Birthdays in History on February 14

  • 1404 Leon B. Alberti, Italian Renaissance humanist and architect (Tempio Malatestiano; Palazzo Rucellai; Santa Maria Novella), born in Genoa, Republic of Genoa (d. 1472)
  • 1452 Pandolfo Petrucci, Italian ruler of the Republic of Siena (1500-12) during the Renaissance, born in Siena, Italy (d. 1512)
  • 1462 Edzard I Cirksena, the Great, earl of East-Friesia (1494-1528)
  • 1468 Johann Werner, German mathematician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1522)

BaburBabur (1483-1530)

Timurid founder and 1st Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian Subcontinent (1526-30), born in Andijan, Timurid Empire (present-day Uzbekistan)

  • 1487 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1552)
  • 1515 Frederick III, the Pious, Elector Palatine of the Rhine, born in Simmern, Germany (d. 1576)
  • 1533 Christianus Adrichomius, Dutch Catholic priest & writer (Vita Jesu Christi), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1585)
  • 1546 Johann Pistorius, German theologist & historian, born in Nidda, Germany (d. 1608)
  • 1621 Sybilla Schwarz, German baroque poet, born in Greifswald, Germany (d. 1638)
  • 1680 John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor, born in Penshurst Place, Kent (d. 1737)
  • 1692 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (L’École des Mères), born in Paris (d. 1754)
  • 1701 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1773)
  • 1760 Richard Allen, 1st African American ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1831)
  • 1763 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1813)
  • 1800 Emory Washburn, 22nd Governor of Massachusetts (1854-55), born in Leicester, Massachusetts (d. 1877)
  • 1804 Otis Tufts, American machinist & inventor who built printing machines, steam engines, firefighting equipment and invented the steam pile driver, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1869)
  • 1806 Lajos, Count Batthyany, 1st Prime Minister of Hungary, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1812 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, born in Sparta, New York (d. 1846)
  • 1813 John McNeil, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1891)

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass (c. 1817/18-1895)

African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave [exact birth year unknown], born in Talbot County, Maryland

Christopher Latham SholesChristopher Latham Sholes (1819-1890)

American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, born in Mooresburg, Pennsylvania

