Birthdays in History on December 13

  • 1521 Pope Sixtus V [Felice Piergentile], Pope of the Catholic Church (1585-90), born in Grottammare, Papal States (d. 1590)
  • 1533 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), born in Stockholm (d. 1577)

Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France (1553-1610)

1st Bourbon King of Navarra (1572-1610) and France (1589-1610), born in Pau, Navarre

  • 1585 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, born in Hawthornden Castle, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1640 Robert Plot, English naturalist, born in Borden, Kent (d. 1696)
  • 1662 Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist, born in Verona, Italy (d. 1729)
  • 1678 Yongzheng, 4th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Yonghe Palace, Forbidden City, China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist, born in Venice (d. 1804)
  • 1724 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, born in Rostock, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1802)
  • 1784 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Clark Mills, American sculptor (Freedom, Armed Liberty) (d. 1883)
  • 1816 Clement Claiborne Clay, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alabama), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1882)

Werner von SiemensWerner von Siemens (1816-1892)

German inventor (siemens electrical conductance unit) and industrialist (Siemens corporation), born in Lenthe, German Confederation

Mary Todd LincolnMary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882)

American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), born in Lexington, Kentucky

  • 1836 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, born in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria (d. 1904)
  • 1856 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Umetić, Croatian Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1864 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), born in Ashland, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (nominated 7 times for Nobel Prize), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1917)
  • 1871 Emily Carr, Canadian painter, born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1945)
  • 1871 Herman Theodoor Colenbrander, Dutch historian, born in Drachten, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1871 Russell W. Porter, American artist and explorer (Alaska), born in Springfield, Vermont (d. 1949)
  • 1874 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1883 Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1950)
  • 1886 Lambertus Johannes van Apeldoorn, Dutch lawyer (martial law), born in IJlst, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1887 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • 1887 George Pólya, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)

Marc ConnellyMarc Connelly (1890-1980)

American playwright (One Minute Please), born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania

  • 1899 Harold Guinzburg, American publisher (founder of Literary Guild), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Talcott Parsons, American sociologist, born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1979)
  • 1903 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1992)
  • 1903 Yevgeny Petrov [Yevgeny Petrovich Kataev], Soviet writer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • 1906 Laurens Jan van der Post, South African-born writer, soldier, explorer and conservationist, born in Philippolis (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Charles Alfred Coulson, British chemist (theoretical), born in Dudley, England (d. 1974)

Kenneth PatchenKenneth Patchen (1911-1972)

American poet and novelist (Cloth of the Tempest), born in Niles, Ohio

  • 1911 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, born in Skedsmo, Norway (d. 1999)
  • 1913 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian and director of British Museum (1974-76), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Alan Bullock, British historian and author (Hitler: A Study in Tyranny), born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Balthazar Johannes Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (1966-77), born in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1915 Ross MacDonald [Kenneth Millar], American-Canadian detective novelist (Goodbye Look), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1983)
  • 1915 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1981)
  • 1919 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)

George P. ShultzGeorge P. Shultz (1920-2021)

American economist, and statesman (Secretary of State, 1982-89; Secretary of the Treasury, 1972-74), born in New York City [1]

  • 1920 Kaysone Phomvihane, President of Laos (Pathet Lao) (1991-92), born in Na Seng village, Khanthabouli district (d. 1992)
  • 1922 José Sarria, American political activist, drag queen and 1st openly gay candidate for public office in the US (1961), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Antoni Tapies, Spanish painter, sculptor and theorist (Dau al Set), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Frankie Fraser, English gangster who spent 42 years in jail, born in London, England (d. 2014)
  • 1923 Fred van der Spek, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PSP), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Jack Tramiel, American Businessman (Amiga, Commodore 64), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1928 W Gordon Smith, Scottish playwright, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • 1935 Tom Wakefield, British writer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1936 Karim Aga Khan, Imam of Nizari-Ismaili Shia Islam, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1942 Anna Eshoo, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in New Britain, Connecticut
  • 1944 Dick Dees, Dutch politician, born in Oostburg, Netherlands
  • 1945 Ann Syrdal, American psychologist and computer science researcher (developed female synthetic voices at AT&T), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • 1948 Brian Wilson, British Labour politician, born in Dunoon, Scotland
  • 1949 R. A. MacAvoy, American sci-fi author (Damiano's Lute, Raphael), born in Cleveland, Ohio

Ben BernankeBen Bernanke (69 years old)

1953 American economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve (2006-14, 2022 Nobel Prize), born in Augusta, Georgia

  • 1953 Thomas E. Sanders, American aerial cameraman (Living Daylights), born in San Pedro, California (d. 2017)
  • 1954 Tamora Pierce, American author of fantasy fiction (The Song of the Lioness), born in South Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman, born in Grenoble, France
  • 1965 Marko Mäetamm, Estonian artist, born in Viljandi, Estonia
  • 1966 Gavin Andresen, American computer programmer and cryptocurrency entrepreneur who founded the Bitcoin Foundation, born in the United States [1]
  • 1966 Ross Burden, New Zealand celebrity chef, born in Napier, New Zealand (d. 2014)
  • 1971 Miguel Angel Martinez Soto, mariachi
  • 1974 Sara Cox, English TV and radio presenter (The Radio 1 Breakfast Show), born in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England
  • 1978 B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist, born in Kailua, Hawaii
  • 2005 Prince Aymeric of Belgium, twin and third child of Prince Laurent and Princess Claire of Belgium, born in St-Luc University Hospital, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium
  • 2005 Prince Nicolas of Belgium, twin and second child of Prince Laurent and Princess Claire of Belgium, born in St-Luc University Hospital, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium