Birthdays in History on December 15

NeroNero (37-68 AD)

Emperor of Rome (54-68), born in Antium, Italy

  • 1610 David Teniers the Younger, Flemish court painter (Theatrum Pictorium), born in Antwerp (d. 1690)
  • 1648 Gregory King, English statistician (Natural & Political Observations), born in Lichfield, England (d. 1712)
  • 1778 Godert van der Capellen, Dutch governor-general (Dutch-Indies), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1786 Edward Coles, American anti-slavery advocate and politician (Governor of Illinois, 1822-26), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1868)
  • 1787 Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor and Shakespearean critic, born in Enfield, Middlesex, England (d. 1877)
  • 1793 Henry Charles Carey, American economist (Principles of Poli Economy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1802 Janos Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (d. 1860)

Gustave EiffelGustave Eiffel (1832-1923)

French engineer and architect who designed and built the Eiffel tower, born in Dijon, France

  • 1836 Edmond Picard, French-Belgian lawyer and writer (La forge Roussel), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1924)

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel (1852-1908)

French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), born in Paris, France

  • 1852 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1892)
  • 1853 Jean Baptiste August Kessler, Dutch entrepreneur and director of oil on Dutch Indies, born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1900)
  • 1859 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1860 Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish-Farosese physician and phototherapist (Nobel Prize for Medicine 1903 for treatment for Lupus), born in Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (d. 1904)
  • 1861 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • 1863 Arthur Dehon Little, American chemist (patented rayon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • 1870 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect (Vienna Secession Movement), born in Brtnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1875 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1899)
  • 1876 Ferdinand Hardekopf, German writer and journalist, born in Varel, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1878 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Hugo Willem Constantijn Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • 1887 Pieter Geyl, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch Tribe), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Artturi Leinonen, Finnish journalist and writer (Kati), born in Ylihärmä, Finland (d. 1963)

Maxwell AndersonMaxwell Anderson (1888-1959)

American dramatist (Winter Set, High Tor), born in Atlantic, Pennsylvania

J. Paul GettyJ. Paul Getty (1892-1976)

American oil magnate and billionaire (Getty Oil), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

  • 1896 Betty Smith, American novelist (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)
  • 1896 George Cressey, American geographer (Asia's Lands & Peoples), born in Tiffin, Ohio (d. 1963)

Miles DempseyMiles Dempsey (1896-1969)

British WWII general (XIII Corps, Second Army), born in New Brighton, Cheshire

  • 1896 Paul Citroen, Dutch sculptor, born in Berlin (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Francesco Messina, Italian sculptor, born in Linguaglossa, Italy (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Robert F. Bradford, American politician (57th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Kermit Bloomgarden, American producer (The Diary of Anne Frank; The Music Man), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1904 William Hitzig, Austrian Maxwell physician, born in Austria (d. 1983)

Oscar NiemeyerOscar Niemeyer (1907-2012)

Brazilian architect (Brasilia), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • 1911 Nicholas P. Dallis, American psychiatrist and comic strip writer (Rex Morgan, M.D.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (The Book of the Dead), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • 1913 Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager, born in Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1985)
  • 1915 José Toribio Merino, Chilean admiral (one of the principal leaders of the 1973 Chilean coup d'état), born in La Serena, Chile (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born English physicist whose X-ray diffraction studies of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) with Rosalind Franklin, proved crucial to discovery of DNA’s molecular structure by James Watson and Francis Crick (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1962), born in Pongaroa, New Zealand (d. 2004) [1] [2]
  • 1917 Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Pakistani Urdu linguist and writer, born in Delhi, British India (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Kurt Schaffenberger, American comics artist (Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane), born in Thuringian Forest, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Freeman Dyson, American physicist (known for his work in quantum electrodynamics, solid-state physics, astronomy and nuclear engineering), born in Crowthorne, Berkshire, England (d. 2020)
  • 1923 Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (Uzi submachine gun), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Valentin Varennikov, Soviet-Russian general and statesman, born in Krasnodar, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 2009)
  • 1928 Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian-New Zealand artist and architect (Hundertwasserhaus) known for his work in environmental protection, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1930 Edna O'Brien, Irish novelist and short story writer (Girl with Green Eyes, Casualties of Peace), born in Tuamgraney, County Clare, Ireland
  • 1933 Donald Woods, South African journalist, anti-apartheid activist and author (Biko; Asking for Trouble), born in Elliotdale, South Africa (d. 2001)
  • 1937 John Sladek, American sci-fi author (Tik-Tok, Bugs), born in Waverly, Iowa (d. 2000)
  • 1938 Dennis RB Madide, South African Internal minister of Transkei
  • 1943 Kathleen Blanco, American politician, 1st female Governor of Louisiana (2004-08), born in New Iberia, Louisiana (d. 2019)
  • 1943 Lucien den Arend, Dutch geometric abstract sculptor, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands

Chico MendesChico Mendes (1944-1988)

Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper, born in Xapuri, Brazil

Michael KingMichael King (1945-2004)

New Zealand historian and author (Penguin History of New Zealand), born in Wellington, New Zealand

  • 1947 Rodney Bingenheimer, American disc jockey, born in Mountain View, California
  • 1949 Ton Sijbrands, Dutch world checkers champion, born in Amsterdam
  • 1952 Julie Taymor, American film and stage director (The Lion Kong, Frida), born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1953 J. M. DeMatteis, American comic book writer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1954 Alex Cox, English director (Repo Man), born in Bebington, England
  • 1954 Mark Warner, American politician (Senator-D-Virginia 2009-), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1957 Mike McAlary, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1961 Karin Resetarits, Austrian journalist
  • 1961 Reginald Hudlin, American director (House Party), born in Centreville, Illinois
  • 1963 Andrew Luster, American Max Factor heir and convicted sex offender, born in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 1968 Osama Ali Maher, Swedish politician
  • 1980 Annalena Baerbock, Germany politician (Leader of the Greens Party), born in Hanover, West Germany
  • 1981 Creighton Lovelace, American Baptist minister, born in Shelby, North Carolina