Birthdays in History on December 25

  • 1250 John IV Laskaris, Byzantine Emperor (d. circa 1305)
  • 1461 Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)
  • 1587 Margarita of Austria, queen of Philip III of Spain (d. 1611)
  • 1624 Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffler], German mystic (St Seelenlust), born in Breslau, the capital of Silesia (d. 1677)
  • 1628 Noel Coypel, French painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1707)
  • 1652 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1667 Ehrengard von der Schulenburg, English royal mistress (d. 1743)
  • 1674 Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1698 Jacobus Houbraken, Dutch engraver and illustrator, born in Dordrecht, (d. 1789)
  • 1700 Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (d. 1758)
  • 1716 Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)

Pius VIPius VI (1717-1799)

Italian Pope (1775-99), born in Cesena, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States

  • 1721 William Collins, English poet (Ode to Simplicity), born in Chichester England, (d. 1759)
  • 1730 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)
  • 1742 Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)
  • 1757 Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (d. 1839)
  • 1763 Claude Chappe, French engineer (optical telegraph), born in Brûlon, France (d. 1805)
  • 1771 Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet, diarist and sister of William Wordsworth, born in Cockermouth, Cumberland, England (d. 1855)
  • 1808 Stephen Cleeg Rowan, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1890)
  • 1810 Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (d. 1892)
  • 1811 Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler, German politician and bishop of Mainz, born in Münster, Westphalia (d. 1877)
  • 1813 Milledge Luke Bonham, (Confederacy) (d. 1890)
  • 1814 Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar (set up For the Welfare of the People organization), born in Amsterdam (d. 1869)

Clara BartonClara Barton (1821-1912)

American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, born in North Oxford, Massachusetts

  • 1823 Preston Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish-American Major General (Union Army), born in County Cork, Republic of Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1856 Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
  • 1860 Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (d. 1921)
  • 1861 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • 1865 Evangeline Cory Booth, English-American religious leader (Salvation Army general 1904-34), born in London, England (d. 1950)
  • 1867 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)
  • 1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
  • 1873 Otto Frederick Hunziker, Swiss-born American dairy educator (d. 1959)
  • 1875 Theodor Innitzer, Austrian cardinal and archbishop Vienna, born in Neugeschrei, Bohemia (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)

Mohammed Ali JinnahMohammed Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India

  • 1883 Maurice Utrillo, French painter (Port St Martin, Montmartre), born in Montmartre , Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • 1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotel mogul (Hilton Hotels, world's 1st international hotel chain), born in san Antonio, New Mexico (d. 1979)
  • 1890 Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts (Believe it or Not), born in Santa Rosa, California (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Kenneth Anderson, British general (Operation Torch - North Africa), born in Madras, British India (d. 1959)
  • 1892 Rebecca West [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London (d. 1983)
  • 1898 Theo Swagemakers, Dutch portrait painter (d. 1994)
  • 1899 Raphael Soyer, Russian-born american artist (Depression Scenes in NYC), born in Borisoglebsk, Tambov (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Alice, English princess and Duchess of Gloucester, aunt of Elizabeth II, born in London, England (d. 2004)
  • 1904 Gerhard Herzberg, German-Canadian physicist (molecular structure-Nobel 1971), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Clark M. Clifford, American lawyer and presidential advisor (US Secretary of Defense 1968-69), born in Fort Scott, Kansas (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Ernst Ruska, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1906 Herman Jan Scheltema [NEM Pareau], Dutch jurist and poet, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1906 William McChesney Martin, American Chairman of Federal Reserve Bank (1951-70), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Glenn McCarthy, American oil tycoon and businessman (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Quentin Crisp, English author (d. 1999)
  • 1908 Zora Arkus-Duntov, Belgian-American automotive engineer, known as "the Father of the Corevette", born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Louis van Lint, Belgian painter (post-war abstraction), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1911 Louise Bourgeois, French American artist (Femme Maison), born in Paris, France (d. 2010)
  • 1912 Herman W. Filarski, Dutch bridge journalist (d. 1982)
  • 1912 Willian Noel Moffet, Irish architect, born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Henri Nannen, German journalist (Der Stern), born in Emden, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1914 James Fletcher Jr, New Zealand industrialist (Fletcher Construction), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian politician, first President of Algeria (1963-65), born in Maghnia, Algeria (d. 2012)

Anwar SadatAnwar Sadat (1918-1981)

3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), born in Monufia, Egypt

  • 1919 Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist, founder of the Montreal Heart Institute (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Henry Charnock, oceanographer
  • 1921 Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Pakistani journalist (d. 2000)

Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee (1924-2018)

Indian politician, 10th Prime Minister of India (1996, 1998-2004), born in Gwalior, India

  • 1925 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American author and mystic (Eagle's Gift, Fire From Within), born in Cajamarca (d. 1998)
  • 1925 Christmas F Tinto, South African ANC'er/UDF-leader
  • 1930 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1986)
  • 1931 Uzo Egonu, painter/print maker
  • 1932 Jose Maria Capricorne, Curacaos graphically designer/painter
  • 1934 Bob Martinez, (Gov-Fl)
  • 1935 Sadiq al-Mahdi, Sudanese politician and Imam, Prime Minister of Sudan (1966-67, 1986-89), born in Omdurman, Sudan (d. 2020)
  • 1936 Princess Alexandra [Christabel], The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, British royal family member (cousin of Queen Elizabeth II), born in Belgravia, London, England
  • 1937 Noel Furlong, Irish businessman and poker player (World Series of Poker main event 1999), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2021)
  • 1938 Duane Armstrong, American painter (Fields of Grass), born in Fresno, California
  • 1939 Christopher Wates, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1940 Frans Moor, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Lex Hixon, religious teacher/author
  • 1942 Mani Kaul, director (Idiot, Nazar, Dhrupad, Duvidha)
  • 1943 Ravish Malhotra, India cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11 backup)
  • 1945 Mike Pringle, Scottish politician
  • 1948 Alia al Hussein, of Jordan (d. 1977)
  • 1949 Mustafa Cengiz, Turkish businessman and sports administrator (president Galatasaray S.K. 2018-21), born in Nizip, Turkey (d. 2021)

Nawaz SharifNawaz Sharif (73 years old)

1949 Pakistani politician, Prime Minister (1990-93, 1997-99, 2013-17), born in Lahore, Pakistan

  • 1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor

Annie LennoxAnnie Lennox (68 years old)

1954 Scottish vocalist (Eurythmics - "Sweet Dreams"; solo - "Why"), born in Aberdeen, Scotland

Joaquín Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán (68 years old)

1954 Mexican drug lord and escape artist, born in La Tuna, Sinaloa, Mexico (or April 4th, 1957)

  • 1959 Michael P Anderson, Plattsburgh NY, major USAF/astronaut (STS 89)
  • 1961 Ghislaine Maxwell, British socialite and convicted sex offender, born in Maisons-Laffitte, France
  • 1961 Ingrid Betancourt, Colombian senator
  • 1969 Bernhard Jr., Prince of Netherlands, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • 1973 Alexandre Trudeau, Canadian journalist, born in Ottawa, Canada
  • 1975 Pardis Sabeti, Iranian-American biologist and geneticist, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1975 Rob Mariano, American reality show contestant, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1976 Armin van Buuren, Dutch DJ & producer, born in Leiden, Netherlands