On This Day

Birthdays in History on December 28

  • 1164 Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)
  • 1484 Joachim Vadianus [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1522 Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1583)
  • 1619 Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
  • 1631 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist
  • 1635 Princess Elizabeth of England (d. 1650)
  • 1655 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
  • 1665 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)
  • 1763 John Molson, founded Montreal brewery (Molsons)
  • 1778 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1787 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch writer/engineer on Curacao
  • 1801 James Barnes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1869)
  • 1822 William Booth Taliaferro, Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Gloucester County, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • 1823 Thomas Alexander Scott, American businessman and Assistant Secretary of War (Civil War), born in Peters Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1826 Conrad Busken Huet, Dutch vicar/literary (Country of Rubens)
  • 1827 Robert Latimer McCook, volunteers Brigadier General (Union), (d. 1862)

  • 1828 Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1833 Charles Miller Shelley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1835 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1849 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck

Person of interestWoodrow Wilson

1856 Woodrow Wilson, 28th US President (Democrat: 1913-21) and 1919 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, born in Staunton City, Virginia (d. 1924)

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1859 John W Fortescue, British military historian and archivist at Windsor Castle, born in Madeira (d. 1933)
  • 1865 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)
  • 1866 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1868 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers)

Person of interestPío Baroja

1872 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1880 Christian DFL Leipoldt, South african physician/writer/poet
  • 1882 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)

Person of interestLili Elbe

1882 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1931)

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • 1883 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • 1889 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • 1894 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgian WW I pilot (Eagle of Flanders)
  • 1898 Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)
  • 1898 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1902 Mortimer J Adler, American author (Encyclopedia Brittanica), born in NYC, New York

  • 1902 Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (Long River), born in Zhen'gan, Hunan Province (d. 1988)
  • 1903 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer
  • 1904 Sergei Yutkevich, director (Otello, Banya), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1909 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet (Subrani Sutsjinenija)
  • 1917 Ellis Clarke, president Trinidad & Tobago (1976-87)
  • 1920 Bruce McCarty, South Bend, Indiana, architect (1982 World Fair), (d. 2013)

Person of interestStan Lee

1922 Stan Lee [Stanley Martin Lieber], American comic-book artist, writer and creative leader of Marvel multimedia corporation (Avengers, Spider-Man, Incredible Hulk), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)

Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader Stan Lee
Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader
Stan Lee
  • 1924 Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Bill [William] Westwood, British bishop of Peterborough
  • 1927 Anne Armstrong, US ambassador and first female counsel to the President, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Simon Raven, English playwright/critic (Alms for Oblivion)
  • 1929 Maarten Schmidt, Neth/US astronomer (quasars)
  • 1929 Owen Bieber, United Auto Workers president
  • 1931 Georg "Org" Marais, South African economist/underminister of Finance
  • 1931 Guy Debord, situationist
  • 1932 Clem Schouwenaars, Flemish poet/writer
  • 1932 Manuel Puig, Argentina, writer (Blood of Requited Love)
  • 1932 Roy Hattersley, British journalist/Labour-parliament leader
  • 1932 Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (d. 2002)

  • 1933 John Y. Brown, Jr., American politician
  • 1934 John Akers, American business executive (IBM)
  • 1935 Fernando Lopes, Portuguese director (Encoberto, Matar Saudades)
  • 1936 Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1936 Lawrence Schiller, American journalist
  • 1937 Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
  • 1938 Janet Hough Bryant, author/performing artist/educator
  • 1939 Philip Anschutz, American businessman
  • 1941 Don Francisco [Mario Kreutzberger], Chilean TV variety show host (Sábado Gigante, 1962-2015), born in Talca, Chile
  • 1942 Paul Horowitz, American physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Keith Floyd, English celebrity cook and restaurateur (Floyd on Fish), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 2009)
  • 1943 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1943 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • 1944 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • 1944 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1945 Max Hastings, British editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph)
  • 1945 Mike Gibbons, American rocker (Bo Donaldson & the Heywoods-Billy Don't be a Hero), (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Tim Johnson, American politician, senior senator from South Dakota
  • 1951 Ian Buruma, Anglo-Dutch scholar and writer on Japan and the Far East.
  • 1952 Arun Jaitley, Indian Politician

Person of interestLiu Xiaobo

1955 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, born in Changchun, China (d. 2017)

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • 1958 Carl Marsden, bodyguard
  • 1965 Martine Robine, French journalist and Miss France 1984, born in Comines, Nord, France
  • 1967 Chris Ware, US cartoonist, born in Omaha, Nebraska

Person of interestLinus Torvalds

1969 Linus Torvalds, Finnish-American software engineer (developed Linux operating system), born in Helsinki, Finland

Software Engineer Linus Torvalds
Software Engineer
Linus Torvalds
  • 1971 Frank Sepe, US bodybuilder, born in Rosedale, New York
  • 1972 Kevin Stitt, American politician, Governor of Oklahoma (2019-), born in Milton, Florida
  • 1981 Elizabeth Jordan Carr, 1st American test tube baby, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1985 Kamani Hill, American footballer, born in Berkeley, California