Birthdays in History on December 15

  • December

Person of interestNero

37 Nero, 5th Emperor of Rome (54-68), born in Antium, Italy (d. 68)

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 1610 David Teniers the Younger, Flemish court painter (Theatrum Pictorium), born in Antwerp (d. 1690)
  • 1648 Gregory King, English statistician (Natural & Political Observations), born in Lichfield, England (d. 1712)
  • 1778 Godert van der Capellen, Dutch governor-general (Dutch-Indies), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1787 Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor and Shakespearean critic, born in Enfield, Middlesex, England (d. 1877)
  • 1793 Henry Charles Carey, American economist (Principles of Poli Economy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1802 Janos Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (d. 1860)

Person of interestGustave Eiffel

1832 Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect who designed and built the Eiffel tower, born in Dijon, France (d. 1923)

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • 1836 Edmond Picard, French-Belgian lawyer and writer (La forge Roussel), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1924)
  • 1848 Edwin Blashfield, American painter who decorated the dome of Library of Congress, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1936)

Person of interestHenri Becquerel

1852 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), born in Paris, France (d. 1908)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • 1852 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1892)
  • 1853 Jean Baptiste August Kessler, Dutch entrepreneur and director of oil on Dutch Indies, born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1900)
  • 1859 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1860 Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician and phototherapist (Nobel 1903), born in Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (d. 1904)
  • 1861 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 1938)

  • 1863 Arthur Dehon Little, American chemist (patented rayon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • 1870 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect, born in Brtnice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1875 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1899)
  • 1876 Ferdinand Hardekopf, German writer and journalist, born in Varel, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1878 Hans Carossa, German writer, born in Tölz, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Hugo Willem Constantijn Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • 1887 Pieter Geyl, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch Tribe), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Artturi Leinonen, Finnish journalist and writer (Kati), born in Ylihärmä, Finland (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Maxwell Anderson, American dramatist (Winter Set, High Tor), born in Atlantic, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)

Person of interestJ. Paul Getty

1892 J. Paul Getty, American oil magnate and billionaire (Getty Oil), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1976)

Industrialist J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
  • 1896 Carl Ferdinand Cori, US bio-chemist
  • 1896 George B Cressey, US geographer (Asia's Lands & Peoples)
  • 1896 Paul R Citroen, Dutch sculptor
  • 1896 Betty Smith, American author (d. 1972)

Person of interestMiles Dempsey

1896 Miles Dempsey, British WWII general (XIII Corps, Second Army), born in New Brighton, Cheshire (d. 1969)

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
  • 1900 Francesco Messina, sculptor
  • 1902 Robert F. Bradford, 57th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Kermit Bloomgarden, producer (Diary of Anne Frank, Music Man)
  • 1904 William Hitzig, Austrian Maxwell physician
  • 1906 Betty Smith, novelist (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn)
  • 1907 Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect (Brasilia), (d. 2012)
  • 1911 Nicholas P. Dallis, American psychiatrist and comic strip writer (d. 1991)
  • 1912 Ray Eames, American designer (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (1977 Shelley Memorial Award)
  • 1913 Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager

  • 1915 Jose Toribio Merino Castro, admiral
  • 1916 Maurice Wilkins, England, physicist, worked with DNA (Nobel 1962)
  • 1917 Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, linguist and writer of Pakistan (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Kurt Schaffenberger, American comics artist (d. 2002)
  • 1922 Alan Freed, Penn, DJ, accepted payola/introduced term "rock-n-roll"
  • 1923 Freeman Dyson, English-born American physicist
  • 1923 Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Valentin Varennikov, Russian general and statesman
  • 1928 Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (d. 2000)
  • 1930 Edna O'Brien, Irish novelist and short story writer (Girl with Green Eyes, Casualties of Peace)
  • 1931 Evald Schorm, director (Courage for Every Day), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1933 Tim Conway, Willoughby Oh, comic (McHale's Navy, Carol Burnett Show)
  • 1933 Donald Woods, South African journalist, anti-apartheid activist and author (Biko, Asking for Trouble), born in Elliotdale, South Africa (d. 2001)
  • 1937 John [Thomas] Sladek, American sci-fi author (Tik-Tok, Bugs)
  • 1938 Dennis RB Madide, South African Internal minister of Transkei
  • 1943 Kathleen Blanco, American politician
  • 1943 Lucien den Arend, Dutch artist

Person of interestChico Mendes

1944 Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper, born in Xapuri, Brazil (d. 1988)

Environmentalist Chico Mendes
Chico Mendes

Person of interestMichael King

1945 Michael King, New Zealand historian and author (Penguin History of New Zealand), born in Wellington, New Zealand

Historian and Author Michael King
Historian and Author
Michael King
  • 1947 Rodney Bingenheimer, Pioneering American radio personality
  • 1949 Ton [Teunis] Sijbrands, Dutch world checkers champion
  • 1952 Julie Taymor, American director
  • 1953 J. M. DeMatteis, American comic book writer
  • 1954 Alex Cox, director (Repo Man)
  • 1957 Mike McAlary, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1961 Reginald Hudlin, director (House Party)
  • 1961 Karin Resetarits, Austrian journalist
  • 1963 Andrew Luster, Max Factor heir
  • 1968 Osama Ali Maher, Swedish politician
  • 1981 Creighton Lovelace, American Baptist minister
  • 1985 Sheeba Reiter, Fla, illegitimate daughter of Jackie Mason