Birthdays in History on December 22

  • 1095 Roger II, King of Sicily, born in Mileto, Italy (d. 1154)
  • 1178 Emperor Antoku of Japan, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1400 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1482)
  • 1459 Sultan Cem, third son of Sultan Mehmed II and pretender to the Ottoman throne, born in Rumelia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1495)
  • 1515 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1546 Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō, born in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan (d. 1604)
  • 1550 Cesare Cremonini, Italian professor of natural philosophy, born in Cento, Papal States (d. 1631)
  • 1573 Ernst Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1632)
  • 1639 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre), born in La Ferté-Milon, Picardy (d. 1699)
  • 1666 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, born in Patna Sahib (d. 1708)
  • 1684 Johann J Dillenius [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1747)
  • 1690 Meidingnu Pamheiba, King of Manipur (d. 1751)
  • 1694 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1696 James Oglethorpe, British soldier, politician, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia, born in Godalming, Surrey, England (d. 1758)
  • 1700 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent
  • 1702 Jean-Étienne Liotard, Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur, and dealer (Madame d'Epinay), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1789)
  • 1727 William Ellery, US attorney and signer of the Declaration of Independence (Rhode Island), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1820)
  • 1728 Charles Frederick, Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden, born in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1765 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean innkeeper, drover, and leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition, born in St. Leonhard in Passeier, Italy (d. 1810)
  • 1768 John Crome (Old Crome), English landscape artist, born in Norwich, England (d. 1821)
  • 1795 Thomas Ainsworth, English/Neth industrialist (Twentse textile)
  • 1803 Joseph King Fenno Mansfield, American Major General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1862)
  • 1805 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (d. 1893)
  • 1807 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (d. 1873)
  • 1815 Johann J Bachofen, Swiss judicial historian
  • 1819 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)
  • 1826 James Scott Negley, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • 1830 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1912)
  • 1831 Mark Rutherford [Hale White], English writer, born in Bedford, England (d. 1913)
  • 1831 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1874)
  • 1832 Edward Hatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1849 Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)
  • 1853 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1919)

Person of interestFrank Kellogg

1856 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1860 Austin Norman Palmer, American penmanship innovator (d. 1927)
  • 1861 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • 1863 Ch'i Pai-shih, China, traditional Chinese painter
  • 1863 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)
  • 1867 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic
  • 1867 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, Silesia, German architect (Wiener Sezession)
  • 1867 [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, Germany. Soldier and politician
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, Texas, (VP-D-1933-41)
  • 1869 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey)
  • 1869 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
  • 1873 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Austria-Hungary, linguist
  • 1876 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1879 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), born in Nice, France (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Enver Pasa, Istanbul Turkey, Turkish politician
  • 1883 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), born in Wookey, Somerset (d. 1931)

  • 1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), born in Erode, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1888 Joseph Arthur Rank, English film magnate/baron
  • 1889 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanon, playwright
  • 1890 Mark Tobey, US abstract painter (Broadway Norm)
  • 1890 Harry Pollitt, Droylsden United Kingdom, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain
  • 1891 Edward L Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1898 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • 1898 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Wiley Post, Texas, aviation pioneer
  • 1902 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, French WW II hero (liberator of Paris)
  • 1902 Joe Adonis, Italian American crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ
  • 1903 Barbara Moore, doctor, walked across US in 86 days in 1960
  • 1903 H Keffer Hartline, American biophysicist (Nobel 1967)
  • 1904 Louis-Eugene-Felix Neel, Lyon France, physicist (Nobel 1970)
  • 1905 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet/critic/translator (Birds in the Bush)
  • 1908 Marius F Duintjer, Dutch architect
  • 1908 Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician (Ruban Sans Fin)
  • 1911 Grote Reber, American astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope)
  • 1912 Claudia A "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson, 1st lady (1963-1969)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Anthony Barber Doncaster, bookseller
  • 1917 Andrew Fielding Huxley, physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Gene Rayburn, TV game show host (Match Game), born in Christopher, Illinois
  • 1917 Piet De Somer, Belgian rector (U of Leuven)
  • 1922 Calder Willingham, American novelist and scriptwriter, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Jim [James] Wright, (D-Texas), politician (Speaker of House 1987-89), born in Forth Worth, Texas
  • 1922 Jack Brooks, American politician. (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lewis Glucksman, American financier (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Piero Angelo, Italian writer (Control)
  • 1930 Larry Stevenson [Richard], skateboard innovator (kicktail), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2012)
  • 1935 John L Finley, USAF/astronaut
  • 1937 Marco J de Castro, Dutch Antillian politician
  • 1938 Lucien Bouchard, Quebec politician
  • 1943 Paul Wolfowitz, American politician
  • 1945 Joris J C Voorhoeve, Dutch Defense minister (1994-, VVD)
  • 1946 Pamela Courson, American woman and long-term companion of Jim Morrison, born in Weed, California (d. 1974)
  • 1947 Brian C Daley, American sci-fi author (Exploits of Han Solo, Tron)
  • 1951 Charles de Lint, Canadian sci-fi author (Moonhear, Mulengro, Yarrow), born in Bussum, Netherlands
  • 1951 Gerald Grosvenor, English 6th Duke of Westminster and wealthy landowner, born in Omagh, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1954 Jayaseelan Naidoo, South African worker's union leader
  • 1957 Susan Powter, Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author (The Susan Powter Show), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1957 Carole James, Canadian politician, born in Dukinfield, United Kingdom
  • 1960 Jean-Michel Basquiat, US art (Gray, SAMO), born in Brooklyn, NYC, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1960 Patrick Fitzgerald, US attorney
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian cosmonaut (1st person to marry in space), born in Khrushchev, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
  • 1961 Andrew Fastow, US convicted criminal and businessman (former CFO of Enron), born in Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1963 Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American surrealist painter
  • 1969 Marcie Aguilar, US female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1970 Ted Cruz [Rafael Edward], Canadian-born US politician (Senate-R-Texas 2013-), born in Calgary. Alberta
  • 1975 Sergei Aschwanden, born in Bern