Birthdays in History on December 22

  • 1095 Roger II, King of Sicily, born in Mileto, Italy (d. 1154)
  • 1178 Emperor Antoku of Japan, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1400 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1482)
  • 1459 Sultan Cem, third son of Sultan Mehmed II and pretender to the Ottoman throne, born in Rumelia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1495)
  • 1515 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1546 Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō, born in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan (d. 1604)
  • 1550 Cesare Cremonini, Italian professor of natural philosophy, born in Cento, Papal States (d. 1631)
  • 1573 Ernst Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1632)
  • 1639 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre), born in La Ferté-Milon, Picardy (d. 1699)
  • 1684 Johann J Dillenius [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1747)
  • 1690 Meidingnu Pamheiba, King of Manipur, born in Manipur (d. 1751)
  • 1694 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1696 James Oglethorpe, British soldier, politician, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia, born in Godalming, Surrey, England (d. 1758)
  • 1700 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1785)
  • 1702 Jean-Étienne Liotard, Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur, and dealer (Madame d'Epinay), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1789)
  • 1727 William Ellery, US attorney and signer of the Declaration of Independence (Rhode Island), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1820)

  • 1728 Charles Frederick, Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden, born in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1765 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean innkeeper, drover, and leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition, born in St. Leonhard in Passeier, Italy (d. 1810)
  • 1768 John Crome (Old Crome), English landscape artist, born in Norwich, England (d. 1821)
  • 1795 Thomas Ainsworth, English founder of Nijverdal & industrialist (Twentse textile), born in Lancashire, England (d. 1841)
  • 1803 Joseph King Fenno Mansfield, American Major General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1862)
  • 1805 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, born in Sheffield, United Kingdom (d. 1893)
  • 1807 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1873)
  • 1815 Johann Jakob Bachofen, Swiss antiquarian & jurist, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1887)
  • 1819 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1892)
  • 1826 James Scott Negley, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • 1830 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1912)
  • 1831 Mark Rutherford [Hale White], English writer, born in Bedford, England (d. 1913)
  • 1831 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Hunter, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1832 Edward Hatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1853 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician, born in Orensburg, Russia (d. 1919)

Person of interestFrank Kellogg

1856 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1860 Austin Norman Palmer, American penmanship innovator, born in Fort Jackson, New York (d. 1927)
  • 1861 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology), born in Clausthal, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1863 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)
  • 1863 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, French military officer & explorer in Africa, born in Thoissey, France (d. 1934)
  • 1867 František Xaver Šalda, Czechoslovakian literary critic, born in Liberec, Czech Republic (d. 1937)
  • 1867 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • 1867 Wilhelm Groener, German soldier & politician, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, American Democratic politician & lawyer (32nd VP), born in Red River County, Texas (d. 1967)

  • 1869 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey), born in Head Tide, Maine (d. 1935)
  • 1869 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist, born in Poitiers, France (d. 1961)
  • 1876 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1879 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), born in Nice, France (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Enver Pasa, Turkish politician, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1922)
  • 1883 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), born in Wookey, Somerset (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), born in Erode, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1888 J. Arthur Rank, English industrialist, born in Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • 1889 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanese playwright, born in Baskinta, Lebanon (d. 1988)
  • 1890 Mark Tobey, American abstract painter (Broadway Norm), born in Centerville, Wisconsin (d. 1976)
  • 1890 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain, born in Droylsden, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Edward L. Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1898 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • 1898 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Soviet physicist, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Wiley Post, American aviation pioneer, born in Grand Saline, Texas (d. 1935)
  • 1902 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, French WW II hero (liberator of Paris), born in Belloy-Saint-Léonard, France (d. 1947)
  • 1902 Joe Adonis, Italian American crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ, born in Montemarano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1903 Barbara Moore, Russian-born British engineer (walked across US in 86 days in 1960), born in Russia (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Haldan Keffer Hartline, American biophysicist (Nobel 1967), born in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Louis-Eugene-Felix Neel, French physicist (Nobel 1970), born in Lyon, France (d. 2000)
  • 1905 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet & translator & critical essayist (Birds in the Bush), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1982)
  • 1908 Marius F. Duintjer, Dutch architect, born in Veendam, Netherlands
  • 1908 Max Bill, Swiss architect & artist (Ruban Sans Fin), born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Grote Reber, American radio astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope), born in Wheaton, Illinois (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Claudia A. "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson, American first lady (1963-1969), born in Karnack, Texas (d. 2007)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, American heiress (American Tobacco Co.), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Anthony Barber Doncaster, English bookseller, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Andrew Fielding Huxley, English physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Piet De Somer, Belgian physician & biologist (U of Leuven), born in Belgium (d. 1985)
  • 1922 Calder Willingham, American novelist and scriptwriter, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Jim Wright, American politician (Speaker of House 1987-89), born in Forth Worth, Texas
  • 1922 Jack Brooks, American politician, born in Crowley, Louisiana (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lewis Glucksman, American financier, born in Manhattan, New York City (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Lee Salk, Russian-American child psychologist and author, born in New York, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1928 Piero Angela, Italian television host & writer (Control), born in Turin, Italy
  • 1930 Larry Stevenson [Richard], American skateboard innovator (kicktail), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2012)
  • 1935 John L. Finley, United States Navy aviator, born in Winchester, Massachusetts (d. 2006)
  • 1938 Lucien Bouchard, French-Canadian lawyer & politician, born in Saint-Cœur-de-Marie, Quebec
  • 1939 James Gurley, American musician, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1943 Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist & diplomat, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • 1945 Joris J. C. Voorhoeve, Dutch Defense minister (1994-, VVD), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1946 Pamela Courson, American woman and long-term companion of Jim Morrison, born in Weed, California (d. 1974)
  • 1947 Brian C. Daley, American sci-fi author (Exploits of Han Solo, Tron), born in Englewood, New Jersey
  • 1951 Charles de Lint, Canadian sci-fi author (Moonhear, Mulengro, Yarrow), born in Bussum, Netherlands
  • 1951 Gerald Grosvenor, English 6th Duke of Westminster and wealthy landowner, born in Omagh, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1954 Jayaseelan Naidoo, South African worker's union leader, born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1957 Susan Powter, Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author (The Susan Powter Show), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1957 Carole James, Canadian politician, born in Dukinfield, United Kingdom
  • 1960 Jean-Michel Basquiat, American artist (Gray, SAMO), born in Brooklyn, NYC, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1960 Patrick Fitzgerald, American lawyer, born in New York City, New York
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian cosmonaut (1st person to marry in space), born in Khrushchev, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
  • 1961 Andrew Fastow, US convicted criminal and businessman (former CFO of Enron), born in Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1963 Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American surrealist painter, born in Hokkaido, Japan
  • 1970 Ted Cruz [Rafael Edward], Canadian-born US politician (Senate-R-Texas 2013-), born in Calgary. Alberta
  • 1975 Sergei Aschwanden, Swiss judoka, born in Bern, Switzerland