)
  • Apr 17 Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Cuban communist politician and 14th President of Cuba (1959-76), born in Cienfuegos, Cuba (d. 1983)
  • Apr 20 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (The Last Enemy), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1943)
  • Apr 21 Franc [Franklin E] Essed, Suriname agricultural eng, Oper Grasshopper)
  • Apr 22 Donald J. Cram, American biochemist (development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity - Nobel 1987), born in Chester, Vermont (d. 2001)
  • Apr 23 Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet military intelligence (GRU), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1963)
  • Apr 27 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), born in Coventry, England (d. 1997)
  • Apr 30 Valeer van Kerkhove, Flemish writer (De Bungalow), born in Sleidinge, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • May 3 John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • May 5 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967), born in Elaiohori, Greece (d. 1999)
  • May 6 Frank Ereaut, Bailiff of Jersey (1975-85), born in London (d. 1998)
  • May 8 Leon Festinger, American psychologist, born in New York (d. 1989)

Mordecai AnielewiczMordecai Anielewicz (1919-1943)

May 8 Jewish commander of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, born in Wyszków, Second Polish Republic

  • May 10 Ella Grasso, (Gov-D-Ct)
  • May 10 Louis Sen A Kaw, Surinam dam builder
  • May 14 Heloise Bowles, (Cruse) American advice columnist (Hints from Heloise), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 1977)
  • May 14 John Hope, American meteorologist (d. 2002)
  • May 14 Maarten Vrolijk, Dutch soc-dem party minister (CRM 1965-66)
  • May 14 Solange Chaput-Rolland, French Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2001)
  • May 16 Ramon Margalef, Spanish scientist (d. 2004)
  • May 16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • May 17 Merle Miller, American biographer (d. 1986)
  • May 19 Mitja Ribičič, Trieste, Italian Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1969-71), (d. 2013)
  • May 22 Paul Vanden Boeynants, Prime Minister of Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79), born in Forest, Belgium (d. 2001)
  • May 23 Gayatri Devi, 3rd Maharani consort of Jaipur, India (1940-49), born in London, England (d. 2009)
  • May 23 Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
  • May 24 Sid Couchey, American comic book artist (Richie Rich), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • May 28 Charles John Robert Manners, 10th Duke of Rutland, British land owner/multimillionaire
  • May 30 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)
  • May 31 Robie Macauley, American editor (Houghton Mifflin), and novelist (A Secret History of Time to Come), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • Jun 2 Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (d. 2005)
  • Jun 4 Dorothy Howell Rodham, Mother of US First Lady, Senator and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Jun 5 Richard Scarry, American children's author and illustrator (What Do People Do All Day?), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • Jun 6 Charles Pringle, British air marshal, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2012)
  • Jun 6 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), born in Chelsea, London (d. 2018)
  • Jun 10 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
  • Jun 15 Van T. Barfoot, American Army colonel and Medal of Honour recipient, born in Edinburg, Mississippi (d. 2012)
  • Jun 17 Kingman Brewster, American educator and president of Yale University, born in Longmeadow, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • Jun 17 Max Dendermonde [Hendrik Hazelhoff], Dutch literary, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jun 18 Edwin Clarke, British neurologist, medical historian,and museum keeper, born in Felling-on-Tyne, England (d. 1996)
  • Jun 18 Jerome Karle, American chemist (Nobel 1985) and Manhattan Project member, born in New York (d. 2013)
  • Jun 18 TedLeadbitter, British politician (Labour), born in Easington, England (d. 1996)
  • Jun 21 Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat, born in Victoriaville, Canada (d. 1997)
  • Jun 21 Paolo Soleri, Italian-American architect, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2013)
  • Jun 23 Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • Jun 26 Lord Rawlinson, British attorney general (Ewell) (d. 2006)
  • Jun 29 Lloyd Richards, Canadian-American theaterical director (Joe Turner’s Come and Gone), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2006)
  • Jun 30 Ed Yost, American inventor of the modern hot air balloon and known as "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon.", born in Bristow, Iowa (d. 2007)
  • Jul 2 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • Jul 6 Oswaldo Guayasamín, Ecuadorian master painter and sculptor, born in Quito, Ecuador (d. 1999)
  • Jul 7 William Moses Kunstler, defense attorney (Chicago 8)
  • Jul 8 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 9 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, born on Piel Island (d. 1996)
  • Jul 15 Iris Murdoch, novelist (Severed Head, Unicorn), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jul 16 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)

