Birthdays in History on December 1

  • 1081 Louis VI 'The Fat', King of the Franks (1108-37) (d. 1137)
  • 1083 Anna Comnena, Byzantine princess and historian (Alexiad), (d. 1153)
  • 1521 Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (d. 1573)
  • 1525 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1549 Johan van der Veeken, Dutch merchant, richest shipowner and banker in Rotterdam, born in Mechelen (d. 1616)
  • 1566 Philip, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, governor of Ft Gorinchem and Nijmegen (d. 1695)
  • 1580 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)
  • 1634 Jan-Erasmus Quellinus [Quellien], Flemish painter (court painter to Emperor Leopold I), born in Antwerp (d. 1715)
  • 1671 John Keill, Scottish mathematician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, (d. 1721)
  • 1690 Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England, born in Dover, Kent (d. 1764)
  • 1716 Etienne-Maurice Falconet, French sculptor patronized by Madame de Pompadour, born in Paris, France (d. 1791)
  • 1722 Anna Louisa Karsch "Die Karschin", German poet, born in Hammer, Silesia (d. 1791)
  • 1724 Charles Theodore, German Elector of Bavaria (1742-77), born in Droogenbosch (d. 1799)
  • 1726 Eggert Ólafsson, Icelandic explorer, writer (Reise igiennem Island - Travels In Iceland), and language conservationist, born in Svefneyjar, Iceland (d. 1768)
  • 1743 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (discovered uranium), born in Wernigerode, Brandenburg (d. 1817)

Madame TussaudMadame Tussaud (1761-1850)

French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, born in Strasbourg

  • 1766 Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)
  • 1792 Nikolai Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician (Lobachevskian geometry), born in Nizhny Novgorod (d. 1856)
  • 1805 Lungtok Gyatso, 9th Dalai Lama, born near Dan Chokhor Monastery (d. 1815)
  • 1826 William Mahone, American railway engineer and Major General (Confederate Army), born near Courtland, Virginia (d. 1895)
  • 1832 Archibald Gracie III, American army officer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in New York City (d. 1864)
  • 1835 Micah Jenkins, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Edisto Island, South Carolina (d. 1864)
  • 1844 Alexandra, Danish princess, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1925)
  • 1869 Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
  • 1873 Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck, Dutch politician Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1918-25, 29-33), born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • 1873 Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
  • 1884 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
  • 1886 Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (Fugitives & Constants), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • 1886 Rex Stout, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels), born in Noblesville, Indiana (d. 1975)
  • 1886 Zhu De, Chinese general and politician (commander-in-chief of Eighth Route Army), born in Yilong Country, Qing Dynasty (d. 1976)
  • 1891 Foppe G. Scheltema, Dutch lawyer (wreck laws) (d. 1939)
  • 1893 Ernst Toller, German playwright, President of Bavarian Soviet Republic (1919), born in Samotschin (d. 1939)
  • 1895 Henry Williamson, English author (Tarka the Otter), born in Bedfordshire, England (d. 1977)

Georgy ZhukovGeorgy Zhukov (1896-1974)

Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga

  • 1899 Robert W. Welch Jr., American businessman who founded the conservative John Birch Society, born in Chowan County, North Carolina (d. 1985)
  • 1904 "Tony" W. A. Boyle, American United Mine Workers president convicted of murder, born in Bald Butte, Montana (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Charles G. Finney, American fantasy author (Circus of Dr Lao), born in Sedalia, Missouri (d. 1984)
  • 1909 Jan Koplowitz, German writer, born in Kudowa (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Louis Slotin, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1946)
  • 1912 Minoru Yamasaki, American architect (World Trade Center, NYC), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1986)
  • 1916 Wan Li, Chinese reform politician, born in Dongping County, Shandong province (d. 2015)
  • 1917 Geraldine McCullough, American painter and sculptor (Phoenix), born in Maywood, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Anne Cox Chambers, American media owner (Cox Enterprises) and US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Morris [Maurice De Bevere], Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke), born in Kortrijk, Belgium (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Stansfield Turner, American admiral and CIA director (1977-81), born in Highland Park, Illinois (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Martin Rodbell, American biochemist (1994 Nobel Prize for medicine or Physiology for discovery of G-proteins), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Robert T. Herres, American air force officer (Vice Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Hilly Axwijk, Suriname-Dutch social worker and women's rights activist
  • 1937 Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, Latvian politician, 6th President and 1st woman president of Latvia, born in Riga, Latvia
  • 1942 John Clauser, American physicist (Nobel Prize 2022 for experiments with entangled photons), born in Pasadena, California [1]
  • 1942 John Crowley, American sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)
  • 1942 Peter Kalikow, Queens real estate developer/publisher (NY Post), born in NYC, New York
  • 1944 Daniel Pennac, French writer, born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • 1944 Michael Hagee, American 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, born in Hampton, Virginia
  • 1944 Tahar Ben Jelloun, Moroccan writer (L’Enfant de Sable (The Sand Child)), born in Fes, Morocco
  • 1948 Tom Wright, English bishop and theologian

Pablo EscobarPablo Escobar (1949-1993)

Colombian drug lord, born in Rionegro, Colombia

  • 1949 Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and politician, President of Chile (2010-14, 2018-), born in Santiago, Chile
  • 1951 Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov, Bulgarian astronaut (Soyuz TM-5), born in Omurtag, Bulgaria
  • 1952 Rick Scott, American politician (Senator-R-Florida 2019-, Governor of Florida 2011-19), born in Bloomington, Illinois
  • 1958 Gary Peters, American politician (Senator-D-Michigan 2015-, Rep-D-Michigan 2009-15), born in Pontiac, Michigan
  • 1959 Rick Leventhal, American broadcast journalist
  • 1961 Armin Meiwes ' the Rotenburg Cannibal', German murder, brn in Essen, West Germany
  • 1962 Robert F. Smith, American investor and philanthropist, born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1968 Sarah Fitz-Gerald, Australian squash player (World Open 1996-98, 2001-02, British Open 2001-02), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1970 Jouko Ahola, Finnish strongman and power-lifter (World's Strongest Man 1997, 99), born in Hämeenlinna, Finland
  • 1971 Peter Van de Veire, Belgian radio-presenter
  • 1972 Norbert Wójtowicz, Polish historian and theologian
  • 1974 Salva Dut, Sudanese American activist (Water for South Sudan) and former 'Lost Boy of Sudan', born in Southwestern Sudan
  • 1976 Brently Heilbron, American satirist
  • 1976 Konerak Sinthasomphone, Jeffrey Dahmer's victim, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1976 Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (d. 1998)
  • 2001 Aiko, Princess Toshi of Japan