On This Day

Birthdays in History on December 19

  • 1036 Su Tung-p'o, China, poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher
  • 1498 Andreas Osiander, German Protestant Reformation theologist
  • 1554 Philip William, Prince of Orange (1584) and Knight of the Golden Fleece (1599), born in Buren, Gelderland (d. 1618)
  • 1683 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), born in Versailles, France (d. 1746)
  • 1699 William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
  • 1714 John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1723 Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother
  • 1744 Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland
  • 1753 John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)
  • 1778 Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • 1779 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, engraver, born in Paris, France
  • 1783 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
  • 1784 Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1790 William Parry, English Arctic explorer (Parry Channel), born in Bath, England (d. 1855)
  • 1792 [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
  • 1796 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright

  • 1809 Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, Belg, paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)
  • 1813 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), born in Belfast (d. 1885)
  • 1814 Edwin Stanton, US Secretary of War during most of the American Civil War (1861-65) and US Attorney General (1860-61), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1869)
  • 1817 James Jay Archer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1864)
  • 1819 James Clifford Veatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabeth, Indiana (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader
  • 1824 Hercules Robinson, British colonial administrator (Ceylon, Fiji, New Zealand, South Africa), born in County Westmeath Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1831 Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
  • 1832 John Kirk Barry, Scot, Dr/companion to explorer David Livingstone
  • 1836 Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
  • 1837 John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1849 Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
  • 1852 A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)
  • 1853 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1942)
  • 1861 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • 1861 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1865 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • 1869 Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
  • 1875 Carter G. Woodson, American historian (African American studies), born in New Canton, Virginia (d. 1950)
  • 1883 Louis Davids [Simon David], Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer

  • 1883 [Francis] Barry Byrne, architect, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1884 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1885 F S Flint, translator/poet (imagist movement), born in London, England
  • 1890 Klaas Painter, vicar/antifascist (Occupies possession) [or 1880]
  • 1890 Klaas Schilder, Dutch theologist/vicar (Occupied Territory)
  • 1891 Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski, Polish pres-in-exile (1979-86)
  • 1892 Gerald Nye, American politician and Republican US Senator from North Dakota (1925-1945), born in Hortonville, Wisconsin (d. 1971)
  • 1894 Yoshida Isoya, architect (modern sukiya style), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1895 Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre)
  • 1895 Maurice Roelants, Flemish novelist and poet (Komen en gaan, Prayer for a Good End), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • 1896 John Seldon Whale, theologian
  • 1897 Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, French anti-Semite/nazi collaborator
  • 1901 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist and novelist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1963)
  • 1903 Cyril Dean Darlington, English biologist and geneticist who discovered the mechanics of chromosomal crossover and its role in inheritance and evolution, born in Chorley, England (d. 1981)
  • 1903 George Davis Snell, Bradford, Massachusetts, American geneticist (H-2 gene)
  • 1903 Theo Harych, German writer, born in Doruchow, Posen (d. 1958)
  • 1905 (Charles) Robert Medley, English abstract and figurative style painter, born in London (d. 1994)

Person of interestLeonid Brezhnev

1906 Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1964-82), born in Kamenskoye, Ukraine (d. 1982)

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1909 W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)

Person of interestJean Genet

1910 Jean Genet, French novelist (The Thief's Journal, Our Lady of the Flowers) and playwright (The Balcony, The Maids), born in Paris, France

Novelist and Playwright Jean Genet
Novelist and Playwright
Jean Genet

  • 1910 Jose Lezama Lima, poet/novelist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1916 Adriaan van der Veen, Dutch writer (Sister at Sea)
  • 1919 Benedict Freedman, novelist and mathematician (Mrs Mike), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Catherine Hall, British nurse who raised the professional profile of nursing and to establish its central role in health care, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Luigi Innocenti, designer
  • 1924 Peter Prowtiny, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1924 Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Michel Tournier, French writer (Friday, or, The Other Island), born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Tankred Dorst, German playwright, born in Oberlind
  • 1926 Jeanne Kirkpatrick, US ambassador to UN
  • 1926 Herb Stempel, American game show contestant
  • 1928 Nathan Oliveira, American artist
  • 1929 Herman T M Lauxtermann, Dutch 2nd chamber member (VVD)
  • 1932 Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer
  • 1934 Rudi Carrell [Rudolf W Kesselman], Dutch showmaster
  • 1934 Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American politician
  • 1934 Pratibha Patil, 1st female President of India (2007-12) and Governor of Rajasthan (2004-07), born in Nadgaon, India
  • 1942 Jean-Patrick Manchette, French thriller writer (3 to Kill, The Prone Gunman), born in Marseille, France (d. 1995)
  • 1943 William DeVries, American cardiothoracic surgeon (artificial heart), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1943 Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist and politician, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1944 William Christie, American-born director of Les Arts Florissants
  • 1944 Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • 1951 Fred W Leslie, Ancon Panama, PhD/astronaut (STS 73)
  • 1960 Michelangelo Signorile, American writer
  • 1962 Bettina Huebers, claims to be the illegitimate daughter of Paul McCartney, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1967 Criss Angel [Christopher Nicholas Sarantakos], American magician and illusionist (Criss Angel Mindfreak), born in Hempstead, New York
  • 1971 Liz Cho, American television reporter
  • 1975 Jon Smith, British writer
  • 1996 Paige Speakman, England, born 19 days before her twin sister