Birthdays in History on February 13

  • 711 BC Emperor Jimmu Tennō, According to legend the 1st Emperor of Japan (660 BC - 585 BC) and founder of the imperial dynasty, (d. 585 BC)
  • 1440 Hartmann Schedel, German physician, humanist and historian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1514)
  • 1457 Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, born in Brussels, Burgundian Netherlands (d. 1482)
  • 1480 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal, Treviso, Venice, Italy (d. 1542)

Alexander VIIAlexander VII (1599-1667)

Italian Pope (1655-67), born in Siena, Florence, Italy

  • 1610 Jean de la Badie, French theologian, founder of Labadists, born in Bourg, Bordeaux, France (d. 1674)
  • 1622 Adam Pijnacker, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, baptized
  • 1658 Jan B. Wellekens, Dutch poet and painter
  • 1672 Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (1718 affinity table), born in Paris (d. 1731)
  • 1682 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes (Fortune Teller), born in Venice (d. 1754)
  • 1728 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, born in Long Calderwood, Scotland (d. 1793)

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks (1743-1820)

English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London

Thomas MalthusThomas Malthus (1766-1834)

British economist and demographer (Law of Malthus), born in Guildford, England

  • 1768 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
  • 1769 Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
  • 1805 David Dudley Field II, American lawyer, law codifier, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1894)
  • 1805 Peter G L Dirichlet, German number theorist/analysist
  • 1807 Bartolomea Capitanio, Italian teacher, co-foundress of the Sisters of Charity of Lovere, and saint, born in Lovere, Bergamo, Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy (d. 1833)
  • 1813 Charles Pierre Schimpf, governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • 1822 Lev A Mej, Russian nobleman/poet
  • 1829 Gerard Keller, writer (Netherlands Spectator)
  • 1831 John Aaron Rawlins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1869)
  • 1833 William Whedbee Kirkland, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Hillsboro, North Carolina (d. 1915)
  • 1835 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1849 Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston's father
  • 1852 Johan L E Dreyer, Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 1855 Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
  • 1859 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist
  • 1859 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • 1861 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1874 Hendrik Spiekman, Dutch journalist and politician (social-democratic)
  • 1879 Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter and poet, born in Hyperbad, India (d. 1949)
  • 1881 Eleanor Farjeon, English writer (Martin Pippin)

Bess TrumanBess Truman (1885-1982)

US First Lady (1945-52), born in Independence, Missouri

  • 1888 Georgios Papandreou, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (1944–45, 1963, 1964–65), born in Kalentzi, Achaea, Greece (d. 1968)
  • 1888 Heintje Davids [Hendrika], Dutch revue star
  • 1891 Grant Wood, American painter (American Gothic), born near Anamosa, Iowa (d. 1942)
  • 1891 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1892 Robert Houghwout Jackson, 84th Supreme Court justice (1941-54)
  • 1893 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • 1898 Neville Pearson, English publisher
  • 1902 Blair Moody, American journalist (US Senator (D)-Michigan, 1951-52), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1954)
  • 1902 Karl Menger, Austria-American mathematician (theory of dimension)
  • 1903 Georges Simenon, Belgian born mystery writer (Maigret detective novels, Snow Was Black), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1989)
  • 1906 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1909 M. Vasalis [Margaretha Droogleever Fortuyn-Leenmans], Dutch poet (Phoenix), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1998)

William ShockleyWilliam Shockley (1910-1989)

American physicist who helped invent the transistor (1956 Nobel), who was also known for his racist eugenics views, born in London, England

  • 1913 Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest

Aung SanAung San (1915-1947)

Burmese general and nationalist politician, born in Natmauk, Myanmar

  • 1921 Henk van Galen Last, Dutch journalist
  • 1921 Zao-Wou-Ki, Chinese/French painter and graphic artist
  • 1922 Gordon Tullock, American economist
  • 1922 Lord Pym of Sandy, British minister of foreign affairs
  • 1922 Tristram Coffin, San Marino, California, folklorist (The Book of Christmas Folklore, The Old Ball Game), (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Chuck Yeager, American test pilot who was the 1st man to break the sound barrier, born in Myra, West Virginia (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1924 Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French economic journalist, and politician (founder of Radical Party), born in PAris, France (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Jan Arends, Dutch poet and author
  • 1927 Harry Wich, Dutch set designer
  • 1929 Omar Torrijos Herrera, president Panama
  • 1930 Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist
  • 1933 Emanuel Ungaro, French fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1969)
  • 1933 Paul Biya, Cameroon politician, President of Cameroon (1982- ), born in Mvomeka'a, Cameroon
  • 1937 Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer, born in Omdurman, Sudan (d. 1992)
  • 1937 Sigmund Jaehn, German cosmonaut (Soyuz 31/29), born in Muldenhammer, Germany
  • 1939 Beate Klarsfeld, Franco-German journalist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1939 Valery Rozhdestvensky, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2011)
  • 1941 Andrea Conte, First Lady of Tennessee, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  • 1941 Sigmar Polke, German painter, born in Oleśnica, Poland (d. 2010)
  • 1942 Donald E. Williams, American US naval officer & NASA astronaut (STS 51D, STS 34), born in Lafayette, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • 1943 Friedrich Christian Delius, German writer, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1943 Leo Frankowski, American sci-fi author (High Tech Knight, Flying Warlord), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)

Jerry SpringerJerry Springer (78 years old)

1944 English-born US talk show host (Jerry Springer Show), born in London, England

  • 1945 David Tremlett, English artist, born in Dartford, United Kingdom
  • 1946 Richard Blumenthal, American politician (Senator-D- Connecticut 2011-), born in New York City
  • 1948 Allan Legere, Canadian serial killer (Monster of the Miramichi), born in Chatham, Canada
  • 1955 Joe Birkett, American lawyer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1956 Princess Alia bint Al Hussein, Jordanian Royal Family member, born in Amman, Jordan
  • 1957 Denise Austin, US fitness instructor & author, born in San Pedro, California
  • 1958 Marc Emery, Canadian cannabis activist, born in London, Canada
  • 1960 Pierluigi Collina, Italian football referee, born in Bologna, Italy
  • 1962 Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, Puerto Rican politician and lawyer, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1964 Ylva Johansson, Swedish politician, born in Huddinge Municipality, Sweden
  • 1974 Gus Hansen, Danish poker player (3 x World Poker Tour open titles, WSOP bracelet 2010), born in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 1974 Jeff Duran, US radio personality, born in Arcadia, California
  • 1976 Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1979 Anders Behring Breivik, Norwegian terrorist, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1982 Lanisha Cole, US model, born in Pasadena, California
  • 1990 Olivia Federici, British synchronized swimmer, born in Plymouth, United Kingdom
  • 1997 Michael Jackson Jr., son of Michael Jackson, born in Beverly Hills, California