Birthdays in History on December 10

James IJames I (1394-1437)

King of Scotland (1406-37), born in Dunfermline Palace, Scotland

  • 1452 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Blaubeuren, Germany (d. 1531)
  • 1538 Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1612)
  • 1588 Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher, born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1637)
  • 1679 Willem Maurits, Dutch count of Nassau and governor of Zeeuws-Flanders, born in The Hague (d. 1753)
  • 1691 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1759)
  • 1741 Aagje Deken, Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children), born in Amstelveen, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • 1751 George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist, born in Bierton, Buckinghamshire (d. 1813)
  • 1765 Alexander Gogel, Dutch minister of Finance, born in Vught, Netherlands (d. 1821)
  • 1787 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American pioneer of educating the deaf, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1794 James Wolfe Ripley, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Windham County, Connecticut (d. 1870)
  • 1804 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1851)
  • 1805 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, born in Winsum, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1865)
  • 1805 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, born in Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1881)

William Lloyd GarrisonWilliam Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879)

American abolitionist, and publisher ("The Liberator"), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts

  • 1813 Zachariah Chandler, American merchant and politician (found Republican Party), born in Bedford, New Hampshire (d. 1879)

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace (1815-1852)

English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London

  • 1820 David Allen Russell, United States Army officer (Union), born in Salem, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence, secon daughter of King Willliam IV, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1821)
  • 1821 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1877)
  • 1822 Thomas Casimer Devin, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1824 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), born in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1905)
  • 1827 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (O'Keefe Brewery Company of Toronto Limited), born in Bandon, County Cork (d. 1913)

Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson (1830-1886)

American poet (Collected Poems), born in Amherst, Massachusetts

  • 1831 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1851 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), born in Adams Center, New York (d. 1931)
  • 1855 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), born in West Harling, Norfolk, England (d. 1956)
  • 1870 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)
  • 1870 Mary Bonaparte, eldest surviving daughter of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte of Canino and Christine Ruspoli (d. 1947)
  • 1870 Pierre Louÿs, French novelist and poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1925)
  • 1870 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us), born in Wûns (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1878 C. Rajagopalachari, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India, born in Thorapalli, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, born in Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1884 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)

Nelly SachsNelly Sachs (1891-1970)

German-Swedish poet and playwright (O the Chimneys - Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), born in Berlin, Germany

  • 1894 Earnest Haenchen, German new testament expert, born in Czarnków, Poland (d. 1975)
  • 1894 Gertrud Kolmar, German lyric poet and writer, born in Berlin (d. 1943)
  • 1897 Karl H. Waggerl, Austria writer (Power of Love), born in Bad Gastein, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • 1898 Yuri Nikolayevich Libedinski, Ukrainian writer (Birth of Hero), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1959)
  • 1901 Franz Fischer, German Gestapo official and war criminal (one of the Breda 4, last ex-Nazi held in Dutch prison) (d. 1989)
  • 1903 William Plomer, South African-British author (Paper Houses, I Speak of Africa), born in Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1973)
  • 1906 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Rumer Godden, English author (Thursday's Children), born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England (d. 1998)
  • 1908 Arnold van Ruler, Dutch theologist, born in Apeldoorn, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Philip Hart, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • 1917 Sultan Yahya Petra, 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (1975-79), born in Kota Bharu, Kelantan (d. 1979)
  • 1920 Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (Laços de Família), born in Chechelnyk, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 1977)
  • 1920 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), born in Klenovik (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jorge Semprún, Spanish-French writer (2nd mort de R Mercader, Z), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2011)
  • 1925 Carolyn Ashley Kizer, American writer (Yin, Pulitzer 1985), born in Spokane, Washington, (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Harvey Glatman, American rapist and serial killer, born in The Bronx, New York City (d. 1959)
  • 1930 Clayton K Yeutter, American trade negotiator and Republican National chairman, born in Eustis, Nebraska (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K, born in Scotland (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist (Nobel 1975), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1994)
  • 1939 Barry Cunliffe, English archaeologist and university professor, born in Portsmouth, England
  • 1940 William Fred Dempster, crew member (Biosphere 2), born in Berkeley, California
  • 1946 Thomas Lux, American poet (Split Horizon), born in Northampton, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1946 Walter Orange, American rocker (Commodores-Too Hot to Trot), born in Florida
  • 1947 Rəsul Quliyev, Azerbaijani politician, born in Qazanci, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
  • 1948 Abu Abbas [Muhammad Zaidan], Palestinian founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (PLO), born in Yarmouk Camp (d. 2004)
  • 1950 John Boozman, American politician (Senator-R-Arkansas 2011-), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1955 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and novelist (The Deep End of the Ocean), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1956 Michael VerMeulen, American journalist and magazine editor (British GQ), born in Lake Forest, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1956 Rod Blagojevich, American politician (Governor of Illinois, 2003-09 - impeached and removed), and convicted felon (corruption and solicitation of bribes), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1957 Prem Rawat "Guru Maharajji and Maharaji", American-Indian spiritual leader and speaker, born in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India
  • 1963 Gillian Wearing, English conceptual artist (60 Minutes Silence), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1963 Robin White, American tennis player (US Open doubles 1988), born in San Diego, California
  • 1964 Bobby Flay, American celebrity chef and restaurateur, born in NYC, New York
  • 1971 Brian Nichols, American spree killer (on trial for rape when he escaped from custody and murdered the judge presiding over his trial, a court reporter, a sheriff's deputy and later a federal agent), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1978 Donna Williams, co-founder of Neopets
  • 1986 Ryoichi Tsukada, Japanese acrobat
  • 2014 Gabriella, Countess of Carladès, Princess of Monaco, born in Monaco
  • 2014 Jacques, Prince and heir of Monaco, born in Monaco