Historical Figures Born in 1920

Birthdays 1 - 200 of 318

  • Jan 1 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Jan 2 Andrew Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, English aristocrat (Chatsworth), politician, married Deborah Mitford, born in London, England (d. 2004)

Isaac Asimov

Jan 2 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), born in Petrovichi, Russia (d. 1992)

  • Jan 2 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • Jan 3 Siegfried Buback, German Federal Prosecutor, born in Wilsdruff, Saxony, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Jan 4 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • Jan 6 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium, born in Grantham, United Kingdom (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 John Maynard Smith, English biologist, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • Jan 7 Albert Meltzer, British anarchist (Anarchist Black Flag), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 7 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • Jan 9 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1999)
  • Jan 9 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar & medical researcher, born in New Delhi, India (d. 1998)
  • Jan 11 John Powell, campaigner
  • Jan 12 James Farmer, American civil rights leader, born in Marshall, Texas (d. 1999)
  • Jan 12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 2009)
  • Jan 15 John Junor, Scottish journalist (Sunday Express), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • Jan 15 John O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • Jan 20 Ely Landau, American television and film producer (Play of the Week; Long Day's Journey into Night; King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis), born in New York City (d. 1993)
  • Jan 20 Peter Clemoes, British historian, born in Southend-on-Sea, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 20 Richard J. C. Atkinson, British archaeologist, born in Evershot, United Kingdom (d. 1994)
  • Jan 20 Sam Gibbons, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-97), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 2012)
  • Jan 21 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Errol Walton Barrow, Prime Minister of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • Jan 22 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • Jan 23 Gottfried Böhm, German architect (1986 Pritzker Prize), born in Offenbach am Main, Germany (d. 2021) [1]
  • Jan 26 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • Jan 28 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Jan 29 Alec Coppen, British pioneering psychiatrist (serotonin theory of depression), born in London, England (d. 2019)
  • Jan 29 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran, born in Huntingon, West Virginia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 30 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • Jan 31 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • Jan 31 Stewart L. Udall, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69), born in St Johns, Arizona
  • Feb 1 Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
  • Feb 1 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), born in Beijing, China (d. 2013)
  • Feb 3 George A. Miller, cognitive psychologist (the magical number seven), born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 2012)
  • Feb 3 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • Feb 4 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 6 James H. Scheuer, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1965-73, 75- 93), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • Feb 7 An Wang, Chinese-American computer engineer (Wang Labs; Wang Computers), born in Shanghai, China (d. 1990)
  • Feb 10 Alexander Comfort, English poet/writer (Wreath for the Living)
  • Feb 10 J Heslop-Harrison, botanist
  • Feb 11 Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, American sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
  • Feb 11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • Feb 11 Paul Peter Piech, artist
  • Feb 12 William Roscoe Estep, American academic, Baptist minister, and church historian, born in Williamsburg, Kentucky (d. 2000)
  • Feb 15 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • Feb 15 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Klinkaart, Het begeren), born in Terhagen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1984
  • Feb 15 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • Feb 16 Anna Mae Hays [McCabe], American military officer and US military's 1st female General, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2018)
  • Feb 16 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • Feb 17 Trevor Oswald Ling, English religious studies, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Feb 19 C. Z. Guest, American socialite and fashion icon, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • Feb 19 Frances Bairstow, American educator and labor relations arbitrator, born in Racine, Wisconsin (d. 2013)
  • Feb 19 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • Feb 20 Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
  • Feb 23 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Feb 23 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • Feb 23 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • Feb 24 Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)
  • Feb 25 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless (d. 2000)
  • Feb 25 Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
  • Feb 25 Sun Myung Moon, South Korean evangelist (Unification Church), born in Chongju, Japanese Korea (d. 2012)
  • Feb 26 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • Feb 28 Jim Olin, American politician (Rep-D-VA, 1983-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2006)
  • Feb 28 Marjorie Sweeting, English geomorphologist (d. 1994)
  • Feb 29 Louise Wood, director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)
