On This Day

Birthdays in History on February 1

  • 1261 Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (1308-26), born in Annery, Devonshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1459 Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar, born in Wipfeld, Germany (d. 1508)
  • 1462 Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer, born in Trittenheim, Germany (d. 1516)

Person of interestJohn Napier

1550 John Napier, Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1617)

Mathematician John Napier
John Napier
  • 1552 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice and politician (defended common law), born in Mileham, Norfolk, England (d. 1634)
  • 1605 Isaac Aboab da Fonseca, Portuguese rabbi, scholar and writer, born in Castro Daire, Portugal (d. 1693)
  • 1635 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions, born in Rendsburg, Holstein (d. 1689)
  • 1659 Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch navigator and explorer (1st European to discover Easter Island), born in Middleburg, Netherlands (d. 1729)
  • 1663 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Bonondo, Manila, Philippines (d. 1748)
  • 1707 Frederick Louis, English prince of Wales and son of George II, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1751)
  • 1758 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), born in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife (d. 1824)
  • 1761 Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
  • 1763 Thomas Campbell, founder (Church of Disciples in America)
  • 1796 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
  • 1801 Thomas Cole, American romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • 1801 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)

  • 1805 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • 1807 William Bowen Campbell, American politician and Civil War Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Sumner County, Tennessee (d. 1867)
  • 1810 Charles Lenox Remond, African-American orator and abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1873)
  • 1819 Henry Lawrence Eustis, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • 1820 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
  • 1827 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker
  • 1829 John Potts Slough, American politician, lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1867)
  • 1833 Henry McNeal Turner, Newberry South Carolina, Minister and politician, 1st African American Methodist Bishop (d. 1915)
  • 1839 James A Herne [J Aherne], US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
  • 1841 William Henry Davenport, American stage magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1877)
  • 1844 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 1844 Granville Stanley Hall, American psychologist
  • 1851 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
  • 1872 Paul Fort, French poet/founder of Vers et Prose
  • 1872 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
  • 1872 Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
  • 1873 Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
  • 1873 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
  • 1874 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet/dramatist/essayist
  • 1878 Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate

  • 1878 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)

Person of interestLouis St. Laurent

1882 Louis St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1948-57), born in Compton, Quebec (d. 1973)

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent
  • 1884 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian novelist/playwright (We)
  • 1885 Camille Chautemps, premier France
  • 1887 Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect
  • 1887 Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1889 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • 1896 Anastasio Somoza García [Tacho], General, dictator and President of Nicaragua (1937-56), born in San Marcos, Nicaragua (d. 1956)
  • 1897 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • 1902 Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)
  • 1903 Georg Rendl, Austria miner/beekeeper/writer (The Bees Novel)
  • 1905 Ernst Carl Gerlach Stueckelberg, Basel Switzerland, eminent mathematician and physicist
  • 1907 Alan Strode Campbell Ross, professor (coined the terms U & non-U)
  • 1907 John Canaday, art critic (Metropolitan Museum of Art Portfolios)
  • 1908 George Pal, Hungarian/American director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)
  • 1909 Douglas Hall, Governor (Somaliland Protectorate)
  • 1913 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot
  • 1916 Gordon Hobday, Lord Lieutenant (Nottinghamshire)
  • 1918 Maurice Laing, life president (John Laing)

Person of interestMuriel Spark

1918 Muriel Spark, Scottish writer (The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2006)

Author Muriel Spark
Muriel Spark

  • 1920 Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
  • 1920 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), born in Beijing, China (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Bogumil Witalis Andrzejewski, professor of Cushtic Languages
  • 1924 H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Ben Weider, Quebec businessman and author
  • 1926 Douglas Johnson, British historian, born in Edinburgh (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Peter Crill, Bailiff of Jersey
  • 1926 Vivian Maier, American street photographer unknown until her death, born in New York City (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Galway Kinnell, American author (Body Rags, Book of Nightmares), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Peter Gordon Dorrell, archaeologist and photographer
  • 1928 Sir Samuel "Sam" Edwards, Welsh physicist (condensed matter physics), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Eric Evans, English dean of St Paul's, born in Tenby, Wales (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Tom Lantos, (Rep-D-CA, 1981- )
  • 1930 Peter Tapsell, British MP
  • 1930 Shahabuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh
  • 1930 Mario Beaulieu, Quebec politician (d. 1998)

Person of interestBoris Yeltsin

1931 Boris Yeltsin, Russian politician and President of Russian Federation (1991-1999), born in Butka, Sverdlovsk, (d. 2007)

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1931 Mark Richmond, CEO (Science & Engineering Research Council)
  • 1932 John Nott, British policitican(C), Secretary of State for Defence during Falkland War, born in Bideford, Devon
  • 1933 Reynolds Price, American writer (Strengthened by a Pale Green Light)
  • 1935 Ruth Clarke, Moderator (General Assembly of the United Reform Church)
  • 1935 Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 22, T-2)
  • 1936 G H Blake, Principal (Collingwood College, Durham U)
  • 1936 Azie Taylor Morton, 35th Treasurer of the United States (d. 2003)
  • 1939 Paul E Gillmor, (Rep-R-Ohio)

  • 1941 Robert Walmsley, British Vice-Admiral
  • 1941 Jerry Spinelli, children's author
  • 1943 Josceline Dimbleby, cookery writer
  • 1944 Mike Enzi, American accountant, and politician (US Senator from Wyoming (R), 1997-2021), born in Bremerton, Washington (d. 2021)
  • 1947 Adam Ingram, British politician, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1951 Andrew Smith, British politician, born in Wokingham, United Kingdom
  • 1952 Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist (Nobel Prize 2008), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1955 Kate Ashbrook, British general secretary of the Open Spaces Society
  • 1957 Donna Adamek, American tenpin bowler (BWAA Woman of Year 1978-81), born in Duarte, California
  • 1958 Kevin McCarra, Scottish sports journalist (The Guardian, Scotland on Sunday, The Times), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2020)
  • 1961 Daniel M. Tani, American astronaut, born in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania
  • 1963 Takashi Murakami, Japanese artist, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1965 Princess Stéphanie of Monaco, born in the Prince's Palace of Monaco, Monaco
  • 1967 Meg Cabot, American author, born in Bloomington, Indiana
  • 1967 Patle Shishupal Natthu, Indian politician, born in Bhandara, India

Person of interestLisa Marie Presley

1968 Lisa Marie Presley Keough Jackson, daughter of Elvis, born in Memphis, Tennessee

Princess of Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley
Princess of Rock and Roll
Lisa Marie Presley
  • 1969 Andrew Breitbart, American conservative blogger & publisher, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1977 Phil Ivey, American poker player (10 World Series of Poker bracelets, 1 World Poker Tour title, 9 World Poker Tour final tables), born in Riverside, California
  • 1985 Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher, born in Bend, Oregon