Birthdays in History on December 12

  • 1298 Albert II, Duke of Austria, born in Habsburg Castle, Swabia (d. 1358)
  • 1574 Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish King Frederik II and Queen Consort of James I of England, born in Skanderborg Castle, Skanderborg, Denmark (d. 1619)
  • 1610 Basil of Ostrog [Saint Vasilije], Serbian Orthodox bishop, born in Mrkonjići (d. 1671)
  • 1659 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1739)
  • 1660 Peter Rabus, Dutch poet and translator (Liberated Britanje) (d. 1702)
  • 1712 Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Imperial Army field marshal, born in Lunéville, Duchy of Lorraine (d. 1780)

Person of interestSamuel Hood

1724 Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Butleigh, England (d. 1816)

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • 1731 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)

Person of interestJohn Jay

1745 John Jay, US statesman and 1st US Chief Justice, born in NYC, New York (d. 1829)

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1779 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, born in Joigny, Burgundy, France (d. 1865)
  • 1783 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician, born in New Jersey (d. 1865)
  • 1786 William L. Marcy, American statesman, born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1857)
  • 1791 Marie-Louise of Austria, Duchess of Parma and second wife of Napoleon, born in Hofburg, Vienna, Austria (d. 1847)
  • 1792 Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1828)
  • 1799 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1801 John, King of Saxony (1854-73) and translated Divina Commedia, born in Dresden, Germany

  • 1805 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1878)
  • 1806 Stand Watie, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Calhoun, Georgia (d. 1871)
  • 1818 Paul Octave Hébert, American Brigadier General and 14th Governor of Louisiana, born in Plaquemine, Louisiana (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary), born in Rouen, France (d. 1880)
  • 1830 Joseph O. Shelby, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • 1832 Abraham Carel Wertheim, Dutch banker and philanthropist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), born in Trossingen, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1838 Sherburne Wesley Burnham, American astronomer (binary stars), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1921)
  • 1845 Bruce Price, American architect, born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • 1853 Johan Petter Johansson, Swedish inventor and industrialist (modern adjustable spanner), born in Vårgårda, Sweden (d. 1943)
  • 1859 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), born in Paris (d. 1945)

Person of interestEdvard Munch

1863 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • 1864 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, born in Saint Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • 1866 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913), born in Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France (d. 1919)
  • 1870 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon, born in Tipton County, Tennessee (d. 1912)
  • 1874 Volter Kilpi, Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa), born in Kustavi, Finland (d. 1939)
  • 1875 Desideer Stracke, Flemish jesuit and literature historian, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1970)

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

1875 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • 1879 Friedrich Christiansen, German nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland, born in Wyk auf Föhr, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1892 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket engineer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1902 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1903 Enid Balint-Edmonds, British psychoanalyst, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Manès Sperber, Austrian-French writer (Like a Tear in the Ocean: A Trilogy), born in Zabolotiv, Ukraine (d. 1984)
  • 1906 William Pahlmann, American interior designer (4 Season restaurant, NYC), born in Pleasant Mound, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1907 Frederik van Heek, Dutch sociologist, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1987)

  • 1909 Armand Boni, Flemish poet and writer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • 1917 Edward Firth Henderson, British diplomat and arabist, born in Bristol (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Nilda Pinto, Curacao writer (Nanzi), born in Otrobanda (d. 1954)
  • 1919 Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (revival of traditional forms of astrology in the late 20th century), born in Essex, England (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (Archie Comics), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Fred Kida, Japanese-American comics artist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Arthur R. Hawkins, American naval aviator and flying ace (WW II, downed 14 Japanese planes), born in Zavalla, Texas (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Ed Koch, American lawyer and politician (NY Mayor (D) 1977-89), Judge (People's Court), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Cora Lee Johnson, social activist for rural poor
  • 1925 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (The Book of Alley), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Robert Noyce, American inventor (co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968), born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1990)
  • 1928 Helen Frankenthaler, American abstract expressionist artist (Arden), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Lionel Blair [Ogus], Canadian choreographer (Give Us a Clue), born in Montréal, Québec
  • 1928 Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-Kyrgyz author and best-known figure in Kyrgyzstan's literature (Jamila), born in Kirghiz ASSR, Soviet Union (d. 2008)
  • 1929 John Osborne, English playwright (Entertainer, Look Back in Anger, Luther), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian writer and journalist, born in Sirjan, Kerman (d. 1994)
  • 1934 Miguel de la Madrid, President of Mexico (1982-1988), born in Colima, Mexico (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Buford Pusser, American sheriff of McNairy County, Tennessee, born in Finger, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1940 Sharad Pawar, Indian politician (founded Nationalist Congress Party in 1999), born in Baramati, Bombay Presidency, British India
  • 1944 Jean Doré, Canadian politician (39th Mayor of Montreal), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Karl Edward Wagner, American sci-fi author (Bloodstone, Night Winds), born in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • 1946 George Santo Pietro, husband of Vanna White
  • 1951 Steven Alan Hawley, American NASA astronaut (STS 41-D, 61-C, 31, 82), born in Ottawa, Kansas
  • 1952 Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician, born in Phagwara, Punjab, India
  • 1954 Liz Claman, American television anchor (Countdown to the Closing Bell), born in Beverly Hills, California
  • 1957 Robert Lepage, French Canadian playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • 1959 Scott D. Vangen, American astronaut, born in Granite Falls, Minnesota
  • 1963 Juan Carlos Varela, President of Panama (2014-), born in Panama City
  • 1966 Royce Gracie, Brazilian martial artist, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1972 Brandon Teena, American trans man and hate crime victim, born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1993)
  • 1994 Otto Warmbier, American student detained in North Korea after stealing poster, born in Cincinnati, Ohio