Birthdays in History on December 29

  • 1586 Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona, Spanish diplomat, soldier, and writer, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1635)

Elizabeth of RussiaElizabeth of Russia (1709-1762)

Empress of Russia (1741-62) and daughter of Peter the Great, born in Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia

  • 1721 Madame De Pompadour, mistress of French King Louis the 15th
  • 1776 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (waterproof fabric), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • 1788 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish antiquarian (named the stone/iron/bronze ages), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • 1792 Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet, Scottish historian (History of Europe), born in Shropshire, England (d. 1867)
  • 1796 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)

Charles GoodyearCharles Goodyear (1800-1860)

American chemist and manufacturing engineer who invented the vulcanization process for rubber, born in New Haven, Connecticut

Andrew JohnsonAndrew Johnson (1808-1875)

17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), born in Raleigh, North Carolina

  • 1808 Györg Apponyi, Hungarian politician, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1899)
  • 1809 Albert Pike, US attorney, soldier, writer, and freemason (Brigadier-General in the Confederate Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1891)

William GladstoneWilliam Gladstone (1809-1898)

British statesman and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), born in Liverpool, England

  • 1816 Carl Ludwig, German physician and physiologist, born in Witzenhausen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Adam Badeau, American author, Union Army officer, and diplomat, born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1833 John James Ingalls, US politician (Rep-Ks), born in Middleton, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1843 Elisabeth of Wied [pseudonym Carmen Sylva], Queen consort of Romania and poet, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1856 Thomas J Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician (Stieltjes integral), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1894)
  • 1859 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican revolutionary and President of Mexico (1915-20), born in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1920)
  • 1866 Joseph Limburg, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • 1879 Billy Mitchell, United States Army general (father of the US Air Force), born in Nice, France (d. 1936)
  • 1888 Joseph Beran, Czech Roman Catholic prelate, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1969)
  • 1896 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican social realist painter & muralist (Lib of Chile), born in Chihuahua, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Nie Rongzhen, People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff, born in Chongqing, China (d. 1992)
  • 1907 James Gardner, British museum & exhibition designer, born in Hendon, London (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Gerben Sonderman, Dutch test pilot (Fokker), born in Drachten, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1910 Ronald Coase, British economist (Nobel Prize in Economics 1991), born in Willesden, London (d. 2013)
  • 1913 Laurence Gower, English lawyer & academic, born in Forest Gate, London (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Albert Tucker, Australian artist, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Charles L. Harness, American sci-fi author (Paradox Men, Wolfhead), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 2005)
  • 1915 John P W Meefout, Dutch sculptor (Laying Woman)
  • 1915 Robert Ruark, American writer (Something of Value), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1965)

Tom BradleyTom Bradley (1917-1998)

American politician and Mayor of Los Angeles (Democrat: 1973-93), born in Calvert, Texas

  • 1919 Pieter Terpstra, Dutch journalist & writer (De dei is forroun/Havank-T), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Syd Dernley, British hangman (1949-54), born in Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Dobrica Cosic, Serbian writer and President 1992-93), born in Velika Drenova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Robert C. Baker, American inventor & professor (invented the chicken nugget), born in Newark, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1922 William Gaddis, American novelist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1928 John Kennedy Sr., Australian Rules Football coach (Australian Football Hall of Fame legend; VFL Premiership 1961, 71, 76; Hawthorn FC; North Melbourne FC), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Prince Gu of Korea, Korean royalty, born in Tokyo Prefecture, Japan (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Maldivian politician & Islamic scholar, born in Malé, Maldives
  • 1940 Brigitte Kronauer, German author (The Scheik of Aachen), born in Essen, Germany
  • 1943 JHR Maij-Wegge, Dutch politician, born in Drenthe, Netherlands
  • 1945 Adje Roland, Dutch radio disc jockey, born in Rhenen, Netherlands
  • 1946 Paul Trible, American attorney & politician (Sen-R-Va), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1953 Stanley "Tookie" Williams, American gangster, born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • 1954 Prince Takamado of Japan, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2002)
  • 1958 Nancy J. Currie-Gregg, U.S. Army officer and astronaut (STS 57, 70, sk: 88), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1960 Thomas Lubanga, Congolese war criminal, born in Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • 1961 Robert Tewdwr Moss, British journalist, born in Congleton, United Kingdom (d. 1996)

Carles PuigdemontCarles Puigdemont (59 years old)

1962 Catalan politician and nationalist (President of Catalonia, 2016-17), born in Amer, Catalonia, Spain

  • 1963 Francisco Bustamante, Filipino billiard player, born in Tarlac, Philippines
  • 1967 Ashleigh Banfield, Canadian journalist, born in Winnipeg, Canada
  • 1970 Yaroslav Ihorovych Pustovyi, Ukrainian cosmonaut, born in Kostroma, Ukraine
  • 1979 Ariel Schrag, American cartoonist, born in Berkeley, California
  • 1994 Princess Kako of Akishino of Japan, born in Tokyo, Japan