Birthdays in History on December 9

  • December
  • 1392 Peter, Duke of Coimbra and writer (Virtuosa Benfeitoria), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1449)
  • 1447 Chenghua, Emperor of China, born in Beijing, China (d. 1487)
  • 1561 Edwin Sandys, English politician (leading Parliamentary opponent of King James I of England) and a founder of Virginia colony, born in Worcestershire, England (d. 1629)
  • 1571 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1635)
  • 1579 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), born in Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru (d. 1639)
  • 1581 Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, 6th and youngest daughter of Willem of Orange, born in Antwerp (d. 1657)
  • 1594 Gustavus II Adolphus, King who made Sweden a major power (1611-32), born in Castle Tre Kronor, Sweden (d. 1632)

Person of interestJohn Milton

1608 John Milton, English poet and puritan (Paradise Lost), born in London, England (d. 1674)

  • 1652 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1723)
  • 1667 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, born in Norton, Leicestershire, England (d. 1752)
  • 1717 Johann Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art), born in Stendal, Prussia (d. 1768)
  • 1742 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish pharmacist and chemist (lemon acid), born in Stralsund, Swedish Pomerania (d. 1786)
  • 1748 Claude-Louis Berthollet, French chemist, born in Talloires, Savoy, France (d. 1822)
  • 1751 Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Charles IV of Spain, born in Parma (d. 1819)
  • 1787 John Dobson, English architect, born in High Chirton, North Shields, England (d. 1865)
  • 1806 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote, born in Lachine, Canada (d. 1838)

  • 1842 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, born in Moscow (d. 1921)
  • 1848 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer (created Uncle Remus stories), born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 1908)
  • 1868 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1934)
  • 1873 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, born in Brussels (d. 1980)
  • 1883 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal and supreme commander, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1955)
  • 1883 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, born in Irkutsk, Russian Empire (d. 1950)

Person of interestClarence Birdseye

1886 Clarence Birdseye, American inventor and founder of the modern frozen food industry (Birdseye), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1956)

  • 1888 Mabel Stark, American tiger trainer "crazy Mabel", born in Tennessee or Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet, born in Minsk, Minsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1898 Emmett Kelly, American circus clown (Weary Willie), born in Sedan, Kansas (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Jean de Brunhoff, French children's book author (Babar the Elephant), born in Paris (d. 1937)
  • 1899 Léonie Adams, American poetess (Those not elected), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian writer (A Child of Our Time), born in Sušak, Rijeka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1901 Jean Mermoz, French pilot, born in Aubenton, Aisne, France (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Richard A Butler, England, Dutch min of Finance/Foreign affairs
  • 1904 Roger Wolcott Sperry, physicist

Person of interestGrace Hopper

1906 Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and US Navy admiral who invented the first compiler for a universal computer programming language and is credited with coining the phrase 'debugging’, born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • 1907 Noel Walton Bott, engineer
  • 1910 Dick Elffers, Dutch graphic artist/painter (Holland Festival)
  • 1910 Stephen Jurika Jr, US pilot/capt (WW II, Santa Cruz, Navy Cross)
  • 1911 Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese educator (d. 2007)
  • 1912 Tip O'Neill, American politician and 47th speaker of the house (D-Ma: 1977-86), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Herbert Huncke, writer
  • 1916 Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German/Swiss architect/writer (Mozart biog)

  • 1917 James Angleton, head of counterintelligence for the CIA (d. 1987)
  • 1917 James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1918 Jerome Beatty Jr., American author
  • 1919 William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian President (1999-2006) and Prime Minister (1993-94), born in Livorno (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1926 Jan Křesadlo, Czech writer (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Helmut Maucher, German businessman, CEO of Nestlé (1990-97), born in Eisenharz, Germany (d. 2018)

Person of interestBob Hawke

1929 Bob Hawke, Australian politician and 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1983-91), born in Bordertown, South Australia (d. 2019)

23rd Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke
23rd Prime Minister of Australia
Bob Hawke
  • 1935 Dominico Tromp, Aruba, stage leader
  • 1938 Elizabeth H "Rina" Venter, South African minister of Health care
  • 1939 Patrician Stephens Due, Quincy, Florida, African-American civil rights activist (FAMU jail-in), (d. 2012)
  • 1942 Joe McGinniss, author (Selling of President 1968), born in Rye, New York
  • 1944 Ki Longfellow, American novelist
  • 1944 Bob O'Connor, American politician
  • 1946 Sonia Gandhi, Italian-born Indian politician
  • 1947 Tom Daschle, American politician
  • 1947 Jaak Jõerüüt, Soviet-born Estonian politician
  • 1948 Marleen Gorris, Dutch director (Mres Dalloway, Antonia, Last Island)
  • 1949 Nando Parrado, Uruguayan plane crash survivor
  • 1954 Herman Finkers, Dutch cabaret performer
  • 1954 Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourg politician, President of the European Commission (2014-), born in Redange, Luxembourg
  • 1958 Nancy J Currie, Mjr Army/astronaut (STS 57, 70, sk: 88), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1960 Dobroslav Paraga, Croatian politician and editor
  • 1960 Terry Moran, American TV reporter
  • 1963 Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
  • 1965 Vecepia Towery, American Survivor contestant
  • 1966 Kirsten Gillibrand, American attorney and politician (Senator (D) NY 2009-), born in Albany, New York
  • 1969 André Heinz, American environmentalist and son of Senator Henry John Heinz III and Teresa Heinz