Birthdays in History on December 14

  • 1009 Emperor Go-Suzaku, 69th Emperor of Japan (1036-45), born in Heian Kyō, Japan (d. 1045)
  • 1363 Jean de Gerson, French theologian, born in Gerson-lès-Barby, Champagne, France (d. 1429)

Person of interestNostradamus

1503 Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist and prophet (Les Propheties), born in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France (d. 1566)

Astrologer/Prophet Nostradamus
Astrologer/Prophet
Nostradamus

Person of interestTycho Brahe

1546 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (Golden nose), born in Knudstrup, Denmark (d. 1601)

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
  • 1625 Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist, born in Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1631 Anne Conway, English philosopher, born in London (d. 1679)
  • 1640 Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist, baptized in Canterbury, England (d. 1689)
  • 1678 Daniel Neal, English historian, born in London (d. 1743)
  • 1720 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, born in Osnabrück, Germany (d. 1794)
  • 1775 Philander Chase, American Episcopal Church bishop and founder of Kenyon College, born in Cornish, New Hampshire (d. 1852)
  • 1775 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral , born in Annsfield, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1777 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos the mayo), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1853)
  • 1780 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian diplomat, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1862)
  • 1784 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Naples (d. 1806)
  • 1787 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia, born in Monza, Duchy of Milan (d. 1816)
  • 1791 Charles Wolfe, Irish poet, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1823)

  • 1794 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (Mayor of Albany, New York), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1872)
  • 1812 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, born in Brompton, London (d. 1862)
  • 1824 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter, born in Lyon, Rhône, France (d. 1898)
  • 1829 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, born in Louisa County, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • 1830 Allen Thomas, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Howard County, Maryland (d. 1907)
  • 1832 Daniel H. Reynolds, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Centerburg, Ohio (d. 1902)
  • 1837 William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
  • 1853 Salvador Díaz Mirón, Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas), born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1928)
  • 1862 John M. Acket, Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions) (d. 1933)
  • 1866 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic, born in St Pancras, London, England (d. 1934)
  • 1870 Dirk Jan de Geer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-29, 39-40), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1870 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), born in Dolní Dunajovice, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)
  • 1883 Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido, born in Tanabe, Wakayama, Japan (d. 1883)
  • 1884 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1961)
  • 1895 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)

Person of interestGeorge VI

1895 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI

Person of interestJimmy Doolittle

1896 James Doolittle, USAF General who conducted the raid on Tokyo in 1942, born in Alameda, California (d. 1993)

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1897 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Skowhegan, Maine (d. 1995)
  • 1897 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (Dictator of the Austrian Federal State), born in Riva del Garda, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64), born in Tatoi Palace, Athens, Kingdom of Greece (d. 1964)
  • 1908 Mária Szepes, Hungarian author (The Red Lion), born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 1975)
  • 1909 Phia Berghout, Dutch harpist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Federal Trust) (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Hans von Ohain, German-American aerospace engineer, born in Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt German Empire (d. 1998)

  • 1914 Karl Carstens, German politician (President of the Federal Republic of Germany 1979-84), born in Bremen, German Empire (d. 1992)
  • 1915 Clay Warnick, American choral director (Jimmie Rodgers Show), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1995)

Person of interestShirley Jackson

1916 Shirley Jackson, American writer (Road Through the Wall), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1965)

  • 1917 June Taylor, American choreographer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1918 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate, born in Bellur, Kolar district, Kingdom of Mysore (d. 2014)
  • 1920 Albertus Louis Meintser, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1923 Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys), born in Amsterdam (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Koss Rietkerk, Dutch internal minister (VVD) (1982-86), born in Boskoop, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1931 Jaun Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher, born in Amroha, Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Étienne Tshisekedi, Congolese opposition leader, born in Luluabourg, Central Congo (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Robert Alan Ridley Parker, American PhD/astronaut (STS 9, STS 35), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Leonardo Boff, Brazilian Catholic theologian (liberation theology) and writer, born in Concórdia, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • 1940 Lex Gold, Scottish football , born in Lanark, Scotland
  • 1941 Ellen Willis, American journalist and feminist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1942 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • 1946 Anthonius A M "Ton" Kors, Dutch writer (Hannie Schaft)
  • 1947 Linda Sutton, English artist, born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex
  • 1947 Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian politician, President of Brazil (2011-16), born in Belo Horizonte
  • 1948 Kim Beazley, Australian politician (33rd Governor of Western Australia), born in Perth, Western Australia
  • 1953 Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1953 Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1954 Steve MacLean, Canadian astronaut (STS 52), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1959 Bob Paris, Canadian-American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate, born in Columbus, Indiana
  • 1960 Catherine Coleman, American USAF officer and astronaut (STS 73), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1960 James Comey, American lawyer and former FBI director, born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1962 Glenda E Gray, South African scientist specializing in HIV research, born in Boksburg, South Africa
  • 1967 Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer, born in Elbląg, Poland
  • 1976 Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter, born in Groom, Texas
  • 1985 Paul Rabil, Lebanese-American professional lacrosse player, born in Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • 1995 Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria, born in London