On This Day

Birthdays in History on December 22

  • 1095 Roger II, King of Sicily, born in Mileto, Italy (d. 1154)
  • 1178 Emperor Antoku of Japan, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1400 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1482)
  • 1459 Sultan Cem, third son of Sultan Mehmed II and pretender to the Ottoman throne, born in Rumelia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1495)
  • 1515 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1546 Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō, born in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan (d. 1604)
  • 1550 Cesare Cremonini, Italian professor of natural philosophy, born in Cento, Papal States (d. 1631)
  • 1573 Ernst Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1632)
  • 1639 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre), born in La Ferté-Milon, Picardy (d. 1699)
  • 1684 Johann J Dillenius [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1747)
  • 1690 Meidingnu Pamheiba, King of Manipur, born in Manipur (d. 1751)
  • 1694 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1696 James Oglethorpe, British soldier, politician, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia, born in Godalming, Surrey, England (d. 1758)
  • 1700 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1785)
  • 1702 Jean-Étienne Liotard, Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur, and dealer (Madame d'Epinay), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1789)
  • 1727 William Ellery, US attorney and signer of the Declaration of Independence (Rhode Island), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1820)

  • 1728 Charles Frederick, Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden, born in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1765 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1768 John Crome (Old Crome), English landscape artist, born in Norwich, England (d. 1821)
  • 1795 Thomas Ainsworth, English founder of Nijverdal & industrialist (Twentse textile), born in Lancashire, England (d. 1841)
  • 1803 Joseph King Fenno Mansfield, American Major General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1862)
  • 1805 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, born in Sheffield, United Kingdom (d. 1893)
  • 1807 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1873)
  • 1815 Johann Jakob Bachofen, Swiss antiquarian & jurist, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1887)
  • 1819 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1892)
  • 1826 James Scott Negley, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • 1830 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1912)
  • 1831 Mark Rutherford [Hale White], English writer, born in Bedford, England (d. 1913)
  • 1831 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Hunter, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1832 Edward Hatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1850 Constantin Fahlberg, Russian chemist who discovered Saccharin (artificial sweetener), born in Tambov, Russia (d. 1910)
  • 1853 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician, born in Orensburg, Russia (d. 1919)

Person of interestFrank Kellogg

1856 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1860 Austin Norman Palmer, American penmanship innovator, born in Fort Jackson, New York (d. 1927)
  • 1861 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology), born in Clausthal, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1863 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)

  • 1863 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, French military officer & explorer in Africa, born in Thoissey, France (d. 1934)
  • 1867 František Xaver Šalda, Czechoslovakian literary critic, born in Liberec, Czech Republic (d. 1937)
  • 1867 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • 1867 Wilhelm Groener, German soldier & politician, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1869 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey), born in Head Tide, Maine (d. 1935)
  • 1869 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist, born in Poitiers, France (d. 1961)
  • 1876 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1879 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), born in Nice, France (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Enver Pasa, Turkish politician, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1922)
  • 1883 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), born in Wookey, Somerset (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), born in Erode, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1888 J. Arthur Rank, English industrialist, born in Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • 1889 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanese playwright, born in Baskinta, Lebanon (d. 1988)
  • 1890 Mark Tobey, American abstract painter (Broadway Norm), born in Centerville, Wisconsin (d. 1976)
  • 1890 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain, born in Droylsden, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Edward L. Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1898 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • 1898 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Soviet physicist, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1974)
  • 1902 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, French WW II hero (liberator of Paris), born in Belloy-Saint-Léonard, France (d. 1947)
  • 1902 Joe Adonis, Italian American crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ, born in Montemarano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1903 Barbara Moore, Russian-born British engineer (walked across US in 86 days in 1960), born in Russia (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Haldan Keffer Hartline, American biophysicist (Nobel 1967), born in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Louis-Eugene-Felix Neel, French physicist (Nobel 1970), born in Lyon, France (d. 2000)
  • 1905 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet & translator & critical essayist (Birds in the Bush), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1982)
  • 1908 Marius F. Duintjer, Dutch architect, born in Veendam, Netherlands
  • 1908 Max Bill, Swiss architect & artist (Ruban Sans Fin), born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Grote Reber, American radio astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope), born in Wheaton, Illinois (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Claudia A. "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson, American first lady (1963-1969), born in Karnack, Texas (d. 2007)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, American heiress (American Tobacco Co.), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Anthony Barber Doncaster, English bookseller, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Andrew Fielding Huxley, English physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Piet De Somer, Belgian physician & biologist (U of Leuven), born in Belgium (d. 1985)
  • 1922 Calder Willingham, American novelist and scriptwriter, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Jim Wright, American politician (Speaker of House 1987-89), born in Forth Worth, Texas
  • 1922 Jack Brooks, American politician, born in Crowley, Louisiana (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lewis Glucksman, American financier, born in Manhattan, New York City (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Lee Salk, Russian-American child psychologist and author, born in New York, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1930 Larry Stevenson [Richard], American skateboard innovator (kicktail), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2012)
  • 1935 John L. Finley, United States Navy aviator, born in Winchester, Massachusetts (d. 2006)
  • 1938 Lucien Bouchard, French-Canadian lawyer & politician, born in Saint-Cœur-de-Marie, Quebec
  • 1939 James Gurley, American musician, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1943 Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist & diplomat, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • 1945 Joris J. C. Voorhoeve, Dutch Defense minister (1994-, VVD), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1946 Pamela Courson, American woman and long-term companion of Jim Morrison, born in Weed, California (d. 1974)
  • 1947 Brian C. Daley, American sci-fi author (Exploits of Han Solo, Tron), born in Englewood, New Jersey
  • 1951 Charles de Lint, Canadian sci-fi author (Moonhear, Mulengro, Yarrow), born in Bussum, Netherlands
  • 1951 Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, British peer and its 3rd richest person, born in Omagh, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1954 Jayaseelan Naidoo, South African worker's union leader, born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1957 Susan Powter, Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author (The Susan Powter Show), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1957 Carole James, Canadian politician, born in Dukinfield, United Kingdom
  • 1960 Jean-Michel Basquiat, American artist (Gray, SAMO), born in Brooklyn, NYC, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1960 Patrick Fitzgerald, American lawyer, born in NYC, New York
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian cosmonaut (1st person to marry in space), born in Khrushchev, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
  • 1961 Andrew Fastow, US convicted criminal and businessman (former CFO of Enron), born in Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1963 Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American surrealist painter, born in Hokkaido, Japan
  • 1970 Ted Cruz [Rafael Edward], Canadian-born US politician (Senate-R-Texas 2013-), born in Calgary. Alberta
  • 1975 Chris Adler, American writer, born in Cheverly, Maryland