On This Day

Birthdays in History on December 10

Person of interestJames I

1394 James I, King of Scotland (1406-37), born in Dunfermline Palace, Scotland (d. 1437)

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1452 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Blaubeuren, Germany (d. 1531)
  • 1538 Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1612)
  • 1588 Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher, born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1637)
  • 1679 Willem Maurits, Dutch count of Nassau and governor of Zeeuws-Flanders, born in The Hague (d. 1753)
  • 1691 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1759)
  • 1741 Aagje Deken, Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children), born in Amstelveen, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • 1751 George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist, born in Bierton, Buckinghamshire (d. 1813)
  • 1765 Alexander Gogel, Dutch minister of Finance, born in Vught, Netherlands (d. 1821)
  • 1787 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American pioneer of educating the deaf, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1794 James Wolfe Ripley, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Windham County, Connecticut (d. 1870)
  • 1804 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1851)
  • 1805 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, born in Winsum, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1865)

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

1805 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist publisher (The Liberator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1805 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, born in Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1881)
  • 1813 Zachariah Chandler, American merchant and politician (found Republican Party), born in Bedford, New Hampshire (d. 1879)

Person of interestAda Lovelace

1815 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1820 David Allen Russell, United States Army officer (Union), born in Salem, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence, secon daughter of King Willliam IV, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1821)
  • 1821 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1877)
  • 1822 Thomas Casimer Devin, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1824 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), born in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland(d. 1905)
  • 1827 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (O'Keefe Brewery Company of Toronto Limited), born in Bandon, County Cork (d. 1913)

Person of interestEmily Dickinson

1830 Emily Dickinson, American poet (Collected Poems), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1886)

  • 1831 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1851 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), born in Adams Center, New York (d. 1931)
  • 1855 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), born in West Harling, Norfolk, England (d. 1956)
  • 1870 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)
  • 1870 Pierre Louÿs, French novelist and poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1925)
  • 1870 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us), born in Wûns (d. 1931)
  • 1870 Mary Bonaparte, eldest surviving daughter of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte of Canino and Christine Ruspoli (d. 1947)
  • 1872 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1878 C. Rajagopalachari, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India, born in Thorapalli, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, born in Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1884 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)

Person of interestNelly Sachs

1891 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet and Playwright (O the Chimneys - Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1970)

  • 1894 Earnest Haenchen, German new testament expert, born in Czarnków, Poland (d. 1975)
  • 1894 Gertrud Kolmar, German lyric poet and writer, born in Berlin (d. 1943)
  • 1897 Karl H. Waggerl, Austria writer (Power of Love), born in Bad Gastein, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • 1898 Yuri Nikolayevich Libedinski, Ukrainian writer (Birth of Hero), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1959)
  • 1901 F Fischer, German war criminal (Breda 4)
  • 1903 William Plomer, South African-British author (Paper Houses, I Speak of Africa), born in Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1973)
  • 1906 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Rumer Godden, English author (Thursday's Children), born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England (d. 1998)
  • 1908 Arnold van Ruler, Dutch theologist, born in Apeldoorn, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Philip Hart, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • 1917 Sultan Yahya Petra, 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (1975-79), born in Kota Bharu, Kelantan (d. 1979)
  • 1920 Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (Laços de Família), born in Chechelnyk, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 1977)
  • 1920 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), born in Klenovik (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jorge Semprún, Spanish-French writer (2nd mort de R Mercader, Z), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2011)
  • 1925 Carolyn Ashley Kizer, American writer (Yin, Pulitzer 1985), born in Spokane, Washington, (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Clayton K Yeutter, American trade negotiator and Republican National chairman, born in Eustis, Nebraska (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K, born in Scotland (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist (Nobel 1975), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1994)
  • 1939 Barry Cunliffe, English archaeologist and university professor, born in Portsmouth, England
  • 1940 William Fred Dempster, crew member (Biosphere 2), born in Berkeley, California
  • 1942 Ralph Tavares, American musician (Tavares), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1942 Peter Sarstedt, British musician (Where do you go to my lovely), born Delhi, India (d. 2017)
  • 1946 Walter Orange, American rocker (Commodores-Too Hot to Trot), born in Florida
  • 1946 Thomas Lux, American poet (Split Horizon), born in Northampton, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1947 Rəsul Quliyev, Azerbaijani politician, born in Qazanci, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
  • 1948 Abu Abbas [Muhammad Zaidan], Palestinian founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (PLO), born in Yarmouk Camp (d. 2004)
  • 1955 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and novelist (The Deep End of the Ocean), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1956 Michael VerMeulen, American journalist and magazine editor (British GQ), born in Lake Forest, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1957 Prem Rawat "Guru Maharajji and Maharaji", American-Indian spiritual leader and speaker, born in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India
  • 1963 Robin White, American tennis player (US Open doubles 1988), born in San Diego, California
  • 1964 Bobby Flay, American celebrity chef and restaurateur, born in NYC, New York
  • 1971 Brian Nichols, American spree killer (on trial for rape when he escaped from custody and murdered the judge presiding over his trial, a court reporter, a sheriff's deputy and later a federal agent), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1978 Donna Williams, co-founder of Neopets
  • 1986 Ryoichi Tsukada, Japanese acrobat