Edmund HillaryEdmund Hillary (1919-2008)

Jul 20 New Zealand explorer and mountaineer who was 1st to scale Mount Everest with Tenzing Norgay, born in Auckland, New Zealand

  • Jul 25 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born in Bonaire
  • Jul 26 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • Jul 26 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • Jul 29 Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • Jul 29 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 30 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles (d. 2014)
  • Jul 31 Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster, author (Ford C. Frick Award, Pete Rozelle Award, lifetime achievement Emmy 1992), born in Green River, Wyoming (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)
  • Aug 1 Stanley Middleton, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men), born in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 2009)
  • Aug 2 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Aug 7 John Hogan, American chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), born in Lowes, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • Aug 8 Dino De Laurentiis, producer (King Kong), born in Torre Annunziata, Italy
  • Aug 9 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (PVDA, 1973-77), born in Hilversum, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Aug 10 Elizabeth Thomas, literary consultant
  • Aug 12 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • Aug 12 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • Aug 13 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • Aug 18 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)

Malcolm ForbesMalcolm Forbes (1919-1990)

Aug 19 American publisher of Forbes Magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Aug 22 Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart, British major-general (d. 1999)
  • Aug 22 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • Aug 23 Robert Crichton-Brown, Australian businessman and CEO (Rothmans International), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)

George WallaceGeorge Wallace (1919-1998)

Aug 25 American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, born in Clio, Alabama

  • Aug 27 John Donkin Dormand, Baron Dormand of Easington, British politician (Labour Party), born in Haswell, County Durham, England (d. 2003)
  • Aug 28 Ernest Harold Martin [Markowitz], American Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Aug 30 Maurice R. Hilleman, American microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia, born in Miles City, Montana (d. 2005)
  • Aug 31 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author, born in Gujranwala, Pakistan (d. 2005)
  • Sep 6 Wilson Greatbatch, American engineer and pioneering inventor, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2011)
  • Sep 8 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Sep 9 Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
  • Sep 13 George Weidenfeld, British publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • Sep 13 Mary Midgley, British-American philosopher (Animals and Why They Matter), born in London (d. 2018)
  • Sep 16 Andy Russell, American singer (Andy & Della Russell Show), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1992)
  • Sep 16 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian author (Peter Principle), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1990)
  • Sep 19 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions) (d. 1995)
  • Sep 21 Aya Zikken, Dutch author (Atlasvlinder, Rameh), born in Epe, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • Sep 21 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani modernist scholar, born in Hazara District, Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • Sep 21 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Sep 26 Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher, born in Santander, Cantabria, Spain (d. 2012)
  • Sep 27 Charles H Percy, (Sen-R-Ill)
  • Sep 27 James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • Sep 27 Jayne Meadows, American actress (Dark Delusion, David and Bathsheba) and wife of Steve Allen, born in Wuchang, Hubei, China (d. 2015)
  • Sep 28 Lenn Hjortzberg, Swedish director (Persona, Devil's Eye), born in Karlskrona, Sweden
  • Oct 1 Roy John Britten, American molecular biologist (repeated DNA sequences in eukaryotic genomes), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • Oct 3 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • Oct 3 John Boyd [Boyd Bradfield Upchurch], American sci-fi author (The Last Starship from Earth), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2013)
  • Oct 7 George Duby, historian
  • Oct 7 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • Oct 8 Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (1991-93), born in Tokyo (d. 2007)
  • Oct 9 Irmgard Seefried, German soprano, born Köngetried, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • Oct 12 Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician (Mayor of Trois-Rivières), born in Trois-Rivières, Canada (d. 2007)
  • Oct 14 Edward L. Feightner, American rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands), born in Lima, Ohio
  • Oct 15 Edwin Charles Tubb, British sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall), born in London (d. 2010)
  • Oct 15 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist, born in Momence, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist, Ekaterinoslav (now Dnipro), Ukraine (d. 2021)