  • 1819 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina (d. 1878)
  • 1824 Winfield Scott Hancock, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1828 Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (Le Roi des montagnes), born in Dieuze, Lorraine (d. 1885)
  • 1829 Alfred Iverson Jr., Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Clinton, Georgia (d. 1911)
  • 1835 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1894)
  • 1838 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", born in York, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1846 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, born in Johnson, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • 1847 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1919)
  • 1847 Maria Pia of Savoy, Queen of Portugal, born in Roal Palace, Turin, Sardinia (d. 1911)
  • 1848 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, born in Chalon-sur-Saône, France (d. 1934)
  • 1853 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist and Mayor of Antwerp, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • 1856 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1931)
  • 1858 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), born in Penpont, Dumfries, Scotland (d. 1895)
  • 1859 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1896)
  • 1860 Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer & liberal politician, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1860 Waldemar Lindgren, Swedish-American Geologist (economic geology, ore classification), born in Vassmolösa, Kalmar, Sweden (d. 1939)
  • 1864 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • 1864 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), born in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • 1867 Sakichi Toyoda, Japanese inventor and industrialist (Toyota Industries), born in Yamaguchi, Tōtōmi Province (now Kosai, Shizuoka), Japan (d. 1930)
  • 1868 Henricus Andreas Poels, Dutch Roman Catholic theologist and social foreman, born in Venray, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1869 Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel), born in Glencorse, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • 1878 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American chemist (inventor of neoprene), born in Hansbeke, Belgium (d. 1936)
  • 1881 Otto Selz, German psychologist, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1881 William John Gruffydd, Welsh poet & scholar, born in Gorffwysfa, Bethel, Wales (d. 1954)
  • 1882 George Jean Nathan, American editor, author and critic (American Mercury), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1884 Hezekiah M. Washburn, American Presbyterian Congo missionary, born in Brooksville, Bracken, Kentucky (d. 1972)
  • 1884 Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet, born in Burgas, Bulgaria (d. 1974)
  • 1885 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1886 Theodor Werner, German painter, born in Jettenburg, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1890 Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist & writer, born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander & politician, born in Kotor, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1893 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher & sociologist (Studies in prejudice), born in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), born in Yorkshire, England (d. 1950)
  • 1898 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter), born in Varna, Bulgaria (d. 1974)
  • 1899 John Herman Randall Jr., American philosopher (Western Man), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Charles William Oatley, electrical engineer
  • 1904 Hanning Phillips, Lord Lieutenant (Dyfed)
  • 1904 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist
  • 1909 A. Moses Klein, Canadian poet (Hath Not a Jew...), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1911 Willem J. Kolff, Dutch-American internist & inventor (Artificial Kidney)
  • 1912 Edmund G. Love, American historian and author (A Small Bequest, Subways Are for Sleeping), born in Flushing, Michigan (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Juan Pujol Garcia [Garbo/Arabel], Spanish British/German double agent
  • 1912 Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist
  • 1912 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
  • 1913 James Pike, American bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1913 Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
  • 1914 Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp
  • 1915 A W H Stewart-Moore, CEO (Gallaher)
  • 1916 Marcel Bigeard, French general
  • 1916 Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (Joi-uchi)
  • 1917 Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician whose models for determining the chemical crystal structures vital for life revolutionized chemistry (Nobel 1985), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1921 Albert Sloman, Vice-Chancellor (Essex U)
  • 1921 Skeezix, of "Gasoline Alley" discovered on Wallets' doorstep
  • 1923 Derrick Holden-Brown, CEO (Allied-Lyons)
  • 1924 Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, born in Westminster, London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Gwendolyn Faison, American politician (Mayor of Camden, New Jersey, 2000-10), born in Clinton, North Carolina (d. 2021)
  • 1928 Ben Garrido Blaz, American politician (Rep-R-Guam, 1985-93), born in Agana, Guam (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Juan Garcia Hortelano, Spanish author (Tormenta de verano)
  • 1929 Matthew G. Martinez, American politician (Rep-D+R-CA, 1982-2001), born in Walsenburg, Colorado (d. 2011)
  • 1930 Duncan Montgomery Stewart, principal (Lady Margaret Hall-Oxford)
  • 1932 Jack Hibbert, director (Central Statistical Office)
  • 1932 Jocelyn Stevens, CEO (English Heritage)
  • 1932 Leo Thorsness, American Vietnam War pilot (Medal of Honor), born in Walnut Grove, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Michael Ball, Bishop (Truro)
  • 1932 Peter Ball, Bishop (Gloucester)
  • 1933 Evelyn Ebsworth, Vice-Chancellor (Durham U), born in Richmond, United Kingdom (d. 2015)
  • 1935 David Wilson, Scottish administrator and 27th Governor of Hong Kong (1987-92), born in Alloa, Scotland
  • 1936 Fanne Foxe [Annabella Battistella], Argentine-American exotic dancer famous for her involvement in a sex scandal with Wilbur Mills, born in Nueve de Julio, Argentina
  • 1936 Takuo Aoyagi, Japanese engineer who invented the pulse oximeter, born in Niigata Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1937 John MacGregor, British MP
  • 1940 Porpoise, 1st born in captivity in US (Marineland, Fla)
  • 1941 Donna Shalala, American educator
  • 1941 Paul Tsongas, American politician (Sen-D-Mass), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1942 Margaret Wright, chief commissioner (Guide Association)

Michael BloombergMichael Bloomberg (80 years old)

1942 American businessman who co-founded Bloomberg L.P., Mayor of New York City (2002-13) and philanthropist, born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1943 Israël "Ischa" Meijer, Dutch journalist, critic and author (Een Dik Uur Ischa, Boezemvriend), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)

Carl BernsteinCarl Bernstein (78 years old)

1944 American investigative reporter who covered Watergate for the Washington Post, born in Washington, D. C.

  • 1945 Hans-Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein (1989-), born in Zürich, Switzerland
  • 1945 K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • 1945 William Hill Boner, American politician (Rep-D-TN, 1979-88), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1946 Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (d. 2003)
  • 1946 David Green, English TV/video producer
  • 1947 Judd Gregg, American politician (Senator-R-NH 1993-2011, Governor of NH 1989-93, Rep-R-NH, 1981-89), born in Nashua, New Hampshire
  • 1947 Pham Tuan, Vietnam, cosmonaut (Soyuz 37/36)
  • 1949 Richard E. Neal, American politician (Rep-D-Massachusetts)
  • 1952 Nancy Keenan, current NARAL president
  • 1955 Carol Kalish, American publishing executive (Marvel Comics) (d. 1991)
  • 1955 Jeremy Lascelles, British grandson of English princess Mary
  • 1961 Phillip Hamilton, American author, born in Albany, New York
  • 1962 Kevyn Aucoin, American cosmetologist, born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2002)

Mark RutteMark Rutte (55 years old)

1967 Dutch politician (Prime Minister, 2010-), born in The Hague, Netherlands

  • 1967 Stelios Haji-Ioannou, British-Cypriot entrepreneur, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1977 Darren Bennett, English professional dancer, born in Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • 1985 Natsume Sano, Japanese gravure idol, born in Tokyo, Japan