Birthdays in History on February 15

  • 1368 Sigismund, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37), born in Nuremberg, Kingdom of Germany (d. 1437)
  • 1458 Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)
  • 1471 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici [Piero the Unfortunate], Italian ruler of Florence (1492-94), born in Florence, Republic of Florence (d. 1503) [1]
  • 1497 Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant reformer and theologian (Martin Luther's right-hand man), born in Bretten, Palatinate (d. 1560)
  • 1519 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer who founded St. Augustine, Florida, born in Avilés, Spain (d. 1574)
  • 1524 Charles de Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims

Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei (1564-1642)

Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy

  • 1620 Francois Charpentier, French scholar and archaeologist, born in Paris, France (d. 1702)
  • 1650 Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France (Huguenot)
  • 1660 Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
  • 1666 Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • 1705 Charles-André Van Loo, French Rococo painter, born in Nice, France (d. 1765)
  • 1707 Claude Prosper, novelist, born in Paris, France
  • 1710 Louis XV 'Louis the Beloved', King of France (1715-74), born in the Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1774)
  • 1726 Abraham Clark, American politician, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey (d. 1794)
  • 1739 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
  • 1748 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher, social reformer and founder of modern utilitarianism, born in London (d. 1832)
  • 1759 Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
  • 1764 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
  • 1768 Jozef B Cannaert [Olim], Flemish lawyer
  • 1774 Frederik, prince of Orange-Nassau, son of William V, born in the Hague, Netherlands (d. 1799)
  • 1795 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)
  • 1800 Frederik W Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer
  • 1803 John Augustus Sutter, Swiss/US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)
  • 1809 André Dumont, Belgian geologist, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1857)

Cyrus McCormickCyrus McCormick (1809-1884)

American inventor and businessman (mechanical reaper), born in Shenandoah Valley, Virginia

  • 1811 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), born in San Juan, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1888)

Charles Lewis TiffanyCharles Lewis Tiffany (1812-1902)

American jeweler and founder of Tiffany & Co, born in Killingly, Connecticut

  • 1817 Charles-François Daubigny, French painter of the Barbizon school, born in Paris (d. 1878)

Susan B. AnthonySusan B. Anthony (1820-1906)

American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, born in Adams, Massachusetts

  • 1821 Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, Dutch theologist and poet, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1823 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
  • 1825 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1826 George Johnstone Stoney, Irish physicist (introduced term electron), born in Oakley Park, Ireland (d. 1911)
  • 1828 Johan H van Dale, schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Dictionary)
  • 1829 Silas Weir Mitchell, American physician (discovered causalgia, erythromelalgia) and author (Roland Blake, Hugh Wynne), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • 1834 William Henry Preece, Welsh electrical engineer/wireless pioneer, born in Caernarfon, Wales (d. 1913)
  • 1835 Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1911)
  • 1841 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • 1845 Elihu Root, American statesman (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912), born in Clinton, New York (d. 1937)
  • 1856 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist who developed a classification system for mental illness, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1858 William Pickering, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1861 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)
  • 1861 Halford John Mackinder, British geographer (Britain and the British Seas), born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1947)
  • 1866 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)

Ernest ShackletonErnest Shackleton (1874-1922)

British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland

  • 1876 Ernest Wilson, English botanist (plant collector in China), born in Chipping Campden, England (d. 1930)
  • 1883 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1887 H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
  • 1890 Robert Ley, Nazi politician. Committed suicide 1945.
  • 1892 James Forrestal, American banker/minister of Navy
  • 1893 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
  • 1894 Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
  • 1901 Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
  • 1901 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • 1901 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
  • 1904 Mary Adshead, muralist/painter
  • 1905 Nise da Silveira, Brazilian psychiatrist (made advances in occupational therapy), born in Maceió, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
  • 1908 Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
  • 1908 Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
  • 1909 Harold Beeley, British diplomat
  • 1909 Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
  • 1911 Leonard Woodcock, labor leader (UAW)
  • 1912 George Mikes, Hungarian British writer (How to Be an Alien)
  • 1913 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • 1914 (Thomas) Hale Boggs, American politician (US Representative from Louisiana, 1947-73), born in Long Beach, Mississippi (d. 1972)
  • 1914 R W Woods, bishop (Worcester)
  • 1916 Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books)
  • 1920 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Klinkaart, Het begeren), born in Terhagen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1984
  • 1920 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • 1921 Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1922 Herman Kahn, American, writer and military strategist (Thinking About the Unthinkable), born in Bayonne, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • 1922 John B. Anderson, American politician and 1980 Republican presidential candidate, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Justice Drake, British justice
  • 1923 Yelena Bonner, Soviet dissident and wife of Andre Sakharov, born in Merv, Turkmenistan, Soviet Union (d. 2011) [1]
  • 1927 Frank Dunlop, director (Edinburgh International Festival)
  • 1929 James Schlesinger, US Secretary of Defense (1973-75)
  • 1930 C F Payne, British chief constable, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1931 W K Reid, British ombudsman
  • 1932 Adrian Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)
  • 1933 Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
  • 1934 Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)
  • 1934 Paul Ekman, American psychologist, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1935 John R Block, US Secretary of Agriculture (1981-86)
  • 1935 Roger B Chaffee, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Grand Rapids Michigan
  • 1935 Susan Brownmiller, feminist author (Against Our Wills), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1937 Gregory Mcdonald, American author
  • 1937 Terry Everett, American politician (Rep-R-Alabama 1993-2009), born in Dothan, Alabama
  • 1938 Jack Tinker, British drama critic (d. 1996)
  • 1938 Lord Justice Ward, British judge
  • 1939 Jo Clayton, American sci-fi author (Irsud, Maeve, Star Hunters)
  • 1939 Robert Hansen, American serial killer
  • 1939 Tony Bloom, deputy CEO (Sketchley)
  • 1940 Hamzah Haz, Indonesian politician
  • 1944 Aleksandr Serebrov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17), born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2013)
  • 1944 Tineke Netelenbos, Dutch director and politician (PvdA), born in Wormerveer, Holland
  • 1945 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • 1946 Clare Short, British MP
  • 1946 Esko Seppänen, Finnish politician
  • 1946 John Greenway, British MP
  • 1948 Art Spiegelman, American cartoonist
  • 1949 George Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle, English hereditary peer
  • 1950 Nikolai Sergeivich Grekov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1953 Derek Conway, British MP
  • 1954 Brad Little, American politician, Governor of Idaho (2019-), born in Emmett, Idaho
  • 1955 Bev Francis, Australia, world women's power-lifting champion
  • 1955 Clive Aslet, British editor (Country Life)
  • 1956 Hilda Beatriz "Hildita" Guevara, Cuba, daughter of "Che" Guevara
  • 1957 Bienvenida Buck, Spanish lover of Peter Harding, born in Velencia Spain
  • 1958 Chrystine Brouillet, Quebec novelist
  • 1969 Josh Marshall, American journalist and blogger (Talking Points Memo), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1970 Shepard Fairey, American contemporary street artist, born in Charleston, North Carolina
  • 1974 Miranda July, US performance artist, born in Barre, Vermont
  • 1978 Tuan Le, Vietnamese-US poker player, born in Paris, France
  • 1991 Nicholas Garland, son of Pamela Sue Martin, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom