Birthdays in History on December 26

  • 1194 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1220-50), King of the Romans (Germany), Sicily and Jerusalem, born in Lesi, Italy (d. 1250)
  • 1532 Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (d. 1576)
  • 1536 Yi I, Korean Confucian scholar (d. 1584)
  • 1618 Elisabeth of the Palatinate, German philosopher and abbess (corresponded with René Descartes), born in Heidelberg (d. 1680)
  • 1633 Charles Emmanuel Biset, Flemish painter, born in Mechelen (d. between 1693–1713)
  • 1646 Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (d. 1709)
  • 1660 Peter Schenck, German Dutch engraver and cartographer, baptized in Elberfeld (d. 1711)

Calico JackCalico Jack (1682-1720)

English pirate captain who operated in the Bahamas and Cuba, born in England

  • 1716 Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (d. 1803)
  • 1716 Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard), born in Cornhill, England (d. 1771)
  • 1723 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (d. 1807)
  • 1731 Anthony Ziesenis, Dutch architect and sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan) (d. 1801)
  • 1737 Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (d. 1815)
  • 1738 Thomas Nelson, American member of Continental Congress (signer of Declaration of Independence), plantation owner and Virginia militia general, born in Yorktown, Virginia (d. 1789)
  • 1751 Clement Hofbauer, Austrian missionary and saint (d. 1820)
  • 1770 Pierre Cambronne, French general (Waterloo, Elba), born in Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire, France (d. 1842)
  • 1771 Heinrich Joseph von Collin, Austria dramatist and poet (Regulus), born in Vienna (d. 1811)
  • 1771 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)
  • 1780 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1782 Filaret Drozdov, Metropolitan of Moscow (d. 1867)

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage (1791-1871)

British mathematician and inventor (calculating machine) considered the "father of the computer", born in London

  • 1809 William Nelson Pendleton, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Israel Bush Richardson, American Major General (Union Army), born in Fairfax, Vermont (d. 1862)
  • 1819 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • 1820 Gustavus Adolphus Smith, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • 1824 Augustus Louis Chetlain, American Major General (Union Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1914)
  • 1826 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch publisher (Van Dale) and founder (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1894)

George DeweyGeorge Dewey (1837-1917)

American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont

  • 1853 René Bazin, French novelist (d. 1932)
  • 1859 Johan Frans van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1859 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (d. 1944)
  • 1861 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory), born in Lugau, Saxony, German Federation (d. 1941)
  • 1862 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-Italian journalist, newspaper editor, novelist, and historian, born in Kaluga, Russia (d. 1923)
  • 1872 Norman Angell, British politician/cowboy/journalist, Nobel laureate (1933), (d. 1967)
  • 1878 Isaiah Bowman, American geographer (co-founder of the Geographical Review), born in Waterloo, Ontario (d. 1950)
  • 1883 Frank Debenham, Australian geographer and geologist, born in Bowral, Australia (d. 1965)
  • 1884 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, born in Cayenne, French Guiana (d. 1944)
  • 1887 Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army officer (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (d. 1992)

Henry MillerHenry Miller (1891-1980)

American author (Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Sexus), born in Manhattan, New York

Mao ZedongMao Zedong (1893-1976)

Chinese revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), born in Shaoshan, Hunan

  • 1894 Jean Toomer, American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1902 Anatoli Lvovich Kaplan, Russian painter (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban-French writer (Guerra del Tiempo), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • 1910 Lucy Faithfull, British children's campaigner, born in South Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Renato Guttuso, Italian painter (Flight From Etna; Crucifixion), theater set designer, and politician, born in Bagheria, Sicily, Italy (d. 1987)
  • 1911 Steve Kordek, American pinball machine designer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1915 H. A. Gomperts, Dutch writer (Duck on Attic), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Rose Mary Woods, American secretary to Richard Nixon (claimed to have erased part of Watergate tapes by accident), born in Sebring, Ohio (d. 2005)
  • 1918 George Rallis, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2006)
  • 1921 John Severin, American comic book artist (Hulk, Mad Magazine), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Iain Watson Gallaway, New Zealand sports broadcaster (Radio Sport; Halberg Award) and author ("Not a Cloud in the Sky"), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2021)
  • 1922 Norman Orentreich, American dermatologist known as "the father of modern hair transplantation", born in NYC, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1925 Baron Baker, Jamaician-born British activist, born in Port Antonia
  • 1926 Edgar D Ngoyi, South African ANC leader (17 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1932 Walter Leblanc, Belgian painter

Gnassingbé EyadémaGnassingbé Eyadéma (1935-2005)

General and President of Togo (1967-2005), born in Kozah, Togo

  • 1936 Kitty Dukakis, substance abuser/wife of Michael (Gov-Mass)
  • 1937 Jay Heimowitz, American poker player
  • 1937 John Horton Conway, British mathematician (cellular automaton Game of Life), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2020)
  • 1939 Lynn Martin, American politician, (Secretary of Labor, 1991-93; US Congress, 1981-91), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1940 Edward C. Prescott, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 Gray Davis, former Governor of California
  • 1942 Vinicio Cerezo, President of Guatemala (1986-91), born in Guatemala City
  • 1946 Gordon Edwards, rocker
  • 1947 James T. Conway, 34th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
  • 1949 José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, Nobel laureate
  • 1951 Richard Skinner, British DJ
  • 1953 Leonel Fernández, Dominican politician & President of the Dominican Republic (2004-12), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
  • 1953 Steve Sisolak, American politician & Governor of Nevada (2019-), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1953 Valeri Yuriyevich Sharov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow
  • 1954 Peter Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer, philanthropist and son of Sir Edmund Hillary, born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1955 Evan Bayh, American politician, born in Shirkieville, Indiana
  • 1956 David Sedaris, American essayist, born in Binghamton, New York
  • 1956 Gail Tatterson, WBL center (NY Stars)
  • 1956 Karen Smith, WBL forward (NY Stars)
  • 1960 Jim Toomey, American syndicated cartoonist, born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 1964 Elizabeth Kostova, American author (The Historian), born in New London, Connecticut
  • 1972 Robert Muchamore, English children's author, born in Islington, London
  • 1982 Kenneth Darby, American National Football League player, born in Huntsville, Alabama

Alexander WangAlexander Wang (39 years old)

1983 American fashion designer (Balenciaga), born in San Francisco, California