Birthdays in History on February 1

  • 1261 Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (1308-26), born in Annery, Devonshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1459 Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar, born in Wipfeld, Germany (d. 1508)
  • 1462 Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer, born in Trittenheim, Germany (d. 1516)

John NapierJohn Napier (1550-1617)

Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1552 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice and politician (defended common law), born in Mileham, Norfolk, England (d. 1634)
  • 1605 Isaac Aboab da Fonseca, Portuguese rabbi, scholar and writer, born in Castro Daire, Portugal (d. 1693)
  • 1635 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions, born in Rendsburg, Holstein (d. 1689)
  • 1659 Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch navigator and explorer (1st European to discover Easter Island), born in Middleburg, Netherlands (d. 1729)
  • 1663 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Bonondo, Manila, Philippines (d. 1748)
  • 1707 Frederick Louis, English prince of Wales and son of George II, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1751)
  • 1758 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), born in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife (d. 1824)
  • 1761 Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
  • 1763 Thomas Campbell, Irish-American clergyman (founder of Disciples of Christ movement in America), born in County Down, Ireland (d. 1854)
  • 1796 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
  • 1801 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • 1801 Thomas Cole, American romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School), born in Bolton le Moors, Lancashire, England (d. 1848)
  • 1805 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary socialist (Blanquist movement and workers' leader), born in Puget-Théniers, France (d. 1881)
  • 1807 William Bowen Campbell, American politician and Civil War Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Sumner County, Tennessee (d. 1867)
  • 1810 Charles Lenox Remond, African-American orator and abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1873)
  • 1819 Henry Lawrence Eustis, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • 1820 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
  • 1827 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, born in Paris, France (d. 1905)
  • 1829 John Potts Slough, American politician, lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1867)
  • 1833 Henry McNeal Turner, Newberry South Carolina, Minister and politician, 1st African American Methodist Bishop (d. 1915)
  • 1839 James A. Herne, American playwright (Hearts of Oak; Margaret Fleming), born in Troy, New York (d. 1901)
  • 1841 William Henry Davenport, American stage magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1877)
  • 1844 Eduard Adolf Strasburger, German botanist (discovered nucleus of plant cells divides during cell division), born in Warsaw, Russian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1844 Granville Stanley Hall, American pioneering psychologist, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • 1851 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
  • 1872 Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
  • 1872 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
  • 1872 Paul Fort, French poet (founder of Vers et Prose), born in Reims, France (d. 1960)
  • 1873 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
  • 1873 Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
  • 1874 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet, dramatist and essayist (founded Salzburg festival), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1929)
  • 1878 Hattie Wyatt Caraway, American politician (1st woman elected to US Senate, Senator for Arkansas 1931-45), born near Bakerville, Tennessee (d. 1950) [1]
  • 1878 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)

Louis St. LaurentLouis St. Laurent (1882-1973)

12th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1948-57), born in Compton, Quebec

  • 1883 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1884 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer and Soviet dissident (We), born in Lebedyan, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1885 Camille Chautemps, French politician (Prime Minister of France 1930, 1933-34, 1937-38), born in Paris, France (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1887 Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect (KLM building and design), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1889 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1896 Anastasio Somoza García [Tacho], General, dictator and President of Nicaragua (1937-56), born in San Marcos, Nicaragua (d. 1956)
  • 1897 Denise Robins, English romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1902 Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)
  • 1903 Georg Rendl, Austrian miner, beekeeper and writer (The Bees Novel) (d. 1972)
  • 1905 Ernst Stueckelberg, Swiss mathematician and physicist, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Alan Strode Campbell Ross, British linguist (coined the terms U & non-U) (d. 1980)
  • 1907 John Canaday, American art critic (Metropolitan Museum of Art Portfolios), born in Fort Scott, Kansas (d. 1985)
  • 1908 George Pal, Hungarian-American film director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons), born in Cegléd, Hungary (d. 1980)
  • 1909 Douglas Hall, British colonial administrator (last British Governor of Somaliland Protectorate 1959-60) (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, British test pilot (Spitfire), born in Littlehampton, Sussex (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Gordon Hobday, English scientist (developed penicillin with Alexander Fleming, worked on Ibuprofen), born in New Sawley, Derbyshire (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Maurice Laing, English builder (John Laing & Son), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2008)

