Birthdays in History on December 8

HoraceHorace (65-8 BC)

Roman Republican poet (Odes), born in Venosa, Italy

Mary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587)

Queen of Scots [Mary Stuart], Queen of Scotland (1560-87), born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland

  • 1574 Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Munich, Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616)
  • 1626 Christina, Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic (1644-54), born in Tre Kronor Castle, Stockholm (d. 1689)
  • 1678 Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, English diplomat, born in Houghton, Cambridge, England (d. 1757)
  • 1699 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1704 Anton de Haen, Austrian medical expert (Ratio Medendi), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1776)
  • 1708 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765), born in Ducal Palace of Nancy, Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)
  • 1715 Jan Althuysen, Frisian vicar and poet (Frisianche rymlery), born in Franeker, Netherlands (d. 1763)
  • 1728 Johann Georg von Zimmermann, Swiss philosophical author and physician, born in Brugg, Aargau, Switzerland (d. 1795)
  • 1730 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-English physiologist (discovering photosynthesis) and personal physician of Maria Theresa, born in Breda, Staats-Brabant, Dutch Republic (d. 1799)

Eli WhitneyEli Whitney (1765-1825)

American inventor (Cotton Gin), born in Westborough, Massachusetts

  • 1795 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer (Hansen hypothesis), born in Tønder, Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Adolph Menzel, German painter and graphic artist, born in Breslau, Prussian Silesia (d. 1905)
  • 1816 August Belmont, Prussian-American financier and diplomat (U.S. Minister to the Netherlands 1853-57), born in Alzey, Hesse, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1817 Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (Council President of Denmark 1865-70), born in Frijsenborg, Denmark (d. 1896)
  • 1822 Luther Prentice Bradley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1910)
  • 1826 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist, born in Menzendorf, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1828 Clinton Bowen Fisk, American abolitionist, Brevet Major General (Union Army), helped establish 1st free public schools in the South, born in York, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1828 Robert Bullock, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Greenville, North Carolina (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author "Pa Guds Veje" and Nobel laureate 1903, born in Kvikne, Norway (d. 1910)
  • 1861 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), born in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Roussillon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1861 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1862 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's), born in Paris (d. 1921)
  • 1865 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (proved the prime number theorem), born in Versailles, France (d. 1963)
  • 1874 Ernst Moro, Austrian physician and pediatrician (Moro reflex), born in Laibach, Duchy of Carniola, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Padraic Colum, Irish novelist and poet (Collected Poems), born in Columcille, County Longford, Ireland (d. 1972)

Diego RiveraDiego Rivera (1886-1957)

Mexican painter (En el Arsenal) and husband of Frida Kahlo, born in Guanajuato, México

  • 1888 Fiske Kimball, American architect and art historian, born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • 1889 Hervey Allen, American writer and poet (Anthony Adverse), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • 1892 Herbert "Bert" Hinkler, Australian aviator who made first solo flight from England to Australia (1928), born in Bundaberg, Queensland (d. 1933)
  • 1894 E. C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye), born in Chester, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • 1899 Sarah Williamson, American missionary in Liberia, born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War), born in Jinnu, Lujiang, Chaohu, Anhui, Qing dynasty (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Wifredo Lam, Cuban artist (The Jungle), born in Sagua La Grande, Cuba (d. 1982)
  • 1903 Adele Simpson, American fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1946), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Irene Eisinger, German-British singer, born in Cosel, German Empire (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Kitty Muggeridge, British author and translator, born in Chateau d'Oex, Switzerland (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Julius Silverman, British Labour Party politician, born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Richard Llewellyn, Welsh novelist (How Green Was My Valley), born in Hendon, Middlesex, England (d. 1983)
  • 1908 John Volpe, American politician (61st and 63rd Governor of Massachusetts) and U.S. Secretary of Treasury (1969-73), born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Jura Soyfer, Austrian political journalist and cabaret writer, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1913 Delmore Schwartz, American poet, short story writer and critic (Shenandoah), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1966)
  • 1913 Paul Félix, Flemish architect (Sun Song), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • 1915 George Scheuer, Austrian writer and journalist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Peter Tali Coleman, Governor of American Samoa (1956-61, 78-85, 89-93), born in Pago Pago, American Samoa (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Ronald Gulliford, English educationalist (Dean of the Faculty of Education, Birmingham University 1979-81), born in Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1922 John B. McKay, American test pilot (X-15), born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 1975)
  • 1922 Lucian Freud, German-British artist (Benefits Supervisor Sleeping, Boy With a Rat), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2011)
  • 1923 Rudolph Pariser, American chemist, born in Harbin, China
  • 1925 Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author, born in Salamanca, Spain (d. 2000)

Joachim FestJoachim Fest (1926-2006)

German historian and journalist (Hitler biography, Speer: The Final Verdict), born in Berlin, Germany

  • 1927 Vladimir Shatalov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 4, 8, 10), born in Petropavlovsk, Kazakh SSR
  • 1928 Ulric Neisser, America psychologist (Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns, Bell Curve task force head), born in Kiel, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Goffredo Parise, Italian writer (Il padrone), born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1986)
  • 1930 John Morressy, American sci-fi author (Starbrat, Greymantle, Kingsbane), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 Julian Critchley, British journalist and politician, born in Islington, London (d. 2000)
  • 1936 Brad Jurjens, Estonian director (The Bank Job), born in Viljandi, Estonia
  • 1937 Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber and businessman, born in Germany (d. 2004)
  • 1937 Jan van Houwelingen, Dutch politician (Undersecretary of Defense (CDA), born in Leerdam, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1939 Lynn Wilson, contractor and multi-millionaire
  • 1941 Albert J Evenhuis, Dutch undersecretary of Economic (VVD)
  • 1941 Randall "Duke" Cunningham, US Navy fighter pilot and Congressman
  • 1942 Mario Savio, American political activist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1943 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)
  • 1945 John Banville, Irish novelist and journalist
  • 1946 Graham Knight, Scottish musician (Marmalade)

Jimmy LaiJimmy Lai (75 years old)

1947 Hong Kong-British businessman, entrepreneur (founder of Giordano, Next Digital, Apple Daily), and pro-democracy activist, born in Canton, China

  • 1947 Kati-Claudia Fofonoff, Skolt Sámi poet and writer, born in Ivalo, Finland (d. 2011)
  • 1947 Thomas R. Cech, American chemist (Nobel laureate, 1989), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1948 Roscoe Nance, American sportswriter (USA Today; Mississippi’s first African American sportswriter at mainstream newspaper), born in Enterprise, Alabama (d. 2020)
  • 1949 Mary Gordon, American author
  • 1949 Robert Sternberg, Proposed the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
  • 1950 Rick Baker, American special effects makeup artist (Exorcist), born in Binghamton, New York
  • 1951 Bill Bryson, American British author (Notes From a Small Island), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1952 Khaw Boon Wan, Singapore Health Minister, born in Penang, Malaysia
  • 1953 Norman Finkelstein, American professor, activist
  • 1954 Harold Hongju Koh, Korean-American Dean of Yale Law School
  • 1959 Jim Yong Kim, South Korean-American physician, anthropologist and President of the World Bank, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1960 Lim Guan Eng, Secretary-General of the Malaysian Democratic Action Party (DAP), born in Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • 1961 Ann Coulter, American author, political commentator, and attorney
  • 1972 Frank Shamrock, American mixed martial artist, born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1979 Johan Forssell, Swedish politician, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1982 Noelle Pikus-Pace, American skeleton racer, born in Provo, Utah