Birthdays in History on December 4

  • 1555 Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet, born in Barntrup, Germany (d. 1625)
  • 1580 Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer, born in East Sutton, Kent, England (d. 1626)
  • 1584 John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony, born in Derby, Derbyshire, Kingdom of England (d. 1652)
  • 1595 Jean Chapelain, French writer and poet (La Pucelle), born in Paris (d. 1674)
  • 1646 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France, born in Rennes, Brittany, France (d. 1730)
  • 1670 John Aislabie, English politician (Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in England (d. 1742)
  • 1711 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain,born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1758)
  • 1713 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist, born in Venice (d. 1786)
  • 1726 William Alexander, Lord Stirling, American general (American Revolutionary War leader), born in NYC, New York (d. 1783)
  • 1777 Juliette Récamier, French socialite, born in Lyon, Kingdom of France (d. 1849)
  • 1786 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament [or 12/14]

Person of interestThomas Carlyle

1795 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (The French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1798 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), born in Saujon, France (d. 1881)
  • 1800 Emil Aarestrup, Danish physician and poet (Ritornellen), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1831)
  • 1803 Augustus Zerega diZerega, Martinique, ship owner (Red Z Lane)
  • 1808 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius), born in Paris (d. 1886)

  • 1812 Elias Smith Dennis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1818 William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1886)
  • 1835 Samuel Butler, English author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh), born in Langar, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1902)

Person of interestCrazy Horse

1840 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], Oglala Sioux chief (Battle of the Little Bighorn), born in Fort Robinson, Nebraska (d. 1877)

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • 1844 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus, born in Rottweil, Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • 1852 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist and honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1934)

Person of interestChester Greenwood

1858 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), born in Farmington, Maine (d. 1937)

  • 1865 Edith Louisa Cavell, British nurse (WWI), born in Swardeston, Norfolk, England (d. 1915)
  • 1866 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1868 Richard Nicolaas Roland Holst, Dutch artist and painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1938)
  • 1875 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • 1876 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgarian poet (Iron Poems) (d. 1953)
  • 1881 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1944)
  • 1883 Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian novelist (Black Opal), born in Levuka, Fiji (d. 1969)
  • 1888 Aleksandar I, King of Yugoslavia (1921-34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)

Person of interestFrancisco Franco

1892 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1895 Fritiof Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag), born in Vollsjö, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • 1895 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher, born in Tanghe County, Henan, Qing Dynasty (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Nikolai Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1897 Mari Andriessen, Dutch sculptor (Dock Worker) (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, Frisian farmer and writer, born in Poppenwier, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1903 A. L. Rowse, British author and historian, born in Tregonissey, St Austell, Cornwall (d. 1997)
  • 1903 Cornell Woolrich, American writer (El Angel Negro), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1905 Emílio Garrastazu Médici, 28th President of Brazil (1969-74), born in Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1985)
  • 1907 Jo Boer, Dutch painter and author (Catharina & the Magnolias), born in Surabaya, Indonesia (d. 1993)

  • 1908 A. D. Hershey, American biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969), born in Owosso, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • 1910 R. [Ramaswamy] Venkataraman, Indian politician, eighth President of India (1987-92), born in Rajamadam, British India (d. 2009)
  • 1912 Ian Wallace [John Wallace Pritchard], American sci-fi author (Megalomania), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Pappy Boyington, American combat pilot (United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II), born in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Robert Adler, Austrian-American inventor (remote control for television), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1919 I. K. [Inder Kumar] Gujral, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1997-98), born in Jhelum, British India (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Jeanne Manford, American gay rights activist, born in Flushing, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Nadir Afonso, Portuguese geometric abstractionist painter, born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Ray Robinson, American magazine editor and biographer (Lou Gehrig), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Charles Keating, American district attorney (Los Angeles California), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2014)
  • 1924 John C. Portman Jr., American architect (Ivan Allen Award-1964), born in Walhalla, South Carolina (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Russell L. Rogers, American electrical engineer and astronaut (X-20), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Wally George, American conservative TV commentator, born in Oakland, California (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Joanne Battiste, artist (heroines) (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Roh Tae-Woo, 6th President South Korea (1988-93), born in Dong-gu, Daegu, South Korea
  • 1935 Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • 1938 Andre Marrou, American Libertarian Presidential candidate (1992), born in Nixon, Texas
  • 1938 Lynn Blessing, vibes player (d. 1994)
  • 1940 Gary Gilmore, American murderer, born in McCamey, Texas (d. 1977)
  • 1945 Michael Gerzon, British mathematician and audio pioneer (Ambisonics), born in Birmingham (d. 1996)
  • 1945 Roberta Lynn Bondar, Canadian neurologist and astronaut (STS 42), born in Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario
  • 1947 Ursula Krechel, German writer (Shanghai far from where), born in Trier, Germany
  • 1948 Lin Onus, Australian Aboriginal artist (Michael and I are just slipping down to the pub for a minute), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1996)
  • 1952 Ronald M. Sega, American professor of systems engineering and astronaut (STS 60, 76), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1957 Eric S. Raymond, American open source advocate, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1959 Susan W. Krebs, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1966 Suzanne Malveaux, American television news journalist, born in Lansing, Michigan
  • 1983 Jimmy Bartel, Australian rules footballer (Geelong Football Club), born in Geelong, Victoria, Australia