Birthdays in History on December 16

Catherine of AragonCatherine of Aragon (1485-1536)

Spanish princess, 1st wife of Henry VIII, Queen of England (1509-33), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1584 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar, born in Salvington, Sussex, England (d. 1654)
  • 1614 Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1674)
  • 1622 Cort Adeler, Norwegian admiral ship builder (served Dutch, Venetian and Danish navies), born in Brevik, Norway (d. 1675)
  • 1669 Arnold Boonen, Dutch portrait painter, born in Dordrecht,, Dutch Republic (d. 1729)

George WhitefieldGeorge Whitefield (1714-1770)

English-born Methodist leader and preacher, born in Gloucester, England

  • 1716 Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (d. 1798)
  • 1717 Elizabeth Carter, English poet, bluestocking and translator (All the Works of Epictetus Which Are Now Extant), born in Deal, England (d. 1806)
  • 1742 Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)

Jane AustenJane Austen (1775-1817)

English novelist (Pride and Prejudice), born in Steventon, England

  • 1776 Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German physicist (d. 1810)
  • 1787 Mary Russell Mitford, English writer (d. 1855)
  • 1790 Leopold I, King of Belgium (1831-65), born in Ehrenburg Palace, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1865)
  • 1804 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
  • 1809 Pieter van Bosse, Dutch politician, Liberal Minister of Finance, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • 1812 William Grose, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1900)
  • 1819 Robert Selden Garnett, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • 1825 Henry Heth, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1827 Jean Abraham Oudemans, Dutch geographer and astronomer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands, (d. 1906)
  • 1828 John Beatty, American banker, statesman, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 1914)
  • 1830 John Frederick Hartranft, American politician, 17th Governor of Pennsylvania (1873-1879), and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in New Hanover Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1834 Leon Walras, French economist (border use theory), born in Évreux,, France (d. 1910)
  • 1851 Theodoor de Meester, Dutch premier (1905-08), born in Harderwijk, Netherlands (d. 1919)
  • 1857 E. E. [Edward Emerson] Barnard, American astronomer (Jupiter's 5th satellite), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1923)
  • 1861 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • 1862 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la robe), born in Sint-Jans-Molenbeek,, Belgium (d. 1919)
  • 1863 George Santayana, Spanish-American philosopher, poet and humanist (Last Puritan), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1952)
  • 1863 Ralph Adams Cram, American gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC), born in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor (d. 1954)
  • 1867 Amy Carmichael, missionary in Dohnavur, India (d. 1951)
  • 1869 Albert Pollard, British historian (Dictionary of Natural Biography), born in Ryde, England (d. 1948)
  • 1869 Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1952)
  • 1872 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • 1882 Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner effect), born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1888 Alexander I, king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1921–29) and of Yugoslavia (1929–34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • 1888 Alphonse Juin, French general and Marshal, born in Bône, French Algeria (d. 1967)
  • 1895 Lidj Jasu [Iyasu], Emperor of Ethiopia (1913-16), born in Dessie, Ethiopia (d. 1935)
  • 1897 Paul Neuhuys, Belgian playwright and poet (Le Canari et le Cerise), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1899 Harold Walter Bailey, British philologist (Khotanese, Sanskrit scholar who spoke 50 languages), born in Devizes, England (d. 1996
  • 1900 V. S. Pritchett, British literary critic and writer (Myth Makers), born in Suffolk (d. 1996)

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead (1901-1978)

American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa, Thoughts & Female), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • 1903 Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (El hombre deshabitado, one of the Generation of 27), born in El Puerto de Santa María, Spain (d. 1999) [1]
  • 1904 Edward Morris Bernstein, American economist (US negotiator at Bretton Woods conference and establishment of IMF), born in New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Piet Hein, Dutch poet and inventor (d. 1996)
  • 1906 John Morrison, 1st Baron Margadale, English politician and landowner, last non-royal to be raised to the peerage in UK (1965) (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Ray C. Bliss, American Republican party figure (Chairman Republican National Committee 1965-69), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1981)
  • 1908 Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican surrealist artist (Eyes on the table, Useless Science or the Alchemist), born in Anglès, Spain (d. 1963) [1]
  • 1909 Henricus Verbunt, Dutch civil servant and resistance fighter, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Theo Bitter, Dutch painter and set designer (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Udom Patpongsiri, Thai property developer (Father of the Thai sex industry), (d. 1996)

Arthur C. ClarkeArthur C. Clarke (1917-2008)

English sci-fi author (2001: A Space Odyssey, Childhood's End), born in Minehead, England

  • 1917 Nabi Bux Khan Baloch, Pakistani Sindhi scholar (compiled first Sindhi-English dictionary), born in Jaffer Khan Laghari, Sinjhoro, British India (d. 2011) [1]
  • 1918 Henry Clarke, American fashion photographer (Vogue), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1996)
  • 1923 (Silvio) "Tip" Marugg, Antillian poet and writer (Weekend Pilgrimage), born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 2006)
  • 1927 G Randall P D Garrett, American sci-fi writer (Takeoff (too)!)
  • 1927 Peter [Malcolm] Dickinson, Zambia, sci-fi author (Heartsease)
  • 1928 Peter Nailor, civil servant/historian
  • 1928 Philip K Dick, American sci-fi author (Hugo-1963; Blade Runner), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1929 Ian Board, British barkeeper (the Colony Room), born in Devon (d. 1994)
  • 1930 Bill Young, American politician (Congress, 1993-2013), born in Harmarville, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Shelby Singleton, American record label owner and producer (Smash Records, Mercury Records), born in Waskom, Texas (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Quentin Blake, English illustrator, British Children's Laureate (1999-2001), born in Sidcup, England
  • 1936 Morris Dees, founder of the Southern Poverty Law Center
  • 1937 Edward Ruscha, American artist (Pop Art), born in Omaha, Nebraska

Jimmie Lee JacksonJimmie Lee Jackson (1938-1965)

American civil rights protester and church deacon, shot and killed by an Alabama State Trooper in 1965, born in Marion, Alabama

  • 1942 Donald Carcieri, American politician, governor of Rhode Island
  • 1945 Yukio Hattori, Japanese Iron Chef commentator
  • 1946 Fred Borgman, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA), born in Aalsmeer, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1950 Claudia Cohen, American gossip columnist (NY Post - "Page Six") and socialite, born in Englewood, New Jersey (d. 2007)
  • 1950 Ieremia Tabai, I-Kiribati politician (President of Kiribati, 1979-91), born in Nonouti, Kiribati (Gilbert Islands)
  • 1955 Carol M Browner, US Administrator (EPA)
  • 1955 Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
  • 1965 J.B. Smoove [Jerry Brooks], American actor, comedian and writer (SNL, 2003-06; Curb Your Enthusiasm), born in Plymouth, North Carolina
  • 1965 Melanie Sloan, American attorney
  • 1968 Yannick Alléno, French chef, born in Puteaux, France
  • 1969 Adam Reiss, American astrophysicist (2011 Nobel Prize for Physics for discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe), born in Washington D.C.

Lei JunLei Jun (53 years old)

1969 Chinese businessman and founder of Xiaomi Inc, born in Xiantao, Hubei

  • 1973 Scott Storch, Canadian-American hip-hop producer, born on Long Island, New York
  • 1978 Ryûsuke Hamaguchi, Japanese director (Drive my Car), born in Kanagawa, Japan
  • 1981 Took Leng How, Malaysian criminal (d. 2006)
  • 1985 Keita Tachibana, member of Japanese boy band w-inds.
  • 1994 Stephen Sutton, English cancer blogger (Stephen's Story), born in Burntwood (d. 2014)