Muriel SparkMuriel Spark (1918-2006)

Scottish author (The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie), born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1920 Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
  • 1920 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), born in Beijing, China (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Bogumil Witalis Andrzejewski, professor of Cushtic Languages
  • 1924 Ben Weider, Quebec businessman and author
  • 1924 H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
  • 1926 Douglas Johnson, British historian, born in Edinburgh (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Peter Crill, Bailiff of Jersey
  • 1926 Vivian Maier, American street photographer unknown until her death, born in New York City (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Galway Kinnell, American author (Body Rags, Book of Nightmares), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Eric Evans, English dean of St Paul's, born in Tenby, Wales (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Peter Gordon Dorrell, British archaeologist and photographer (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Sir Samuel "Sam" Edwards, Welsh physicist (condensed matter physics), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Tom Lantos, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1981-2008), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2008)
  • 1930 Mario Beaulieu, Canadian politician (Senator for Quebec, 1990-94), born in Plantagenet, Ontario (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Peter Tapsell, British Conservative Party politician (Member of Parliament, 1959-64 and 1966-2015), born in Hove, England (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Shahabuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh, 1996-2001), born in Pemal, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh)

Boris YeltsinBoris Yeltsin (1931-2007)

Russian politician and 1st President of Russian Federation (1991-99), born in Butka, Sverdlovsk,

  • 1931 Mark Richmond, CEO (Science & Engineering Research Council)
  • 1932 John Nott, British policitican(C), Secretary of State for Defence during Falkland War, born in Bideford, Devon
  • 1933 Reynolds Price, American writer (Strengthened by a Pale Green Light)
  • 1935 Ruth Clarke, Moderator (General Assembly of the United Reform Church)
  • 1935 Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 22, T-2)
  • 1936 Azie Taylor Morton, 35th Treasurer of the United States (d. 2003)
  • 1936 G H Blake, Principal (Collingwood College, Durham U)
  • 1939 Paul Gillmor, American politician (Rep-R-Ohio 1989-2007), born in Tiffin, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jerry Spinelli, children's author
  • 1941 Robert Walmsley, British Vice-Admiral
  • 1943 Josceline Dimbleby, cookery writer
  • 1944 Mike Enzi, American accountant, and politician (US Senator from Wyoming (R), 1997-2021), born in Bremerton, Washington (d. 2021)
  • 1947 Adam Ingram, British politician, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1951 Andrew Smith, British politician, born in Wokingham, United Kingdom
  • 1952 Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist (Nobel Prize 2008), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1955 Kate Ashbrook, British general secretary of the Open Spaces Society
  • 1957 Donna Adamek, American tenpin bowler (BWAA Woman of Year 1978-81), born in Duarte, California
  • 1958 Kevin McCarra, Scottish sports journalist (The Guardian, Scotland on Sunday, The Times), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2020)
  • 1961 Daniel M. Tani, American astronaut, born in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania
  • 1962 Takashi Murakami, Japanese artist (Superflat), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1963 Takashi Murakami, Japanese artist, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1965 Princess Stéphanie of Monaco, born in the Prince's Palace of Monaco, Monaco
  • 1967 Meg Cabot, American author, born in Bloomington, Indiana
  • 1967 Patle Shishupal Natthu, Indian politician, born in Bhandara, India
  • 1969 Andrew Breitbart, American conservative blogger & publisher, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1977 Phil Ivey, American poker player (10 World Series of Poker bracelets, 1 World Poker Tour title, 9 World Poker Tour final tables), born in Riverside, California
  • 1985 Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher, born in Bend, Oregon