Birthdays in History on December 27

  • 1390 Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)
  • 1555 Johann Arndt, German Lutheran theologian and author of books on devotional Christianity, born in Edderitz, Anhalt-Köthen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1621)

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler (1571-1630)

German astronomer (discovered laws of planetary motion), born in Weil der Stadt, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1645 Giovanni Adb Viscardi, Swiss architect, baptized
  • 1654 Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician known for his contributions to calculus, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
  • 1683 Conyers Middleton, English minister (d. 1750)
  • 1709 Pieter de Swart, Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
  • 1715 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)
  • 1721 Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher
  • 1755 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36)
  • 1761 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Scottish-Russian Minister of War
  • 1773 George Cayley, England, found science of aerodynamics
  • 1776 Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
  • 1796 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • 1801 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • 1802 Thomas Fearnley, Norwegian landscape painter, born in Østfold, Norway (d. 1842)
  • 1803 John ACA van Nispen Sevenaer, Member of Dutch 2nd parliament (1848-75)
  • 1814 James Henry Carleton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lubec, Maine (d. 1873)
  • 1816 Eliakim Parker Scammon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, Maine (d. 1894)
  • 1821 Jane Wilde, Irish poet, nationalist and mother of Oscar Wilde, born in Wexford (d. 1896)

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur (1822-1895)

French bacteriologist (invented pasteurization), born in Dole, France

Mackenzie BowellMackenzie Bowell (1823-1917)

5th Prime Minister of Canada (1894-96), born in Rickinghall, England

  • 1829 James Clay Rice, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Worthington, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1831 Lucius Fairchild, American politician, diplomat, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent, Ohio (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art, born in Moscow (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Henricus Oort, Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)
  • 1855 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist
  • 1864 René Georges Hermann-Paul, French artist (d. 1940)

Cyrus EatonCyrus Eaton (1883-1979)

Canadian-American financier, industrialist and steel magnate, born in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia

  • 1892 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian Royal Flying Corps WWI flying ace, born in Brussels, Ontario (d. 1917)
  • 1896 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright
  • 1896 Ewan Calague, economist/statistician (Social Security Board)
  • 1896 Louis Bromfield, Mansfield Ohio, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)
  • 1897 Iwan S Konew, Russian marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
  • 1906 Teun Struycken [Antoon Arnold Marie Struycken], Dutch Minister of Justice (1950-51) and Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (1951-56), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1907 Conrad L. Raiford, Goodwill Ambassador (d. 2002)
  • 1907 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher
  • 1907 Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1908 Louis JHCA de Bourbon, Dutch writer/poet (Black Banners)
  • 1910 Charles Olson, American poet (The Maximus Poems), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Jack Massey, groundsman

Elizabeth SmartElizabeth Smart (1913-1986)

Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • 1914 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • 1915 William Masters, American gynecologist who studied sexual dysfunction, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (d. 1953)
  • 1917 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer
  • 1918 John Celardo, American comic strip artist
  • 1922 Larry Osborne, navigator air traffic controller/supply specialist
  • 1923 Serge Collot, French violist (Paris Opera, 1957-86; Le Trio à Cordes Français, 1960-92), and music educator (Conservatoire de Paris, 1969-89), born in Paris, France (d. 2015)
  • 1924 James A McClure, (Sen-R-Idaho)
  • 1924 Mokta Ould Daddah, president Mauritania (1961-78)
  • 1924 Wouter Eijkelemboom, Dutch architect (Holy-hospital, Vlaardingen)
  • 1927 Antony Gardner, British politician
  • 1930 Meg Greenfield, American Pulitzer Prize winning editorial writer (Washington Post; Newsweek), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1999)
  • 1930 Wilfrid Sheed, England, writer (Boys of Winter, Hack)
  • 1931 Lê Khả Phiêu, Vietnamese leader, General Secretary (1997-2001), born in Thanh Hoa province, Vietnam (d. 2020)
  • 1947 Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen, Danish businessman (CEO of Lego Group, 1979-2004), born in Billund, Denmark
  • 1951 Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico
  • 1952 Jay Hill, Canadian politician
  • 1955 Barbara Olson (née Bracher), American political commentator, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1958 Steffen Mensching, writer
  • 1959 Gerina Dunwich, American author
  • 1962 Barbara Crampton, actress (Body Double, Young & Restless), born in Levittown, New York
  • 1963 Gaspar Noé, Argentinian-born director
  • 1965 Chris Mainwaring, Australian Rules Football wing (All Australian 1991, 96; West Coast Eagles), born in Geraldton, Western Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1966 Fabian Núñez, American politician
  • 1966 Wendy Coakley-Thompson, American writer
  • 1969 Sarah Vowell, American author and journalist
  • 1973 Dee Ferris, British painter