Birthdays in History on December 11

  • 1465 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese 9th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1489)

Person of interestLeo X

1475 Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1521)

Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1709 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Queen consort of Spain, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1742)
  • 1712 Francesco Algarotti, Italian art collector and encyclopedist (Viaggio in Russia), born in Venice (d. 1764)

Person of interestGeorge Mason

1725 George Mason, American statesman (Bill of Rights), born in Fairfax County, Colony of Virginia (d. 1792)

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1761 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian philosopher and physicist, born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Italy (d. 1835)
  • 1781 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), born in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland (d. 1868)
  • 1783 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1817)
  • 1797 Hiram Paulding, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Cortlandt, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1801 Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German dramatist, born in Detmold, Lippe (d. 1836)
  • 1810 Alfred de Musset, French writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France (d. 1857)
  • 1835 Adolf Stoecker, German conservative politician, and reformer who founded the German Christian Social Party, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), born in Berlin (d. 1915)
  • 1838 John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), born in Westminster Township (d. 1915)
  • 1840 Namık Kemal, Turkish poet and author (Fatherland-1872), born in Tekirdağ, Ottoman Empire (d. 1888)

Person of interestRobert Koch

1843 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), born in Clausthal, Hanover (d. 1910)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch

  • 1849 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), born in Gladhammar Parish, Västervik Municipality, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • 1856 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, born in Gudalovka, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director, born in Ozurgeti, Georgia (d. 1943)

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

1863 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • 1873 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, born in Bled, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1882 Fiorello La Guardia, American politician (Mayor-R- 1933-45), born in NYC, New York (d. 1947)
  • 1882 Max Born, German physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1882 Subramania Bharati, Indian poet and independence activist, born in Ettayapuram, Tirunelveli district, British India (d. 1921)
  • 1889 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)

Person of interestWalter Knott

1889 Walter Knott, American farmer who created the Knott's Berry Farm amusement park in California and introduced the boysenberry to America, born in San Bernardino, California (d. 1981)

Farmer and Creator of Knott's Berry Farm Walter Knott
Farmer and Creator of Knott's Berry Farm
Walter Knott
  • 1898 Nils Johan Einar Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn), born in Karlstad, Sweden (d. 1961)
  • 1899 Vera von der Heydt, German psychoanalyst, born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Joe Coral [Joseph Kagarlitski], British bookmaker (Gala Coral Group), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Marge, American cartoonist (created Little Lulu), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1993)
  • 1905 Eugen Fink, German philosopher, born in Konstanz, German Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1905 Robert Henriques, English writer (100 Hours to Suez) (d. 1967)
  • 1906 Birago Diop, Senegalese writer and ambassador (Leurres et Lueurs), born in Dakar, French West Africa (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Ronald McKie, Australian author (The Mango Tree), born in Toowoomba, Queensland (d. 1991)
  • 1910 Robert Grieve, Scottish civil servant and planner, born in Glasgow (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2006)

Person of interestAleksandr Solzhenitsyn

1918 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer (Cancer Ward, Nobel 1970), born in Kislovodsk, Russia (d. 2008)

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1922 Grace Paley, American poet, political activist and teacher (1970 Arts & Letters Award), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Peter Birch, American choreographer (Jane Froman's USA Canteen), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1925 Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist (Nobel 2000), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 John Buscema, American comics artist (Conan the Barbarian), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)

  • 1931 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian leader of the Rajneesh movement, born in Kuchwada Village, Raisen district, Bhopal State, British India (d. 1990)
  • 1933 Ernst van Altena, Dutch author and interpreter (Chansons van Earnest), born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • 1933 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Filipino politician (23rd President of the Senate of the Philippines), born in Claveria, Misamis Oriental, Philippine Islands
  • 1935 Pranab Mukherjee, Indian politician, 13th President of India (2012-17), born in Mirati, British India
  • 1935 Ferdinand A. Porsche, German car designer (Porsche 911), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Hans van den Broek, Dutch politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris
  • 1936 Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician (Minister of Construction), born in Dalian, Kwantung Leased Territory, China
  • 1937 Adriaan Vlok, South African politician (Minister of Law & Order (1986-91), born in Sutherland, South Africa
  • 1937 Jim Harrison, American poet and novelist (Legends of the Fall), born in Grayling, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Thomas McGuane, American writer (Colf Feet, Tom Horn, Missouri Breaks), born in Wyandotte, Michigan
  • 1939 Tom Hayden, American civil rights and antiwar activist and politician (Rep-D-Ca), born in Royal Oak, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • 1941 Max Baucus, American politician (11th United States Ambassador to China), born in Helena, Montana
  • 1942 Derek Parfit, British philosopher who specialized in problems of personal identity, rationality and ethics, born in Chengdu, China (d. 2017)

Person of interestJohn Kerry

1943 John Kerry, US Secretary of State (2013-17) and 2004 presidential nominee of the Democratic Party, born in Aurora, Colorado

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • 1950 Christine Onassis [Andreadis], American-born Greek heiress (Aristotle's daughter), born in NYC, New York
  • 1954 Santiago Creel, Mexican politician (Secretary of the Interior), born in Mexico City
  • 1959 Lisa Gastineau, American reality show star, born in Rockland County, New York
  • 1961 Marco Pierre White, English chef and restaurateur (youngest chef ever to have been awarded three Michelin stars), born in Leeds, England
  • 1964 John Mark Karr, American who claimed involvement in JonBenét Ramsey case
  • 1972 Dana Macsim, Romanian television news reporter, born in Piatra Neamt, Romania
  • 1981 Paul Medhurst, Australian rules footballer, born in Western Australia, Australia