  • Mar 1 Howard Nemerov, American poet, two-time US Poet Laureate and novelist (Blue Swallows), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • Mar 5 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89), born in Weston, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Mar 5 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • Mar 5 Leontine Tg Kelly, 1st African American female bishop (Methodist)
  • Mar 10 Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 D J Enright, England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
  • Mar 11 Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)
  • Mar 11 Kenneth Dover, chancellor (St Andrews University)
  • Mar 13 Frans van der Elst, Belgian attorney and MP (Volksunie), born in Neder-Over-Heembeek, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Mar 13 Ralph J Roberts, American businessman and founder of Comcast, born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • Mar 14 Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (Dennis the Menace), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2001)
  • Mar 15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 15 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • Mar 15 Sid Hartman, American sports journalist (Minneapolis Star Tribune; WCCO 830 AM), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • Mar 16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • Mar 16 Sid Fleischman, American author, and screenplay writer (The Whipping Boy; Blood Alley: The Abracadabra Kid), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)
  • Mar 16 Traudl Junge, German secretary to Adolf Hitler, born in Munich (d. 2002)
  • Mar 17 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangladeshi politician (founding father of Bangladesh, Prime Minister and President of Bangladesh), born in Tungipara, British India (d. 1975)
  • Mar 18 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • Mar 19 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • Mar 20 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
  • Mar 21 Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • Mar 26 George Brown Jr, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73-99), born in Holtsville, California (d. 1999)
  • Mar 27 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • Mar 28 Eugene A. Chappie, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • Mar 28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • Mar 29 John M. Belk, American head of Belk, Inc., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Mar 31 Deborah "Debs" Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire and the Chatsworth estate, one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 2014)
  • Mar 31 Marga Minco [Sara Menco], Dutch journalist and writer (Bitter Herb), born in Ginneken, Netherlands
  • Apr 3 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), born in Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 2012)
  • Apr 4 Éric Rohmer [Maurice Schérer], French director, journalist and teacher (My Night at Maud's, Claire's Knee, Le rayon vert), born in Tulle, Corrèze, France (d. 2010)
  • Apr 5 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • Apr 5 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • Apr 6 Bernard Carter, British painter and etcher
  • Apr 7 Terence Armstrong, British polar geographer (d. 1996)
  • Apr 9 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • Apr 11 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • Apr 11 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), born in Frauenstein, Austria (d. 1970)
  • Apr 12 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • Apr 12 Robert Fizdale, American pianist (Misia), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • Apr 13 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • Apr 13 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • Apr 15 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2015)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Apr 16 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Apr 16 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • Apr 17 Bengt Anderberg, Swedish poet and writer (Kain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • Apr 17 Joan Warburton, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 18 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • Apr 20 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer and 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • Apr 20 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • Apr 22 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological and poet (Misery of the Word), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 23 Eric Yarrow, British businessman, CEO (Clydesdale Bank), born in Frensham, Surrey
  • Apr 27 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet (At Eighty), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • Apr 27 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • Apr 30 Tom Moore, English Captain knighted for raising £32 million for the NHS, born in Keighley, England (d. 2021)
  • May 2 Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian writer and ecological activist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • May 5 Hidalgo Moya, American architect and designer (Skylon), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)
  • May 8 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), born in Harringay, England (d. 1993)
  • May 8 Sloan Wilson, American novelist (Man in the Gray Flannal, born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • May 8 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, born in Helsinki (d. 1991)
  • May 9 Richard Adams, English author (Watership Down), born in Newbury (d. 2016)
  • May 9 William Tenn, American author
  • May 10 Basil Kelly, Lord Justice of Appeals (Northern Ireland)
  • May 13 Ratu Kasmisere Mara, Fijian tribal chief, first Prime Minister of Fiji (1970-92) President (1994-2000), born in Lomaloma, Colony of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • May 15 Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet
  • May 17 Harriet Van Horne, columnist/panelist (Leave it to Girls), born in Syracuse, New York

