Birthdays in History on February 16

  • 1032 Zhao Shu, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Song (1063-67), born in Kaifeng, China (d. 1067)
  • 1075 Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
  • 1222 Nichiren, Japanese Buddhist priest and saint, born in Kominato, Japan (d. 1282)
  • 1331 Coluccio Salutati, Italian political leader and humanist, Chancellor of the Republic of Florence (appointed 1375), born in Stignano (d. 1406)
  • 1519 Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader/French admiral
  • 1543 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
  • 1620 Frederick William, Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1633 King Narai 'the Great' of the Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam) (1656-88), (d. 1688)
  • 1643 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (1691-1714), born in Bradford, England (d. 1714)
  • 1698 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
  • 1727 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
  • 1740 Giambattista Bodoni, Italian printer and typeface designer (Bodoni), born in Saluzzo
  • 1746 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • 1761 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Arbois, Franche-Comté (now France) (d. 1804)
  • 1786 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
  • 1787 Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
  • 1788 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • 1802 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • 1807 Lysander Cutler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Royalston, Massachusetts (d. 1866)
  • 1812 Henry Wilson, American politician, 18th VP (1873-75), (Senator (R) Massachusetts 1855-73), born in Farmington, New Hampshire (d. 1875)
  • 1813 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1892)
  • 1821 Heinrich Barth, German geographer and explorer (Central Africa), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1865)
  • 1822 Francis Galton, British anthropologist and geneticist (eugenics), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1911)
  • 1822 James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1823 John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826 Joseph V. von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1831 Nikolai Leskow [M. Stebnitsky], Russian writer (The Tale of Cross-eyed Lefty from Tula and the Steel Flea), born in Gorokhovo, Russia (d. 1895)
  • 1832 Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac, American Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1838 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor and linguist
  • 1838 Henry Adams, American historian and writer (Education of Henry Adams), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1848 Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist and geneticist who rediscovered Mendel's theory of heredity and for his work on genes (The Mutation Theory), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1850 Octave Mirbeau, French writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • 1852 Charles Taze Russell, American religious leader (founder of the Bible School Movement that led to Jehovah's Witnesses), born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • 1852 William S. Scarborough, American linguist and author (Birds of Aristophanes), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1926)
  • 1856 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur and owner of chain of shops (Karstadt Warenhaus AG) (d. 1944)
  • 1858 Laurence "Lon" Myers, American track star (top US miler)
  • 1868 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist and linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1876 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • 1881 Maurits Uyldert, Dutch poet and writer (Youth of a Poet)
  • 1883 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1886 Van Wyck Brooks, American literary historian and writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • 1891 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • 1903 George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
  • 1904 George .F Kennan, US ambassador to Moscow, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1905 Oliver Franks, British civil servant, ambassador to the US and philosopher (Falklands War report), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1992)
  • 1909 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (McDonalds), born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1998)
  • 1910 Michael Milne-Watson, British company executive (BUPA), born in London, England
  • 1911 Hal Porter, Australian writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase), born in Albert Park, Australia (d. 1984)
  • 1912 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
  • 1912 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch author
  • 1914 J. Tobin, British anaesthetist
  • 1920 Anna Mae Hays [McCabe], American military officer and US military's 1st female General, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1920 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • 1921 Araucaria [John Galbraith Graham], British crossword compiler (The Guardian) and priest, born in Oxford, England (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Esther Bubley, American photographer, born in Phillips, Wisconsin (d. 1998)

Hua GuofengHua Guofeng (1921-2008)

Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi

  • 1922 Paul van 't Veer, Dutch journalist and writer (Het Vrije Volk)
  • 1924 James Swaffield, British civil servant (Director-General of Greater London Council) (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Peter Webster, British High Court Judge
  • 1925 David Emms, British educator (London Goodenough Trust for Overseas Graduates) (d. 2015)
  • 1926 David Austin, English rose breeder (Austin roses), born in Albrighton, England (d. 2018)
  • 1926 Jack Levy, English mechanical engineer, born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1926 John Schlesinger, English director (Midnight Cowboy, Darling), born in London, England
  • 1929 Peter Porter, Australian-British author and poet (Chair of Babel), born in Brisbane, Australia (d. 2010)
  • 1930 Frederick "Fred" Cuming, British painter, born in London
  • 1931 Alfred Kolleritsch, Austrian writer, born in Eichfeld
  • 1931 George E. Sangmeister, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois 1989-95), born in Frankfort, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli writer, born in Jadova Commune, Kingdom of Romania
  • 1932 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
  • 1935 Kenneth Price, ceramic artist and print maker (Hot Bottoms; Tamed), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Robin Clark, New Zealand-born chemist (early transition metals and highly coordinated complexes), born in Rangiora, New Zealand (d. 2018)

Carl IcahnCarl Icahn (86 years old)

1936 American businessman (Icahn Enterprises), born in NYC, New York

  • 1936 Jill Kinmont, American skier
  • 1936 Murray Weideman, Australian rules football CHF (Collingwood VFL premiers 1953, 58 [c]; B&F 1957, 61, 62; Victoria 1956-60) and coach (Collingwood 1975-76), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2021)
  • 1937 Paul Bailey, English novelist and biographer, born in London
  • 1937 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, Russian cosmonaut who died during training in a surdobar chamber, born in Kharkov. (d. 1961)
  • 1939 David Griffiths, Welsh portrait painter, born in Liverpool, United Kingdom

Kim Jong-ilKim Jong-il (1942-2011)

Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011), born in Vyatskoye, Soviet Union [disputed birthplace and birth date, 1941]

  • 1943 James Beaton, British police officer (awarded George Cross for saving Princess Anne), born in St Fergus, Aberdeenshire
  • 1944 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde
  • 1946 John R. Farndon, British surgeon and professor (d. 2002)
  • 1947 Franz West, artist (Flause), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1948 Eckhart Tolle, German-born author (The Power of Now) and spiritual teacher, born in Lünen, Germany
  • 1948 Séamus Brennan, Irish Fianna Fáil politician and Minister, born in Salthill, Galway, Ireland (d. 2008)
  • 1949 Dorus Vrede, Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank)
  • 1950 Peter Hain, British politician (Secretary of State for Northern Ireland 2005-07), born in Kenya Colony
  • 1954 Iain [Menzies] Banks, UK, sci-fi author (Wasp Factory), (d. 2013)
  • 1955 Guy Gallo, writer (Under the Volcano), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1958 Michael W. Burns, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1965 Adama Barrow, Gambian politician, President of Gambia (2017-), born in Mankamang Kunda, Gambia
  • 1965 Dave Lombardo, Cuban drummer (Slayer)
  • 1968 Warren Ellis, British comic book writer (Red), born in Essex, England
  • 1970 D.J. Wallis, American fitness competitor
  • 1977 Ian Clarke, Irish computer programmer
  • 1987 Jon Ossoff, American politician (US Senator-D-Georgia 2021-pesent), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1998 Mr Jefferson, Virginia, 1st cloned calf