Birthdays in History on December 24

  • 3 Galba, Roman Emperor, born in Terracina, Italy (d. 69)
  • 1167 John "Lackland", King of England (1199-1216), born in Beaumont Palace, Oxford (d. 1216)
  • 1389 John VI, Duke of Brittany, born in Vannes, France (d. 1442)
  • 1475 Thomas Murner, German writer, born in Obernai, France (d. 1537)
  • 1491 Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish founder of the Jesuit order, born in Azpeitia, Spain (d. 1556)
  • 1508 Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1567)
  • 1564 Abraham Bloemaert, Dutch painter & printmaker, born in Gorinchem (d. 1651)
  • 1588 Constance of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1631)
  • 1609 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician, born in Westminster, United Kingdom (d. 1683)
  • 1635 Mariana of Austria, second wife of king Philip IV of Spain, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1696)
  • 1689 Frans van Mieris the Younger, Dutch painter & historian, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1763)
  • 1698 William Warburton, English writer & Bishop of Gloucester, born in Newark-on-Trent, United Kingdom (d. 1779)
  • 1714 Rainieri de' Calzabigi, Italian poet & librettist, born in Livorno, Italy (d. 1795)
  • 1716 Patrice F earl De Neney, South Netherlands chairman of Secret Council
  • 1724 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician & instructor of non-verbal deaf persons, born in Schaffhausen, Netherlands (d. 1811)
  • 1745 Benjamin Rush, American physician & politician (signed the Declaration of Independence), born in Byberry, Philadelphia (d. 1813)

  • 1754 George Crabbe, English poet (Everlasting Mercy), born in Aldeburgh, England (d. 1832)
  • 1761 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (greatest visual comet discoverer of all time), born in Peyre, Hautes-Alpes (d. 1831)
  • 1784 Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1803)
  • 1791 Eugène Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton), born in Paris, France (d. 1861)
  • 1798 Adam Mickiewicz, Polish national poet (Pan Tadeusz), born in Zavosse, Belarus (d. 1855)

Person of interestKit Carson

1809 Kit Carson, American frontiersman, Indian fighter and army officer, born in Madison County, Kentucky (d. 1868)

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Frontiersman
Kit Carson
  • 1810 Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter & illustrator, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1873)
  • 1812 Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1818 James Prescott Joule, English physicist (the law of conservation of energy), born in Salford, United Kingdom (d. 1889)
  • 1822 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), born in Dieuze, France (d. 1901)

Person of interestMatthew Arnold

1822 Matthew Arnold, English poet and critic (Dover Beach), born in Laleham, England (d. 1888)

Poet/Critic Matthew Arnold
Poet/Critic
Matthew Arnold
  • 1837 Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1898)
  • 1843 Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet, born in Vändra, Estonia (d. 1886)
  • 1867 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian writer & diplomat, born in Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1928)
  • 1867 Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan, born in Noda, Japan (d. 1948)
  • 1869 Henriette Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Women in Forest), born in Noordwijk, Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • 1879 Émile Nelligan, Canadian francophone poet, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1941)
  • 1880 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann, born in Arcola, Illinois (d. 1939)
  • 1881 Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spanish poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956), born in Moguer, Spain (d. 1958)
  • 1894 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot, born in Paris, France (d. 1917)
  • 1895 E. Roland Harriman, American financier, born in New York City, New York (d. 1978)
  • 1900 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician (Premier of Newfoundland), born in (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Herbert D. Riley, US Navy vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa), born in Maryland, United States (d. 1973)
  • 1904 Joseph Moses Juran, Romanian-born American industrial engineer and philanthropist, born in Brăila, Romania (d. 2008)
  • 1905 Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)

  • 1906 John Walker, American art curator, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1907 I. F. Stone, American journalist (IF Stone's Weekly), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Foreign Affairs (1956-68), born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Fritz [Reuter] Leiber Jr., American sci-fi author (Bazaar of the Bizarre), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • 1910 Max Miedinger, typeface designer, famous for creating Helvetica in 1957, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • 1910 William "Bill" Pickering, NASA scientist (JPL), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Eric Briault, educationalist
  • 1911 Malcolm MacEwen, Scottish conservationist & communist activist, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Kim Jong-suk, Wife of Kim Il-sung, mother of Kim Jung-Il, "The Heroine of the Anti-Japanese Revolution" (d. 1949)
  • 1920 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine, born in Berdyansk, Ukraine (d. 1944)
  • 1923 Wilton S Mkwayi, South African ANC leader, born in Middledrift, Eastern Cape (d. 2004)
  • 1923 George Patton IV, American general, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Willem Drees, Dutch statesman (Prime Minister 1948–1958), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1926 Paul Buissonneau, French-born Quebec theatre director, born in Paris, France (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Mary Higgins Clark, American suspense novelist (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1932 On Kawara, Japanese conceptual artist, born in Aichi Prefecture, Japan (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Cynthia Payne, English brothel madam, born in Bognor Regis, West Sussex (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • 1938 Valentim Loureiro, Portuguese politician, and former football chairman of Boavista F.C. and Liga Portuguesa de Futebol Profissional
  • 1940 Anthony S. Fauci, American immunologist, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • 1943 Tarja Halonen, President of Finland, born in Helsinki, Finland
  • 1943 Suzy Menkes, British fashion journalist (International Herald Tribune, Vogue), born in Beaconsfield
  • 1944 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay, born in Bombay Presidency
  • 1946 Brenda Howard, American bisexual activist, born in The Bronx, New York City (d. 2005)
  • 1946 Jeff Sessions [Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III], American Republican politician, US Attorney General (2017-18) and Alabama Senator (1997-2017), born in Selma, Alabama
  • 1947 Kevin Sheedy, coach of Australian Football League club Essendon FC, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1949 Randy Neugebauer, American politician, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1950 Dana Gioia, American poet, born in Hawthorne, California
  • 1953 François Loos, French politician, born in Strasbourg, France
  • 1955 Clarence Gilyard Jr., American actor (Chips, Duck Factory), born in Moses Lake, Washington
  • 1957 Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan, born in Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • 1961 Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan Republic, born in Baku, Azerbaijan
  • 1961 Mary Barra, American CEO of General Motors (1st woman to head a global automotive company), born in Waterford, Michigan
  • 1962 Kate Spade, American fashion designer, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • 1969 Ed Milliband, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party, 2010–15), born in Fitzrovia, London