Birthdays in History on December 28

  • 1164 Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)
  • 1484 Joachim Vadianus [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1522 Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1583)
  • 1619 Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
  • 1631 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist
  • 1635 Princess Elizabeth of England (d. 1650)
  • 1655 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
  • 1665 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)
  • 1763 John Molson, founded Montreal brewery (Molsons)
  • 1778 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1787 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch writer/engineer on Curacao
  • 1801 James Barnes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1869)
  • 1822 William Booth Taliaferro, Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Gloucester County, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • 1823 Thomas Alexander Scott, American businessman and Assistant Secretary of War (Civil War), born in Peters Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1826 Conrad Busken Huet, Dutch vicar/literary (Country of Rubens)
  • 1827 Robert Latimer McCook, volunteers Brigadier General (Union), (d. 1862)
  • 1828 Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1833 Charles Miller Shelley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1835 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1849 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck

Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson (1856-1924)

28th President of the United States (Democrat: 1913-21) and 1919 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, born in Staunton City, Virginia

  • 1859 John W Fortescue, British military historian and archivist at Windsor Castle, born in Madeira (d. 1933)
  • 1865 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)
  • 1866 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1868 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers)

Pío BarojaPío Baroja (1872-1956)

Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country

  • 1880 Christian DFL Leipoldt, South african physician/writer/poet
  • 1882 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)

Lili ElbeLili Elbe (1882-1931)

Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), born in Vejle, Denmark

  • 1883 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • 1889 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • 1894 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgian WW I pilot (Eagle of Flanders)
  • 1895 Carol Ryrie Brink, American Newberry Medal-winning novelist (Caddie Woodlawn), born in Moscow, Idaho (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)
  • 1898 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1902 Mortimer J Adler, American author (Encyclopedia Brittanica), born in NYC, New York
  • 1902 Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (Long River), born in Zhen'gan, Hunan Province (d. 1988)
  • 1903 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer
  • 1904 Sergei Yutkevich, director (Otello, Banya), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1909 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet (Subrani Sutsjinenija)
  • 1917 Ellis Clarke, president Trinidad & Tobago (1976-87)
  • 1920 Bruce McCarty, South Bend, Indiana, architect (1982 World Fair), (d. 2013)

Stan LeeStan Lee (1922-2018)

American comic-book artist, writer and creative leader of Marvel multimedia corporation (Avengers, Spider-Man, Incredible Hulk), born in NYC, New York

  • 1924 Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Bill [William] Westwood, British bishop of Peterborough
  • 1927 Anne Armstrong, US ambassador and first female counsel to the President, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Simon Raven, English playwright and critic (Alms for Oblivion)
  • 1929 Maarten Schmidt, Neth/US astronomer (quasars)
  • 1929 Owen Bieber, United Auto Workers president
  • 1931 Georg "Org" Marais, South African economist/underminister of Finance
  • 1931 Guy Debord, situationist
  • 1932 Clem Schouwenaars, Flemish poet/writer
  • 1932 Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Manuel Puig, Argentina, writer (Blood of Requited Love)
  • 1932 Roy Hattersley, British journalist/Labour-parliament leader
  • 1933 John Y. Brown, Jr., American politician
  • 1934 John Akers, American business executive (IBM)
  • 1935 Fernando Lopes, Portuguese director (Encoberto, Matar Saudades)
  • 1936 Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1936 Lawrence Schiller, American journalist
  • 1937 Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
  • 1938 Janet Hough Bryant, author/performing artist/educator
  • 1939 Philip Anschutz, American businessman
  • 1941 Don Francisco [Mario Kreutzberger], Chilean TV variety show host (Sábado Gigante, 1962-2015), born in Talca, Chile
  • 1942 Paul Horowitz, American physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1943 Keith Floyd, English celebrity cook and restaurateur (Floyd on Fish), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 2009)
  • 1943 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • 1944 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • 1944 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1945 Max Hastings, British editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph)
  • 1945 Mike Gibbons, American rocker (Bo Donaldson & the Heywoods-Billy Don't be a Hero), (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Tim Johnson, American politician, senior senator from South Dakota
  • 1951 Ian Buruma, Anglo-Dutch scholar and writer on Japan and the Far East.
  • 1952 Arun Jaitley, Indian Politician

Liu XiaoboLiu Xiaobo (1955-2017)

Chinese writer and human rights activist, born in Changchun, China

  • 1958 Carl Marsden, bodyguard
  • 1965 Martine Robine, French journalist and Miss France 1984, born in Comines, Nord, France
  • 1967 Chris Ware, US cartoonist, born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1969 Katie Hobbs, American politician (Governor of Arizona 2023-), born in Phoenix, Arizona

Linus TorvaldsLinus Torvalds (52 years old)

1969 Finnish-American software engineer (developed Linux operating system), born in Helsinki, Finland

  • 1971 Frank Sepe, US bodybuilder, born in Rosedale, New York
  • 1972 Kevin Stitt, American politician, Governor of Oklahoma (2019-), born in Milton, Florida
  • 1981 Elizabeth Jordan Carr, 1st American test tube baby, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1985 Kamani Hill, American footballer, born in Berkeley, California