John Paul II

May 18 Pope Saint John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], 264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005), born in Wadowice, Poland (d. 2005)

  • May 19 Tina Strobos, Netherlands, physician and resistor to Nazi occupation, (d. 2012)
  • May 20 John Cruickshank, banker
  • May 20 William Simpson, British trade union leader
  • May 22 Hugh Armstrong Clegg, English industrial relations academic, born in Truro, England (d. 1995)
  • May 22 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2004)
  • May 27 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • May 27 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • May 29 John Harsanyi, Hungarian-American economist (Nobel Prize in Economics, 1994, for game theory), and educator (University of California, Berkeley, 1964-90), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2000) [1]
  • May 29 Robin Haydon, British diplomat, born in Wandsworth, England (d. 1999)
  • Jun 2 Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee (d. 1969)
  • Jun 2 Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born cr
  • Jun 2 Michael James O'Hehir, commentator/journalist
  • Jun 3 Henry Brandon [Lord Brandon of Oakbrook], British judge (Lord of appeal - Ordinary) and probable spy, born in Sussex (d. 1999)
  • Jun 4 Russell E. Train, American environmentalist and administrator (EPA, WWF), born in Jamestown, Rhode Island (d. 2012)
  • Jun 5 Cornelius Ryan, Irish war reporter and historian (Bridge too Far), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1974)
  • Jun 7 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), born in La Hoguette, France (d. 1997)
  • Jun 8 Bert Leysen, Belgian TV director (Belgian National TV), born in Balen, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • Jun 8 Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (The Lion's Bride), born in Taringa, Brisbane, Australia (d. 1995)
  • Jun 9 June Braybrooke [Isobel English], English writer (Every Eye), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 11 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, King of Nepal (1955-72), born in Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Kingdom of Nepal (d. 1972)
  • Jun 11 Irving Howe, American writer and critic (World of Our Fathers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • Jun 12 Dave Berg, American cartoonist (The Lighter Side of...), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • Jun 12 William Woodward Jr., American businessman and horse breeder (Hanover National Bank), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1955)
  • Jun 15 Amy Clampitt, American poet (The Kingfisher), born in Iowa (d. 1994)
  • Jun 15 George Ernest Leslie, Scottish trade union official, born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 16 John Howard Griffin, American photographer, journalist and author (Black Like Me), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • Jun 16 José López Portillo, President of Mexico (1976-82), born in Mexico City (d. 2004)
  • Jun 16 Raymond Urgel Lemieux, Canadian scientist, born in Lac La Biche, Alberta (d. 2000)
  • Jun 17 François Jacob, French biologist and bacteriologist (Nobel 1965), born in Nancy, France (d. 2013)
  • Jun 17 Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (US Representative 1960-1971), born in The Bronx, NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • Jun 17 Patrick Duffy, British politician (L), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • Jun 18 Aster Berkhof [Louis Van de Bergh], Flemish writer (Furious Christ), born in Rijkevorsel, Belgium (d. 2020)
  • Jun 20 Haydn Tudor Evans, British high court judge, born in Cardiff (d. 2012)
  • Jun 21 Helen Cattanach, British Army Nursing Service (QARANC), born in Knockando, Morayshire, Scotland (d.1994)
  • Jun 26 Michael Eastham, Judge of the High Court of Justice Family Division 1978-93 (d. 1993)
  • Jun 28 A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 29 Ray Harryhausen, American movie special effect artist (Clash of Titans), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2013)
  • Jun 30 Sam Moskowitz, American writer and historian of science fiction, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • Jul 2 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 Louise Allbritton, American actress (The Egg and I, Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1979)
  • Jul 4 Leona Helmsley, American real estate billionaire convicted of federal income tax evasion, born in Marbletown, New York (d. 2007)
  • Jul 5 Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist, born in Franklin, New Hampshire (d. 2017)
  • Jul 8 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • Jul 10 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (antiproton, Nobel-1959), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2006)
  • Jul 12 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, American artist (Tribute to the American Working People), born in West Point, New York (d. 2009)

Pierre Berton

Jul 12 Pierre Berton, Canadian author (War of 1812), born in Whitehorse, Yukon (d. 2004)

  • Jul 13 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • Jul 15 Eldon Rudd, American politician (Rep-R-AZ, 1977-87), born in Camp Verde, Arizona (d. 2002)
  • Jul 15 Ruthven Wade, British Air Chief marshal

Gordon Gould

Jul 17 Gordon Gould, American physicist (inventor of the laser), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

  • Jul 20 Elliot L Richardson, Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973)
  • Jul 20 Jack Harman, British general
  • Jul 20 Jeffrey Petersen, British diplomat
  • Jul 21 Constant [Nieuwenhuys], Dutch painter (Uprising of Homo Ludens), and sculptor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • Jul 22 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman
  • Jul 22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1997)
  • Jul 23 Marcel Maeyer, Belgian sculptor and graphic artist, born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium (d. 1993)
  • Jul 24 Alexander H. Cohen, Broadway producer (Beyond the Fringe), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Jul 24 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), born in New York City (d. 1998)
  • Jul 24 James Eric Storrar, English pilot (WWII - Operation Mosquito, destruction of Hitler's 'Eagle's Nest') and veterinarian, born in Ormskirk,, England (d. 1995)

Rosalind Franklin

Jul 25 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958) [1]


About 1920

Chinese Zodiac: Goat/Sheep (Feb 1, 1919 - Feb 19, 1920),
Monkey (Feb 20, 1920 - Feb 7, 1921)