Pierre TrudeauPierre Trudeau (1919-2000)

Oct 18 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec

  • Oct 18 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 20 Tracy Hall, American inventor (grew synthetic diamond), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2008)
  • Oct 21 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • Oct 21 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • Oct 22 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)
  • Oct 22 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • Oct 23 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, born in Bursa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1992)
  • Oct 24 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer and helicopter aviation pioneer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)

Edward W. BrookeEdward W. Brooke (1919-2015)

Oct 26 American politician and 1st popularly elected African American to the US Senate (R-Mass: 1967-79), born in Washington, D.C.

Mohammad Reza PahlaviMohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919-1980)

Oct 26 last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Persia

  • Oct 31 Magnus Wenninger, American mathematician and author of Polyhedron models, born in Park Falls, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • Nov 2 Jorge de Sena, Portuguese novelist and poet (Reino da Estupidez), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1978)
  • Nov 3 Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (Cuto), born in Barcelona (d. 1995)
  • Nov 5 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer, born in Bulandshahr Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 1978)
  • Nov 6 Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese poet and children's author (The Sea Girl), born in Oporto, Portugal (d. 2004)
  • Nov 8 P. L. Deshpande, Indian Marathi writer, born in Mumbai, India (d. 2000)

Mikhail KalashnikovMikhail Kalashnikov (1919-2013)

Nov 10 Russian general and inventor of the AK-47, born in Kurya, Kuryinsky District, Altai Krai, Russia

  • Nov 10 Moise Tshombe, President of Katanga, then premier of the Congo (Zaire), born in Musumba (d. 1969)
  • Nov 11 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (Iijoki), born in Taivalkoski, Finland (d. 2000)
  • Nov 15 Joseph Wapner, American judge (People's Court), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Nov 17 Ludwig Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord, German journalist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Nov 20 Halka Grossman, Israeli resistance fighter and politician, born in Białystok, Second Polish Republic (d. 1996)
  • Nov 22 Norman Aldridge, English toxicologist (solved global poisoning mysteries), born in Nuneaton, England (d. 1996)
  • Nov 23 Peter Strawson, English philosopher (University of Oxford), born in London, England (d. 2006)
  • Nov 24 John Silverlight, British journalist (The Observer) (d. 1995)
  • Nov 25 Chaim Pearl, Jewish rabbi and scholar, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1995)
  • Nov 26 Frederik Pohl, American sci-fi author (3 Hugo, Gateway, Bipohl), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Nov 30 Anne Wadman, Dutch writer who wrote in Frisian (Fioele & faem, Smearlappen), born in Langweer (d. 1997)
  • Nov 30 Jan Elburg [Joannes G], Dutch poet (Through the Night), bprn in Wemeldinge, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Dec 1 Anne Cox Chambers, American media owner (Cox Enterprises) and US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2000)
  • Dec 4 I. K. [Inder Kumar] Gujral, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1997-98), born in Jhelum, British India (d. 2012)
  • Dec 5 Victor Collin Matthews, British businessman, born in Islington, London (d. 1995)
  • Dec 6 Paul de Man, Belgian literary critic, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Dec 7 Charles McGee, American US Air Force officer and fighter pilot of the Tuskegee Airmen (WWII, Korean War, Vietnam), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2022)
  • Dec 8 Peter Tali Coleman, Governor of American Samoa (1956-61, 78-85, 89-93), born in Pago Pago, American Samoa (d. 1997)
  • Dec 9 William Lipscomb, American chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry (Nobel 1976), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2011)

About 1919

Chinese Zodiac: Horse (Feb 11, 1918 - Jan 31, 1919),
Goat/Sheep (Feb 1, 1919 - Feb 19, 1920)