On This Day

Birthdays in History on December 29

  • 1586 Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona, Spanish diplomat, soldier, and writer, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1635)

Person of interestElizabeth of Russia

1709 Elizabeth of Russia [Elizaveta Petrovna], Empress of Russia (1741-62) and daughter of Peter the Great, born in Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia (d. 1762)

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1721 Madame De Pompadour, mistress of French King Louis the 15th
  • 1776 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (waterproof fabric), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • 1788 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish antiquarian (named the stone/iron/bronze ages), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • 1792 Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet, Scottish historian (History of Europe), born in Shropshire, England (d. 1867)
  • 1796 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)

Person of interestCharles Goodyear

1800 Charles Goodyear, US chemist and manufacturing engineer (vulcanized rubber), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1860)

Chemist and Inventor Charles Goodyear
Chemist and Inventor
Charles Goodyear

Person of interestAndrew Johnson

1808 Andrew Johnson, 17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1875)

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1808 Györg Apponyi, Hungarian politician, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1899)
  • 1809 Albert Pike, US attorney, soldier, writer, and freemason (Brigadier-General in the Confederate Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1891)

Person of interestWilliam Gladstone

1809 William Ewart Gladstone, British statesman and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1898)

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1816 Carl Ludwig, German physician and physiologist, born in Witzenhausen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Adam Badeau, American author, Union Army officer, and diplomat, born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1833 John James Ingalls, US politician (Rep-Ks), born in Middleton, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1843 Elisabeth of Wied [pseudonym Carmen Sylva], Queen consort of Romania and poet, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1916)

  • 1856 Thomas J Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician (Stieltjes integral), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1894)
  • 1859 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican revolutionary and President of Mexico (1915-20), born in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1920)
  • 1866 Joseph Limburg, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • 1879 Billy Mitchell, United States Army general (father of the US Air Force), born in Nice, France (d. 1936)
  • 1888 Joseph Beran, Czech Roman Catholic prelate, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1969)
  • 1896 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican social realist painter & muralist (Lib of Chile), born in Chihuahua, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Nie Rongzhen, People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff, born in Chongqing, China (d. 1992)
  • 1907 James Gardner, British museum & exhibition designer, born in Hendon, London (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Gerben Sonderman, Dutch test pilot (Fokker), born in Drachten, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1910 Ronald Coase, British economist (Nobel Prize in Economics 1991), born in Willesden, London (d. 2013)
  • 1913 Laurence Gower, English lawyer & academic, born in Forest Gate, London (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Albert Tucker, Australian artist, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Charles L. Harness, American sci-fi author (Paradox Men, Wolfhead), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 2005)
  • 1915 John P W Meefout, Dutch sculptor (Laying Woman)
  • 1915 Robert Ruark, American writer (Something of Value), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1965)

Person of interestTom Bradley

1917 Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles (D-1973-93), born in Calvert, Texas (d. 1998)

American Politician Tom Bradley
American Politician
Tom Bradley
  • 1919 Pieter Terpstra, Dutch journalist & writer (De dei is forroun/Havank-T), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Syd Dernley, British hangman (1949-54), born in Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Dobrica Cosic, Serbian writer and President 1992-93), born in Velika Drenova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Robert C. Baker, American inventor & professor (invented the chicken nugget), born in Newark, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1922 William Gaddis, American novelist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1931 Prince Gu of Korea, Korean royalty, born in Tokyo Prefecture, Japan (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Maldivian politician & Islamic scholar, born in Malé, Maldives
  • 1940 Brigitte Kronauer, German author (The Scheik of Aachen), born in Essen, Germany
  • 1943 JHR Maij-Wegge, Dutch politician, born in Drenthe, Netherlands
  • 1945 Adje Roland, Dutch radio disc jockey, born in Rhenen, Netherlands
  • 1946 Paul Trible, American attorney & politician (Sen-R-Va), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1953 Stanley "Tookie" Williams, American gangster, born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • 1954 Prince Takamado of Japan, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2002)
  • 1960 Thomas Lubanga, Congolese war criminal, born in Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • 1961 Robert Tewdwr Moss, British journalist, born in Congleton, United Kingdom (d. 1996)

Person of interestCarles Puigdemont

1962 Carles Puigdemont [i Casamajó], Catalan politician and nationalist (President of Catalonia, 2016-17), born in Amer, Catalonia, Spain

President of Catalonia Carles Puigdemont
President of Catalonia
Carles Puigdemont
  • 1963 Francisco Bustamante, Filipino billiard player, born in Tarlac, Phillipines
  • 1967 Ashleigh Banfield, Canadian journalist, born in Winnipeg, Canada
  • 1970 Yaroslav Ihorovych Pustovyi, Ukrainian cosmonaut, born in Kostroma, Ukraine
  • 1979 Mitsuhiro Ishida, Japanese mixed-martial arts fighter, born in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
  • 1979 Ariel Schrag, American cartoonist, born in Berkeley, California
  • 1994 Princess Kako of Akishino of Japan, born in Tokyo, Japan