On This Day

Birthdays in History on December 3

  • 1368 Charles VI "the Well-Beloved", King of France (1380-1422), born in Paris, Île-de-France, France (d. 1422)
  • 1483 Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist, born in Torgau, Saxony (d. 1565)
  • 1560 Jan Gruter, Flemish-born Dutch critic, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1627)

Person of interestJohn Wallis

1616 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, born in Ashford, England (d. 1703)

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis
  • 1684 Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg, founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, born in Bergen, Denmark-Norway (d. 1754)
  • 1722 Hryhorii Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet and philosopher, born in Chernukhi, Lubny Regiment, Cossack Hetmanate (d. 1794)
  • 1753 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine), born in 10 Firwood Fold, Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1827)
  • 1755 Gilbert Stuart, American portrait painter (unfinished portrait of George Washington), born in Saunderstown, Rhode Island (d. 1828)
  • 1764 Mary Lamb, British author (Tales from Shakespeare), born in London, England (d. 1847)
  • 1795 Rowland Hill, English inventor who introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840), born in Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England (d. 1879)
  • 1797 Francis Kenrick, Irish-American Archbishop of Baltimore (1851-63), born in Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland (d. 1863)
  • 1800 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici), born in Vrba, Carniola, Habsburg Monarchy (d. 1849)
  • 1806 Henry A. Wise, American lawyer and politician (33rd Governor of Virginia), born in Drummondtown, Virginia (d. 1876)
  • 1809 Thomas Alfred Davies, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Black Lake, New York (d. 1899)
  • 1822 Charles Adam Heckman, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1896)

Person of interestGeorge McClellan

1826 George McClellan, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan

  • 1829 Green Berry Raum, American lawyer, politician, author, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Golconda, Illinois (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau), born in NYC, New York (d. 1916)
  • 1838 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1842 Ellen Henrietta Richards, American chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres), born in Dunstable, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1842 Phoebe Hearst, American philanthropist and suffragist, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1919)
  • 1842 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist and co-founder (Pillsbury Company), born in Warner, New Hampshire (d. 1899)

Person of interestJoseph Conrad

1857 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1862 Jules Renkin, Belgian politician (28th Prime Minister of Belgium 1931-32), born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1934
  • 1864 Herman Heijermans, Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • 1875 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, born in Ohlau, Prussian Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1875 Max Meldrum, Scottish-Australian painter (founder of Australian Tonalism), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1955)
  • 1880 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in Cüstrin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Rajendra Prasad, Indian leader, First President of India (1950-62), born in Zeradai, British India (d. 1963)
  • 1884 Walther Stampfli, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Büren, Solothurn, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist (Nobel 1924-discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy), born in Örebro, Sweden (d. 1978)
  • 1887 Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, Japanese imperial prince and 30th Prime Minister of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1990)
  • 1893 Julius Bissier, German painter, born in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • 1896 John Urzidil, Austrian-American writer (Die erbeuteten Frauen), born in Prague (d. 1970)
  • 1897 Kate O'Brien, Irish writer (Without My Cloak), born in Limerick City, Ireland (d. 1974)

  • 1899 Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (1960-64), born in Takehara, Hiroshima, Japan (d. 1965)
  • 1900 Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist (Nobel 1938-work on carotenoids and vitamins), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide, born in Zermatt, Valais (d. 2004)
  • 1904 Juan E Yrausquin, founder (Party of Patriot Arubans)/minister
  • 1907 Andrew Hutchings, British trade union leader (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Nigel Balchin, English author (Business for Pleasure), born in Potterne, England (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Robert Arthur Hughes, British missionary and surgeon who worked in India, born in Oswestry, England (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish politician and resistance fighter, born in Diest, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian army general, born in Koetanopan, North Sumatera, Dutch East Indies (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Hans G. Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (known for the comic strip Eric de Noorman), born in the Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1924 John Backus, American computer scientist and inventor (FORTRAN computer language), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1924 F. Sionil José, Filipino novelist (Rosales Saga) and Philippine National Artist for Literature, born in Rosales, Pangasinan, Philippine Islands
  • 1931 Ellen Blazer [Esther Clara Blazer], Dutch TV director (Sonja), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Franz Josef Degenhardt, German poet and author, born in Schwelm, Westphalia, Germany (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
  • 1937 Stephen Rubin, English attorney, shoe manufacturer (Reebok, Adidas)
  • 1937 Binod Bihari Verma, Indian linguist
  • 1938 Martyn Taylor, teacher/campaigner
  • 1940 Jeffrey R. Holland, American religious leader
  • 1942 Alice Schwarzer, German journalist
  • 1949 Christopher John Seward, aid worker
  • 1950 Muntu Myeza, South African anti-apartheid activist and General Secretary of SASO, born in Natal, South Africa (d. 1990)
  • 1950 Asa Hutchinson, American politician, Governor of Arkansas (2015-), born in Bentonville, Arkansas
  • 1952 Benny Hinn, American televangelist
  • 1953 Robert Guediguian, French director (The Snows of Kilimanjaro), born in Marseille, France
  • 1954 Grace Andreacchi, American author
  • 1955 Warren Jeffs, American convicted polygamist
  • 1963 Terri Schiavo, American right to die figure (d. 2005)
  • 1973 Sammy Leung, Hong Kong disc jockey
  • 2005 Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway